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Fireballs

Fireball 5

Huge meteor fireball observed over Brazil

Meteor over Brazil
© Screen Capture
A large meteorite crossed the Brazilian night sky and became extinct at an altitude of 67 kilometers, just one kilometer above the cities of Nova Petrópolis, Canela and Gramado, in the south of the neighboring country.


Comment: 'Became extinct'?! What a strange turn of phrase, given what meteors will likely do to us some day...


This was reported this Saturday by the Heller and Jung Space Observatory, which recorded last Thursday how the bolide (a type of meteorite with a very intense brightness) fell in the Hortensias region, in a sect of the mountain ranges of the state of Rio Grande do Sul.

Fireball 2

Meteor smoke captured on video over Slovakia

Meteor smoke over Slovakia
© YouTube/Robert Barsa (screen capture)
The best meteor during this month's Lyrid meteor shower might not have been a Lyrid at all. On April 21st, Robert Barsa was outside the city of Košice, Slovakia, watching meteors fly out of the constellation Lyra when a flash lit up the sky from a completely different direction.

"I saw it in my peripheral vision," says Barsa. "As I looked reflexively above my head, I was speechless staring at a meteor much brighter than Venus."

"The fireball was moving very slowly with at least two outbursts," he says. "It reminded me of a decaying spaceship or satellite entering the atmosphere."


Fireball 3

Bright fireball caused by meteor explodes, fragments over northwestern US

Fireball over NW US
© IBTimes
A few people in the US witnessed a bright fireball created by a meteor that streaked across the sky recently. The eyewitnesses said the space rock exploded mid-air and broke apart into tiny fragments.

The American Meteor Society reported that the fireball event happened on April 20 at around 10:30 pm MDT, or April 21 at 12:30 am EDT. Although most of the eyewitness reports regarding the fireball event came from the stated of Idaho, the incident was also spotted by individuals from Washington and Oregon.

Witnessing A Fireball Event

Based on the eyewitness reports, the brightness or magnitude of the fireball varied. While some eyewitnesses stated that the fireball had a magnitude of -20 to -14, others stated that it ranged from -7 to -5. The difference in magnitude may have been caused by the sky conditions in the area where they spotted the meteor. The presence of clouds or haze in the region might have affected the brightness of the fireball.

Fireball 4

News photographer captures video of meteor fireball streaking through Texas sky

Fireball over Beasley, TX
A KPRC 2 photographer captured video of a sight that is out of this world.

Cesar Martinez said he was driving southbound on U.S. Highway 59 early Monday morning near Beasley, Texas, when his vehicle's dashcam caught video of a bright green flash in the western sky.

Martinez said the light only lasted about six seconds before fading away.

The activity seen on camera appears consistent with video of confirmed meteor sightings. The light is the result of a space rock (meteoroid) burning up as it enters Earth's atmosphere.

While it's not clear if Monday's sighting is related, the Lyrid meteor shower reaches it's peak this week.


Fireball 2

Investigators confirm meteorite discovery in El Empalme, Ecuador

Ecuador meteorite
© SCAN
SCAN verified the absence of radioactivity in the meteorite that fell in El Empalme, Guayas, Ecuador.
Images of people in Ecuador manipulating a rocky body with their hands went viral on the night of Wednesday, April 22, 2020 on social media networks. In the videos, residents of the Los Naranjos compound in El Empalme (Guayas) spoke of an object that had fallen from the sky. The area also suffered several power outages.


The following morning, the Government of Ecuador confirmed that it was a meteorite according to El Comercio (Ecuador).

"The Police cordoned off the area and SCAN evidenced that the body is not radioactive, which reassures us, for the well-being of the residents," said Rodrigo Salas , assistant secretary for Nuclear Control and Applications (SCAN) of the Ministry of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources of Ecuador.

Info

19 'Centaurs' beyond Jupiter may be from another star system

Centaur Chariklo
© Illustration: ESO/L. Calçada/Nick Risinger/SkySurvey Org
Artist’s impression of the Centaur Chariklo.
Astronomers think they've found an entire population of asteroids originating from outside our solar system, according to a new paper.

The objects at the centre of this investigation aren't new discoveries. Called the Centaurs, they're mysterious asteroids that orbit in the neighbourhood of Jupiter and beyond. These objects take highly inclined orbits relative to the plane of the rest of the planets, and in at least one case, orbit the "wrong" way relative to the rest of the solar system's objects. By playing the laws of physics in reverse, scientists Fathi Namouni at the Université Côte d'Azur in France and Helena Morais at UNESP in Brazil found that 19 of these objects likely originated around another star.

Astronomers first spotted the object (514107) 2015 BZ509, now called Ka'epaoka'awela, in the Pan-STARRS survey in 2015. Analysis of this asteroid revealed something shocking: It was orbiting the wrong way around the solar system in a stable yet eccentric orbit near Jupiter, on a tilt relative to the rest of the planets.

Morais and Namouni studied that object's orbit, built a simulation, and played in reverse the behaviour of a million imaginary objects that fit Ka'epaoka'awela's orbital parameters, each with slightly different properties within the margin of error of the original observations. Most of the simulated objects either crashed into the Sun or other planets or were ejected from the solar system, but both of these cases failed to produce sensical origin stories for the asteroids once they turned the arrow of time back forward, Namouni explained. The ones that did obey the laws of physics were stable since the founding of the solar system 4.5 billion years ago. The researchers interpreted their observations as the objects having been captured from elsewhere.

Fireball

'First ever' evidence of death by meteorite recorded in Iraq in 1888, archive digitization reveals

meteor
© NASA/Robert P. Moreno Jr
An exploding meteor.
Researchers have finally found credible records of someone being killed by a falling meteorite.

On 22 August 1888, according to multiple documents found in the General Directorate of State Archives of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey, a falling meteorite hit and killed one man and paralysed another in what is now Sulaymaniyah in Iraq.

This constitutes, according to researchers, the first-ever known proof of death by meteorite strike. And it hints there could be more such records out there, hiding in archives, waiting to be discovered.

Comment: As will become clear in the following article, far from the above story being the 'first ever' incident report, there is actually a wealth of historical data and records, dating back thousands of years, that document Meteorites, Asteroids, and Comets: Damages, Disasters, Injuries, Deaths, and Very Close Calls. The data also suggests that there are periods where there is a heightened risk and, judging by current reports, our own era has entered one of those periods.

See also: For a discussion on the above topics, check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Earth changes in an electric universe: Is climate change really man-made?

And for documentation of fireballs and much, much more occurring in our own time, watch SOTT's monthly documentary SOTT Earth Changes Summary - March 2020: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs:




Meteor

Bizarre fireball spotted over Hull, UK last night likely a meteor

Fireball over Hull, UK
© Men Media Syndication
A bizarre burning fireball was spotted last night over Hull, with images capturing the moment the inferno burned up in the atmosphere as it plummeted towards Earth.

The Humberside 'bright orange' object was spotted by several people moving slowly over the city leaving a trail in its wake before disappearing.

Experts believe the unusual occurrence was a meteor, potentially linked to the annual Lyrid meteor shower due to commence this week.

Rebecca Holmes saw it from her garden in Bransholme, near Kingston upon Hull.

She said : 'I was sat in the garden, my husband was doing some gardening and I looked up and it was so bright orange and it was just gliding really slowly like something was burning but it was definitely too slow to be a shooting star.

Meteor

Mysterious 'boom' rattles windows, startles wildlife in the Midlands, Ireland

Meteor
A Westmeath woman is trying to find the source of a mysterious sound in the skies over the weekend.

Anna Duffy from Moate heard a massive boom on Saturday, that she says shook windows and startled wildlife. Others in the area also reported hearing the noise, but it later emerged people as far away as Galway noticed the disturbance.

Ms. Duffy says speculation is now rife on social media as to what could have made the unusual sound, with some suggesting it could have been a meteor.

Comet 2

New Comet P/2020 G1 (Pimentel)

CBET 4754 & MPEC 2020-H06, issued on 2020, April 17, announce the discovery of a comet (magnitude ~15) by Eduardo Pimentel on CCD images taken by Jacques, Pimentel, and J. Barros with a 0.28-m f/2.2 astrograph of the "Southern Observatory for Near Earth Research" (SONEAR) at Oliveira, Brazil. The new comet has been designated P/2020 G1 (Pimentel).

We performed follow-up measurements of this object while it was still on the PCCP webpage.

Stacking of 7 unfiltered exposures, 24 seconds each, obtained remotely on 2020, April 15.4 from Q62 (iTelescope network) through a 0.50-m f/6.8 astrograph + CCD + focal reducer, shows that this object is a comet with a compact coma about 15" in diameter and a tail 20" long in PA 90.

Our confirmation image (click on it for a bigger version)
Comet P/2020 G1 Pimentel
© Remanzacco Blogspot