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Tue, 22 Oct 2019
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Earthquakes

Seismograph

7.2-Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Central Chile - USGS

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The country is situated in a region adjacent to the fast-moving Nazca Plate, which is characterised by high tectonic activity.

A 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked Chile on Sunday, striking at a depth of 9.8 kilometres, according to the United States Geological Survey. The tremor struck at 15:57 (UTC), 67 kilometres west of the city of Constitucion.

Seismograph

Magnitude 6.4 earthquake strikes off southern Philippines, felt in central Indonesia

Philippines earthquake
© USGS
According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, the earthquake struck off Davao Occidental province in the southern Philippines at 10.02am local time on Sunday (Sept 29).
A revised 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck off Davao Occidental province in the southern Philippines on Sunday morning (Sept 29) and was felt in North Sulawesi province in central Indonesia.

The quake hit near the border of the two countries, said Mr Widyatmoko, an official in charge at the Indonesian meteorology and geophysics agency told the Xinhua news agency.

"The quake (was) centred in the Philippine territory but it is situated near the border of Indonesia and the Philippines," he said.

There was no potential for a tsunami, Indonesia's meteorology and geophysics agency said after the quake.

The agency had initially put the quake's magnitude at 6.7.

Indonesia is vulnerable to earthquakes, as it lies on a quake-impacted zone called the "Pacific Ring of Fire."

Last Thursday, Indonesia's eastern province of Ambon was hit by a 6.5-magnitude quake, leaving at least 30 people dead, 156 others wounded and massive infrastructure damage, according to the national disaster management agency.

Seismograph

At least 20 die after shallow 6.8-magnitude earthquake hits Indonesia's Maluku islands (UPDATE)

Indonesia earthquake
© NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (BNPB)
The quake struck about 37km offshore northeast of Ambon in Maluku province at 8.46 am local time, at a depth of 29km, said the US Geological Survey.
At least three people have died after a 6.8-magnitude earthquake jolted Ambon in Maluku on Thursday morning, according to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB).

The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) first reported that the quake was felt at 6:46 a.m. Jakarta time with an epicenter located about 40 kilometers northeast of Ambon at a depth of 10 km. No tsunami alert was issued.

The agency also reported that the quake was followed by a 5.6-magnitude aftershock at 7:39 a.m. Jakarta time, with an epicenter located about 18 km northeast of the provincial capital of Ambon at a depth of 10 km.

The BNPB confirmed that three people had died as a result of the earthquake. The victims have been identified as Narti Rumain, Mateis Frans and Lai Nai -- all of whom were crushed by collapsed buildings.

BNPB spokesperson Agus Wibowo added that three people had suffered injuries following the earthquake, two of whom were identified as Djamila Lasaiba and Gamar Assegaf.


Comment: Update: CBS News reports on 26th September:
A strong earthquake Thursday killed at least 20 people and damaged a bridge, a hospital and other buildings on one of Indonesia's less populated islands. Parts of a building at an Islamic university collapsed in Ambon, the capital of Maluku province. Local disaster official Albert Simaela said a teacher was killed there when parts of the building fell on her.

Simaela said a main hospital in Ambon was damaged and patients were evacuated to tents in the hospital's yard.

National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Agus Wibowo said at least 19 others were killed and more than 2,000 people took refuge in various shelters.

A damaged traditional market building is pictured following an earthquake in Ambon, Maluku province, on Thursday, September 26, 2019.
© REUTERS
A damaged traditional market building is pictured following an earthquake in Ambon, Maluku province, on Thursday, September 26, 2019.
The magnitude 6.5 quake was centered 20.5 miles northeast of Ambon at a depth of 11 miles, the U.S. Geological Survey said.




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Powerful magnitude 6.1 earthquake rocks Southern Chile

QUAKE
A magnitude 6.1 earthquake has occurred in Los Lagos, Chile, about 610 miles (980 kilometers) south of the capital, Santiago, the USGS reported. Reports say that the depth of the earthquake was 80 miles (129 kilometers).

Preliminary Earthquake Report:

Magnitude 6.1

Date-Time - 26 Sep 2019 16:36:18 UTC

- 26 Sep 2019 13:36:18 near epicenter

Seismograph

Istanbul earthquake: Magnitude 5.8 quake hits Turkey

map epicentre
An earthquake measuring 5.8 magnitude shook Istanbul on Thursday, causing panic among residents, the evacuation of schools and public offices, and at least some damage to buildings.

Turkey's Disaster and Emergency Management Authority said in a statement that the quake struck in the Sea of Marmara at 13:59 pm (10:59 GMT) at 6.9 kilometres below ground.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said eight people were injured and had received treatment. "Apart from small damage, we have not received any reports so far that would pain our hearts," he said.


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19 killed, over 300 injured after 5.8-magnitude earthquake strikes Pakistan-occupied Kashmir

Pakistan earthquake damage
© EPA
An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 today struck Pakistan , causing buildings to collapse and roads to crack
At least 19 people have been killed and more than 300 others injured in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir on Tuesday after a 5.8-magnitude quake jolted several cities in the northern parts of the country including capital Islamabad.

According to US Geological Survey, the epicentre of the quake was near New Mirpur in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

Deputy Inspector General (DIG) of police in Mirpur, Sardar Gulfaraz Khan, said that at least 19 people were killed and over 300 injured in Mirpur and surrounding areas due to the powerful quake.

Pakistan Meteorological Department's earthquake centre said the 5.8-magnitude earthquake was located near the mountainous city of Jehlum in Punjab province.

Some houses collapsed in Mirpur following the earthquake, Deputy Commissioner Raja Qaiser said. Parts of a mosque also collapsed in the area. Emergency has been declared in hospitals across PoK.


Seismograph

6.0-magnitude earthquake hits off Puerto Rico's coast

Puerto Rico quake
© USGS
A 6.0-magnitude earthquake has struck off the coast of Puerto Rico at a shallow depth of 10 kilometers, around 60 kilometers north of the town of San Antonio, the US Geological Survey (USGS) reports.

The earthquake was registered at 03:23 UTC on Tuesday. The USGS originally reported its magnitude as 6.3, but later reduced the number to 6.0. No tsunami warning has been issued yet. The closest residential area to the epicenter of the quake is San Antonio, a small town with a population of just over 2,000 people, and the municipality of Isabella in the northwestern part of the island.

Strong tremors were reported across the island, with terrified locals taking to social media to share firsthand accounts of the quake.

"I am still shaken to the core. It was very strong. I was really scared," a netizen based in Aguadilla, a town on Puerto Rico's northwestern tip, tweeted.

Witnesses reported hearing a "long sound like if it was thundering" before the jolts rattled the ground.

The earthquake was followed by several aftershocks, with magnitudes of about 4.6 or greater.

Seismograph

Shallow 5.6 magnitude earthquake hits Albania, strongest in decades

Albania earthquake
© AP
Damaged cars outside the Faculty of Geology building at the University of Tirana after an earthquake on Saturday.
Albania was rattled by its strongest earthquake in decades Saturday, officials said, sending people fleeing into the streets in several cities, damaging buildings and triggering power cuts in the capital.

The epicenter of the shallow 5.6 magnitude quake, was near Durres, less than 40 kilometers (25 miles) west of the capital, Tirana, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

Albania's defense ministry said it was the "strongest earthquake in the country in the last 20 to 30 years."

"There are no deaths," defense ministry spokeswoman Albana Qajaj said.

Some 80 people sought medical help in both Tirana and Durres, 21 of whom were hospitalized due to injuries caused by falling objects or parts of walls as well as for panic attacks, Health Minister Ogerta Manasterilu said.

Qajaj said that houses and buildings in Tirana had been damaged but were still standing and that the ministry was accessing damage in other towns and villages.

Authorities later said the quake had damaged about 600 homes and knocked out power and water facilities in Tirana, Durres and some other western and central districts.


Seismograph

Indonesia struck by 2 earthquakes of 6.1 magnitude within an hour

quake
Indonesia has been struck by two earthquakes within an hour. The first earthquake, measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale, Java island on Thursday. The second earthquake of the same intensity struck Indonesia's Bali island, according to the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC).

So far, no reports of damage or casualties have been reported from the southeast Asian country. Indonesia, home to more than 260 million people, is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions due to its location along the Pacific "Ring of Fire".

In March this year, four people were killed after an earthquake of magnitude 6.8 hit off Java island. The powerful quake had damaged more than 200 houses, swaying buildings as far away as the capital.

Attention

Extreme weather displaced a record seven million in first half of 2019

Stranded passengers in a railway station in Kolkata, India, in May after trains were canceled because of Cyclone Fani
© Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Stranded passengers in a railway station in Kolkata, India, in May after trains were canceled because of Cyclone Fani.

Up to 22m people are estimated to be displaced by the end of the year


A record seven million people were displaced by disasters in the first half of 2019, suggesting that mass displacement due to extreme weather events is "becoming the norm," according to a new report.

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, which uses data from governments, United Nations humanitarian agencies, and media coverage to create its reports, concluded that nearly twice as many people were displaced in the first half of the year by weather events than by conflict and violence. The report was compiled before Hurricane Dorian struck the Bahamas - the numbers affected by that storm are still unclear.

IDMC estimates that the number of new displacements associated with weather events will reach 22m by the end of the year, more than tripling the current number, and making 2019 one of the worst years for climate displacement since records began.

Comment: Watch SOTT's monthly Earth Changes Summary for extreme weather events that are occurring worldwide these days.