Deepwater Horizon
© John Mosier / Global Look Press
Boats hose down a massive fire on the oil rig Deepwater Horizon, 50 miles southeast of the tip of Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Trump administration is moving to loosen restrictions on offshore and natural gas drilling put in place by during the Obama era after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill.

The Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) published new regulations Friday that aim to fulfill Trump's policy of "energy dominance." The BSEE's proposed rule said the Obama-era regulations "created potentially unduly burdensome requirements to oil and natural gas production."

"By reducing the regulatory burden on industry, we are encouraging increased domestic oil and gas production while maintaining a high bar for safety and environmental sustainability," said BSEE Director Scott Angelle in a statement Thursday.

One key provision requires that government regulators review production data from oil companies in real time. Another requires that operators obtain independent verification that safety devices work under extreme conditions.

That statement was undermined by Angelle's predecessor, Michael Bromwich. He said that the regulations had not been in place long enough to determine if they were burdensome on industry. "The argument that the regulatory burden needs to be lifted... is not credible," he said Thursday.

The public will have 30 days to comment.

The British Petroleum Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010 created an environmental disaster, dumping 4.9 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico and polluting more than 1,300 miles of shoreline. It killed 11 workers and caused $17.2 billion in damage to natural resources. It was the worst oil spill in US history.

Independent verification of a blowout preventer - the device that failed to work in the BP spill - could have prevented it.

BSEE said the amendments would save the oil and gas industry $33 million annually and would not compromise safety, the environment or worker protections.

The National Ocean Industries Association, which represents US offshore energy companies, praised the move.

"The proposed revisions to the Production Safety Systems Rule mark an integral step in the regulatory reform promised by President Trump," Randall Luthi, the group's president, said Thursday. "This 'second bite at the apple' provides an opportunity for further dialogue, discussion and debate to assure the nation's offshore energy resources are developed safely and expeditiously."

Environmental advocates warned that scrapping the regulations would create conditions for another major spill.

"Rolling back drilling safety standards while expanding offshore leasing is a recipe for disaster," Miyoko Sakashita, director of the oceans program at the Center for Biological Diversity, said in a statement. "By tossing aside the lessons from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Trump is putting our coasts and wildlife at risk of more deadly oil spills. Reversing offshore safety rules isn't just deregulation, it's willful ignorance."