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Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Another summer of changes inbound 2021

Goma on fire
© YouTube/Adapt 2030 (screen capture)
More societal changes from tectonic and volcanic activity requiring mass exodus from urban centers along with China massive crop losses from flood 2.0 to economic implosion. Welcome to another summer of movement.


Comment: 'Limnic eruption' threatens to smother Kivu area with deadly gas in DR Congo, 600,000 people evacuated


Biohazard

'Limnic eruption' threatens to smother Kivu area with deadly gas in DR Congo, 600,000 people evacuated

Nyiragongo
© REUTERS/Djaffar Al Katanty
A Congolese family evacuate from recurrent earth tremors as aftershocks following the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo volcano near Goma, in the Democratic Republic of Congo May 27, 2021.
Thousands have fled the Congolese city of Goma after the region's military governor ordered a partial evacuation and scientists warn of a potentially catastrophic limnic eruption, which could smother the area with deadly gas.

On Friday morning, Goma, in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, was almost deserted, with shops closed and just a handful of people on the streets.

Ndima Kongba, the military governor of North Kivu province, ordered the evacuation of the city of 600,000 people on Thursday amid fears of further volcanic activity after Saturday's eruption.

Comment: Other volcanic and seismic activity of late:


Fire

Alaska's Great Sitkin volcano erupts: US Geological Survey issues 'red warning' for aviation

Great Sitkin volcano erupts

Great Sitkin volcano erupts
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and the US Geological Survey (USGS) have issued a 'red warning' to aviation as the Great Sitkin volcano erupts, spewing an ash plume to 15,000ft (4,600m).

In a statement on Wednesday morning, the USGS said volcanic activity on Great Sitkin Island had been confirmed by geophysical data. The volcano started erupting at 21:04 on Tuesday, with an explosion that lasted a couple of minutes, and was continuing to erupt at the time of its latest update.

It had issued a joint 'red warning' to aviation with the AVO after observations suggested the ash plume was as high as 15,000ft (4,600m).

"Since that explosion, seismicity has decreased, and satellite images show that the ash cloud has detached from the vent and is moving towards the east," the AVO said in a recent update.

Fire

Nyiragongo volcano erupts in DR Congo triggering evacuation in Goma - Death toll reaches 32 - UPDATE

volcanic eruption of Mount Nyiragongo
© REUTERS/Olivia Acland
A general view shows smoke and flames at the volcanic eruption of Mount Nyiragongo near Goma, in the Democratic Republic of Congo May 22, 2021
Mount Nyiragongo near the Congolese city of Goma has erupted, sending flames into the sky and spreading a strong smell of sulfur in the vicinity. The government has activated an evacuation plan for the city.

The volcano began erupting around 7:00 pm local time on Saturday. Footage shared online shows Nyiragongo spitting smoke and fire into the air, turning the night skies red.

The Mount is located some 10 km (6 miles) north of Goma, a city of some 670,000 people, which in turn is only 1 km (0.6 mi) away from the Rwandan border.


Comment:

Update: Aerial images show the destruction to the region in east Democratic Republic of Congo after the nighttime eruption of Mount Nyiragongo sent thousands of terrified residents fleeing in panic.


More footage of the lava flows:


Update 2: AP reports on May 24:
Death toll from Congo volcano eruption rises to at least 32

Officials say the death toll from the volcanic eruption in eastern Congo two days ago has risen to at least 32 people, while residents search for missing loved ones amid destroyed homes on the outskirts of the eastern city of Goma where aftershocks were detected. The head of Civil Protection for the North Kivu province gave the updated death toll, saying it is likely to keep rising. Joseph Makundi says some people were killed by the lava, some from resulting car accidents and others from inhaling toxic gas released from the cooling lava. Mount Nyiragongo turned the sky fiery red Saturday night and spewed torrents of lava into villages, killing people and destroying more than 500 homes.




Seismograph

Earthquakes in Congo raze buildings, stoke fear of second volcanic eruption

Lava from the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo
© AP
Lava from the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo cuts through Buhene north of Goma, Congo, May 24, 2021.
An earthquake on the border of Congo and Rwanda razed buildings in the city of Goma on Tuesday and stoked fears a nearby volcano would erupt again three days after dozens of people were killed and 17 villages were destroyed by lava.

The quake, measured at 5.3 magnitude by the Rwandan Seismic Monitor, was the largest of over 100 tremors that have followed the eruption on Saturday of Congo's Mount Nyiragongo volcano, one of the world's most active and dangerous.

"We know that children were injured when a building collapsed on Tuesday just a few steps from the UNICEF office in Goma," the U.N.children's agency said.

The quake appeared to have destroyed several buildings in the city of two million, and a witness said at least three people were pulled from the rubble and taken to hospital.

It struck at 11:03 a.m., originating in Rugerero sector in western Rwanda, according to the Rwanda Seismic Monitor.


Comment: Nyiragongo volcano erupts in DR Congo triggering evacuation in Goma - UPDATE


Attention

Ebeko volcano in the Kuril Islands, Russia throws ash to a height of 3 km

volcano
The volcano Ebeko on the Kuril island of Paramushir ejected a column of ash to a height of 3 kilometers during the eruption, the press service of the Russian Emergencies Ministry for the Sakhalin Region reported.

"This morning, the Crisis Management Center of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the Sakhalin Region received information that an ash release occurred on the Ebeko volcano to an altitude of 3 km," RIA Novosti reports.

As it gets thinned, the plume spread southeastward for a distance of up to 5 km.

According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, no ash falls were observed in Severo-Kurilsk.


Attention

Big eruption at Stromboli volcano, Italy

Mount Stromboli eruption
© YouTube/Disaster Compilations (screen capture)
The Italian volcanoes of Stromboli and Etna both erupted today, 19 May, according to Italy's volcanology institute INGV. Etna, located in the north-east of Sicily, erupted just after 07.00 this morning, reports local newspaper La Sicilia.

A strong blast occurred on the nearby Aeolian island of Stromboli just before 15.00 this afternoon, the latest in an "intense phase of renewed volcanic activity," according to INGV.


Fire

Italy's Mount Etna erupts, shooting columns of lava into dawn sky

Mount Etna eruption
© YouTube/Global News (screen capture)
Mount Etna lit up the early morning sky on Wednesday with spectacular displays of eruptions to the dawn chorus of birds. Video from Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology shows Europe's most active volcano shooting columns of lava into the morning sky. INGV Vulcani said the eruption began at 5:12 am, and posted this footage showing the eruption at Etna's southeast crater.


Fire

Strong eruption continues with pyroclastic flows at Sinabung volcano in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

ERUPTS
The explosive eruption of the volcano continues at high levels.

Another vigorous eruption, lasting about 11 minutes, occurred at 04:48 local time this morning at the volcano.

According to PVMBG volcano observatory, a dense dark ash plume rose to estimated 6 km altitude and drifted east and south.

The explosion also triggered pyroclastic flows (gravity-driven mass flows) over the E-SE slopes reaching length of at least 3000 m.


Fire

Huge lava eruption at Fagradalsfjall volcano in Iceland

Lava flows from an eruption of the Fagradalsfjall volcano on the Reykjanes Peninsula in southwestern Iceland on Thursday, May 13, 2021.

Lava flows from an eruption of the Fagradalsfjall volcano on the Reykjanes Peninsula in southwestern Iceland on Thursday, May 13, 2021.
The lava fountaining episodes at the active vent at Fagradalsfjall continue pretty regularly, as described during the previous days, but with some differences. Now the episodes and the intervals between each one are shorter, with the fountaining phase lasting for 1-3 minutes, and pauses between each episode about 3-4 minutes long. Lava jets are just a bit shorter in height but wider at the same time.

The fountains generally reach 250 meters in height in average during the strong sustained phase, but sometimes can reach 350 meters in height during the most energetic episodes.

The construction of a wall to prevent lava flowing in Nátthagi has begun yesterday.