© Tsafrir Abayov/AFP
US Ambassador to David Friedman • White House Middle East envoy Jason Greenblatt • US Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
PLO calls for international intervention as Friedman and Greenblatt take part in ceremony to inaugurate ancient Jewish pilgrimage road excavated in Silwan neighborhood.

The Palestine Liberation Organization on Sunday slammed the participation of senior US officials at a ceremony opening an ancient Jewish pilgrimage road excavated in the Silwan neighborhood of East Jerusalem as participation in a "war crime," and said the Trump administration was fanning the flames of the conflict.

US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman joined other Israeli and American bigwigs in symbolically breaking down a wall, which led to the "Pilgrimage Road," a now-subterranean stairway that was said to have served as a main artery for Jews to the Temple Mount thousands of years ago.

Archaeologists have been excavating at the City of David National Park in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan for the past eight years. The area has several tiny Jewish enclaves.
Map of excavation
© Facebook screenshot
A City of David map showing the ancient ‘Pilgrimage Road,’ which is believed to have led to the ancient Jewish Temple in Jerusalem.

The PLO condemned the construction of the tunnel and lambasted the US for the envoys' involvement.

"We consider the participation of (US Mideast Envoy) Jason Greenblatt and David Friedman to be criminal collusion in the commission of a war crime that must be condemned as well as universally and unequivocally confronted," the statement said.
© Facebook screen capture
Ambassador Friedman and Envoy Greenblatt break the wall.
"The US administration has partnered with the fundamentalist settler organizations to provoke religious tensions and fan the flames of conflict," the PLO said. "Together, they present a threat to international peace and security."

The Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism where the biblical Jewish temples stood, and which today houses the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque, Islam's third holiest site, has been one of the biggest flash-points in the Israeli Palestinian conflict in recent years.

Earlier, the Palestinian Authority's chief negotiator, Saeb Erekat, tweeted that Friedman, who before becoming the ambassador was a contributor to settlement causes, was himself "an extremist Israeli settler."

The ceremonial event angered the Palestinian Authority, as well as several left-wing Israeli NGOs, which claimed the opening of the site would further entrench an Israeli presence in eastern parts of the city that Palestinians hope will one day serve as their capital.

While Trump said his decision in late 2017 to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital did not relate to the borders of the city, which would be determined in a final peace agreement, Sunday's ceremony appeared to indicate some American recognition of Israeli sovereignty in East Jerusalem.

"Whether there was ever any doubt about the accuracy, the wisdom, the propriety of [US] President [Donald] Trump recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, I certainly think this lays all doubts to rest," said Friedman as before bashing through the wall with a sledge-hammer.

"It confirms with evidence, with science, with archaeological studies that which many of us already new, certainly in our heart: the centrality of Jerusalem to the Jewish people," Friedman told the crowd of nearly 100, among whom were Sara Netanyahu; Israel's Ambassador to the US Ron Dermer; former Jerusalem mayor and current Likud MK Nir Barkat; Republican Senator Lindsey Graham; mega-donors Miriam and Sheldon Adelson; and the US ambassadors to Portugal, France and Denmark.

Friedman explained that his decision to attend the excavation event as a US ambassador stemmed from the deep significance Israel's capital had vis-a-vis American history. "The spiritual underpinnings of our society, the bedrock of our principles in which we honor the dignity of every human life came from Jerusalem," he said. "This place is as much a heritage of the US as it is a heritage of Israel."

Speaking shortly after Friedman, Barkat declared — to applause from the US envoy and other members of the crowd — that the latest archaeological find will "hopefully [allow] the world [to] understand why we will never, never divide the city of Jerusalem."

Several dozen activists from the Peace Now settlement watchdog protested outside the East Jerusalem event. The left-wing NGO has branded the Pilgrimage Road "the controversy tunnel," adding that it had "caused the evacuation of Palestinian homes in the neighborhood and increased tensions between Palestinian residents and Jewish settlers, who have been acting more intensively than ever in recent years to Judaize the neighborhood, as part of an effort to sabotage the two-state solution."

Footage from the Peace Now protest showed one activist being detained by police.

The PA's foreign ministry released a statement earlier Sunday condemning the "imperialistic Judaization plans," which it charged were aimed at changing the status quo in the city. It slammed the Trump's administration for "fully supporting the imperialistic settlement enterprise led by the far-right in the occupation state" over the officials' participation.

Greenblatt dismissed the criticism as "ludicrous," adding on Twitter that "we can't 'Judaize' what history/archaeology show. We can acknowledge it; you can stop pretending it isn't true! Peace can only be built on truth."

The Pilgrimage Road, which ascends from the Pool of Siloam to the Jewish Temple, dates to no earlier than 30-31 CE, during the time of the notorious Roman governor Pontius Pilate. That was the period when Jesus was sentenced to death, City of David archaeologist Nahshon Szanton said in a 2017 video tour of the site.

"Unlike most archaeological digs which begin from the ground down, this excavation was done subterraneously, beneath the hustle and bustle of modern Jerusalem," Doron Spielman, vice president of the City of David Foundation, wrote in a Times of Israel op-ed on Sunday. "Dozens of fiber optic cable cameras were used to decipher where to excavate, while maps and diagrams made by archaeologists over the last century and a half paved the way forward," he wrote.

However, Emek Shaveh, a left-wing organization committed to protecting archaeological sites as the shared heritage of all cultures and faiths in the country, disagreed with the City of David findings, saying that although the street is presented as part of the pilgrimage route, "the horizontal excavation method, and the paucity of scientific publication, do not allow us to know for sure when the street was built and how it was integrated into the urban layout of Jerusalem."