Ancient Engravings
© IRNA
The photo shows a rock bearing one of the 40,000-year-old hand pattern engravings, which have recently been discovered in the Teimareh region near the city of Khomein in Central Province.
Tehran -- Eleven engravings, which are believed to date back to 40,000 years ago, have been discovered in the Teimareh region near the city of Khomein in Central Province.

The engravings depict patterns of hands, expert of ancient stone engravings Mohammad Nasseri told the Persian service of the IRNA on Sunday.

Although the engravings date back to 40,000 years ago, some Elamite pictographs, some marks of the Pahlavi and Arabic scripts, and a number of cup-shaped motifs have been etched around each engraving, he added.

According to the semiotics, the hand patterns and the cup-shaped motifs refer to a temple or a place of worship, Nasseri stated.

In the Islamic culture, a hand pattern also symbolizes revenge, he said.

Mokhtar Saqafi, who organized an uprising to take revenge against the killers of Imam Hussein (AS), and the Safavid kings used this pattern on their flags, he added.

In December 2007, a team of archaeologists identified two Pahlavi inscriptions on rocks in the Teimareh region.

The experts surmised that the Middle Persian inscriptions were at least 1500 years old and thus dated back to the Sassanid or Parthian era.