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Fri, 24 Sep 2021
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Secret History


Neanderthals were painting caves in Europe long before modern humans, study finds

neanderthals art caves spain
© Pedro Cantalejo-Duarte
Red markings, which date back to more than 60,000 years ago, were made on a massive stalagmite 325 feet (100 meters) into Cueva de Ardales near Málaga, Spain.
Whether Neanderthals thought symbolically and had an artistic sensibility has been a question that has vexed experts in human evolution.

But evidence is mounting that our Stone Age cousins were our cognitive equals and created forms of art in Europe long before Homo sapiens were on the scene.

A new study of a rock feature stained red in a cave in southern Spain has concluded that the red pigment - made from ocher - was intentionally painted, most likely by Neanderthals, refuting earlier research that said the red marks were natural.


The ugly Truth of John Maynard Keynes and the Battle of Bretton Woods

John Maynard Keynes  bretton woods monatary system

Lord Keynes talking with the USSR and Yugoslavian representatives at Bretton Woods 1944
Seventy-five years of revisionist historians largely funded by the British Roundtable/Chatham House and its American branch (The Council on Foreign Relations) have obstructed the true anti-imperial nature of the founding intention of Bretton Woods and the post-war order centered on the United Nations.

Then, much as today, two opposing factions were vying to shape the essence of the world order as the Nazi machine (funded by Wall Street and London's Bank of International Settlements) was drawing to a close.

In case anyone was confused about these factions, I am not speaking of capitalism vs. communism.


Fruit baskets from 4th century BC found in mysterious ruins of Thonis-Heracleion

basket archeology
© Christoph Gerigk/Franck Goddio/Hilti FoundationDalya Alberge
A fragment of a basket brought to the surface by the team.
Wicker baskets filled with fruit that have survived from the 4th century BC and hundreds of ancient ceramic artefacts and bronze treasures have been discovered in the submerged ruins of the near-legendary city of Thonis-Heracleion off the coast of Egypt.

They have lain untouched since the city disappeared beneath the waves in the second century BC, then sank further in the eight century AD, following cataclysmic natural disasters, including an earthquake and tidal waves.

Thonis-Heracleion - the city's Egyptian and Greek names - was for centuries Egypt's largest port on the Mediterranean before Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in 331BC.

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Blue Planet

Remains of high-status woman with twin fetuses found in 4000-year-old urn

Bronze Age
© Cavazzuti et al., 2021, PLOS One; CC BY 4.0
Researchers found the remains of a high-ranking woman (left) and her two twin fetuses (right) in a Bronze Age urn in central Hungary.
More than 20 years ago, researchers conducting excavations ahead of construction of a supermarket near Budapest, Hungary, discovered a Bronze Age cemetery filled with cremation urns. Though cremation typically preserves fewer details than standard burials, a new type of chemical analysis has enabled archaeologists to pinpoint an odd urn out: grave number 241. The urn contains the remains of not one, but three individuals: a pair of twin fetuses and their high-born mother, as reported this week in the journal PLOS One.

In use between roughly 2200 and 1450 B.C.E., the Szigetszentmiklós-Ürgehegy cemetery is linked to the enigmatic Vatya culture, which thrived on agriculture, farming and trade. (Bronze, gold and amber grave goods found at the site can be traced to trading partners across Europe.) So far, researchers have excavated 525 burials. But as Laura Geggel reports for Live Science, several thousand have yet to be investigated, making the graveyard one of the largest Bronze Age cemeteries known in Hungary.

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History tells us the United States' supposed 'concern for democracy' in Nicaragua is nothing of the sort

President Ortega
© Nicaraguan Presidency/AFP.jpg
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, Vice-President Rosario Murillo, Carlos Fonseca Teran (R)
A century and a half has shown us that American meddling in Nicaragua is never about improving the lot of the people of that nation, and only ever about furthering Washington's imperialist agenda.

The US government is back at it. It is again expressing concern about the state of democracy in Nicaragua, and conjuring up a new round of punitive sanctions against that tiny country to allegedly prevent dictatorship from taking hold there.

The newest sanctions bill against the country is titled "Reinforcing Nicaragua's Adherence to Conditions for Electoral Reform (RENACER) Act." As the Senate version explains,
"This bill requires the Executive branch to align US diplomacy and existing targeted sanctions to advance democratic elections in Nicaragua, and includes new initiatives to address corruption, human rights abuses, and the curtailment of press freedom."
Sadly, many US non-governmental organizations and 'intellectuals' who should know better have sided with the government in its attack on Nicaragua.


'Follow the Science': Doctors joined the Nazis in droves

© Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Photo: Dr. Josef Mengele (center) at Auschwitz by Bernhard Walther or Ernst Hofmann or Karl-Friedrich Höcker.
I'm still reeling at the stupidity of whoever at Scientific American decided to give a green light to publishing an article, "Denial of Evolution Is a Form of White Supremacy," by Allison Hopper. The absurdity of tarring critics of Darwinism with racism boggles the mind — given how Darwin's own legacy, down to today's Alt-Right, is so tied up with racial pseudo-science, viciously denigrating Africans, African-Americans, and others. See, "On Evolution and Racism, Scientific American Goes to War Against the Truth."

As a reminder of that historical reality, Evolution News has been republishing some of our past ample coverage on the theme. However, this had escaped me when it was first published: an essay at Tablet by Ohio State bioethicist Ashley K. Fernandes asking, "Why Did So Many Doctors Become Nazis?" Perhaps more so today than ever, there is a tendency to sanctify the medical profession, with the white coat serving as an icon of wisdom, compassion, and morality. But history offers a warning.

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Slavery has occurred all over the world and at almost all times - Not just in America

few slaves to US
How many times have you heard that slavery was "America's original sin"? I'm not quite sure what that means, but I think the idea is that slavery was a uniquely horrible thing that defines the United States and will stain whites forever. It's one of the few things Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and Barack Obama agree on. There are books about it. Here's a college course at UC Davis called "Slavery: America's Original Sin: Part 1."

The fact is, there has been slavery in every period of history, and just about everywhere. The Greeks and Romans had it, the ancient Egyptians had it, it's all over the Bible, the Chinese and the pre-Columbian Indians had it, the Maoris in New Zealand had it, and the Muslims had it in spades. But I have never, ever heard of slavery being anyone else's "original sin."

America's original sin
About the only societies that never had slaves were primitive hunter-gatherers. As soon as people have some kind of formal social organization, they start taking slaves.

You've heard about slavery and mass human sacrifices of Central and South American Indians, but North American Indians were enslaving each other long before the white man showed up.

Tlingit and Haida Indians, who lived in the Pacific Northwest, went raiding for slaves as far South as California. About one quarter of the population were slaves, and the children of slaves were slaves. During potlatches, or huge ceremonial feasts, the Tlingit would sometimes burn property and kill slaves, just to show how rich they were. What's a couple of slaves to a guy who lives in a house like this?

one quarter of the population were slaves

Easter Egg

Canterbury Cathedral stained glass is among world's oldest

Canterbury Cathedral
© The Chapter, Canterbury Cathedral/BBC
The prophet Nathan appeared stylistically different to many of the others in the Ancestors series
New research indicates that some stained glass windows from Canterbury Cathedral may be among the oldest in the world.

The panels, depicting the Ancestors of Christ, have been re-dated using a new, non-destructive technique.

The analysis indicates that some of them may date back to the mid-1100s.

The windows would therefore have been in place when the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, was killed at the cathedral in 1170.

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Advent of agriculture changed oral microbiome in Southern Europe, analysis of ancient plaque reveals

teeth tooth
© C-Dental X-ray, Inc.
Wisdom teeth cannot emerge properly when the jaw is too short, as occurs when children are raised on foods that are easier to chew than the ones we evolved to eat.
Subtle differences in the oral microbiomes from ancient plaque samples in southern Europe point to potentially gradual agricultural transitions during the Neolithic age, new research suggests, but more significant microbial shifts happened later on.

"[T]he Neolithic is a gradual and slow process, and in particular in the Danube Gorges region we know that the transition was long and determined a mixing of two cultures and peoples (farmers and foragers)," senior author Emanuela Cristiani and first author Claudio Ottoni, researchers at Sapienza University of Rome's diet and ancient technology laboratory, explained in an email.

Their team from Italy, the US, and Austria conducted metagenomic sequencing on dental calculus samples from 44 representatives of ancient farming or foraging populations found in the Balkans or the Italian Peninsula between the Paleolithic period and the Middle Ages. The analysis, scheduled to appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week, revealed microbial representatives that became more common with the introduction of agriculture despite relatively stable overall oral microbial communities.

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Comet 2

6th century coin hoard found in destruction layer in ancient Phanagoria

coin hoard
© Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Phanagoria was founded by Teian colonists around 543 BC, and developed into a Greek centre of trade between the coast of the Maeotian, and the countries on the southern side of the Caucasus.

The coin hoard was discovered during the third season of excavations, where archaeologists unearthed an amphora containing 80 copper staters (coins), whilst researching evidence of a destruction layer caused by fire from the 6th century AD.

Comment: A period archaeologists have called the 'worst time to be alive': 536 AD: Plague, famine, drought, cold, and a mysterious fog that lasted 18 months

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