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Bizarro Earth

Colombia-Ecuador border earthquake sparking concern of possible imminent volcanic eruption

Authorities in southwestern Colombia have raised alert levels on Tuesday after a 5.6M earthquake hit the border region, raising concerns that two nearby volcanoes might erupt in a matter of days. Colombia's Geological Service have changed the alert level of two volcanoes from yellow to orange. The two volcanoes are Cerro Negro and Chiles, both active on Colombia's southern border with Ecuador.

The orange alert level is defined by the Geological Service as "probable eruption in term of days to weeks." The earthquake that hit the border region caused a scare on both side of the border.

Officials in the Colombian town of Cumbal, near the quake's epicenter, were quoted as saying by The Associated Press that they formed an emergency committee to survey possible damage. But so far, there were no reports of injuries in the town of 36,000 residents, the majority of them members of an indigenous tribe.

"It was really strong, every house" felt it, Jose Diomedes Juezpesan, the town's top official, told AP. If the volcanoes are to erupt, it will mostly affect the state Nariño. Local state government have started to take security measures in order prevent tragedies.
Bizarro Earth

Around 70 earth­quakes in the last 24 hours at Iceland's Bárðar­bunga caldera rim

© Guðmundur K. Sig­ur­dórs­son
Ac­cord­ing to the Ice­land Met Of­fice, no sig­nif­i­cant changes are ob­served in the seis­mic ac­tiv­ity around the Bárðar­bunga vol­canic sys­tem.
Ap­prox­i­mately 70 earth­quakes oc­curred on the Bárðar­bunga caldera rim in the last 24 hours re­ports the Ice­land Met Of­fice this morn­ing. The strongest quakes were of the mag­ni­tude of 4.8 yes­ter­day at 13:21 and at 4.6 at 01:36. Seven earth­quakes al­to­gether ex­ceeded the mag­ni­tude of 4, and 15 earth­quakes were in the mag­ni­tude range of 3-3.9. Sub­si­dence of the caldera is con­tin­u­ous.

Ac­cord­ing to the Ice­land Met Of­fice, no sig­nif­i­cant changes are ob­served in the seis­mic ac­tiv­ity around the Bárðar­bunga vol­canic sys­tem.

Around 30 events have been de­tected in the north­ern part of the dyke in­tru­sion, be­tween north­ern Dyn­gju­jökull and the erup­tion site in Holuhraun. The strongest ones were both of the mag­ni­tude 1.4 yes­ter­day at 10:07 and 13:33.
Bizarro Earth

USGS: Earthquake Magnitude 6.0 - 9km S of San Gabriel, Ecuador

San Gabriel Quake_201014
© USGS
Event Time
2014-10-20 19:33:21 UTC
2014-10-20 14:33:21 UTC-05:00 at epicenter

Location
0.511°N 77.825°W depth=10.0km (6.2mi)

Nearby Cities
9km (6mi) S of San Gabriel, Ecuador
37km (23mi) ENE of Ibarra, Ecuador
40km (25mi) SSW of Ipiales, Colombia
47km (29mi) ENE of Atuntaqui, Ecuador
113km (70mi) NE of Quito, Ecuador

Scientific Data
Bizarro Earth

Japan's massive 2011 earthquake may trigger more, and larger, volcanic eruptions

© AFP Photo/Yoshikazu Tsuno
Snow-covered Mount Fuji is seen from Tokyo, Japan, on February 16, 2014
Japan's massive 2011 earthquake may trigger more, and larger, volcanic eruptions over the next few decades, perhaps even that of Mount Fuji - but predicting them remains close to impossible, a volcano expert said on Friday.

The nation last month suffered its worst volcanic disaster in nearly 90 years when Mount Ontake, its second tallest active volcano at 3,067 meters (10,062 feet), suddenly erupted, raining down ash and stone on hikers crowding the summit.

The eruption killed 56 people, exceeding the deaths in the 1980 eruption of Mount St Helens in the United States. Seven victims remain missing, and recovery efforts have been suspended until the spring.

Japan may well be moving into a period of increased volcanic activity touched off by the 9.0 magnitude earthquake of March 11, 2011, said Toshitsugu Fujii, a volcanologist and professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo.

"The 2011 quake convulsed all of underground Japan quite sharply, and due to that influence Japan's volcanoes may also become much more active," Fujii told reporters.

"It has been much too quiet here over the last century, so we can reasonably expect that there will be a number of large eruptions in the near future."
Bizarro Earth

Four San Francisco fault lines have built up enough seismic strain to unleash destructive earthquakes

northern california fault lines

San Francisco Bay Area earthquake faults are drawn in red.
With several faults slicing through the San Francisco Bay Area, forecasting the next deadly earthquake becomes a question of when and where, not if.

Now researchers propose that four faults have built up enough seismic strain (stored energy) to unleash destructive earthquakes, according to a study published today (Oct. 13) in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

The quartet includes the Hayward Fault, the Rodgers Creek Fault, the Green Valley Fault and the Calaveras Fault. While all are smaller pieces of California's San Andreas Fault system, which is more than 800 miles (1,300 kilometers) long, the four faults are a serious threat because they directly underlie cities.
Bizarro Earth

4 Northern California faults primed for major earthquakes


In this Aug. 24, 2014, file photo, pedestrians examine a crumbling facade following an earthquake at the Vintner's Collective tasting room in Napa, Calif.
Three fault segments running beneath Northern California and its roughly 15 million people are overdue for a major earthquake, including one section that lies near the dams and canals that supply much of the state's water, according to a geological study published Monday.

The three fault segments and one other in the region are loaded with enough tension to produce quakes of magnitude 6.8 or greater, according to a geological study published Monday.

They include the little-known Green Valley fault, which lies near key dams and aqueducts northeast of San Francisco. Underestimated by geologists until now, the fault running between the cities of Napa and Fairfield is primed for a magnitude-7.1 quake, according to researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey and San Francisco State University.

The water supplies of the San Francisco Bay Area, Southern California and the farm-rich Central Valley depend on the man-made water system that links to the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, noted James Lienkaemper, the U.S. Geological Survey geologist who was lead author of the study. The Green Valley fault is last believed to have ruptured sometime in the 1600s.
Bizarro Earth

El Salvador magnitude 7.4 temblor strikes off coast

A powerful earthquake hit late Monday off the Pacific coast of El Salvador, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. The temblor was recorded about 66 miles south-southeast of the city of Usulutan with a preliminary magnitude of 7.4

An earlier report from the NWS Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said "hazardous tsunami waves" were possible along the coasts of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador. That report was later amended to note that there was "no longer a tsunami threat."

The USGS also issued a "yellow alert" for possible shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. Wilfredo Salgado, mayor of the city of San Miguel in El Salvador, said on his Twitter account that a man was killed when an electricity post fell on him. He also posted images of damage in the area:
© Will Salgado via Twitter
Grandes roca obstruyen gran parte de carretera entre Santiago de María y Alegría, Usulután; es en curva El Cuyapo pic.twitter.com/hRwMNtAzp7”
Additional images
USGS data
Bizarro Earth

Is New England's seacoast ready for an earthquake?

© Northeast States Emergency Consortium
Since 1975 moderate size earthquakes have occurred in New Brunswick, New Hampshire, northern New York and Quebec.
"Drop, cover and hold on."

It's a message that likely hasn't reached most New Englanders who rarely worry about the dangers of a major earthquake happening here. But the threat is real.

"Definitely the risk in this area is significantly greater than most people think," said Margaret Boettcher, an assistant professor of geophysics at the University of New Hampshire who has researched the physics of earthquakes and the mechanics of fault slip.

Seacoast emergency officials agree there is a danger and people should take it seriously. While strong earthquakes are rare here, history has shown that they can happen and could pose a significant threat to many of the region's historic buildings that were constructed long before codes were put in place to protect against seismic activity. The old brick buildings in places like Exeter and Portsmouth are at greatest risk, officials say.
Bizarro Earth

USGS: Earthquake Magnitude 6.1 - South of the Kermadec Islands

Kerdamec Quake_141014
© USGS
Event Time
2014-10-14 04:12:30 UTC
2014-10-14 16:12:30 UTC+12:00 at epicenter

Location
34.917°S 179.970°E depth=31.5km (19.6mi)

Nearby Cities
400km (249mi) SSW of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand
430km (267mi) NE of Whakatane, New Zealand
450km (280mi) NNE of Gisborne, New Zealand
459km (285mi) NE of Tauranga, New Zealand
840km (522mi) NE of Wellington, New Zealand

Scientific Data
Bizarro Earth

USGS: Earthquake Magnitude 7.3- 67km WSW of Jiquilillo, Nicaragua

Jiquilillo Quake_141014
© USGS
Event Time
2014-10-14 03:51:35 UTC
2014-10-13 21:51:35 UTC-06:00 at epicenter

Location
12.576°N 88.046°W depth=40.0km (24.9mi)

Nearby Cities
67km (42mi) WSW of Jiquilillo, Nicaragua
86km (53mi) SSW of La Union, El Salvador
95km (59mi) W of Corinto, Nicaragua
95km (59mi) SSE of San Rafael Oriente, El Salvador
174km (108mi) SE of San Salvador, El Salvador

Scientific Data
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