In Azerbaijan, the Bozdag-Guzdek mud volcano has erupted for the first time in 15 years. The mud eruption lasted nine minutes and produced seismic signals that were detected by the country's Republican Seismic Survey Center. The eruption occurred on May 13 at 2:13 a.m. local time.

The mud volcano has a vent 3.5 kilometers deep and is located near the Sangachal oil field. It is one of the largest oil and gas producing areas in Azerbaijan and is located near the city of Baku on the Absheron Peninsula. Consequently, the mud volcano has nothing to do with real volcanism or magmatism: its eruptions are linked to methane gas, of which there is more than enough in the area. This is also reflected in the high number of mud volcanoes, which promote organic compounds. There are over 700 known mud volcanoes in the world, half of which are in Azerbaijan.

Another well-known mud spout in Azerbaijan is the Toragay in the south of Qobustan. It is the largest of its kind in the world. Its crater cone is 400 meters high and 150 meters in diameter. The volcano erupted six times between 1841 and 1950.

Azerbaijan is often referred to as the land of fire and the mud volcanoes are undoubtedly one of the most visited natural attractions in the country. They attract people from all over the world, so mud volcano tourism has developed. The mud from the Bozdag-Guzdek mud volcano contains many organic compounds such as iodine, bromine and hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is said to have healing properties, which makes it particularly attractive to tourists. According to a report in the online magazine Azernews, chemical analyzes of the mud showed that it could have resulted from the reaction of the rock with magmatic fluids. Therefore there is a connection to real volcanism.

(Translated by Google)