The Peace Bridge
© Reuters/Brendan McDermidThe Peace Bridge between Canada and the US over the Niagara River, Buffalo, NY
Canada and the US have agreed to extend travel restrictions between the two countries for another month, with PM Justin Trudeau citing the need to meet vaccine targets, despite vocal demands from US lawmakers to reopen the border.

Canadian Public Safety Minister Bill Blair announced in a tweet on Friday morning, again extending the regime first imposed in March 2020:

While Ottawa said it would make exemptions for fully vaccinated travelers by early July, until then, the restrictions will continue to apply to all "non-essential" travel between the two neighbors.

Speaking at a midday press conference, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau insisted the world was "not out of this pandemic yet," noting that the border would not reopen until Canada had vaccinated 75% of its population with at least one dose of a coronavirus immunization and 20% were fully inoculated.

"Even a fully vaccinated individual can pass on Covid-19 to someone who is not vaccinated," he told reporters, adding that Canada needed to avoid "massive waves" of new infections.

Official data released soon after the PM spoke showed 73.4% of eligible Canadians had received their first shot, though fewer than 6% were fully vaccinated.

Despite lagging behind its vaccine targets, however, Canada has seen a steep drop in coronavirus cases in recent months as its population inches toward herd immunity, corresponding with a fall in the US numbers as well. To date, Canada has tallied a total of 1.4 million infections, dwarfed by the 33.5 million in the US, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.

The mutual decision to keep the restrictions was denounced by American lawmakers on both sides of the aisle. Representative Brian Higgins (D-New York) said in a joint statement with Representative Bill Huizenga (R-Michigan):
"There's no other way to say it: another month's delay is bulls**t. Millions of Americans and Canadians are counting on our governments to work together to reach an agreement that provides a clear roadmap for reopening the border."
They jointly chair the House Northern Border Caucus.

Other members of Congress from New York - which borders Canada - were just as displeased. Representative Chris Jacobs, a Republican, said the extension was "a complete failure of leadership" by both Biden and Trudeau.

House Republican Conference chair Elise Stefanik blasted the move as "absolutely unacceptable to the families, businesses, and communities along the northern border." Attacking Trudeau's "incessant desire to delay," she also singled out President Joe Biden for failing to press the issue at a recent G7 summit.

Stefanik was echoed by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat, who called for a "concrete plan" to reopen, "instead of endless delays and confusion."
Not long after the extended border rules were announced, however, the Canadian province of Alberta declared plans to fully reopen, breaking with the more cautious approach favored by other regions. On July 1, in celebration of Canada Day, Alberta will become the first jurisdiction in the country to drop all pandemic restrictions.

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney said on Friday.
"Don't live in fear. We're going to have a celebration on Canada Day about our new openness, and encourage people to get out there and support those small businesses that have been so hard hit in the past 16 months, and do so with confidence."
In addition to federal travel and quarantine mandates, Canadian provinces have imposed their own patchwork of restrictions. On a tour of anti-lockdown rallies last week in Manitoba, People's Party of Canada leader Maxime Bernier was arrested for breaching local pandemic rules. The central Canadian province has been described in media reports as a Covid-19 "hotspot." Bernier was released last Friday, but faces up to a $100,000 fine and a year in jail, or both.