This, together with an August Bloomberg interview with Simon Potter, who led the Federal Reserve Bank of New York's markets group for years, and Julia Coronado, who spent eight years as an economist for the Fed's Board of Governors (the two are among the innovators brainstorming solutions to what has emerged as the most crucial and difficult problem facing the Fed: get money swiftly to people who need it most in a crisis), in which the duo suggested depositing digital dollars directly in households' apps, prompted us to write two weeks ago that "In An Unprecedented Monetary Overhaul, The Fed Is Preparing To Deposit "Digital Dollars" Directly To Each American."
Yet when it comes to clogged funding pipelines and a slow monetary transmission mechanism, while the Fed may be slow in responding to the collapsing monetary velocity the ECB is absolutely glacial, largely due to the fact that while the Euro area shares a monetary regime it still has independent fiscal regimes.
Which may explain why while the digital dollar is still in its development stage (the Fed is currently conducting joint research with MIT on whether and when to launch it), Europe is far closer to hitting the "green" button on a digital currency: on September 22 the ECB quietly filed to trademark the term "digital euro" (which appropriately enough abbreviates to DE to instill a sense of German patriotism when officials push Europe's most conservative society into the great monetary unknown) as disclosed by the website of the European Union Intellectual Property Office, as European officials are preparing to release an assessment of the benefits and drawbacks of creating a digital version of the currency.
- Computer hardware, firmware and software; e-commerce software enabling users to carry out commercial transactions by electronic means via a global computer network; application software for block chains; software for purchase, sale, management, payment, downloading, recording and administration of tokens; payment cards; spare parts, accessories, software and firmware for all the above-mentioned goods.
- Financial affairs; monetary affairs; banking services; credit card and debit card services; verification, analysis and evaluation of payment transaction data (financial services); financial information concerning foreign exchange transactions; financial information concerning currencies; issuance and redemption of tokens; foreign exchange trading operations; foreign exchange trading; money transfer services; processing of electronic payments; management of real estate assets of electronic tokens (e-wallet); financial services provided by electronic means; cryptocurrency services, namely, a digital currency or digital token, incorporating cryptographic protocols, used to operate and build applications and block chains on a decentralized computer platform and as a method of payment for goods and services.
- Programming services in the field of information technology in connection with software for e-commerce; design, development and implementation of software in the field of block-chains; provision of advice and services provided by consultants relating to software; provision of computer programs for e-commerce.
- Provision of user authentication services in the field of e-commerce transactions; provision of user authentication services in the field of e-commerce transactions on communication lines.
European Central Bank announced that it will start conducting experiments to decide whether to launch a digital euro, according to Euro News.
In a report setting out the pros and cons of launching a digital euro, the ECB said that it "could support the Eurosystems objectives by providing citizens with a safe form of money in the fast-changing digital world." By which, of course, it means preserving the ability to deposit - and withdraw - digital funds from European accounts at will, while in the process making banks redundant.
Unlike private digital currencies like Bitcoin or Facebook's Libra, the digital euro would be a central bank liability and would complement the current offering of cash and wholesale central bank deposits. Its value would therefore not be volatile because it would be backed by the central bank.
The ECB stressed in its report that financial institutions and infrastructures are "increasingly threatened" by a wide array of tail risks as the proportion of payments services that are digitalized is increasing.
Blaming everything form cyberattacks, natural disasters and pandemics the ECB highlighted these "potential risks" because they can lead to outages of private card payment schemes, online banking and cash withdrawals from automated teller machines (ATMs) that could "significantly affect retail payments and erode trust in the financial system in general". In short the ECB doesn't even need a crisis to commence an unprecedented monetary overhaul - even the mere hint of some possible stress event is now a sufficient reason to shift away from paper currency and toward a digital one.
The digital euro would thus provide a "possible contingency mechanism for electronic payments that could remain in use even when private resolutions are not available," the report notes.
Surprisingly, the ECB also flagged that it could have a negative impact on financial stability (perhaps in anticipation of German complaints): "The euro belongs to Europeans and our mission is to be its guardian," said ECB President Christine Lagarde.
"Europeans are increasingly turning to digital in the ways in the ways they spend, save and invest. Our role is to secure trust in money. This means making sure the euro is fit for the digital age. We should be prepared to issue a digital euro, should the need arise," she added.
Did she say save? Save what? Where? Who in their right minds would "save" money in a bank to earn pay -0.50% interest rate? It's so blatantly obvious that the ECB's "digitalization" effort is merely an attempt to prevent Europeans from hoarding paper cash, thus avoiding punitive bank rates, that we won't even discuss it here.
Furthermore, the ECB admits that some 79% of all euro area payments at points of sale are still cash transactions, amounting to more than half of the total value of all payments. There is nothing more the ECB would love than having a trail of each and every one of those transactions.
Eventually, the ECB will decide whether it should proceed with creating the digital euro by mid-2021.
Yves Mersch, a member of the executive board of the ECB, has backed the creation of a digital euro stressing earlier this year that money is a public good and that "it can only inspire trust and fulfill its key socioeconomic functions if it is backed by an independent but accountable public institution which itself enjoys public trust and is not faced with the inevitable conflicts of interests of private institutions."
He described Libra, Facebook's planned digital currency which is to be overseen by a 28-member organization and backed by reserves of real-world assets, as "cartel-like".
He also emitted doubt over the fact it will be released "by the very same people who had to explain themselves in front of legislators in the United States and the European Union on the threats to our democracies from their handling of personal data on their social media platform."
Yes, because the ECB handling the personal and financial data of all Europeans under a fake pretext will be so much more "democratic."