Secret History


16 Pyramids discovered in ancient Sudan cemetery

© D. A. Welsby; Copyright SARS NDRS Archive
One of 16 pyramids uncovered in a cemetery in the ancient town of Gematon in Sudan. The pyramid likely rose more than 39 feet (12 meters) in height.
The remains of 16 pyramids with tombs underneath have been discovered in a cemetery near the ancient town of Gematon in Sudan.

They date back around 2,000 years, to a time when a kingdom called "Kush" flourished in Sudan. Pyramid building was popular among the Kushites. They built them until their kingdom collapsed in the fourth century AD.

Derek Welsby, a curator at the British Museum in London, and his team have been excavating at Gematon since 1998, uncovering the 16 pyramids, among many other finds, in that time.

"So far, we've excavated six made out of stone and 10 made out of mud brick," Welsby said. The pyramids are located in a large cemetery that was surveyed in 1993.

The largest pyramid found at Gematon was 10.6 meters (about 35 feet) long on each side and would have risen around 13 m (43 feet) off the ground. [See Photos of 2,000-Year-Old Pyramids Discovered at Another Site in Sudan]

Wealthy and powerful individuals built some of the pyramids, while people of more modest means built the others, Welsby said. "They're not just the upper-elite burials," he said.

In fact, not all the tombs in the cemetery have pyramids: Some are buried beneath simple rectangular structures called mastaba, whereas others are topped with piles of rocks called tumuli. Meanwhile, other tombs have no surviving burial markers at all.


Herero and Namaqua Genocide: The little-known first genocide of the Second Reich

© Wikipedia
Herero and Namaqua dying in the desert.
When you hear the word genocide, your mind may immediately go to the Holocaust by the Nazis during the Second World War. Very few know that the first genocide of the 20th century that almost led to the extinction of two nations of Southwest Africa - Herero and Namaqua - and this one was also done by the Germans. But let's take things from the beginning.

The German South-West Africa was a colony of the German Empire between 1884 and 1915. It included a land of 835,100 square kilometres, which was one and a half times the size of Germany.

In 1915, during the First World War, British and South African forces entered Germany Southwest Africa to conquer it. After the war, the area was commanded by the Union of South Africa (part of the British Empire) and was named Southwest Africa, after a directive by the Union of Nations. In 1990 it became an independent country and since then it is known today as Namibia.


Records show that Nazis took Meth prior to their Blitzkriegs

© Photo illustration by Sarah Rogers/The Daily Beast

A new book proves a long-discussed rumor that Hitler's Nazi soldiers were addicted to Pervitin, a pill form of crystal meth.

Adolf Hitler was intoxicated with drugs—nearly all of them. Throughout his reign of terror, he shot up anything from steroids to heroin before sending Nazis 35 million pills of meth—on one occasion alone.

The fact, long discussed in Nazi lore, has resurfaced with new details in a book out Thursday by German writer Norman Ohler titled Der Totale Rausch (The Total Rush). Ohler, an award-winning novelist and screenplay writer, spent years sifting through German and U.S. records to uncover more details about the Fuhrer's drug-induced genocide, which led to the death of six million Jews.

Comment: The time-tested tradition of drugging up soldiers - almost always on the side of the aggressors - continues:

Tell-tale signature of Black-Ops: East Ukrainian self-defense militias say Kiev military storming their cities appear to be under influence of drugs

Bizarro Earth

Archaeologists stunned when medieval skeleton found in roots of 215 year old tree

© Sligo-Leitrim Archaeological Services
Ripped up: The upper portion of the skeleton is trapped in the roots of the collapsed beech tree.
Archaeologists were stunned when the thousand-year-old skeleton of a young man was found among the roots of a tree ripped from the ground.

Storms blew over a 215-year old beech tree outside Collooney, Sligo, Ireland, unearthing a human skeleton.

The National Monuments Service commissioned Sligo-Leitrim archaeological consultancy Archaeological Services (SLAS) to excavate and retrieve the badly disturbed remains.

The burial was that of a young man (17-20 years old) and it is believed he suffered a violent death during the early medieval period.

Radiocarbon dating puts the man's death at 1030-1200 AD.

Bad Guys

Feeding the drug business: How the CIA commandeered the Drug Enforcement Agency

© unknown
Richard Nixon
The outlawing of narcotic drugs at the start of the Twentieth Century, the turning of the matter from public health to social control, coincided with American's imperial Open Door policy and the belief that the government had an obligation to American industrialists to create markets in every nation in the world, whether those nations liked it or not.

Civic institutions, like public education, were required to sanctify this policy, while "security" bureaucracies were established to ensure the citizenry conformed to the state ideology. Secret services, both public and private, were likewise established to promote the expansion of private American economic interests overseas.

It takes a book to explain the economic foundations of the war on drugs, and the reasons behind the regulation of the medical, pharmaceutical and drug manufacturers industries. Suffice it to say that by 1943, the nations of the "free world" were relying on America for their opium derivatives, under the guardianship of Harry Anslinger, the Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN).

Bad Guys

The other 9/11: The US-sponsored Chilean coup

Salvador Allende

September 11th carries a significant heaviness in the U.S., no matter one's opinion or perspective on the events of that day; but another country, Chile, shares that anniversary after a bloody coup d'etat in 1973 brought an infamous leader to power: General Augusto Pinochet.

On September 11, 1973, Pinochet and his military and government proponents ousted democratically elected President Salvador Allende by force. Tens of thousands were arrested, tortured, and "disappeared," and hundreds were executed in the process — which was made possible with notable aid from both the Nixon administration and the CIA.


The Black Death: The Plague that sowed terror and death in Medieval Europe

In recent months, health authorities in California, USA, have been obliged to report two cases of the plague that appeared in West Coast state. In the state of Colorado two other people also contracted and died of the disease. As if that were not enough, in recent weeks the Yosemite National Park located in California, has had to close their camp Tuolumne Meadows after the authorities determined that two squirrels apparently also died from the plague.

The plague is the most famous and feared disease of human history. An evil that killed millions of people in Europe for centuries and that, despite common belief and in spite of the great scientific advances, remains a problem for modern humanity.

Comment: The common belief is that the plague was spread through rats and fleas, but maybe it was something else? Could it have been brought in by comets? To learn more about the possible origins of the Black Death read:

New Light on the Black Death: The Cosmic Connection

The Apocalypse: Comets, Asteroids and Cyclical Catastrophes

New Light on the Black Death: The Viral and Cosmic Connection


Artefacts discovered amid submerged ruins of cities of Thonis-Heracleion and Canopus unveiled

Bronze statuette of a pharaoh. Photograph: Christoph Gerigk
Spectacular ancient Egyptian treasures are to be exhibited for the first time having been discovered underwater in the submerged ruins of the near-legendary cities of Thonis-Heracleion and Canopus.

A finely sculpted statuette of a pharaoh and a golden-eyed depiction of god Osiris are among antiquities to be unveiled in a major exhibition in Paris from next month.

The cities were almost erased from mankind's memory after sinking beneath the waves in the eighth century AD following cataclysmic natural disasters including an earthquake and tidal waves.

Across a vast site in Aboukir Bay near Alexandria, the seabed has been giving up secrets from a lost world in an excavation led by Franck Goddio, a French marine archaeologist.

Founding head of the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology in Paris, Goddio is working with the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford, and the Egyptian authorities.


Largest sand desert in the world may have been the site of an ancient great river

Painting of Bedouin camp circa 1892
The Bedouin of the southern Arabian desert have a legend about a great river in the west, and an eighth century Arabic poem talks of wild cows living in the Empty Quarter. Can it be true?

The Empty Quarter, also known as the Rub al-Khali, is the largest sand desert in the world, covering an area of 650,000 square kilometers (250,966 square miles) or around one third of the southern Arabian Peninsula. It is also one of the hottest most arid environments on the planet with temperatures regularly above 50 C (122 F) and less than three centimeters (one inch) of rain per year.

Comment: See also: Before the sand: Ancient Mega-Lake Found in Egyptian Desert


Polish explorer claims he's found massive underground Nazi shelter

© AP/Poland Out
The abandoned building of a German nazi-era railway installation in Walim, near Walbrzych, in Poland, photographed on Friday, Sept. 11, 2015. An explorer says he has found massive underground World War II installations in the neighborhood that were probably intended as a anti-nuclear shelter for Hitler.
A Polish explorer claimed Friday he has found a massive underground structure in southwestern Poland that, he says, the Nazis built to protect thousands of people.

Krzysztof Szpakowski told a news conference that he has no doubt as to his find, which he says was based on evidence that he has gathered for decades, including witness statements, old documents and an examination of the area by ground-penetrating radar and by dowsers.

© AP/Poland Out
Explorer Krzysztof Szpakowski, right, with his legal advisor,attends a news conference at the provincial governor’s office in Walbrzych, Poland on Friday, Sept. 11, 2015.
Speaking on TVN24, Szpakowski said the structure was part of the "Riese" (giant) system of railway tunnels, corridors and shelters that the Nazis were building during World War II in the mountains around the city of Walbrzych.

He said that anything from technical appliances to armaments could be inside, but "not a gold train."

His conference was hosted by Walbrzych regional authorities, who said they have officially registered his information and are seeking state funds for the exploration.

Last month, two other men sparked a gold rush by claiming they have fund a tunnel at a separate location in Walbrzych that contains a Nazi train that could be carrying valuables. Now they say it could be rather precious minerals for the war industry. Nothing has been found yet.

Historians say there are dozens of kilometers of tunnels and only 10 percent of them have been uncovered. No documents have been found to indicate their overall purpose, but they have attracted explorers and inspired legends of a hidden Nazi train laden with gold.

The region was in Germany until the war's end and then became part of Poland. The Red Army resided in the area for some 18 months after the war before handing it over to the Poles.