Earth ChangesS

Bizarro Earth

Massive New Zealand quake moves country west

Wellington - Southern New Zealand has moved slightly closer to the east coast of neighboring Australia as a result of a massive earthquake last week off the country's South Island, a scientist said Wednesday.

The magnitude 7.8 quake, centered in the ocean near Resolution Island in the country's Fiordland region, twisted South Island out of shape and moved its southern tip 12 inches (30 centimeters) closer to Australia, seismologist Ken Gledhill said.

Cloud Lightning

8 dead, 9 missing in floods in Japan

Tokyo - Hundreds of police, soldiers and rescue workers searched Thursday for nine people missing after torrential rains triggered floods and landslides in southern Japan. Eight people, including elderly residents of a nursing home, have been killed.

Most of about 100 residents of the home were brought to the roof and lifted out by helicopter Tuesday after a mudslide hit the building. But five residents were killed before the rescue, and two are still missing.


US: The Terrible Intoxicating Beauty of the Ghost Orchid Returns to Florida

Ghost Orchid
© Mick Fournier/Associated Press
The supernatural glow of the mysterious ghost orchid is back in the Everglades for the third year in a row. This flower rarely blooms two years in a row, and was missing for a dozen years until 2007.

The ghost orchid, of course, is the haunting beauty featured in the book The Orchid Thief and the bizarre movie version, Adaptation. Nobody knows why it's suddenly reappearing so regularly in the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary after a dozen years of absence, nor what strange qualities it might have if you actually ingested it.


Galapagos penguins harbour malaria threat

© Michael Nolan / SplashdownDirect / Rex FeaturesAdult Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) are carrying the malaria parasite
Penguins and malaria are not two organisms you would normally associate with each other, yet biologists have found the malaria parasite in an endangered species of the black-and-white waddlers.

Iris Levin of the University of Missouri at St Louis and her colleagues took blood samples from 362 Galapagos penguins - already listed as being threatened with extinction - on nine islands in the Galapagos archipelago.

All of the birds appeared healthy, but the tests revealed that 19 of the penguins, 5 per cent, carried the Plasmodium parasite, which causes malaria. The infected birds were spread across the archipelago, suggesting the parasite is not restricted to one small colony of penguins. Galapagos penguins move around the islands, so the parasite is likely to spread further, say the researchers.

"Plasmodium in Galapagos penguins is potentially disastrous for this species," says Bruce Hofkin, a parasitologist at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, who was not involved in the study. "Most penguin species are very susceptible to Plasmodium and avian malaria is a real problem in zoos, where it is a major problems in penguin exhibits."


'Eating wildlife is a part of Chinese culture'

© Lü Zhi/Shan Shui Conservation CentreLü Zhi has studied pandas for two decades and is director of conservation biology at Peking University
Lü Zhi is the director of the Center for Nature and Society at Peking University, Beijing, China.

Are attitudes to the environment in China changing as people's wealth increases?

There are two trends. One is a greater awareness. For instance, a group of young Chinese entrepreneurs is calling for an end to the consumption of shark fin soup. But there is also a rise in the number of affluent people who want to show off their wealth. Eating wildlife is a part of Chinese culture, so when people get richer they eat more wildlife. They need something to persuade them. I think culture is the most effective tool. A respect for life is part of the Buddhist tradition, which has had a big influence on Chinese culture, though sometimes people forget it.

Is it possible to preserve biodiversity in the world's fastest-developing country?

It depends. If you take pandas as an example, then yes, it is. But if you take the Yangtze river dolphin, which was declared functionally extinct in 2006, then no, it isn't. The critical point is to make conservation relevant to others. The panda has no practical value to people but its looks help ensure its survival.

What about the vast majority of wildlife that lacks the emotional draw of the panda?

We use the panda as a flagship to protect all the other creatures and plants where it lives. But what is really needed is a new economic system that recognises and pays for the value of nature.

Better Earth

The truth about krill harvesting and krill oil supplements

You may be aware that I was one of the primary supporters responsible for promoting krill as a healthier and far more sustainable alternative for animal based omega-3 fats.

Recently there have been a number of unfounded scare tactics stating krill is endangered, and whales are being threatened by krill harvesting. Sites that sell competing sources of omega-3 will reference any type of negative information - such as a more recent article stating that krill oil is banned off the coast of California.

Partial truths like this are shared to confuse the issue. I strongly believe it is appropriate that krill harvesting should be banned in many areas not suitable for harvesting. What these competitors fail to admit is that this localized krill problem in California has nothing to do with the global krill population.

Bizarro Earth

Earthquake Magnitude 5.5 - Southern Iran

© US Geological Survey
Wednesday, July 22, 2009 at 03:53:04 UTC
Wednesday, July 22, 2009 at 07:23:04 AM at epicenter

26.828°N, 55.782°E

19.4 km (12.1 miles) (poorly constrained)

70 km (45 miles) NW of Al Khasab, Oman

80 km (50 miles) SW of Bandar-e Abbas, Iran

95 km (60 miles) NNW of Ra's al Khaymah, United Arab Emirates

445 km (275 miles) NW of MUSCAT, Oman


El Nino Now Official - Possible Implications

Sea Temps
© NOAA/NESDISTropical Pacific sea surface temperatures this week.

The official El Nino criteria has been met. Now the meteorological world looks to see how strong and how long this lasts. Count on CPC and other forecast centers to go for a warm winter as a result of El Nino but as we have shown, there are differences in El Ninos depending on the overall mode in the Pacific Basin (the PDO). The tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures this week are shown here.

You can see the warm plume along the tropical easterly belt along the equator. The depth cross section shows the pool of warm water that has suppressed the thermocline in the eastern Pacific.
Sea Temp
© NOAAWarm plume along the tropical easterly belt along the equator.

Evil Rays

Australia: Turnbull needs to recognise the tide is turning on climate change

Malcolm Turnbull today, in the headlines for the wrong reason, does not seem to know which way to jump on climate change.

He's now floated a new strategy but the suggestions are that he doesn't have shadow Cabinet support for it.

Well, may I direct his attention to a piece in the Wall Street Journal at the end of last month.

Rick Shaffer has a television job in America called the Money Show.

He's an attorney, a graduate of Boston College and Northeastern University School of Law.

And he referred his viewers/listeners to a column that recently appeared in the Wall Street Journal pointing out and explaining the growing scepticism amongst scientists and politicians around the world, including the United States, over the accuracy of the so-called unarguable fact that global warming is occurring, is caused by mankind and can be cured by mankind.


US: Nashville Ties Or Breaks Low Temperature Record 3 Straight Mornings

Cool weather has broken a previous low temperature for July 21 in Nashville that was set when Rutherford B. Hayes was president.

When the temperature at the National Weather Service station dipped to 58 degrees at 5:30 a.m. on Tuesday, it wiped out the previous record low for the date of 60 degrees, which was set in 1877.

NWS forecaster Bobby Boyd noted it was the third consecutive morning when Nashville either tied or broke a daily low temperature record.

Temperatures were cool, but did not break records at several Tennessee cities.

Knoxville dropped to 59 degrees Tuesday morning, Chattanooga had 60 degrees, Tri-Cities recorded 58 degrees and Memphis was 69 degrees.

Nashville dropped to 59 degrees early Monday and Knoxville bottomed out at 60 degrees -- both tying records for the date.