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Sat, 27 Nov 2021
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Blue Planet

Vikings beat Portugal to the Azores, new study reveals

Viking
© AFP / Andy Buchanan
Experts now believe they settled in the Azores between 700 and 850 AD.
They came from the land of the ice and snow and the midnight sun - but still ended up in some balmy destinations. This is the conclusion of researchers who have discovered evidence to support the idea that the Vikings settled on the clement shores of the Azores several hundred years before the Portuguese arrived in 1427.

Given that the Vikings are usually associated with the frozen north, the claim is startling. Nevertheless, it is based on solid science, says a group of international researchers who recently analysed lakebed sediments in the Azores, an archipelago in the mid-Atlantic.

These were found to be rich in organic compounds that are found in cow and sheep faeces. At the same time, these samples were also found to contain high levels of charcoal but were low in pollen from native trees.

Comment: This comes on the heels of another discovery showing that the Vikings were 'the first' to (re)discover the New World of North America: Vikings present in North America in 1021 C.E., new dating in Newfoundland suggests

Note that the Azores are believed to have been inhabited by another group of people long before the Vikings: Drone finds lost tomb with 72 ancient skeletons from extinct Canary Islands civilization


Robot

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin's Transhumanism and the Cult of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Chardin
© Editorials 360/Wikimedia Commons/French Jesuit Archives/KJN
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin: "The Human species will be on the threshold of a new kind of existence. It will at last be consciously fulfilling its real destiny."
While Chardin is certainly a racist, in his defense he believed in vastly expanding eugenics for all races, and called for employing the best of science to improve the human gene pool, Matthew Ehret writes.

As we approach the long-awaited COP26 summit in the UK, one gets a sense of a creepy cultish mode of speaking among some of the top echelons of imperial thinkers setting the cultural tone for the proceedings which profess to profoundly transform a new epoch in human history. World Economic Forum shining stars like Yuval Harari, Klaus Schwab, and Ray Kurzweil speak giddily about an impending evolutionary shift where human society will become something more than human.

Renowned futurist and lead Google Engineer Ray Kurzweil gave this moment of bifurcation a name: "The Singularity". In 2005, he described this moment saying:
"Our version 1.0 biological bodies are likewise frail and subject to a myriad of failure modes... The Singularity will allow us to transcend these limitations of our biological bodies and brains... The Singularity will represent the culmination of the merger of our biological thinking and existence with our technology, resulting in a world that is still human but that transcends our biological roots. There will be no distinction, post-Singularity, between human and machine or between physical and virtual reality."
Kurzweil and Harari even predicted the date 2050 to be the magical moment which the new age of human-machine unification will be consolidated, as artificial intelligence, bio-engineering babies with CRISPR technology, and interfacing our brains with microchips in the 'internet of things' will finally see the birth of a new species.

Blue Planet

Relationship between the Olmec and Mayan cultures revealed by similarities of ceremonial centres

Aguada Fénix
© Professor Takeshi Inomata
Aguada Fénix
A study using laser mapping technology or LiDAR in the states of Veracruz and Tabasco could transform our notions about the origins of Mesoamerican civilisations.

The study published in the journal Nature Human Behaviour, authorised by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), in collaboration with the School of Anthropology from the University of Arizona has used Lidar to examine an area of 85 thousand square kilometres.

The LiDAR data has revealed 478 ceremonial centres that date from around 1100 and 400 BC, prior to the apogee of the Mayan civilisation in the Classic period (250 - 950 AD).

Comment: See also: And check out SOTT radio's:



Star of David

Why Israeli fascists are more honest than liberal Zionists

Damascus Gate gathering
© Amir Levy/Getty Images
Israelis near Damascus Gate • June 15, 2021
The Palestinian citizens of Israel "are here by mistake — because Ben-Gurion didn't finish the job and throw you out in 1948."

That was the latest rant this week from fascist Israeli lawmaker, Bezalel Smotrich, in Israel's parliament. Speaking from the Knesset podium, Smotrich was attacking Palestinian lawmakers from the Joint List. He accused them of being "enemies" and "terror supporters."

Speaking out on Twitter, Joint List lawmaker, Aida Touma-Sliman, explained how "we are putting up with this filthy fascism every day at the Knesset." She appealed in Hebrew for Israelis to
"think about how every Arab citizen in Israel feels when such things are said offhandedly in parliament, how a young Arab feels when the right threatens to start a second Nakba."
Touma-Sliman's appeal to reason is unlikely to meet a receptive audience in Israel. All the Zionist parties are united in opposing Palestinian equality with Israeli Jews. Israel is, after all, "the Jewish State" — in other words, it is a sectarian, ethno-nationalist settler-colony. In both law and in practice, it systematically discriminates against the Palestinians, the indigenous population of Palestine.


Info

New study suggest Homo Bodoensis may be the ancestor of modern humans

Homo Bodoensis
© Oggito
Although modern humans are the only surviving human lineages, their kinship with other human species that roamed the world is still controversial. Scientists have now identified a new species that could be the ancestor of modern humans.

In a newly published study, scientists describe H. bodoensis as a new species and suggest it as the ancestor of Homo sapiens.

Researchers examined human fossils dating from around 774,000 to 129,000 years ago in the latest study (once known as the Middle Pleistocene and now renamed the Chibanian). Previous research claimed that modern humans evolved in Africa around this period, whereas Neanderthals arose in Eurasia. However, much about this pivotal period in human development remains unknown - a situation paleoanthropologists refer to as "the mess in the middle."

Human fossils from the Chibanian period from Africa and Eurasia are frequently attributed to one of two species: Homo heidelbergensis or Homo rhodesiensis. However, these species frequently held variously and frequently conflicting, descriptions of their skeletal features and other attributes.

Recent DNA research has indicated that certain H. heidelbergensis bones discovered in Europe were really from early Neanderthals. As a result, the scientists recognized that H. heidelbergensis was a redundant designation in such circumstances.

SOTT Logo Radio

MindMatters: Plato All the Way Down: Solving Biblical Mysteries with Russell Gmirkin

gmirkin
What happens when you combine the investigative mentation of Sherlock Holmes with the adventurous spirit Indiana Jones? Join MindMatters today as we find out! We are joined by solver of mysteries and detective of antiquities Russell Gmirkin, author of two groundbreaking books on the composition of the Old Testament, and another soon to be published. In his first book, Russell boldly argued that the Old Testament is a Hellenistic book, composed in the early third century BC. In his second, he showed the reliance of the biblical laws on Plato's. His next, titled Plato's Timaeus and the Biblical Creation Accounts: Cosmic Monotheism and Terrestrial Polytheism in the Primordial History, will show the reliance of the Genesis creation accounts on Timaeus and Critias.

Join us as we talk about all these topics, plus forays into Russell's academic papers on the Dead Sea Scrolls, the historical basis for King Solomon, and the documentary hypothesis, as well as the roots of Western civilization and what it was like to be the son of the closest thing the CIA had to a James Bond. All this and more on this episode of MindMatters.

Running Time: 01:34:25

Download: MP3 — 86.4 MB



Comet 2

536 AD, the year the sky went dark

moon eclipse
© NASA/Hinode/XRT
The moon passing in front of the sun during an annular solar eclipse on Jan. 4, 2011.
You wake up to a dark, dreary, glum-feeling, Monday-type of morning. For the 547th consecutive day.

Just 18 months prior, you were a hard-working farmer gearing up for another bountiful crop season.

But then the skies went dark.

From early 536 to 537, they stayed dark. Across much of eastern Europe and throughout Asia, spring turned into summer and fall gave way to winter without a day of sunshine. Like a blackout curtain over the sun, millions of people across the world's most populated countries squinted through dim conditions, breathing in chokingly thick air and losing nearly every crop they were relying on to harvest.

This isn't the plot of a dystopian TV drama or a fantastical "docufiction" production.

This was a harsh reality for the millions of people that lived through that literally dark time or, as some historians have declared, the very worst year ever to be alive.

Comment: It's a shame to see the research trend of 15-20 years ago veer off course away from comets as the likely cause of sudden catastrophic climate change. However, it's good to see that at least some climate science acknowledges that the only climate change worth really worrying about is the sudden, NATURALLY-CAUSED kind.

We get it though. Comets are just too much for people. It's scary to contemplate, and disturbs too many beliefs.


Info

The surprising origins of the Tarim Basin mummies

Genomic study reveals an indigenous Bronze Age population that was genetically isolated but culturally cosmopolitan.
Xiaohe cemeter
© Wenying Li, Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
Aerial view of the Xiaohe cemetery.
In a new study, an international team of researchers has determined the genetic origins of Asia's most enigmatic mummies - the Tarim Basin mummies in western China. Once thought to be Indo-European speaking migrants from the West, the Bronze Age Tarim Basin mummies are revealed to be a local indigenous population with deep Asian roots and taste for far-flung cuisine.

As part of the Silk Road and located at the geographical intersection of Eastern and Western cultures, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region has long served as a major crossroads for trans-Eurasian exchanges of people, cultures, agriculture, and languages. Since the late 1990s, the discovery of hundreds of naturally mummified human remains dating to circa 2,000 BCE to 200 CE in the region's Tarim Basin has attracted international attention due to their so-called 'Western' physical appearance, their felted and woven woolen clothing, and their agropastoral economy that included cattle, sheep and goat, wheat, barley, millet, and even kefir cheese. Buried in boat coffins in an otherwise barren desert, the Tarim Basin mummies have long puzzled scientists and inspired numerous theories as to their enigmatic origins.

Pharoah

The discovery of an ancient nobleman tomb could rewrite Egyptian history

Egyptian Tomb
© MOHAMED EL-SHAHED/AFP/Getty Images
The tomb stands out for its distinctive design, which raises questions about Khawy's relationship with pharaoh Djedkare Isesi.
The mummified corpse of an ancient Egyptian nobleman named Khuwy, discovered in 2019, showed the ancient Egyptians were carrying out sophisticated mummifications of their dead 1,000 years earlier than previously thought.

The mummified body of a high-ranking aristocrat named Khuwy, discovered in 2019, was proven to be far older than previously thought, making it one of the oldest Egyptian mummies ever unearthed. It has been dated to the Old Kingdom, demonstrating that mummification processes were highly advanced 4,000 years ago.

The discovery was featured in a 2020 episode of National Geographic's Lost Treasures of Egypt.

Dr. Salima Ikram, a professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo and one of the primary researchers in the recent study, told The National that "circumstantial evidence" suggested the mummy dated from the Old Kingdom.

The intricacy of the body's mummification method and materials - particularly its very fine linen dressing and high-quality resin - was supposed to have taken 1,000 years to produce.

Target

Stealing a nation: The secret SAS mission to capture the Middle East's oil artery

dhow  in Musandam
© Gunter Fischer/Getty Images
A dhow passes the Musandam peninsula
Fifty years ago, US troops began building a military base on the Chagos Islands, a British territory in the middle of the Indian Ocean. Its inhabitants, who numbered several thousand, were forcibly removed to make way for a naval station. They received almost nothing in compensation for the loss of their homeland, but Britain did well out of the deal. The Pentagon gave the Royal Navy a discount on its first nuclear-armed submarine fleet.

This bargain helped Whitehall keep up the pretence of being a great power, bolstering the UK's permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council even as the British empire crumbled. But nuclear weapons would not be enough to stay ahead in this new world order. While evicting the Chagossians, UK officials busily conducted another colonial carve-up - this time to ensure continued control of global oil supply routes.

Known as Operation Intradon, it saw a proudly autonomous Arab tribe have their land handed over to a pro-Western dictator, detainees tortured by British troops and a UK special forces soldier dying in a night-time parachute jump.

Yet the episode has been largely forgotten outside of Musandam - a mountainous peninsula overlooking the Strait of Hormuz, a narrow sea lane between Iran and Arabia through which a third of the world's oil supplies are shipped each day.