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Sun, 18 Nov 2018
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Strange Skies


Rainbow

Circumhorizontal arc seen over Northland, New Zealand

Circumhorizontal arc over Northland, NZ
© Natalie Richards
MetService has lended its expertise to explain a beautiful rainbow-like phenomena seen over the town of Paparoa in Northland yesterday.

Natalie Richardson was passing through with her mum yesterday when they noticed the phenomena in the sky, saying it was slowing changing colour for about 15 minutes.

"Thought the country should know because it's amazing! Never seen it before!" she said.

MetService meteorologist Tui McInnes said the rainbow was in fact a phenomena called a Circumhorizontal Arc.

"Basically what happens is sunlight enters the cloud and ice crystals in the cloud refract the light and form a rainbow," she said.
Circumhorizontal arc over NZ
© Natalie Richards

Camera

Photographer captures Stable Auroral Red arc over Finland

SAR over Finland
© Matti Helin
You've heard of auroras--green and purple lights that dance in the sky during geomagnetic storms. But have you ever heard of an SAR? Stable Auroral Red arcs (SARs) were discovered in 1956 at the beginning of the Space Age and have been recorded by cameras on satellites hundreds of times since.

Most aurora watchers have never seen one, though, because they are usually invisible to the human eye. Last night in southern Finland, Matti Helin saw one.

"The SAR was visible to the naked eye for nearly 30 minutes and, after fading a bit, remained visible to my camera for another hour and a half," says Helin. "Normally we see auroras in the north, but this stable red arc appeared to our south. It was strange shooting in that direction :D"

SARs are related to auroras, but they are not the same. Regular auroras appear when high-energy particles rain down along polar magnetic field lines, hitting the atmosphere (100-200 km high) and causing it to glow like the picture tube of an old color TV. SARs form differently.

They are a sign of heat energy leaking into the upper atmosphere (~400 km high) from Earth's ring current system. Normally, SARs become visible to the naked eye only during strong geomagnetic storms. Last night's G1-storm was far from strong, but the arc appeared anyway--further proof that auroras can be full of surprises.

Comment: It would appear that the increase in sightings of unusual atmospheric phenomena point to our rapidly changing atmosphere: Also check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Earth changes in an electric universe: Is climate change really man-made?


Snowflake Cold

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Electric skies & more crop losses due to cold

snow on apples
Massive cold front from Canada to Mexico first week of November 2018, with colliding hot and cold air masses, electrical activity in Earths atmosphere, red sprites, roll clouds and a push of 25F below normal temperatures to the Gulf of Mexico. Cattle rustling in South Africa as crop production dwindles due to land confiscation. Cold weather crop losses in India, Peru, USA.


Comment: Crop and cattle losses are increasing everywhere, whether it is due to extensive drought, massive hail, epic flooding, unexpected frosts, and even epidemics. See also: Erratic seasons and extreme weather devastating crops around the world


Comet 2

Czech Mate - Confirmation of the Younger Dryas impact event

Gunther Kleteschka
© The Cosmic Tusk
See another blockbuster confirmation of the Younger Dryas cosmic impact below. I keep a pretty close eye on our subject but had no idea such intricate, original and thorough work was underway in the Czech Republic. Gunther Kleteschka has appeared on several YDB papers, but has clearly been busy in his own laboratory collecting entirely new, informative and well dated expressions of the YDB boundary in lake sediments. His work and that of his local colleagues is clearly exciting and in keeping with the predictions made by the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis.

Cosmic-Impact Event in Lake Sediments from Central Europe Postdates the Laacher See Eruption and Marks Onset of the Younger Dryas

Gunther Kletetschka,1,2,3,* Daniel Vondrák,4 Jolana Hruba,2 Vaclav Prochazka,2 Ladislav Nabelek,1,2 Helena Svitavská-Svobodová,5 Premysl Bobek,5 Zuzana Horicka,6,7 Jaroslav Kadlec,8 Marian Takac,2 and Evzen Stuchlik7

Institute of Geology, Czech Academy of Sciences, CZ-252 43 Průhonice 770, Czech Republic; 2. Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics, Charles University, Albertov 6, CZ-128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic; 3. Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 903 North Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-7320, USA; 4. Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Prague 2, Czech Republic; 5. Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Zámek 1, CZ-252 43 Průhonice, Czech Republic; 6. Branch of Applied Ecology, T. G. Masaryk Water Research Institute, Podbabská 30, CZ-160 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic; 7. Institute of Hydrobiology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Sádkách 7, CZ-370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; 8. Institute of Geophysics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Boční II 1401, CZ-141 31 Prague 4, Czech Republic

Comment: Of Flash Frozen Mammoths and Cosmic Catastrophes


Sun

Sun dog seen in Newark, California sky

Sun dog in California
© Katie Daniello
With today's photo we get a serving of beauty with a side of science lesson. Katie Daniello snapped this photo of a sun dog in Newark last Friday near the Ohlone College Newark campus. Katie writes, "Sun dogs are created by the refraction of sunlight by the ice crystals in the cirrus clouds." Thank you, Kaite!

If you have an awesome photo of nature, breath-taking scenery, kids caught being kids, a pet doing something funny or something unusual you happen to catch with your camera, we'd love to feature it on Patch.

We're looking for high-resolution images that reflect the beauty that is Northern California, and that show off your unique talents.

Cassiopaea

Atmospheric radiation continues to increase over the US

atmospheric radiation US increase

Radiation dose rates at the Regener-Pfotzer Maximum, ~65,000 ft high at the entrance to the stratosphere.
So you thought Solar Minimum was boring? Think again. High-altitude balloon flights conducted by Spaceweather.com and Earth to Sky Calculus show that atmospheric radiation is intensifying from coast to coast over the USA-an ironic result of low solar activity.

Since 2015, we have been monitoring X-rays, gamma-rays and neutrons in the stratosphere-mainly over central California, but also in a dozen other states (NV, OR, WA, ID, WY, KS, NE, MO, IL, ME, NH, VT). Everywhere we have been there is an upward trend in radiation-ranging from +20% in central California to +33% in Maine. The latest points, circled in red, were gathered during a ballooning campaign in August-October 2018.

How does Solar Minimum boost radiation? The answer lies in the yin-yang relationship between cosmic rays and solar activity. Cosmic rays are the subatomic debris of exploding stars and other violent events. They come at us from all directions, 24/7. Normally, the sun's magnetic field and solar wind hold cosmic rays at bay-but during Solar Minimum these defenses weaken. Deep-space radiation surges into the solar system.

Comment: By now it is well documented that our Sun is going quiet, Earth's magnetic field is weakening and the planets within our solar system are showing serious signs of change.

See also: And for more, check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Earth changes in an electric universe: Is climate change really man-made? as well as SOTT's monthly documentary:




Info

King of the Monsters Godzilla, gets its own constellation

Godzilla
© SoraNews24
Mt. Fuji constellation joins the kaiju in the gamma-ray-filled heavens.

When Godzilla made his screen debut in 1954, he was, like most Japanese media of the era, designed just for Japan. But in the decades since, the King of the Monsters has expanded his dominion, appearing in theaters around the world.

That international recognition even earned the kaiju his own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but now Godzilla finds himself among not just movie stars, but celestial ones as well, as NASA has announced a Godzilla constellation.
Godzilla Constellation3
© PR Times, NASA

Cloud Lightning

Hurricane Michael leaves cities with electric purple sky

ohio purple sky
© Global Look Press/Fotoarena
An Ohio motorist has filmed the night sky appearing to glow a magnificent electric purple over the city of Cleveland. The bizarre celestial light has left many struggling to explain the strange phenomenon.

Captured by Youtube user Jbreez216 as he was driving around Cleveland, the footage depicts a strange hue above the city. Completely freaked out by what he is seeing, the eyewitness puts his camera out the window of his moving vehicle to prove it's not a trick reflection on the windscreen.

"Look at the sky, why is it purple like that?" the motorist says in the video. "That's crazy. I thought it was my [window] tint for a second but... that's out the window. That's crazy."


Sun

Sun dog seen over Los Alamos, New Mexico

Sun dog over Los Alamos, NM
© Sandra Chavez
Daily Postcard: A sun dog is spotted in the sky Wednesday evening above Los Alamos.

According to skyandtelescope.com, a sun dog, or mock Sun, is a concentrated patch of sunlight occasionally seen about 22° to the left or right of the Sun.

Sun dogs often form when sunlight refracts through icy clouds containing hexagonal plate crystals aligned with their large, flat faces parallel to the ground.

Technically known as perihelia (singular parhelion) they are often white but sometimes quite colorful, looking like detached pieces of rainbow, with red on the inside, toward the Sun, and blue on the outside.

Nebula

Stunning supernumery rainbow captured by NASA photographer over New Jersey following Hurricane Florence

supernumery rainbow NJ
© John Entwistle
At first glance, you might mistake the image for a painting - but it's very much real.

A NASA photographer has captured a breathtaking image of a rare 'hall of rainbows .'

The phenomenon appeared after Hurricane Florence passed over New Jersey last month.

The incredible rainbows, otherwise known as supernumerary rainbows, faded in an out for around half an hour, much to the delight of the photographer.

Comment: While Hurricane Florence certainly will have created unusual conditions in the region, it's also highly likely that this spectacular sight is just another example of our rapidly changing atmosphere: And for more information SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Earth changes in an electric universe: Is climate change really man-made?