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Fireballs

Fireball 2

Explosive meteor fireball off the coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil on June 23

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Explosive meteor recorded by the monitoring station JJS/SC BRAMON in Monte Castelo - SC.

The phenomenon lasted about 2 seconds and occurred around 1:47 am on Thursday.

The initial estimate indicates that the phenomenon occurred over the Bombinhas region, on the coast of Santa Catarina.


(Translated by Google)

Fireball 2

Meteor fireball over Spain, Andalusia (June 22)

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This bright bolide was spotted over Spain on June 22, at 1:13 local time (equivalent to 23:13 universal time on June 21). The event was generated by a rock (a meteoroid) from a comet that hit the atmosphere at about 84,000 km/h. The fireball overflew the south of Spain. It began at an altitude of about 96 km over the locality of Morón de la Frontera (province of Sevilla), moved south, and ended at a height of around 48 km over the locality of Algodonales (province of Cádiz).

This bright meteor was recorded in the framework of the SMART project, operated by the Southwestern Europe Meteor Network (SWEMN) from the meteor-observing stations located at Huelva, La Hita, CAHA, OSN, La Sagra, and Sevilla. The event has been analyzed by the principal investigator of the SMART project: Dr. Jose M. Madiedo, from the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC).


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Meteor fireball over Germany, Netherlands and Belgium on June 20

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© Nikola S.
We received 27 reports about a fireball seen over Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Drenthe, Flämische Region, Gelderland, Groningen, Hessen, Limburg, Niedersachsen, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Overijssel, Région Wallonne, Rheinland-Pfalz and Zeeland on Monday, June 20th 2022 around 21:30 UT.

For this event, we received one video and 10 photos.


Fireball 2

Super bolide is recorded by more than 10 cameras in the northeast of Brazil

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Meteor in the Northeast

Fourteen cameras from Clima ao Vivo recorded a super meteor that crossed the sky of Bahia, Pernambuco, Sergipe and Ceará on Thursday night ( 16).


(Translated by Google)

Comet

Near-Sun comet roasted to death

Sun Grazing Comet
© Subaru Telescope/CFHT/Man-To Hui/David Tholen
Near-Sun object 323P/SOHO observed by the Subaru Telescope on December 21, 2020 (left) and CFHT on February 11, 2021 (right). 323P/SOHO on its way to perihelion is seen as a point source in the center of the left image; after the perihelion, the comet has developed a long narrow tail as seen in the right image.
Astronomers using a fleet of world leading telescopes on the ground and in space have captured images of a periodic rocky near-Sun comet breaking apart. This is the first time such a comet has been caught in the act of disintegrating and could help explain the scarcity of such periodic near-Sun comets.

The Solar System is a dangerous place. In textbooks we see figures of celestial bodies orbiting around the Sun in orderly orbits. But that's because if an object's orbit doesn't fit this pattern, gravitational effects from other objects destabilize the orbit. One common fate for such ejected bodies is to become comets in near-Sun orbits where they will eventually plunge into the Sun. Because these comets pass so close to the Sun, they are difficult to spot and study. Most have been discovered by accident in solar telescope observations. But even taking this difficulty into account, there are far fewer near-Sun comets than expected, indicating that something is destroying them before they get a chance to make their fatal final dive into the Sun.

To better understand these comets, a group of astronomers from Macau, the US, Germany, Taiwan, and Canada observed an elusive near-Sun comet called 323P/SOHO with multiple telescopes including the Subaru Telescope, the Canada France Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), the Gemini North telescope, Lowell's Discovery Telescope, and the Hubble Space Telescope. The orbit of 323P/SOHO was poorly constrained, so the group didn't know exactly where to look for it, but the wide field of view of the Subaru Telescope allowed them to "cast a wide net" and find the comet as it approached the Sun. This was the first time 323P/SOHO was captured by a ground-based telescope. With this data, the researchers were able to better constrain the orbit, they knew where to point the other telescopes and were waiting when 323P/SOHO started to move away from the Sun again.

Fireball 2

Meteor fireball over Germany and Belgium on June 13

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© Rouven I.
We received 13 reports about a fireball seen over Baden-Württemberg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Hessen, Limburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Région Wallonne, Rheinland-Pfalz and Vlaams Gewest on Monday, June 13th 2022 around 22:33 UT.

For this event, we received one video and 7 photos.


Fireball 3

Meteor fireball over Switzerland and nearby countries on June 11

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© Erwin S.
We received 43 reports about a fireball seen over Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berne, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Emilia-Romagna, Fribourg, Grand Est, Hessen, Lombardia, Région Wallonne, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Salzburg, Schwyz, Tirol, Vaud, Veneto and Vlaams Gewest on Saturday, June 11th 2022 around 22:44 UT.

For this event, we received one video and 10 photos.


Fireball 3

Meteor fireball over Spain (June 14)

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This bright bolide was spotted over Spain on June 14, at 0:15 local time (equivalent to 22:15 universal time on June 13). The event was generated by a rock (a meteoroid) from an asteroid that hit the atmosphere at about 88,000 km/h. The fireball overflew Spain. It began at an altitude of about 88 km over the province of Valencia, moved northwest, and ended at a height of around 37 km over the locality of Henarejos (province of Cuenca).

This bright meteor was recorded in the framework of the SMART project, operated by the Southwestern Europe Meteor Network (SWEMN) from the meteor-observing stations located at Ayora, Huelva, La Hita, CAHA, OSN, La Sagra, and Sevilla. The event has been analyzed by the principal investigator of the SMART project: Dr. Jose M. Madiedo, from the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC).


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Meteor fireball over south of Spain (June 10)

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This bolide was spotted over Spain on June 10, at 2:11 local time (equivalent to 0:11 universal time). The fireball was observed by a number of casual eyewitnesses, who reported it on social networks.

The event was generated by a rock (a meteoroid) from a comet that hit the atmosphere at about 133,000 km/h. The fireball overflew the south of Spain. It began at an altitude of about 103 km over the province of Málaga, moved northwest, and ended at a height of around 64 km over the province of Sevilla.

This bright meteor was recorded in the framework of the SMART project, operated by the Southwestern Europe Meteor Network (SWEMN) from the meteor-observing stations located at Huelva, La Hita, CAHA, OSN, La Sagra, Sevilla, and El Aljarafe. The event has been analyzed by the principal investigator of the SMART project: Dr. Jose M. Madiedo, from the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC).


Fireball 3

Meteor fireball over Arizona and California on June 8

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We received 26 reports about a fireball seen over AZ and CA on Wednesday, June 8th 2022 around 07:37 UT.

For this event, we received one video.