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Thu, 24 May 2018
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Volcanoes


Fire

Kilauea's fiery flow threatening a significant source of Hawaii's power supply

kilauea lava thratens power plant
© Mario Tama/Getty Images
Lava from the Kilauea volcano approaches the Puna Geothermal Venture plant on Hawaii's Big Island on Monday.
Updated at 5:27 p.m. ET

In the weeks since the Kilauea volcano began belching lava into Hawaii's residential areas, the fiery flow has destroyed dozens of structures and covered scores of acres on the Big Island. But authorities fear its destructive reach could ravage at least two more cornerstones of the state: its power supply and, a little less tangibly, its all-important tourism industry.

On Monday evening local time, the Hawaii County Civil Defense agency announced that lava from nearby fissures had begun to encroach on the southern edge of a significant source of the Big Island's power, the Puna Geothermal Venture.

The plant harvests hot liquid and steam from underground wells to drive turbine generators for electricity, which is then sold to the state's utility.

Another risk, besides the loss of power, rests in what might happen if the lava overcomes the state's protective measures: "There's a steam release, there's many chemicals, but primarily the critical factor would be hydrogen sulfide, a very deadly gas," Hawaii's Emergency Management Agency chief, Tom Travis, told reporters Monday night.

Comment:


Fire

Lava haze: A look at Hawaii's latest volcanic hazard

kilauea haze hazard
© AP Photo/Jae C. Hong
Plumes of steam rise as lava enters the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii Sunday, May 20, 2018. Kilauea volcano that is oozing, spewing and exploding on Hawaii’s Big Island has gotten more hazardous in recent days, with rivers of molten rock pouring into the ocean Sunday and flying lava causing the first major injury.
Lava from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano is pouring into the sea and setting off a chemical reaction that creates giant clouds of acid and fine glass.

The lava haze, or "laze," is created when molten rock hits the ocean and marks just the latest hazard from a volcano that has been generating earthquakes and spewing lava, sulfur dioxide and ash since it began erupting in Big Island backyards on May 3.

The dangers have forced at least 2,000 people to evacuate and destroyed more than 40 buildings. It's also created anxiety for thousands of others about the possibility of lava heading their way or cutting off roads they depend on to get to work, school and grocery stores.

Here are key things to know about the latest volcanic threat:

Comment: See also:


Fire

First volcano-related injury recorded - man suffers serious burns from lava spatter

leilani estates lava rift
© USGS/HVO
Lava fountains from the new fissure eruption at Leilani Estates on Kilauea, seen on May 5, 2018.
A man was seriously injured when he was hit with lava spatter while standing on his third-floor balcony - the first known injury related to Hawaii's Kilauea volcano eruptions as new volcanic activity creates new threats in surrounding neighborhoods.

The homeowner on Noni Farms Road in Pahoa was hit with lava on the shin and taken to the hospital with serious injuries, Janet Snyder, spokeswoman for the Office of the Mayor, told Reuters.

"It hit him on the shin, and shattered everything from there down on his leg," Snyder said, adding that the lava spatter could weigh "as much as a refrigerator."

"And even small pieces of spatter can kill," she said.

No other information about the man and his condition were released as of Sunday morning.

Fire

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Lava composition changes from Kilauea volcano & sulfur dioxide emissions increase 300%

Kilauea lava flow
© Daily Mail (screen capture)
The lava type on Kilauea has changed to very liquid, very fluid which moved miles and formed rivers of lava to the sea overnight. The lava is more like flowing water than lava at the moment. Sulfur Dioxide has also increased 300% and officials warn of toxic air filled with silica needles, a serious breathing hazard.


Comment: Kilauea volcano growing more hazardous - spewing lava causes first major injury




Attention

Merapi volcano in Indonesia erupts for the 2nd time in 2 weeks

This picture taken on May 20, 2018 shows the Mount Sinabung volcano spewing ash into the air and lightning from its crater in Karo.
© Anto Sembiring
This picture taken on May 20, 2018 shows the Mount Sinabung volcano spewing ash into the air and lightning from its crater in Karo.
Indonesia's most volatile volcano spewed smoke and ash early Monday in the latest of several eruptions in less than two weeks.

Mount Merapi on the main island of Java erupted twice, sending a column of volcanic material up to 1,200 meters (3,930 feet) into the air and making ash fall in several villages, said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the disaster mitigation agency spokesman.

He said the alert level of the volcano was not raised, which is at a normal level with no eruption expected in the foreseeable future.


Attention

Washington's hidden Glacier Peak volcano is one of the most dangerous and least monitored

Recently completed lidar maps of Glacier Peak strip away the heavy vegetation and reveal the underlying topography, including tracks of past eruptions and lahars.
© Washington Department of Natural Resources
Recently completed lidar maps of Glacier Peak strip away the heavy vegetation and reveal the underlying topography, including tracks of past eruptions and lahars.
As Kilauea continues its rampage on Hawaii's Big Island, the 38th anniversary this month of Mount St. Helens' cataclysmic eruption is an uneasy reminder that the snow-capped volcanoes of the Pacific Northwest can awaken at any time.

Yet one of Washington's most dangerous volcanoes remains the least-monitored and the least-studied in the Cascade range.

Tucked deep inside its namesake 566,000-acre wilderness a scant 70 miles northeast of Seattle, Glacier Peak is the state's hidden volcano. At a modest 10,541 feet, its summit doesn't tower over the landscape like Rainier, Baker or Adams. Settlers didn't even realize it was a volcano until the 1850s, when Native Americans told the naturalist and ethnologist George Gibbs about a small mountain north of Rainier that once smoked.

Comment: As many in the vicinity of Hawaii's Kilauea have discovered, it's one thing to be aware of the potential activity of a volcano and it is extremely mportant to closely monitor the situation, because when it begins to unleash its fury the only choice you have is to get out of its way. And when we consider volcanic activity appears to be on the increase, now more than ever do citizens need to be ready:


Fire

Kilauea volcano growing more hazardous - spewing lava causes first major injury

Kilauea volcano grows
A volcano on Hawaii's Big Island that is oozing and spewing lava and exploding with ash and gas has become more hazardous in recent days, with rivers of molten rock flowing into the ocean and flying lava causing the first major injury.

Kilauea began erupting more than two weeks ago. It has burned dozens of homes, forced people to flee and shot up plumes of steam from its summit that led officials to distribute face masks to protect against ash particles. Lava flows have grown more vigorous in past days, in one instance spattering molten rock that hit a man in the leg.

The man was outside his home on Saturday in the remote, rural region affected by the volcano when the lava "hit him on the shin, and shattered everything from there down on his leg" said Hawaii County mayor's spokeswoman Janet Snyder told Hawaii News Now TV.

Lava flying through the air from cracks in the earth can weigh as much as a refrigerator and even small pieces can be lethal, officials said.


Cloud Precipitation

Ice Age Farmer Report: Kilauea's explosive eruption, biblical hail kills people, crops

volcano
Explosive eruption at Kilauea this morning after increased seismic activity overnight. More massive hail storms around the world are damaging people, homes, animals, and crops alike, much as records from the previous Grand Solar Minima indicate happened in the past as well. Are you growing your own food yet?


Sources

Comment: See in addition for some more historical perspective: Baseball-sized hail: How severe hailstorms have caused devastation and killed people


Arrow Up

Japan's Mount Shinmoedake spews hot ash and smoke 15,000 feet high

Japan's Mount Shinmoedake
© GETTY
Japan volcano: The volatile volcano erupted for the third time this year
JAPAN's volatile volcano Mount Shinmoedake roared back into life last night, choking out the skies with a monsters column of ash and smoke as high as 4,500m into the sky in the terrifying Ring of Fire region.

The southern Kyushu volcano erupted approximately at 2.44pm local time on Monday, belching grey smoke into the sky.

Mount Shinmoedake erupted for the second time since it reared its ugly head on April 6.

Local authorities advised all tourists and residents in the area to stay away amid fears of eruption hazards.

The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) in Fukuoka issued a Volcanic Alert Level 3 around the fiery mountain on Tuesday.

The JMA said: "Refrain from approaching the crater in following local municipalities: Miyazaki - Kobayashi-shi, Takaharu-cho and Kagoshima - Kirishima-shi."

A volcanic warning was also issued in the Miyazaki prefecture municipalities of Miyakonojo-shi and Ebino-shi.

A giant plume of smoke and ash blasted from the volcano's summit on Monday, reaching almost 15,000 feet or 4,500m hight.

Residents have been warned of falling rocks within a 1.8 miles radius of the volcano's summit.

Shinmoedake's eruption on Monday marks the third time the volcano blew since the start of the year.

Comment: Some other related articles from around the world include: For more, check out SOTTs monthly documentary: SOTT Earth Changes Summary - April 2018: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs


Ice Cube

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: North Atlantic record iceberg season and ice arches around Greenland

iceberg
This years Iceberg season is three weeks to a month behind as a record 565 bergs are in the waters as of May 14, 2018 this eclipses last years record of 481. Ice Arches backed up sea ice through the Nares Straight and Hudson Bay remains near 100% ice covered which is usually at 70% covered. The Arctic still has 4+ meter / 12 foot thick ice pack and Cape Town now wants to tow icebergs to alleviate its water shortage.


Sources