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Archaeological find in Yukon, puts humans in North America 10,000 years earlier than thought

© Photo by Bourgeon et al
Cut marks in the jaw bone of a now-extinct Yukon horse serve as evidence that humans occupied the Bluefish Caves in Yukon, Canada, tens of thousands of years ago.
About 24,000 years ago, when much of North America was buried under the ice of the Last Glacial Maximum, a few hunters took shelter in a small cave above the Bluefish River in what is now northwestern Yukon. The hunters had killed a Yukon horse and were butchering it using super-sharp stone shards called microblades. As they sliced out the horse's meaty tongue, the microblades left distinctive cuts in its jaw bone. Millennia later, archaeologist and doctoral candidate Lauriane Bourgeon spotted those marks through her microscope at the University of Montreal and added the fragment of ancient jaw bone to her small selection of samples for radiocarbon dating.

The bones came from excavations led by archaeologist Jacques Cinq-Mars between 1977 and 1987 and have been in storage at the Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Quebec. At the time, Cinq-Mars and his team concluded that the Bluefish Caves showed evidence of occasional human use as much as 30,000 years ago. That is so much older than anything else found in the Americas that Cinq-Mars's conclusions were widely disputed, and the three small caves were largely left out of discussions about the peopling of the Americas.

Read more at Hakai Magazine

Bad Guys

Hypocritical Outrage over 'Russian hacking' disingenuous as the US has been hacking elections for more than a century

© AFP/Getty Images
Chilean President Salvador Allende waved to supporters in Santiago a few days after his election in 1970. The car was escorted by General Augusto Pinochet.
Outrage is shaking Washington as members of Congress compete to demonize Russia for its alleged interference in America's recent presidential election. "Any foreign intervention in our elections is entirely unacceptable," Speaker of the House Paul Ryan has asserted. Russian actions, according to other legislators, are "attacks on our very fundamentals of democracy" that "should alarm every American" because they "cut to the heart of our free society." This burst of righteous indignation would be easier to swallow if the United States had not itself made a chronic habit of interfering in foreign elections.

Over a period of more than a century, American leaders have used a variety of tools to influence voters in other countries. We have chosen candidates, advised them, financed their parties, designed their campaigns, bribed media outlets to support them, and intimidated or smeared their rivals.

One of our first operations to shape the outcome of a foreign election came in Cuba. After the United States helped Cuban rebels overthrow Spanish rule in 1898, we organized a presidential election, recruited a pro-American candidate, and forbade others to run against him. Two years later, after the United States annexed Hawaii, we established an electoral system that denied suffrage to most native Hawaiians, assuring that only pro-American candidates would be elected to public office.

During the Cold War, influencing foreign elections was a top priority for the CIA. One of its first major operations was aimed at assuring that a party we favored won the 1948 election in Italy. This was a multipronged effort that included projects like encouraging Italian-Americans to write letters to their relatives warning that American aid to Italy would end if the wrong party won. Encouraged by its success in Italy, the CIA quickly moved to other countries.

Comment: Ridiculously Massive: The list of governments the USA has overthrown since WWII


Sherlock

Long-lost Anglo-Saxon village with artefacts belonging to ancient nobles are uncovered by builders in Cambridge

Builders in Cambridge were in for a surprise when they discovered highly significant Anglo-Saxon remains on a new housing development. A range of treasures, including vases, jewellery and pots from early English nobles were found, which date as far back as 501 AD.

The findings give an insight into how people lived in the Ango-Saxon period, including their trade activities and behaviours. The site lies on the western edge of the Middle Saxon settlement around the Cherry Hinton area of Cambridge.

A range of treasures, including vases, jewellery and pots from early English nobles were discovered, which date as far back as 501 AD
Findings include precious jewellery such as fine brooches, multi-coloured glass and amber beads, rings and hairpins dating back to the sixth century AD, as well as remnants of an original village-style settlement. Complete pottery vessels were also found on the land, earmarked for 60 homes, including a stunning rare glass claw beaker.

These elaborate drinking vessels are normally found further south in Kent, northern France, the Netherlands and Germany, where they were produced.

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A presidential campaign did collude with a foreign nation to sway a U.S. election: In 1980

Senior officials of a Republican presidential campaign committed outright treason against the United States when they secretly met with envoys of a foreign government to lay the groundwork for the defeat of the Democratic presidential candidate. We are not referring to the unsubstantiated charges about the 2016 presidential campaign leveled against Donald Trump campaign and the Russian government.

In 1980, vice presidential candidate George H. W. Bush and Ronald Reagan's campaign manager William Casey met with Iranian government officials and worked out a covert plan for Iran to keep 52 Americans hostage in Tehran until after the November 4, 1980, election. In return, the Reagan team promised to secretly ship U.S. weapons and spare parts to Iran on a Central Intelligence Agency-contracted U.S. merchant vessel before the election as a down payment to Iran with more weapons following after Reagan was sworn into office on January 20, 1981. The "weapons-for-hostages" plan worked for the Reagan team. President Jimmy Carter was defeated and the 52 hostages in Iran were freed the very moment Ronald Reagan raised his right hand to be sworn in as president.

Ice Cube

Tibetans Lived in Himalayas Year-Round Up to 12,600 Years Ago

© Zhijun Wang
Chusang likely was a permanent settlement, as travel to and from the area would have been difficult.
Thousands of years ago, people living on the high mountains of the Tibetan plateau waded into a steamy hot spring, leaving behind footprints in the soft mud. These footprints, which were discovered in 1998, have proved invaluable to modern-day researchers, who recently dated them to between 7,400 and 12,600 years ago.

Based on earlier analyses of other human sites, it was thought that the plateau's earliest permanent human residents had settled there no earlier than 5,200 years ago, the researchers said. But these newfound dates make the ancient Tibetan site of Chusang the oldest permanent base of people on the Tibetan plateau, they said.

Older known human camps do exist in the region, dating to between 9,000 and 15,000 years ago, but they were likely short-term, seasonal sites, the researchers said.

"Chusang is special because you have these human footprints in this carbonate mud," said study co-lead researcher Michael Meyer, an assistant professor of geology at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. "[The footprints] are hardened, so they were able to stay there for thousands or tens of thousands of years."

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Archaeology

Cave discovery in France reveals ancient man-made rock structure featuring rings and mounds

In February 1990, thanks to a 15-year-old boy named Bruno Kowalsczewski, footsteps echoed through the chambers of Bruniquel Cave for the first time in tens of thousands of years.

The cave sits in France's scenic Aveyron Valley, but its entrance had long been sealed by an ancient rockslide. Kowalsczewski's father had detected faint wisps of air emerging from the scree, and the boy spent three years clearing away the rubble. He eventually dug out a tight, thirty-meter-long passage that the thinnest members of the local caving club could squeeze through. They found themselves in a large, roomy corridor. There were animal bones and signs of bear activity, but nothing recent. The floor was pockmarked with pools of water. The walls were punctuated by stalactites (the ones that hang down) and stalagmites (the ones that stick up).

Some 336 meters into the cave, the caver stumbled across something extraordinary—a vast chamber where several stalagmites had been deliberately broken. Most of the 400 pieces had been arranged into two rings—a large one between 4 and 7 metres across, and a smaller one just 2 metres wide. Others had been propped up against these donuts. Yet others had been stacked into four piles. Traces of fire were everywhere, and there was a mass of burnt bones.

These weren't natural formations, and they weren't the work of bears. They were built by people.

Che Guevara

Fidel: My 100 hours with Castro

Fidel is dead, but he is immortal. Few people have known the glory of entering into the realm of legend and history during their lifetime. Fidel is one of these people. He belonged to a generation of legendary fighters - Nelson Mandela, Patrice Lumumba, Amílcar Cabral, Che Guevara, Camilo Torres, Turcios Lima, Ahmed Ben Barka - who, in pursuit of an ideal of justice, threw themselves into political action in the 1950s, with the aim and the hope of changing an unequal, discriminatory world, marked by the onset of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and United States.

During that period, people across half of the world, in Vietnam, Algeria, Guinea-Bissau, were rising up. At that time, a large part of humanity was still under infamous colonial rule. Almost all of Africa and a good part of Asia were dominated, subjugated, by the old empires of the West. Meanwhile, Latin American nations, which had theoretically achieved independence over a century and a half before, continued to be exploited by privileged minorities, subjected to social and ethnic discrimination, and often marked by harsh dictatorships, backed by Washington.

Dig

Discovery of 3,500-year-old Greek tomb calls into question our most basic ideas about the roots of Western civilization

© Myrto Papadopoulos
The warrior was buried in an olive grove outside the acropolis of Pylos. Though archaeologist Carl Blegen explored the olive grove in the 1960s, he did not find anything.
The recent discovery of the grave of an ancient soldier is challenging accepted wisdom among archaeologists.

They had been digging for days, shaded from the Greek sun by a square of green tarpaulin slung between olive trees. The archaeologists used picks to break the cream-colored clay, baked as hard as rock, until what began as a cluster of stones just visible in the dirt became four walls in a neat rectangle, sinking down into the earth. Little more than the occasional animal bone, however, came from the soil itself. On the morning of May 28, 2015, the sun gave way to an unseasonable drizzle. The pair digging that day, Flint Dibble and Alison Fields, waited for the rain to clear, then stepped down into their meter-deep hole and got to work. Dibble looked at Fields. "It's got to be soon," he said.

The season had not started well. The archaeologists were part of a group of close to three dozen researchers digging near the ancient Palace of Nestor, on a hilltop near Pylos on the southwest coast of Greece. The palace was built in the Bronze Age by the Mycenaeans—the heroes described in Homer's epic poems—and was first excavated in the 1930s. The dig's leaders, Jack Davis and Sharon Stocker, husband-and-wife archaeologists from the University of Cincinnati, in Ohio, had hoped to excavate in a currant field just downslope from the palace, but Greek bureaucracy and a lawyers' strike kept them from obtaining the necessary permits. So they settled, disappointed, on a neighboring olive grove. They cleared the land of weeds and snakes and selected a few spots to investigate, including three stones that appeared to form a corner. As the trench around the stones sank deeper, the researchers allowed themselves to grow eager: The shaft's dimensions, two meters by one meter, suggested a grave, and Mycenaean burials are famous for their breathtakingly rich contents, able to reveal volumes about the culture that produced them. Still, there was no proof that this structure was even ancient, the archaeologists reminded themselves, and it might simply be a small cellar or shed.

Fire

Ridiculously Massive: The list of governments the USA has overthrown since WWII

© counterpunch.org
As the US main stream media continues to push the "fake news" narrative about Russian hacker/Putin/Wikileaks connection, aimed at subverting the US election, or American democracy, or crushing Hillary Clinton's Presidential campaign, or helping Donald Trump's Presidential campaign...f**k it, I have lost track as to what the entire US establishment is claiming Russia did or sought to do with these mystery hacks.

Anyway, here is an appropriate reminder as to who is throwing giant stones inside of a giant glass house.

Courtesy of Zerohedge, and an entire Wikipedia page dedicated to US involvement in overthrowing foreign governments. Here are just the examples since World War II (* indicates successful ouster of a government).

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The Truth Perspective: Giants on Record with Jim Vieira and Hugh Newman

Hidden in local archives and dusty Smithsonian reports are accounts that are all but forgotten to North American historians and scientists: accounts of giant (7 to 9 feet tall) skeletons discovered all across the country, many buried under earthen mounds. Some photographs still exist, but curiously, the skeletons do not.

On today's episode of the Truth Perspective we interview Jim Viera and Hugh Newman, authors of Giants on Record: America's Hidden History, Secrets in the Mounds and the Smithsonian Files. We discuss their research: the archaeological finds, the implications for our views on human history, and the nature of the apparent cover-up.

You can find Jim and Hugh's Facebook page here, and Hugh's website here.

Running Time: 01:27:55

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Here's the transcript of the show: