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Wed, 15 Jul 2020
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Drought


Stock Down

Ireland's total grain output in 2020 to drop by 100 million euros after driest spring since 1847

Crop harvest
Outputs from the cereal sector in Ireland are expected to reduce by at least €100 million this year, following the effects of the prolonged drought.

That's according to Teagasc, which forecasts that total grain output this year will "drop from the normal 2.3 million tonnes to under 1.9 million tonnes".

Teagasc says that the drought has "severely affected crops in the eastern half of the country".

Straw yields are also predicted to reduce - by nearly 25%. Teagasc says that 1.6 million fewer (straw) bales will be available in the country this year.

The drought is also affecting livestock farmers, with grass growth severely affected in these areas.

Teagasc says that many of these farmers are already feeding some of their winter forage stocks - to supplement grazed grass and concentrates. Consequently, it says, there will likely be a higher demand for forages this autumn with knock-on effects for prices for feedstocks such as straw.

Comment: Meanwhile across the Atlantic this year's cold and wet spring sinks US wheat acreage to its lowest levels since USDA records began in 1919, with corn and potatoes down too.


Sun

Drought damages more than 58,000 hectares of rice in Vietnam's Mekong Delta

A pumping station in Tien Giang Province is dried up because of severe drought and saltwater intrusion in the dry season of 2019-2020
© SGGP
A pumping station in Tien Giang Province is dried up because of severe drought and saltwater intrusion in the dry season of 2019-2020.
Around 41,900 hectares of the winter-spring rice crop in provinces in the Mekong Delta were affected this year; of which, 26,000 hectares of rice ended in dead loss.

On June 20, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) cooperated with the People's Committee of Long An Province held a conference to summarize the results of the prevention of drought, water shortage, and saltwater intrusion in the dry season of 2019-2020 in the Mekong Delta and discuss solutions to develop sustainable agriculture.

The MARD said that saltwater intrusion in the dry season of 2019-2020 had some characteristics different from the rule of many years, such as it came three months earlier than the average of many years, and nearly one month earlier compared to that in the dry season of 2015-2016 - the worst saltwater intrusion in history; saltwater intrusion lasted 2-2.5 times longer than that in the dry season of 2015-2016; the salinity levels at Cua Tieu, Cua Dai, and Ham Luong estuaries had continuously maintained at the peak from February to May, they almost did not decline or declined insignificantly at low tides which is different from normal features of salinity, increasing at high tides and decreasing at low tides.

The reason for the increase in saline intrusion was a shortage of water from the upper Mekong River. In the dry season of 2019-2020, water to the Mekong Delta was much lower than that in recent years, thereby affecting ten out of 13 provinces in the region. The area affected by the salinity of 4 grams per liter was 1.68 million hectares, much higher than a total area of 50,376 hectares in 2016.

Attention

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Stumbling over monopoly money in a food recall

dust storm
© NOAA/GOES16
Satellite imagery of the dust plume from the Sahara trekking across the Atlantic toward the Americas on June 18, 2020.
More food recalls on the exact items that supply chains can't deliver, which is interesting timing. Massive Saharan dust cloud heads to N. America and Zimbabwe 37% down on corn yields. The hyperinflation / clothing paradox.


Comment: 'Abnormally large dust cloud' making 5,000-mile trek across Atlantic


Info

Energy exchange between troposphere and ionosphere revealed in study

Atmospheric Wave
© Babalola Ogunsua
An illustration of the atmospheric wave dynamics from convective processes and ionospheric responses.
The Earth's ionosphere, extending about 80 to 1,000 km above the Earth's surface, connects outer space and the middle atmosphere. It's an important part and key layer in the whole Sun-Earth system.

However, the understanding of the equatorial ionospheric responses to thunderstorms remains a mystery due to the peculiarities in the dynamics of the ionosphere over this region.

A recently published study in Scientific Reports focuses on the Congo Basin, located in the equatorial region, where lightning and severe thunderstorms are considered to be the most active in the world.

Info

Ice Age Farmer Report: SOLAR LOCKDOWN: Plandemic & Grand Solar Minimum

solar
A "SOLAR LOCKDOWN" has been announced across media outlets, and Forbes even declares we should fear! But why? And what is a Grand Solar Minimum anyway? Christian breaks down how the script is now in play for food shortages and offers a refresher on the impact of solar cycles.


Sources

Attention

Czech Republic facing worst drought in 500 years

One of the 'hunger stones' revealed by the low level of water in the Elbe River is seen in Decin, Czech Republic, August 29, 2018.
© REUTERS/David W Cerny/File Photo
FILE PHOTO: One of the 'hunger stones' revealed by the low level of water in the Elbe River is seen in Decin, Czech Republic, August 29, 2018.
The Czech Republic is facing its worst drought in 500 years and some communities could see their supplies run dry, Environment Minister Richard Brabec said on Wednesday (Apr 29).

A map presented by the ministry showed that just 0.1 per cent of the Czech Republic had a normal level of water in the soil in mid-April while extreme drought was found in 75.4 per cent of the country.

Drought conditions have persisted since 2015, as temperatures rise and rainfall dwindles.

"We are facing an unprecedented drought period, both in its duration and its impact," Brabec said after scientists presented data showing the Czech Republic faced the worse drought in 500 years.

"Smaller rivers will dry out, there may be tens, perhaps hundreds of communities supplied by cisterns, because their sources may dry out," Brabec said.


Comment: Central European drought reveals ancient 'hunger stones' in Elbe River


Cow Skull

Cyclical megadrought? Historic severe drought in central Chile enters its tenth year

Chile drought

Graphics: Both images were acquired by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 / NASA


Severe drought is a rather a common occurrence in Chile, but the current one is setting a record-breaking longevity, entering its tenth year.
The river flows and reservoirs running dry due to drought worsening, being at their historically low levels. Years of resource exploitation and lax legislation have resulted in most reservoirs in the central parts of the country running dry. Now, there are more than 400,000 families and nearly 1.5 million people approximately, whose water supply depends on tanker truck deliveries. Animals are dying due to lack of available water.

According to the paleoclimatologists who look for clues of past climate conditions in tree rings, the estimation is that no drought in Chile's modern meteorological record (since 1915) has lasted longer. They are estimating that the last 'megadrought' of this scale probably occurred in this region more than 1000 years ago, explained René D. Garreaud, a scientist at the University of Chile.


Comment: It's also worth noting that there is good evidence the Americas are subject to cyclical megadroughts during times of planetary cooling, as happens to be the case today: A warning from ancient tree rings: The Americas are prone to catastrophic, simultaneous droughts


Rainfall amounts lately have been very poor, actually on the extremely low values! Over the last 10 years (since 2010), precipitation in central Chile has been below normal each year by an average of 20-45 %. Around Santiago, the Chile's capital, the lack of rain has been particularly extreme. Only 10-20 % of normal rainfall has been recorded between 2014 and 2019. And in 2019, the greater Santiago area and in Valparaiso, rainfall was almost 80 % below the previous record low. In the northern region of Coquimbo, it was even down by 90 %. While drought is now entering its tenth year, the situation is worsening and is critical.

Comment: Elsewhere in South America there are ongoing droughts in Brazil and Argentina threatening crucial crop harvests.


Attention

World's biggest waterfall completely dries out during devastating drought

jvhgjhhg
Iguazu Falls, located between Argentina and Brazil, has experienced a dramatic drop in water volume thanks to a lack of rain that is also affecting local water supplies

Startling images show how Iguazu Falls - the world's largest waterfall - is almost completely dry because of a serious drought.

According to local media, Iguazu Falls located on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Parana have experienced a dramatic fall in water volume.

Airplane

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Ghost flights, NZ drought and US rationing

Ghost flights
© YouTube/Adapt 2030 (screen capture)
Flights taking off empty to keep the slot rotation in too 200 busiest airports globally termed "ghost flights". New Zealand summer snow and worst drought "ever". Moon halo in Canada and limits on purchases in stores across the US mean reduced donations to Salvation Army.


Comment: Airlines are flying empty 'ghost flights' amid coronavirus fears


Sun

Army deployed as Northland, New Zealand experiences 'worst drought on record'

New Zealand troops prepare to help with drought relief in the Northland region
© Northland Civil Defence Emergency Management Group
New Zealand troops prepare to help with drought relief in the Northland region.
The New Zealand army has been sent to Northland to assist in drought relief efforts after months without any rain.

The towns of Kaikohe and Kaitaia are the worst hit with severe water restrictions in place throughout February. Water is only allowed to be used for cooking, drinking or 40-second showers.

"We're running out of water", the Far North council website reads, saying its goal is to "urgently" reduce water consumption across the district by 25%. There has been no significant rainfall since November.

This week a deployment of soldiers from the New Zealand army arrived in the region and will be based in Kaitaia for two weeks. Weather forecasters predict no significant rain events for the region until the end of March.

Three medium-heavy army vehicles, each with tanks capable of carrying 5,000 litres of water, plus a hired vehicle capable of carrying 7,000 litres, are being used by the troops to deliver water to communities without town supplies. Emergency supplies will be being topped up at rural marae (Māori meeting house) and other community facilities.

The drought in Northland is the worst on record, said Kaitaia mayor John Carter, who described the situation as a "crisis".

"This is as probably as serious as it gets, this is the worst drought we've had on record," Carter told local media.

Comment: Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Southern Hemisphere drought connection between Southern Africa and Australia