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'Superhenge' structures were actually wooden posts in giant pits

© Wikimedia
Last year archeologists discovered "Superhenge", or what was thought to be around 90 stone monolithic structures buried a meter below ground, just a few kilometers northeast of the Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. The blocks were over 4,500 years old.

It turns out, however, that the circular Superhenge was actually made of timber, and that it was hurriedly taken down. The research team that made this discovery hypothesize that the Superhenge might have been constructed and deconstructed during a tumultuous time, rife with political or religious conflict.

Geophysical survey techniques allowed scientists to first discover Superhenge and conclude that each monolith was organized in a circle with a diameter of about 500 meters. They did not actually, however, excavate the site.

Now a recent excavation of the Superhenge site has revealed that the standing monoliths were neither standing, nor stone, nor even monolithic. These structures are actually giant pits that once contained wooden posts.

Gold Seal

The Lion with 600 lives: The little-known facts of Castro's legacy

Today, Cuban leader Fidel Castro is celebrating his 90th birthday. Although there are almost no blank spots in Castro's biography, some facts of his life might have been forgotten. RT has decided to remember them.

Castro was always distinguished by his charisma, a feature which allowed him not only to implement a number of cardinal reforms in Cuba and bring the country to new heights in the fields of education, medicine, and tourism, but also make it into the Guinness Book of World Records, become a blogger, and even a hero in computer games.

Cigars and the beard

Many remember Fidel Castro for his beard and cigar. El Comandante was always proud of his beard and said that he would shave it only when the revolution finally triumphs.

"I don't waste my time shaving. This would take about 15 minutes every day. This way, I can save a few days a year for important matters," he once stated.

Castro always loved Havana cigars, so much that there was once an attempt to poison him through them. In 1986, however, the leader of the revolution had to give up this pernicious habit because of health problems. "The best thing you can do with a box of cigars is give them to the enemy," he said then.

Comment: See also: Fidel: Internationalist, anti-imperialist, anti-apartheid hero of the revolution


Che Guevara

Fidel: Internationalist, anti-imperialist, anti-apartheid hero of the revolution

© UPI
Cuban leader Fidel Castro (L) is pictured with revolutionary icon Ernesto "Che" Guevara in a August 2, 1961, in Havana.
teleSUR looks at a few of the anti-colonial and revolutionary movements Castro has inspired and supported throughout his life, and his ongoing legacy throughout the world.

1. Liberation of Southern Africa

While Angola won its independence from Portugal on Jan. 15, 1975, inner political conflicts escalated between the leftist People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, MPLA, the National Liberation Front of Angola, FNLA, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, UNITA.

According to declassified documents, the U.S. sought to gain hegemony through a CIA operation which resulted in US$30 million in funding and support for the FNLA and UNITA. Apartheid South Africa supported the CIA operation by carrying out invasions, incursions and sabotages against Marxist forces within Angola.

Under Fidel's leadership, more than 25,000 troops and military advisers were deployed to Angola during the war and ultimately helped win the independence of the country.

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Archaeology

Ancient trolling? Golden curse tablets wishing ill will upon enemies found in Serbian tombs

© Institute of Archaeology, Belgrade
A gold curse tablet dating back to 4th century AD.
Archaeologists in Serbia have discovered the first known golden curse tablets in ancient Roman tombs in Serbia. The tablets contain inscriptions in long-forgotten languages with strange magical symbols calling upon both gods and demons to unleash ill-health, punishment, and death upon enemies, unrequited lovers, bad neighbors and relatives.

NBC reports that the curse tablets were found in Roman tombs at the Viminacium archaeological site, the ancient capital of the former Roman province of Moesia Superior in Serbia. The territory was under Roman (and later Byzantine) rule for about 600 years, from the 1st century BC until the Slavic invasions of the 6th century. Today, the archaeological site of Viminacium occupies a total of 450 hectares (1,100 acres), and contains remains of temples, streets, squares, amphitheatres, palaces, hippodromes, Roman baths and tombs.

Comment: More curses:


Ice Cube

Did Neanderthals die out because they were too dumb to make warmer clothes?

© Ephert via Wikimedia Commons
A human skull, left, and a Neanderthal skull, right. Though there is now evidence that the two interbred, some scientists believe that human out-competed Neanderthals. Others believe that Neanderthals couldn't adapt, like to colder climates, like ancient humans could.
It is still a mystery with what led to the demise of the Neanderthal. Some anthropologists believe they were out-competed by ancient humans. Others believe they couldn't adapt to a changing climate.

While scientists disagree about their extinction, they also disagree on what kind of clothing Neanderthals wore, if any at all. Some think that they might have just worn capes. But a new study out in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology says that the two may be interlinked.

The team of researchers from Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada set to work mining databases that recorded what animal remains were found around the campfires of ancient humans and Neanderthals.

Comment: Further reading:


Die

The 'drone' that killed JFK's brother: Failed secret WWII anti-Nazi raid

© archives.gov
The older brother of US President John F Kennedy died 72 years ago to the day - killed in a fundamentally flawed and secretive early 'drone' mission codenamed 'Operation Aphrodite'.

A so-called curse stalks the Kennedy family, and if the existence of a malevolent force is to be believed then one of its first victims was Joseph P Kennedy Jr, blown up in 1944 while trying to drop a 'flying bomb' on a Nazi fortress.

US forces were notoriously tight-lipped about the World War II operation, so much so that the exact details of Kennedy's death were not released to his grieving relatives at the time. A condolence letter from the US Air Force to his parents, dated 23 August 1944, stated that Joe had simply died in "an aircraft accident."

"I am not at liberty to disclose the nature of Joe's mission but I can assure you that he gave his life while on a mission vital to the cause for which we are all fighting," the letter read.

"As you must know, he volunteered for a special detail which was exceedingly dangerous. By thus volunteering Joe exhibited courage above and beyond the call of duty and contributed his fullest share toward the destruction of our enemy."

Wine

Fidel Castro: A Revolutionary Legacy at age 90

© indianexpress.com
Fidel Castro
"There are men who struggle for a day and they are good. There are men who struggle for a year and they are better. There are men who struggle many years, and they are better still. But there are those who struggle all their lives: These are the indispensable ones." — Bertolt Brecht

"Fidel! Fidel! Que tiene Fidel que los americanos no pueden con él!" (Fidel! Fidel! What is it that he has that the U.S. imperialists can't defeat him!) — Cuban Revolutionary chant

On August 13 Fidel Castro Ruz, the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, turns 90. Progressive, anti-war and social justice forces across the world will join in the celebration of the life of one of the world's most influential and significant leaders. It is especially worthwhile and necessary to mark and valorize the life and times of a man whose heart, without missing a beat, has withstood more than 600 assassination attempts by U.S imperialism.

© UPI
Cuban leader Fidel Castro (L) is pictured with revolutionary icon Ernesto "Che" Guevara in a August 2, 1961, in Havana.
Fidel's life and legacy loom large in world history and development. Fidel is part and parcel of the wave of the anti-colonial, national liberation and social emancipation struggles that swept Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean in the second half of the 20th century. Fidel is integral to the Cuban-born and international revolutionary and anti-imperialist tradition, theory and practice, stretching through the Taino cacique, Hatuey, Toussaint L'Overture, Simon Bolivar, José Martí, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh, among others.

Fidel does not transcend Cuba and history, as some have opined, but, instead, is ineluctably and organically bound to the deepest aspirations of the Cuban people and the demands of the times. Fidel belongs to the world. He does not stand above or outside life. Flesh and blood, brain and bone, he exemplifies the finest traditions of humanity.

Info

First Director-General of UNESCO was an advocate of global population control, eugenics

From the ancient Acropolis in Athens, to the city in the sky in Peru; the only time many people hear about UNESCO - the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - is in relation to their world heritage programme. What must be documented however, are the views and opinions of UNESCO's first Director-General, Julian Huxley.

Born in London in 1887, Huxley (pictured to the left) was an evolutionary biologist, philosopher, author and internationalist, who served as the head of UNESCO from 1946 to 1948. The brother of Brave New World author, Aldous Huxley, and the grandson of "Darwin's bulldog," Thomas Henry Huxley, the former UNESCO chief was from a family deeply entrenched within the British elite. Huxley was also a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), in addition to being an influential figure in popularising the movement of transhumanism.

But what most concerns us here is his devotion to the religion of the global elite; namely eugenics. Huxley was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society, serving both as vice-president and president of the society in his lifetime. He wrote numerous essays throughout his life, writing extensively on eugenics and the need to depopulate the planet. In a 1964 essay titled: The Humanist Frame, the former UNESCO head reveals his desire to decrease the global population:
"The world has to achieve the difficult task of reversing the direction of its thought about population. It has to begin thinking that our aim should be not increase but decrease - immediate decrease in the rate of population-growth; and in the long run, decrease in the absolute number of people in the world."

Comment: For further reading:



Info

Archaeologists have made a sinister discovery: 3,000-year-old skeleton of teenager found among animal remains on mountain once worshiped as birthplace of Zeus

Archaeologists have made a sinister discovery at the top of a Greek mountain which might corroborate one of the darkest legends of antiquity.

Excavations this summer on Mount Lykaion, once worshipped as the birthplace of the god Zeus, uncovered the 3,000-year-old skeleton of a teenager amid a mound of ashes built up over a millennium from sacrificed animals.

Greece's Culture Ministry said Wednesday that the skeleton, probably of an adolescent boy, was found in the heart of the 30-meter (100-foot) broad ash altar, next to a man-made stone platform.

Map

First Americans took coastal route to get to North America

© Willerslev et al
The first humans to populate North America probably got there by traveling along the coast, new research suggests. The ice free passageway in the interior of the continent probably didn't support vegetation or wildlife necessary to sustain the long voyage.
The first Americans may have traveled to their new home along the coast, new research suggests.

The findings clash with long-held views that the first Americans traveled through the interior of the continent from Siberia into North America, as textbooks have taught for decades. The new study reveals that a huge chunk of the interior land route was either devoid of food or sunk beneath a forbidding lake for hundreds of years after people from the Clovis culture showed up in the Southwest.

"It would have been a real barrier to cross," said study co-author Eske Willerslev, an evolutionary geneticist at the University of Cambridge in England.

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