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Fire

Archaeologist narrows down the time range for the Theran eruption

volcano eruption art
© Shutterstock
FILE IMAGE
An archaeologist from Cornell University has applied a statical analysis to narrow down the time range for the Theran eruption in the Holocene epoch.

The Theran eruption, also called the Minoan eruption devastated the Greek island of Santorini. The eruption deposited layers of pumice and ash, followed by pyroclastic surges, lava flows, lahar floods, and co-ignimbrite ash-fall deposits, leaving Santorini uninhabited for centuries.

By parsing available data and combining it with cutting-edge statistical analysis, Sturt Manning, professor of archaeology, has zeroed in on a narrow range of dates for the eruption. His modeling identified the most likely range of dates between about 1609-1560 BC with a 95.4% probability, or 1606-1589 BC with a 68.3% probability.


Comment: Coinciding with other catastrophic events dated to that period: Bronze Age civilization collapse: Massive overhead meteor explosion wiped out Near East 3,700 years ago


Comment: See also:


Info

7,000-year-old structure near Prague is older than Stonehenge, Egyptian pyramids

It's among the 'oldest evidence of architecture' in Europe.
Vinoř roundel near Prague
© Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences
An aerial view of the Vinoř roundel near Prague, showing three separate entrances.
Archaeologists digging near Prague have discovered the remains of a Stone Age structure that's older than Stonehenge and even the Egyptian pyramids: an enigmatic complex known as a roundel. Nearly 7,000 years ago during the late Neolithic, or New Stone Age, a local farming community may have gathered in this circular building, although its true purpose is unknown.

The excavated roundel is large — about 180 feet (55 meters) in diameter, or about as long as the Leaning Tower of Pisa is tall, Radio Prague International reported. And while "it is too early to say anything about the people building this roundel," it's clear that they were part of the Stroked Pottery culture, which flourished between 4900 B.C. and 4400 B.C., Jaroslav Řídký, a spokesperson for the Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences (IAP) and an expert on the Czech Republic's roundels, told Live Science in an email.

Miroslav Kraus, director of the roundel excavation in the district of Vinoř on behalf of the IAP, said that revealing the structure could give them a clue about the use of the building. Researchers first learned about the Vinoř roundel's existence in the 1980s, when construction workers were laying gas and water pipelines, according to Radio Prague International, but the current dig has revealed the structure's entirety for the first time. So far, his team has recovered pottery fragments, animal bones and stone tools in the ditch fill, according to Řídký.

Carbon-dating organic remains from this roundel excavation could help the team pinpoint the date of the structure's construction and possibly link it with a Neolithic settlement discovered nearby.

Blue Planet

Southern England populated with 75% of migrant families from continental regions during Anglo-Saxon period

anglo saxon
© Landesmuseum Hannover
Grave goods from inhumation grave 3532 at Issendorf cemetery.
Almost three hundred years after the Romans left, scholars like Bede wrote about the Angles and the Saxons and their migrations to the British Isles. Scholars of many disciplines, including archaeology, history, linguists and genetics, have debated what his words might have described, and what the scale, the nature and the impact of human migration were at that time.

New genetic results now show that around 75 percent of the population in Eastern and Southern England was made up of migrant families whose ancestors must have originated from continental regions bordering the North Sea, including the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. What is more, these families interbred with the existing population of Britain, but importantly this integration varied from region to region and community to community.

Comment: In Meteorites, Asteroids, and Comets: Damages, Disasters, Injuries, Deaths, and Very Close Calls Laura Knight-Jadczyk provides insight into what could have contributed to these mass migration events:
Until that point in time, the Britons had held control of post-Roman Britain, keeping the Anglo-Saxons isolated and suppressed. After the Romans were gone, the Britons maintained the status quo, living in towns, with elected officials, and carrying on trade with the empire. After AD 536, the year reported as the "death of Arthur", the Britons, the ancient Cymric empire that at one time had stretched from Cornwall in the south to Strathclyde in the north, all but disappeared, and were replaced by Anglo-Saxons. There is much debate among scholars as to whether the Anglo-Saxons killed all of the Britons, or assimilated them. Here we must consider that they were victims of possibly many overhead cometary explosions which wiped out most of the population of Europe, plunging it into the Dark Ages which were, apparently, really DARK, atmospherically speaking.
See also: And check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Who was Jesus? Examining the evidence that Christ may in fact have been Caesar!


Colosseum

Food insecurity driven by climate change contributed to international conflict in Ancient Palmyra

Palmyra
© Rubina Raja and Palmyra Portrait Project.
Palmyra and its immediate surroundings, 1920’s.
Ancient Palmyra has gripped public imagination since its picturesque ruins were "rediscovered" in the seventeenth century by western travellers. The most legendary story of ancient Palmyra is that of Queen Zenobia ruling over a thriving city in the Syrian Desert who dared to challenge the Roman Empire but ultimately got defeated. Her kingdom was subjugated, and the city was reduced to a small settlement without any wide-ranging importance. This has only recently been overshadowed by the catastrophic events of the Syrian Civil War that saw the archaeological site and the museum plundered and many monuments destroyed.

Deteriorating climate and a growing population

Now, scientists from Aarhus University and the University of Bergen are questioning the historical narrative about the final blow given to the city solely by the Roman invasion in 272/273 CE.

Comment: See also: 536 AD: Plague, famine, drought, cold, and a mysterious fog that lasted 18 months


Bomb

NATO's bombing of Yugoslavia: How the illegal US-led attack on the Balkan state changed the course of European history

2 Boys
© Getty Images/Darko Bandic/Newsmakers
Two Kosovar boys play with a wheelbarrow January 12, 2001 in Klina, Kosovo at one of 112 sites where NATO used armor-piercing shells tipped with depleted uranium during the 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia.
An intervention intended to crown the US imperial project ended up "losing" Russia instead

Understanding the present-day events in Ukraine is impossible unless you study what happened in 1999 with Serbia. There is a Hegelian thread that runs directly from NATO's ostensible "humanitarian intervention" to the Russian "special military operation," linking Belgrade to Belgorod - and everything in-between.

When the first NATO jets dropped their bombs on the capital of then-Yugoslavia, on March 24, 1999, it was supposed to be the crowning achievement of a project described at the time as "benevolent global hegemony." More commonly known today as the "rules-based international order," it would be unipolar; the US would make all the rules and the rest of the globe would fall into two camps: allies and future targets.

Георгиевская ленточка

Bait and switch: Russia handed Moscow to Napoleon 210 years ago, but still went on to win the war

'Napoleon in burning Moscow' by Adam Albrecht  painting

'Napoleon in burning Moscow' by Adam Albrecht
The Western cliche is that "General Winter" defeated the French leader, but the truth is far more complex

Two hundred and ten years ago, on September 15, 1812, the French Army led by Emperor Napoleon entered the Kremlin in Moscow. In the eyes of the world, it was all over - the largest city in Russia was lying prostrate at the feet of the world's greatest military supremo.

In three months, however, what remained of Napoleon's army was fleeing - the corps and regiments mere shadows of their former selves. The huge forces that invaded Russia in the summer were all but destroyed by the end of the year; the exact losses are debated to this day, but the number of soldiers dead or captured is estimated to have been between 400,000 and 500,000.

Comment: There's no reason to think anything is different in Ukraine today.


Document

Why Sergey Glazyev's memorial to the legacy of Lyndon LaRouche matters

Glazyev
© Council of the Federation
Sergei Glazyev
Glazyev's thinking is rooted in an old and powerful intellectual current that derives from a strong tradition in Russia based upon state credit, national sovereignty, large scale infrastructure, scientific progress and win-win cooperation.

On September 11th, 2022, the brilliant Russian economist, grand strategist and leading architect of the emerging new multipolar financial architecture Sergey Glazyev delivered a remarkable memorial address on the life and work of his friend and ally Lyndon LaRouche (1922-2019) who's 100th birthday was celebrated on September 8th).

Within the powerful 13-minute address, Glazyev outlines the root causes of the current unfolding systemic financial collapse ripping across the western world which his late friend had forecasted well over 30 years ago. He goes further to present a striking program for a global recovery and reform of globalization which has taken the form of the Eurasian Economic Union's integration with the "Eurasian Land bridge" and broader New Silk Road program which was first unveiled by China in 2013 and which had been advanced by Mr. LaRouche as early as 1994.

The full address should be listened to here:


Bad Guys

Ukraine: The CIA's 75-year-old Proxy

Friedrichstrasse

Friedrichstrasse, bisected by the Berlin Wall, in 1961. Operation Red Sox dropped 85 CIA agents into Soviet-controlled territory to gather intelligence about Moscow’s plans. [Source: politico.com]


Joe Biden "is fueling the fire in the Ukraine."


— Roger Waters of Pink Floyd

It takes a musical artist to cut through the morass of propaganda to educate American mainstream media (MSM) about the Russia-Ukraine crisis and the role of the United States in instigating that conflict for its own nefarious ends.

The MSM have constructed an undiluted narrative about "Putin's War" that disguises America's imperialist expansion into eastern Europe. It is utterly Orwellian in its effort to project onto Russia what the U.S. and its main imperial ally, the UK (which a British journalist deemed "America's tugboat"), have been doing non-stop since 1945 — and indeed for centuries.

Broom

From Brezhnev to Khrushchev: Ukraine had a huge influence on the Soviet Union, something Kiev now prefers to downplay

Soviet-era Workers' Day

'Glory to the 1st of May' written in Ukrainian on a Soviet-era Workers' Day postcard
In the very first years of the Soviet Union's existence, Ukrainian Bolsheviks played an important role in building what became the world's largest ever state.

And it was people from Ukraine itself who engaged in the 'Ukrainization' that aimed to replace the Russian language and culture there during the Stalin years. Although this process was officially curtailed in the late 1930s, it continued by inertia for many more years.

As a result, Soviet policy allowed the Ukrainian SSR to become a fairly independent entity with its own national elite and intelligentsia, which opened the path to independence. Moreover, many Party officials from Ukraine held key positions in the USSR right up until its collapse.

Here, RT seeks to explore what influence Ukrainians had on the Soviet Union's development and how Kiev managed to carve out for itself a high degree of independence.

Books

Jewel of the Caucasus: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan continue to fight over Nagorno-Karabakh

Armenian and Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh
© ARIS MESSINIS / AFP
FILE PHOTO: Armenian soldiers stand as troops hold positions on the front line on October 25, 2020, during the ongoing fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh.
A ceasefire was declared in the disputed territory 21 months ago, but is there any chance of a genuine peace?
Wars, ethnic cleansing, mutual accusations of war crimes, and historical injustice have always accompanied the Karabakh conflict which has smoldered in the heart of the Caucasus for more than 100 years. De jure, the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh belongs to Azerbaijan, whose territorial integrity is acknowledged by all member states of the UN. After the Second Karabakh War of 2020, Baku has been able to control most of this territory de facto as well.

Yet, there is no lasting peace in the South Caucasus in sight, with alarming news amid global instability. On September 12th Baku and Yerevan confirmed reports of "clashes," shattering the fragile Nagorno Karabakh truce. Explosions attributed to artillery and drones were reported by residents of Vardenis, Jermuk, Goris, and Tatev - cities within Armenia proper - shortly after midnight on Tuesday.