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Tue, 27 Jul 2021
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Oldest human burial in Kenya

A new study featured on the 6 May cover of Nature by an international team of researchers details the earliest modern human burial in Africa. The remains of a 2.5 to 3 year-old child were found in a flexed position, deliberately buried in a shallow grave directly under the sheltered overhang of the cave. The interment at Panga ya Saidi joins increasing evidence of early complex social behaviours in Homo sapiens.
Panga ya Saidi
© Mohammad Javad Shoaee
General view of the cave site of Panga ya Saidi. Note trench excavation where burial was unearthed.
Despite being home to the earliest signs of modern human behaviour, early evidence of burials in Africa are scarce and often ambiguous. Therefore, little is known about the origin and development of mortuary practices in the continent of our species' birth. A child buried at the mouth of the Panga ya Saidi cave site 78,000 years ago is changing that, revealing how Middle Stone Age populations interacted with the dead.

Panga ya Saidi has been an important site for human origins research since excavations began in 2010 as part of a long-term partnership between archaeologists from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (Jena, Germany) and the National Museums of Kenya (Nairobi).

"As soon as we first visited Panga ya Saidi, we knew that it was special," says Professor Nicole Boivin, principal investigator of the original project and director of the Department of Archaeology at the MPI for the Science of Human History. "The site is truly one of a kind. Repeated seasons of excavation at Panga ya Saidi have now helped to establish it as a key type site for the East African coast, with an extraordinary 78,000-year record of early human cultural, technological and symbolic activities."


Scientists find oldest evidence of ancient human activity deep inside South African cave

Wonderwerk Cave
© Michael Chazan/Hebrew University of Jerusalem
The Kalahari desert Wonderwerk Cave.
The Wonderwerk Cave site in South Africa is one of very few places on Earth where human activity can be traced back continuously across millennia, and scientists just established the oldest evidence of archaic human habitation in the cave: some 1.8 million years ago.

That's based on an analysis of sedimentary layers containing animal bones, the remnants of burning fires, and Oldowan stone tools: Objects made from simple rocks with flakes chipped off to sharpen them, representing what was once a significant step forward in tool technology.

While tool artifacts at other sites have been backdated as far as 3.3 million years ago, the new findings are now thought to be the earliest sign of continuous prehistoric human living inside a cave - with the use of fire and tools in one fixed location indoors.


How the Pentagon started taking UFOs seriously

UFO massachusetts Coast guard 1952
© Seaman Shell R. Alper/US Naval Institute
Four UFO's sighted above the Salem, Massachusetts Coast Guard Air Station on July 16, 1952. Photo by Seaman Shell R. Alpert. Also present was Hospitalman Thomas E. Flaherty.
On May 9, 2001, Steven M. Greer took the lectern at the National Press Club, in Washington, D.C., in pursuit of the truth about unidentified flying objects. Greer, an emergency-room physician in Virginia and an outspoken ufologist, believed that the government had long withheld from the American people its familiarity with alien visitations. He had founded the Disclosure Project in 1993 in an attempt to penetrate the sanctums of conspiracy. Greer's reckoning that day featured some twenty speakers. He provided, in support of his claims, a four-hundred-and-ninety-two-page dossier called the "Disclosure Project Briefing Document." For public officials too busy to absorb such a vast tract of suppressed knowledge, Greer had prepared a ninety-five-page "Executive Summary of the Disclosure Project Briefing Document." After some throat-clearing, the "Executive Summary" began with "A Brief Summary," which included a series of bullet points outlining what amounted to the greatest secret in human history.

Over several decades, according to Greer, untold numbers of alien craft had been observed in our planet's airspace; they were able to reach extreme velocities with no visible means of lift or propulsion, and to perform stunning maneuvers at g-forces that would turn a human pilot to soup. Some of these extraterrestrial spaceships had been "downed, retrieved and studied since at least the 1940s and possibly as early as the 1930s." Efforts to reverse engineer such extraordinary machines had led to "significant technological breakthroughs in energy generation." These operations had mostly been classified as "cosmic top secret," a tier of clearance "thirty-eight levels" above that typically granted to the Commander-in-Chief. Why, Greer asked, had such transformative technologies been hidden for so long? This was obvious. The "social, economic and geo-political order of the world" was at stake.


Cancer rates in medieval Britain were around ten times higher than previously thought, study suggests

© Left: Jenna Dittmar. Right: Bram Mulder
Left: Excavated medieval bone from spine showing cancer metastases (white arrow). Right: CT scan of bone from a medieval skull showing metastasis hidden within (white arrow).
CT scanning used to uncover remnants of malignancy hidden inside medieval bones provides new insight into cancer prevalence in a pre-industrial world.

The first study to use x-rays and CT scans to detect evidence of cancer among the skeletal remains of a pre-industrial population suggests that between 9-14% of adults in medieval Britain had the disease at the time of their death.

This puts cancer prevalence in a time before exposure to tumour-inducing chemicals from industry and tobacco at around ten times higher than previously thought, according to researchers.

Comment: See also:


World's first pregnant Egyptian mummy identified in Warsaw

Egyptian Mummy
© O. Leydo
The world's first identified pregnant ancient Egyptian mummy has been revealed in Warsaw after anthropologists spotted a 'tiny foot' in the woman's womb.

Scientists from the Warsaw Mummy Project were carrying out research on the mummified body, which was initially thought to have been an Egyptian priest named Hor-Djehuty until the team revealed it was a woman.

Marzena Ożarek-Szilke, anthropologist and archaeologist from the Faculty of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw told PAP: "We were already at the stage of summarizing the project and sending the publication to print. With my husband Stanisław, an archaeologist of Egypt, we had the last look at the images and noticed a familiar image for parents three children in the deceased woman's abdomen a tiny foot."

Carrying out detailed analyses of images from a tomograph and X-rays, the researchers were eventually able to see the whole foetus which revealed that the woman had been 26-28 weeks pregnant.

Dr. Wojciech Ejsmond from the Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures PAS said: "For unknown reasons, the foetus had not been removed from the abdomen during the mummification.

"For this reason, the mummy is really unique. Our mummy is the only one identified so far in the world with a foetus in the womb."

So far, the team has been unable to identify the baby's gender nor the reasons for it remaining in the womb.


Biden erased decades of historic crimes in his speech to Congress

Joe Biden
© Andrew Harnik-Pool/Getty Images
U.S. President Joe Biden speaks to a joint session of Congress in the House chamber of the U.S. Capitol. April 28, 2021 in Washington, DC.
As President Biden wrapped up a 65-minute joint address to Congress to mark his administration's first 100 days, what was shared in the lead-up to his speech sowed discord over the entire affair:

Sure enough, the President delivered on this. Opening his address, Biden stated, "I took the oath of office — lifted my hand off our family Bible — and inherited a nation in crisis. The worst pandemic in a century. The worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. The worst attack on our democracy since the Civil War."

Yes, the January 6th siege on the U.S. Capitol building, often alluded to as an "insurrection," was an embarrassing day for our country. But to suggest that it was "the worst attack on our democracy since the Civil War" is disingenuous at best. At worst, it's a malicious attempt to whitewash the history of attacks carried out both by and on the government that have had much more catastrophic results.

Apart from the September 11th terrorist attacks that targeted the country's financial system, Al Qaeda terrorists attacked the defenders of our democracy when a hijacked American Airlines flight 77 flew into the Pentagon. Were it not for the heroes who resisted against the hijackers of United flight 93, Al Qaeda's attempt to fly a commercial airline into the White House or U.S. Capitol building would have come to fruition. Despite being a horrific tragedy, 9/11 has been dismissed by some as being explicitly a "foreign attack," not one from within.


Survey documents over 1000 monumental structures in Arabia dating from 7,000-years-ago

The Kingdoms Institute, the recently unveiled centre for archaeological research and conservation studies in AlUla, today announced a significant archaeological discovery in north-west Saudi Arabia: the monumental, complex structures called mustatils are more ancient than previously believed. The update comes on the anniversary of the announcement of Saudi Vision 2030, which was unveiled five years ago this week, and to which The Kingdoms Institute will be a key contributor.
© AAKSA and Royal Commission for AlUla / Antiquity
Mustatils. A–B) I-shaped platforms; C–D) rectilinear platforms.
The study and conclusions will be detailed and published in the peer-reviewed journal Antiquity on April 30th, 2021.

The Kingdoms Institute, unveiled earlier this month, was established under the auspices of the Royal Commission for AlUla (RCU). The RCU has been conducting a programme of extensive research across AlUla County that is expanding knowledge of the area's human history while also becoming the intellectual foundation of the institute as a global hub for archaeological research and conservation.

His Highness Prince Badr, the Saudi Minister of Culture and Governor of the RCU, said:
Inspired by His Royal Highness the Crown Prince's Vision for AlUla to protect 200,000 years of history, AlUla's cultural legacy continues with the Kingdoms Institute: a global hub for knowledge, research and collaboration, exploring the frontiers of archaeology and unlocking new careers for our community. A place for discovery and celebration, as we unfold Arabia's contribution to humanity.

Red Flag

These key similarities between Lenin's Red terror and America's Woke culture reveal Left's blueprint for complete takeover

lenin blm
Thursday marked the 151st birthday of the most successful revolutionary of all time, Vladimir Lenin. With only a tiny cabal of diehard followers, Lenin seized control of the world's largest country and inaugurated a reign of darkness and terror that lasted seventy years.

There are many lessons to draw from the blood-soaked life of Lenin. But one of the most important is this takeaway for the terrifying "woke" moment America is living through right now. Things are not going to naturally get better. Things will not organically "calm down." Until there is a fundamental reset of America's treasonous leadership class, today's unthinkable witch hunt is merely a prelude of an even darker globalist terror to come.

The Bolsheviks were indisputably more murderous than today's left (if only because they lived in a more violent age), but even they had to ramp up how much terror they engaged in.

At the beginning of their rule, in fact, the Bolsheviks were even willing to run a fair election. Just days after the October Revolution, they held the preplanned elections for Russia's Constituent Assembly, anticipating an easy win. To their surprise, they were easily defeated by the Socialist Revolutionaries. And so, like any good leftists, they simply nullified the election and dissolved the Constituent Assembly. Since it was 100 years ago and the Bolsheviks were well-armed, it was enough to simply announce that the Constituent Assembly was closed. Today, they might concoct a more elaborate narrative, perhaps that the Socialist Revolutionaries engaged in "collusion" with a foreign power.

Once they had taken power, the Bolsheviks didn't immediately launch Stalin-style mass purges. Instead, the Bolsheviks started off in a way modern Americans would find disturbingly familiar: By legitimizing criminal anarchy and co-opting the justice system.

Comment: See also: Leninthink.


Early signs of man found buried in abandoned Saharan gold mine

Ancient Signs1
© Fot.M.Masojć
Some of the earliest signs of human life dating back 1.8 million years have been discovered in an old gold mine in the Eastern Sahara.

Archaeologists from the University of Wrocław came across a horde of tools belonging to the African variety of Homo erectus, the ancestor of humans (Homo sapiens), about 70 km east of the present-day city of Atbara.

Included among the hundreds of artefacts were massive, almond-shaped cleavers resembling fists, weighing several kilograms, and with chipped edges on both sides forming a pointed tip at the junction.

"In the eastern part of Sudan, in the Eastern Desert, like in many places in the Sahara, a gold rush broke out. People were looking for this valuable ore in makeshift, open-cast mines. While exposing subsequent layers, miners came across several-hundred-thousand-year-old tools."

By examining layers of soil and sand above the objects using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) method the archaeologists were able to determine the age of the tools.

Book 2

New Book: Social Darwinism and "The Hitler Problem"

In Cambridge University Press's new book Social Darwinism, Jeffrey O'Connell and Michael Ruse tackle an issue that I have written about extensively: the connections between Darwinism and Nazi ideology. Unfortunately, however, as far as I can tell, they ignore almost everything I have written (I have to say "almost" because they do quote from a blog post I wrote). To be sure, they do cite my book, From Darwin to Hitler: Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics, and Racism in Germany, though I cannot tell if they read a line of it, because they never discuss any specific material from the book. Worse yet, they do not even cite my later books, Hitler's Ethic: The Nazi Pursuit of Evolutionary Progress (2009) or Hitler's Religion: The Twisted Ideas that Drove the Third Reich (2016), even though these are the most thorough and important scholarly books that deal with the topic of Hitler's social Darwinism.

In their chapter on "The Hitler Problem" they make the completely untenable assertion that Hitler did not believe in evolution at all. As is obvious from their citations, the way they came to this conclusion was by reading Robert Richards's works, especially Was Hitler a Darwinian? (Richards answers his question with a resounding, No!).

An Avalanche of Evidence

My book, Hitler's Ethic, contains an avalanche of evidence that Hitler believed in evolution, including human evolution. My later book, Hitler's Religion, contains a chapter, "Was Hitler a Creationist?" that directly refutes Richards's false arguments. Here I can only provide a few tidbits, but if anyone wants more evidence, including explicit refutations of Richards's claims, please consult these works.

Let me give some examples of Hitler's belief in evolution and social Darwinism from a variety of sources: Hitler's Mein Kampf and his Second Book, his speeches, his monologues, and testimony from his associates.