Welcome to Sott.net
Sun, 22 Apr 2018
The World for People who Think

Secret History
Map

Pharoah

The mummy returns: Ancient remains found in 'empty' coffin stored for 150 years at Australia's oldest university museum

Mummy
© Nicholson Museum / Facebook
A 2,500-year-old mummy has finally been discovered in an Egyptian coffin stored at the University of Sydney for the last 150 years. It was previously believed the sarcophagus was empty.

Archaeologists at the Nicholson Museum - Australia's oldest university museum - made the startling discovery when they lifted the lid on the ancient coffin and uncovered human remains. The mummy was not fully intact and the remains were disturbed, reports ABC News.

While the hieroglyphics on the coffin indicate it was made for a priestess called Mer-Neith-it-es, archaeologists point out that sometimes mummies are discarded from their original coffin for later use. Egyptian antiquity sellers would sometimes put another mummy inside if a customer requested it.

Archaeology

Medieval skeletons reveal children aren't starting puberty earlier - but there is more to the story

Medieval Children
Children are entering puberty younger than before, according to recent studies, raising concerns that childhood obesity and hormone-contaminated water supplies may be to blame. However, our archaeological research suggests that there's nothing to worry about. Children in medieval England entered puberty between ten and 12 years of age - the same as today.

Puberty is divided into five clinical stages, with pre-puberty at stage one and onset (or thelarche) at stage two. Menarche (a girls first period) occurs at stage three. The age at which a child enters puberty (stage one) varies. Today, puberty onset occurs between the ages of ten and 14 in girls and 12 to 16 in boys, with some ethnic groups starting around a year earlier. The end of puberty, or full maturation, is reached by 13-17 years for girls, and 15-18 years for boys.

Our understanding of the normal timing of puberty comes from historical sources and is measured using data for the age of menarche.

Comment: Clearly our understanding of the medieval era is greatly lacking and thus the study above cannot provide the whole picture; there were obviously periods of great hardship but it appears there was also a time of incredible growth and abundance too. Also, children today are living in a world which is far from providing the ideal conditions for maturation. See the articles below for more information:


Microscope 2

Genetic study confirms 4000 years ago Indians landed in Australia

India Australia
Genetic evidence suggests that just over 4 millennia ago a group of Indian travellers landed in Australia and stayed. The evidence emerged a few years ago after a group of Aboriginal men's Y chromosomes matched with Y chromosomes typically found in Indian men. Up until now, the exact details, though, have been unclear.

But Irina Pugach from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology may have recently solved the thousand-year-old case. 4,000 years before the First Fleet landed on our fair shores, Indian adventurers had already settled and were accepted into the Indigenous Australian culture.

By studying the single-nucleotide polymorphisms and their patterns, Dr Pugach revealed a diverse tapestry of ancestry, one different from the lineage of New Guineans or the Philippines. The study found a pattern of SNPs that is only found in Indian genetics, specifically the Dravidian speakers from South India. Dr Pugach's results were consistent with the Y-chromosome data found years earlier. Using both results she calculated exactly when India arrived in Australia.

Comment: See Also:


Question

Strasbourg Cathedral's secreted stained glass astronomical clock illuminates each equinox

Strasbourg green light equinox

The green light falls on the statue of Christ as it will appear tomorrow
The green light falls on the statue of Christ as it will appear tomorrow

Strasbourg Cathedral offers a great chance for visitors and, especially, photographers to catch sight of a twice-a-year phenomenon when, if the sun shines, a ray of green light will fall on the pulpit above the statue of Christ

Engineer Maurice Rosart first spotted the light, which marks the equinox and the start of spring.

Snakes in Suits

Legacy of the Iraq War, implications today

Hussein statue soldier
© Goran Tomasevic/Reuters/KJN
Fifteen years ago this week, George W. Bush invaded Iraq. It was an awesome drama, made more thrilling by the seemingly obvious craziness of it all.

People were looking at each other out of the corners of their eyes, shrugging, and asking: Can we really do this without a reason? That was the dramatic subtext of the invasion.

In the press, no one could really make sense of the supposed justification for the invasion. That it was compelling, no one could deny. Hell, just look at the fonts. We all used the biggest ones we had! The New York Times said it all with its dramatic banner:

"BUSH ORDERS START OF WAR ON IRAQ; MISSILES APPARENTLY MISS HUSSEIN"

GOON BOMBS CITY ON HORSESHIT PRETEXT would have been more accurate, but editors were giving everyone the benefit of the doubt back then, and getting on board, for patriotic reasons. The Gray Lady [NYT], who was playing such a key role in what was going on, was certainly getting in the spirit, giving in to the adrenaline rush of Bush's evil gambit.

Ice Cube

Germany covered by glaciers 100,000 years earlier than previously thought - implications for arrival of the first people

This boulder in the gravel pit Rehbach in Saxony, Germany, was transported from Scandinavia by glaciers 450,000 years ago.
© MPI f. Evolutionary Anthropology
This boulder in the gravel pit Rehbach in Saxony, Germany, was transported from Scandinavia by glaciers 450,000 years ago.
New chronological data for the Middle Pleistocene glacial cycles push back the first glaciation and early human appearance in central Germany by about 100.000 years.

Using state-of-the-art dating techniques researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have obtained new chronological data for the timing of the Elsterian and Saalian glacial cycles in central Germany. They found that the first Quaternary glaciation, which covered huge parts of Europe in ice, occurred as early as 450,000 years ago and not - as previously thought - around 350,000 years ago. The researcher further showed that once these glaciers had retreated, the first people appeared in central Germany around 400,000 years ago.

Comment: See Also:


Archaeology

Tutankhamun 'fought in battle,' new research suggests

golden bust of Tutankhamen
© Amr Dalsh / Reuters
A golden bust of Tutankhamen on display in 2016
Tutankhamen, the ancient Egyptian pharaoh who ascended to the throne at the age of nine, could have once taken part in battle. That's according to the latest research into the boy king's leather armor.

Theories about the cause of the royal's death range from an infected leg fracture to sickle cell anemia and epilepsy. Over the years, these theories have created an image of a sickly boy who tragically succumbed to illness at an early age. However, a scientist from the University of Northampton in the UK has found evidence that King Tut may not have been as feeble as previously thought.

Lucy Skinner, the university's expert on ancient Egypt, developed the theory after helping production staff of a TV documentary to recreate Tutankhamen's leather armor. Using cutting-edge imaging techniques, the team's scans of the armor, known as a cuirass, revealed signs of wear, marks that suggest the boy had been in battle.

Info

115,000-year-old bone tools discovered in China

Ancient Bone Tools
© Univerity of Montreal
Retoucher on a long bone fragment from a large mammal.
An analysis of 115,000-year-old bone tools discovered in China suggests that the toolmaking techniques mastered by prehistoric humans there were more sophisticated than previously thought.

Marks found on the excavated bone fragments show that humans living in China in the early Late Pleistocene were already familiar with the mechanical properties of bone and knew how to use them to make tools out of carved stone. These humans were neither Neanderthals nor sapiens.

This major find, in which Luc Doyon of UdeM's Department of Anthropology participated, has just been published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.

"These artefacts represent the first instance of the use of bone as raw material to modify stone tools found at an East Asian early Late Pleistocene site,"said Doyon. "They've been found in the rest of Eurasia, Africa and the Levante, so their discovery in China is an opportunity for us to compare these artifacts on a global scale.

Until now, the oldest bone tools discovered in China dated back 35,000 years and consisted of assegai (spear) points. "Prior to this discovery, research into the technical behaviour of humans inhabiting China during this period was almost solely based on the study of tools carved from stone," said Doyon.

Fish

Scandinavian Stone Age society more reliant on fishing than previously thought - particularly aquatic mammals

The scientists said fish made up more than half of what the individuals ate. Before now researchers believed that land mammals played a bigger role in the diets of Stone Age people. File photo

The scientists said fish made up more than half of what the individuals ate. Before now researchers believed that land mammals played a bigger role in the diets of Stone Age people.
Stone Age people depended more heavily on fish than scientists thought, according to a new report.

Researchers from Sweden's Lund University studied human bones that are thousands of years old for a new study on the diets of Stone Age individuals.

Previously, scientists thought that these people depended largely on land mammals for food.

But, while they did eat some mammals, the researchers found that more than half of what they consumed was fish, emphasizing the importance of fishing to prehistoric Scandinavian people.

Comment: As noted above, we have to bear in mind the climate of the area and the era. In an area near the coast or that's too cold to sustain land mammals, it makes sense they would feast on sea mammals particularly since, as evidenced by their choices, they seem to have understood how vital saturated fat is in order to remain healthy - like the Inuit nowadays - even more if we consider that they've just left an ice age, with the landscape and food choices they will have had access too.


Pirates

JFK Documents: US government planned false flag attacks to justify war with Soviet Union

International Aviation and Space Salon
© REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev
MiG-35 (L) jet fighter and MiG-3, Soviet era fighter aircraft, perform during the MAKS International Aviation and Space Salon in Zhukovsky outside Moscow, Russia, August 30, 2015.
The U.S. government once wanted to plan false flag attacks with Soviet aircraft to justify war with the USSR or its allies, newly declassified documents surrounding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy show.

In a three-page memo, members of the National Security Council wrote, "There is a possibility that such aircraft could be used in a deception operation designed to confuse enemy planes in the air, to launch a surprise attack against enemy installations or in a provocation operation in which Soviet aircraft would appear to attack US or friendly installations to provide an excuse for U.S. intervention."

The memo shows that the department, along with the CIA, considered buying Soviet aircraft to stage the attacks, even getting estimates from the Air Force on how long it would take and how much it would cost to produce the planes domestically and covertly. Costs ranged from $3.5 million to $44 million per plane, depending on the model, most taking several months to build.

Comment: One of the most remarkable things about this article is that it is brought to us by Atlantic Council-influenced publication Newsweek! Newsweek had been one of the most rabidly Russophobic publications in the West for the last several years. That it would publish this information - showing the precedent of US-directed false flags AND dangerous antagonism towards Russia - is almost shocking!