Who was to blame for the problems? Given today's Times' condemnatory coverage of Putin, it was surprising to see that the newspaper fingered then-president Bill Clinton and his team.
In contrast, the Times' coverage today attributes blame for the outcome to Putin. Hillary Clinton is very outspoken about Putin's culpability, ironically, with no hint of her husband's earlier role.
Hillary has compared Putin to Hitler, accused Russia of being militarily aggressive, and lambasted Donald Trump for even thinking of trying to get along with Putin.
According to the Times,
"Hillary Clinton excoriated Mr. Trump for asserting that Mr. Putin is a better leader than President Obama, saying it was 'not just unpatriotic and insulting to the people of our country, as well as to our commander in chief -- it is scary.'"The 1998 article focused on an interview with George Kennan. It credited the nonagenarian as having "defined America's cold-war containment policy for 40 years" during his public service career.
Kennan, a person "who was present at the creation of NATO," was troubled by the US Senate's ratification of NATO expansion.
Kennan told the Times:
"I think it is the beginning of a new cold war ... I think the Russians will gradually react quite adversely and it will affect their policiesKennan added,
"There was no reason for this whatsoever. No one was threatening anybody else. This expansion would make the Founding Fathers of this country turn over in their graves. We have signed up to protect a whole series of countries, even though we have neither the resources nor the intention to do so in any serious way."
"And Russia's democracy is as far advanced, if not farther, as any of these countries we've just signed up to defend from Russia."The Times commented,
"One only wonders what future historians will say. If we are lucky they will say that NATO expansion to Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic simply didn't matter, because the vacuum it was supposed to fill had already been filled, only the Clinton team couldn't see it."So it appears that Kennan's prophesy for a new cold war has indeed materialized. The Times' hope that the unjustified NATO expansion simply wouldn't matter lamentably didn't pan out. Instead, a disaster emerged.
Careful study of the circumstances shows that Russia's alleged "aggressions" -- such as in Georgia and Ukraine -- were indeed reactions to the threat of NATO advancement toward Russia's borders.
What neither Kennan nor the Times foresaw, however, is the hyperactive counterfactual campaign to demonize Russia that has unfolded. It's presented endless factless allegations that have shaped American perceptions of Putin and Russia in the minds of many.
The Times concluded,
"Thanks to Western resolve and the courage of Russian democrats, [the] Soviet Empire collapsed without a shot, spawning a democratic Russia, setting free the former Soviet republics and leading to unprecedented arms control agreements with the US. And what was America's response? It was to expand the NATO cold-war alliance against Russia and bring it closer to Russia's borders."As to Kennan's own conclusion, the Times' interviewer reported,
"As he said goodbye to me on the phone, Mr. Kennan added just one more thing: 'This has been my life, and it pains me to see it so screwed up in the end.'"The foregoing is a story the Times was willing to tell readers in 1998.The prophesy it published has now come true.
The facts haven't changed.
But the Times' current reportage has. It's now in conflict with its own archives.