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Thu, 26 May 2022
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Blue Planet

5,000-year population history of Xinjiang brought to light in new ancient DNA study

mummy
© Wenying Li/Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
A Tarim mummy buried at the Xiaohe cemetery.
Xinjiang, in northwest China, lays at an important junction between east and west Eurasia and has played a historically important role in the exchange of goods and technologies between these two regions along the Silk Road. It is a complex mix of cultures and populations.

However, the interflow and blending of these diverse populations in Xinjiang can be traced further back. Bronze Age mummies discovered in Tarim Basin were purported to have western features and textiles, and the discovery of 5th century C.E. texts of an extinct Indo-European language group, Tocharian, has spurred great interest in archeologists, linguists, and anthropologists.

Now, a research team led by Prof. FU Qiaomei from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has unraveled the past population history of Xinjiang, China, based on information from 201 ancient genomes from 39 archeological sites.

Comment: See also: And check out SOTT radio's: MindMatters: The Meaning of the World's Mythologies




Bad Guys

'Why were we there?': Many Americans hated the Vietnam War but then forgot about it

vietnam war
© Interim Archives / Getty Images
View of crack troops of the Vietnamese Army running across marshy terrain in Vietnam's delta country, during operations against the Communist Viet Cong guerillas, 1961.
If America's soul becomes totally poisoned, part of the autopsy must read 'Vietnam.' - Martin Luther King Jr., 1967
In contrast to modern conflicts, the Vietnam War attracted the wrath of the political left, which campaigned vehemently against it. The outrage even led to attacks on veterans. On Vietnam War Veterans Day, almost half a century after the last US troops left the country, RT tries to understand - what was it about this particular conflict that struck a nerve? Aside from it being the hottest day of his life, Avery 'Boots' Jackson remembers March 15, 1969 as the day he narrowly escaped death in the jungles of Vietnam.

Seated inside a US Army transport helicopter with 11 other soldiers, the 19-year-old recruit watched in silence as the lush forest canopy sped past below him, almost close enough to touch, as the machine raced towards the designated drop zone in southern Vietnam just miles from the Cambodian border.

Comment: It has taken decades for the upper echelons in the West to become almost entirely dominated by character disturbed and pathological individuals, and their willing minions, and what our planet is suffering the fruits of this ponerization: The Science of Evil: A Personal Review of Political Ponerology

Also check out SOTT radio's:



Books

Russia, Ukraine & the law of war: Crime of aggression

nuremberg
© Office of the U.S. Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality/Still Picture Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S
Nuremberg Trials. 1st row: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Heß, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel. 2nd row: Karl Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel.
Scott Ritter, in part one of a two-part series, lays out international law regarding the crime of aggression and how it relates to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
"To initiate a war of aggression is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulative evil of the whole." - Judges of the International Military Tribunal at the Nuremberg Trials.

When it comes to the legal use of force between states, it is considered unimpeachable fact that in accordance with the intent of the United Nations Charter to ban all conflict, there are only two acceptable exceptions. One is an enforcement action to maintain international peace and security authorized by a Security Council resolution passed under Chapter VII of the Charter, which permits the use of force.

The other is the inherent right of individual and collective self-defense, as enshrined in Article 51 of the Charter, which reads as follows:

Info

Oldest sun observatory in the Americas built by an unknown culture

The Fortified Temple at Chankillo.
© Janine Costa/AFP via Getty Images
The Fortified Temple at Chankillo.
Long before the Incas rose to power in Peru and began to celebrate their sun god, a little known civilization was building the earliest known astronomical observatory in the Americas.

While not quite as old as sites like Stonehenge, these ancient ruins, known as Chankillo, are considered a "masterpiece of human creative genius", holding unique features not seen anywhere else in the world.

Based in the coastal desert of Peru, the archaeological site famously contains a row of 13 stone towers, which together trace the horizon of a hill, north to south, like a toothy bottom grin.

Apart from this remarkable structure, known as the Thirteen Towers, the ruins of the observatory also include a triple-walled hilltop complex called the Fortified Temple and two building complexes called the Observatory and the Administrative Center.

Completed over 2,300 years ago and abandoned in the first century of the common era, the site has remained a mystery to travelers for centuries.

Only when official excavations began at the turn of the 21st century, did archaeologists realize what they were looking at.
The Thirteen Towers of Chankillo.
© David Edgar/Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0
The Thirteen Towers of Chankillo.

Info

Mysterious, giant stone jars found in India

Jars at Herakilo site.
© Tilok Thakuria
Jars at Herakilo site.
Mysterious giant jars that may have been used for burial rituals have been unearthed across four new sites in Assam, India. The discovery comes from a major collaboration involving researchers at The Australian National University (ANU).

The 65 newly discovered sandstone jars vary in shape and decoration, with some tall and cylindrical, and others partly or fully buried in the ground. Similar jars, some of which span up to three meters high and two meters wide, have previously been uncovered in Laos and Indonesia.

"We still don't know who made the giant jars or where they lived. It's all a bit of a mystery," ANU Ph.D. student Nicholas Skopal said.

Another mystery is what the giant jars were used for. The researchers believe it is likely they were associated with mortuary practices.

"There are stories from the Naga people, the current ethnic groups in north-east India, of finding the Assam jars filled with cremated remains, beads and other material artifacts," Mr. Skopal said. This theory aligns with findings from the other jar sites in countries including Laos, which are also tied to burial rituals.

War Whore

The crimes of Winston Churchill

Churchill
England celebrates their genocides. The 'Winston Churchill note' has entered circulation. Honouring a man who swilled on champagne while 4 million men, women and children in Bengal starved due to his racist colonial policies.

The trial of Churchill:

Churchill was a genocidal maniac. He is fawned over in Britain and held up as a hero of the nation. He was voted 'Greatest Briton' of all time. Below is the real history of Churchill, the history of a white supremacist whose hatred for Indians led to four million starving to death, the man who loathed Irish people so much he conceived different ways to terrorise them, the racist thug who waged war on black people across Africa and in Britain. This is the trial of Winston Churchill, the enemy of all humanity.

Comment: Psychopaths Among Us, and Churchill is still today "fawned over in Britain and held up as a hero of the nation."


Star of David

Zelensky: Don't forget Ukrainian Jewish role in the dispossession of Palestine

Zelensky
© Chen Leopold/Flash90
Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky addresses the Knesset and the people of Israel
Broadcast in Tel Aviv
The Ukrainian president should be reminded that the Palestinians are the people Ukrainian Jewish colonists displaced and whose land they stole...

A few days ago, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the Knesset asking that Israel stand with Ukraine against the Russian invasion of his country. He cited the Ukrainian Jewish colonist Golda Mabovitch (later Golda Meir), Israel's former prime minister, who denied that the Palestinian people ever existed. Zelensky spoke of how Ukraine finds itself today in the same situation as Israel, namely that both countries seem to have horrible neighbours who "want to see us dead".

Indeed, Israel has been most concerned about Ukrainian Jews, even before the Russian intervention began.

As early as January 2022, Israel began planning to transfer Ukrainian Jews to become colonists in the land of the Palestinians. Israel's Ministry of Aliyah and Immigrant Absorption proclaimed: "We call on the Jews of Ukraine to immigrate to Israel - your home."

Stop

Our elites need to recognize that America's 'unipolar moment' is over

Indianapolis boat
© Creative Commons
Writing in the current Washington Examiner, Anne Pierce suggests that the United States is today confronted by a new "Axis of Evil" composed of Russia, China, and Iran, which poses an existential threat to U.S. security. Pierce contends that American policymakers mistakenly pivoted to Asia when their focus should have been Russia and Europe. She calls on the Biden administration to wage economic warfare against Russia while providing Ukraine with whatever military material its leaders request, and to catalog Russian atrocities "with the aim of prosecuting Russia for war crimes." To refuse to do this, she writes, would be a "moral, strategic, and military failure of historic proportions."

One could be forgiven for thinking that Pierce, who is the author of A Perilous Path: The Misguided Foreign Policy of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, and John Kerry, believes that we are still operating in America's "unipolar moment." Her article suggests that the United States could and should confront Russia, China and Iran simultaneously and that Russia currently poses the greatest threat to our security. And while she is right to call Russia, China, and Iran an Axis of Evil, her article exhibits no sense of the limits of America's power; no recognition that perhaps our resources would be spread too thin by failing to prioritize threats among these three adversaries; no realization that America's unipolar moment is over.

Better Earth

Extreme weather is NOTHING new: Victorian rainfall data reveals driest year on record was 1855, widespread flooding in 1852

Victorian weather rainfall

The project digitally transcribed 130 years' worth of handwritten Victorian rainfall observations made at rainfall gauges from across the UK and Ireland. Pictured, observations being taken at rain gauges in Seathwaite in the Lake District in 1895
Heavy rainfall may be associated with flash floods and the modern-day battle against climate change.

But a new study led by the Met Office and the University of Reading shows it's nothing new - in fact, newly recovered data from the Victorian era has 'smashed' current rainfall records.

Millions of archived rainfall records dating back nearly 200 years have been 'rescued' by thousands of volunteers during Covid lockdown, as part of the 'Rainfall Rescue' project.

Comment: Data from all areas of expertise show that climate is cyclical and fluctuates between periods of more mild weather into periods extremes, and back again, and it's only in recent times that the establishment have tried to convince us otherwise: Also check out SOTT radio's:



Books

The road to Ukraine started with 1999's Kosovo War

NATO Serbia

The remains of a building that was bombed by NATO in 1999 in Belgrade, Serbia.
Pretty much everyone who has spent the past month moralizing about the sanctity of borders, sovereignty of countries, and how unacceptable it was for great powers to "bully" smaller neighbors - thinking of Russia and Ukraine - paused on Thursday to sing praises to a woman that championed all of those things back in 1999. Except since it was NATO doing them to Yugoslavia, Madeleine Albright was a hero and an icon, obviously.

On March 24, 1999, NATO launched an air war against Serbia and Montenegro, then known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The publicly stated aim of Operation Allied Force was to compel Belgrade to accept the ultimatum given at the French chateau of Rambouillet the month before: Hand the province of Kosovo over to NATO "peacekeepers" and allow ethnic Albanian separatists to declare independence.

Comment: See also: The Weight of Chains: US/NATO Destruction of Yugoslavia (Documentary)