Welcome to Sott.net
Wed, 21 Nov 2018
The World for People who Think

Wildfires

Fire

Scorched Sweden faces continued "extreme" fire risk in coming days

sweden wildfire 2018
© EPA By AFP
A chartered helicopter dumps a load of water ontio a smouldering spot in a forest near the village Grotingen in the Bracke municipality to fight one of many wild fires in central Sweden, 22 July 2018. Sweden meanwhile has called for emergency assistance from the European Union to tackle the dozens of wildfires raging across the country. Italian and French fire fighting planes as well as fire engines from Poland and firefighters from other EU countries joined in the efforts to contain and extinguish the wild fires. July 24, 2018 @ 2:00am
Sweden warned Monday of an "extreme" risk of fresh forest fires as much of Scandinavia baked in a heatwave and dozens of fires hit countries across northern Europe.

Sweden's civil protection agency MSB counted 27 active fires across the country on Monday, half the previous day's number, as temperatures were expected to soar as high as 35 Celsius (95 Fahrenheit) this week.

Other European countries including France, Italy and Germany have sent a mix of plane, trucks and firefighters to help tackle the blazes as Sweden, where usual summer temperatures are closer to 23 Celsius, has struggled to contain the crisis.

Some 25,000 hectares (62,000 acres) of land has already gone up in smoke or continues to burn - an area twice the size of the city of Paris.

Comment: After a brutally cold winter and epic flooding throughout spring, Europe is now on fire:


Fire

Sweden now battling over 50 wildfires, authorities say some 'impossible to extinguish'

Sweden wildfires Jul 2018

Large numbers of evacuations have taken place over the past two days, and thousands more residents have been ordered to keep their windows shut to avoid breathing the smoky air.

More than 50 wildfires - 10 more than the previous day - are now alight across central and western Sweden, but also above the Arctic Circle, authorities confirmed on Friday.

Sweden's head of civil defense Dan Eliasson said fire crews were struggling to bring the most ferocious forest fires in years under control.

He said four of the fires had become too large for firefighters to extinguish. And with no rain in sight, the situation was unlikely to improve over the weekend, he said.

"We will not be able to extinguish the largest fires," Eliasson said. "In these cases, rescue services are working to minimize the spread of the flames and wait until the weather changes."

Comment: Euronews reports Poland has joined other EU countries helping to battle the wildfires which are being attributed to hot weather and low rainfall:
Data from the European Commission's Joint Research Centre showed that there had been 53 wildfires this year, as of Thursday.

Normally by this time of year, there would have been three such fires, its data showed.

Many parts of Sweden have seen their driest weather in the May to mid-July period since records began in the 19th century, the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) said.



Fire

Situation critical in Greece as residents flee wildfires by jumping into the sea - At least 50 dead - UPDATES

greece wildfires
© REUTERS/Costas Baltas
A woman is in shock as she walks through cars where people fleeing the wildfires were burned alive at the village of Mati, near Athens, Greece July 24, 2018.
Multiple wildfires across Greece's Attica region have claimed the lives of at least 49 people, firefighters say. With dozens of others injured, authorities have warned of further casualties and pleaded for an EU-wide response.

Around half of the victims are from the village of Mati, a holiday resort on the east coast of the Attica region, just 30km from Athens, the local fire brigade said. Local media also report that some 168 people were injured across the country.

"Some settlements have disappeared from the map," Mayor of Rafina Pikermiou, Vangelis Bournos told local newspapers.

Reporting that at least 15 wildfires are simultaneously raging across three fronts of the Attic peninsula, which includes the capital Athens, government spokesman Dimitris Tzanakopoulos warned of a "very difficult night" ahead given the combination of intense western winds. He noted that at least 16 children are among those affected by the flames.


Comment: With 50 dead on just the first day, this tragedy is likely to surpass the 2007 wildfires, which were (at the time) 'unprecedented'...

Update 15:00 CET

As the fires continue to rage, the death toll has climbed to 60, while Croatia, Turkey, Italy, Germany, and Russia have offered to send much-needed help.

The accounts of the survivors are haunting and heartbreaking:
Nikos Stavrinidis had gone to his summer home in the Mati area with his wife to prepare it for his student daughter, who was coming to stay.

Before he knew it, the fire surrounded him.

"It happened very fast. The fire was in the distance, then sparks from the fire reached us. Then the fire was all around us," Mr Stavrinidis said.

There were six people in his group: Mr Stavrinidis, his wife and some of her friends.

They swam further out to escape the smoke, but as they did so, they began to be carried away by the wind and the current.

They lost sight of the shore and became disoriented.

"We couldn't see anything," he said.

Gale-force winds fanning the flames in the area also hampered firefighting efforts and whipped up the seas.

"We didn't all make it," Mr Stavrinidis said. One of the women in his group and one woman's son drowned.

"What upsets me and what I will carry in my heart is that it is terrible to see the person next to you drowning and not be able to help him. You can't. That's the only tragic thing," he said.

Mr Stavrinidis said he believed they were in the water for about two hours before being picked up by a fishing boat with an Egyptian crew.

"I'm grateful to all of them," he said.

"They jumped into the sea with their clothes still on. They made us tea and kept us warm. They were great."
greek fires 18
© AP/Thanassis Stavrakis
Flames forced many people to flee into the water.
Andreaas Passios, who lives next to a compound northeast of Athens where 26 bodies were reportedly found, said "everything happened in seconds".

"I grabbed a beach towel. It saved my life. I soaked it, grabbed my wife and we ran to the sea," Mr Passios said.

Mr Passios said he and his wife stayed by the sea for two hours.

"It was unbelievable. Gas canisters were exploding. Burning pine cones were flying everywhere."

When the flames died down, Spyros Hadjiandreou came searching for loved ones.

"My niece and cousin were staying here on holiday. I don't know if they made it out," he said.

"I don't know if they are OK. I haven't heard from them."
greek fires 2018
Giannis Labropoulis from the city Patras, west of Athens, was driving along the highway when flames seemed to come out of nowhere.

He told the ABC's PM he knew there was a fire, but could not have imagined how fast it would appear.

"We were driving through the flames all of a sudden in the blink of any eye, to be honest," he said.

"We just saw the road going into smoke, and then all of a sudden the flames were on the left-hand side of the car.

"All the houses that were on the hill beside the highway, they were completely burnt out."

Mr Labropoulis said the flames came within two to three metres of his car.

"We were so kind of shocked, because although we were in an air-conditioned car, we felt the heat coming in."

"We were able to drive just I think by luck, to be honest, because the things were going on so fast, the flames expanded so fast that we could not even imagine that in three seconds this thing could happen," he said.

"The problem was that as we were driving through with all these small branches from the trees flying around, we could hear the car going, 'tak-tak-tak'.

"It felt like somebody was kind of shooting at you."
Update 19:00 CET

The death toll is already up to 76 in just 24 hours. 26 dead bodies were found close together on the beach in Mati. Flames apparently ripped through the area faster than people could run. For comparison, 84 people were killed over two weeks of wildfires around Athens in late August 2007...


Fire

US and Mexico offer assistance as Canada battles 63 forest fires in northern Ontario

wildfires ontario July 2018
© Dr. Crayfish/Twitter
An environmental scientist who calls himself 'Dr. Crayfish' tweeted this photo of the scene from a boat in northern Ontario on Saturday. He wrote: 'Scary forest fires burning near Key River Ontario yesterday turned the sky orange!'

Crews fighting forest fires in northern Ontario are receiving help from other provinces, the U.S. and Mexico as they try to contain a cluster of blazes after days of hot and humid weather.

Ontario's Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry said in a release that, as of Sunday afternoon, 63 forest fires were burning in the northern and northeastern parts of the province, with 28 of them out of control. The ministry said 35 fires are either being held or being observed.

Isabelle Chenard, a fire information officer for the ministry, says 775 fires have consumed 181,000 hectares of the province this year. That number has grown more than 75 per cent since this time last year, she explained.

Since Canada Day, Chenard says, a swath of fires have been started by lightning strikes.

"Several waves of lightning that have passed through the northeast side of the province with very little precipitation," she added.

Fire

Sweden requests emergency assistance from EU to fight rapidly spreading, uncontrolled wildfires

forest fire  Ljusdal Sweden
© Maja Suslin / TT / NTB Scanpix
A forest fire in Ljusdal in Sweden on Tuesday.
Dozens of forest wildfires raged across Sweden Wednesday, prompting Stockholm to ask for emergency EU help to fight the blazes, which broke out during an extreme heatwave in the Nordic region.

The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) said two Italian firefighting aircraft had been sent to assist in badly hit areas of central Sweden, while Norway had dispatched six helicopters.

Norway has suffered from considerable forest fires of its own over the last week, with wildfires in 100 locations in the south last week, some of which were triggered by lightning.

One Norwegian firefighter lost his life responding to the blazes while the country's Home Guard has also been deployed to relieve strained fire services.

But the many forest fires that raged across southern Norway in recent days, particularly on Saturday and Sunday, are now under control or completely extinguished, news agency NTB reported on Wednesday.

Despite that, the Home Guard is still assisting fire services in some areas, VG reports.

Comment: See also: Evacuations ordered in Sweden as wildfires rage as far north as Arctic Circle


Fire

Evacuations ordered in Sweden as wildfires rage as far north as Arctic Circle

Firefighters use a helicopter to tackle a forest fire Wednesday near Ljusdal in central Sweden.

Firefighters use a helicopter to tackle a forest fire Wednesday near Ljusdal in central Sweden.
Nearly 100 people were forced to leave their homes overnight in Sweden, emergency officials said Thursday, as dozens of forest fires rage across the country as far north as the Arctic Circle.

The worst-affected areas include Jämtland, Västerbotten, Gävleborg and Dalarna counties, where residents have been advised to evacuate a number of villages.

The Red Cross will start to coordinate volunteer efforts across the country, it said Thursday, after talks with the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency. The volunteers will help with evacuations, distribute essential supplies and give out information.

Sweden has been struggling to cope as unusually hot, dry conditions fuel more forest fires than the emergency services can handle.


Fire

Wildfires rage for days following heatwave and drought on Bray Head, Ireland

wildfire bray head ireland

The Air Corps dumped more than 150,000 litres of water on Bray Head during a two-day operation to stop a wildfire that devastated sections of the popular hiking trail.
As they returned to Bray Head in Co Wicklow to douse flaring embers and reassure worried residents, Greystones firefighters were on their 88th callout since the heatwave and drought conditions took hold more than a month ago.

"When you think that everything you own is going to go up in flames, it's pretty scary," said one resident, looking on as, for the umpteenth time since the blaze took hold last Friday, the part-time firefighters dropped what they were doing and rushed out to help.

The damage of the past four days could have been more severe had it not been for their hard work, and the foresight of Mark Kopik. The landowner, anticipating the inevitable, cut fire breaks through the gorse in the hope that if a fire broke out, he could slow its pace. The goal was achieved.

Nonetheless the strength of the fire, and particularly the strength of the south and southwest winds on Saturday, saw the blaze spread and devour virtually all the growth on the southern slope of Bray Head.

Comment: It seems the increasingly erratic weather patterns which brought a brutally cold and wet winter, followed by epic flooding in spring, is now bringing heatwave and drought conditions throughout Europe, and is contributing to a year on year increase in widlfires; that, and the erroneous environmentalism which has banned controlled fires:



Fire

Stunning video of wildfire turning into huge firenado then into waterspout along Colorado River in California

wildfire
A video shows the moment a brush fire turned into a 'firenado' and then a waterspout on the Colorado River.

An Arizona couple was driving near the California-Arizona border Saturday and pulled over to watch a brush fire near the shore of the Colorado River.

The brush fire turned into a 'firenado' and then the winds moved over the river and formed a waterspout.

Jet skis and boats drove by the scary spectacle that looked like something from a Hollywood movie.


Comment: That's pretty clear-cut evidence that cyclonic winds are all essentially electrical in nature. Heat exchange plays a role, but more as a side-effect to the distribution of electric charge potential between mediums - ground-to-air, water-to-air, fire-to-air, whatever.


Fire

Wildfire the size of 50 football pitches breaks out in "tinder dry" New Forest, UK

fire hampshire
© Hampshire Fire and Rescue
Gorse fire in Holbury, New Forest
Firefighters spent the night tackling a gorse fire across more than 85 acres of land in the New Forest.

The blaze, off Rollestone Road in Holbury, Hampshire, started shortly after midnight.

Station Manager Paul Reddish said: "It lit up the night sky - it was a challenge for the crews to get ahead of the fire and create some breaks."

At its height, 45 firefighters were sent to the blaze. The fire was put out by about 03:30 BST.

Mr Reddish said the prolonged heatwave conditions meant areas of the forest were "tinder dry".

Comment: Following a prolonged dry spell the UK has seen an unprecedented number of wildfires, some of an intensity not seen for decades - and the UK is not alone in seeing both extreme drought and epic flooding:


Cloud Lightning

Lightning sets off over 100 forest fires in southern Norway

wildfire
© Tor Aage Hansen
More than 100 forest and brush fires were burning all over Southern Norway, some of them out of control, on Thursday afternoon and evening. Extremely dry conditions and strong winds were posing huge challenges for emergency crews.

State broadcaster NRK reported fires in the Agder counties, Telemark, Vestfold, Østfold, Buskerud, Hedmark and Oppland. NRK reported 15 fires in Østfold alone (the county just southeast of Oslo), five in Agder, at least seven in Telemark and 30 in Buskerud.

By Thursday evening the numbers had risen to more than 30 in Østfold, around 25 in Agder, around 50 in Telemark and 52 in Buskerud. A few others were burning out of control in Østre Toten.