Alert level 1 for Kanlaon Volcano after steam explosion, Philippines

Residents look towards the Kanlaon volcano from Kanlaon, central Philippines. File Photo
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) has hoisted Alert Level 1 over Kanlaon volcano on Tuesday after it had a steam explosion.

The steam explosion, which occurred at 9:55 p.m. on Monday, lasted for eight minutes, Phivolcs reported.

The explosion produced a 1.0-1.5 kilometer high white plume above the summit before drifting towards the southwest," it said.

On Tuesday morning, Kanlaon continues to emit steam with minor ash.

Prior to Monday night's steam explosion, only four volcanic quakes were recorded in Kanlaon. However, a volcanic tremor which lasted five hours has since recorded after the explosion.


Continuing its rampant activity, Colima volcano erupts spectacularly in Mexico

© Screenshot via webcams de Mexico
Mexico's Fire Volcano is continuing its rampant activity spitting out ash and instilling fear in both locals and visitors to breathtaking effect. Webcams de Mexico has captured the latest stunning Colima volcano activity.

A moderate explosion recorded Tuesday, shows the crater of one of the most deadly volcanoes in the world slowly steaming away when it suddenly erupts, sending debris into the air.

The heated material than falls on the slopes as flashes of volcanic lightning are seen before the ash is whipped up by the wind. After the blast, which happened early Tuesday, the plume from the eruption spread roughly one kilometer into the air. Further eruptions saw the plume reaching roughly 2.5 km into the air.

The volcano continues to remain restless, after being home to a powerful eruption on November 16. On this date, the plume of smoke and ash from the Fire Volcano reached some 3,000 meters into the air. Webcams de Mexico also offers footage of the spectacular explosion.

Blue Planet

UN Report: Major rise in weather disasters over last 2 decades

A flood-affected resident swims through floodwaters in Kalay, upper Myanmar’s Sagaing region on August 3, 2015. Relentless monsoon rains have triggered flash floods and landslides, destroying thousands of houses, farmland, bridges and roads with fast-flowing waters hampering relief efforts.
Since 1995, weather disasters have killed millions of people & left billions injured & homeless.

Weather-related disasters such as floods and heatwaves have occurred almost daily in the past decade, almost twice as often as two decades ago, with Asia being the hardest hit region, a UN report said on Monday.

While the report authors could not pin the increase wholly on climate change, they did say that the upward trend was likely to continue as extreme weather events increased.

Since 1995, weather disasters have killed millions of people, left billions injured, homeless or in need of aid, and accounted for 90 percent of all disasters, it said.

A recent peak year was 2002, when drought in India hit 200 million and a sandstorm in China affected 100 million.

But the standout mega-disaster was Cyclone Nargis, which killed 138,000 in Myanmar in 2008.

Arrow Up

Tungurahua volcano erupts in Ecuador covering houses, fields with ash and smoke

© AP/Dolores Ochoa
Tungurahua volcano spews ash and vapor, as seen seen Ojos del Volcan, Ecuador, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2015.
Residents from communities near Ecuador's Tungurahua volcano faced a massive cleaning operation on Thursday (19 November) after the volcano erupted, covering houses and fields with smoke and ash. Authorities issued an orange alert as emissions reached 2,500 metres above the crater.

In nearby Queros, one of the most affected communities, officials registered 10kg of ash per square metre.
As he swept the street near his house, resident Luis Vaca said the volcanic material was damaging crops. "Ash is falling everywhere; it's strong, especially in the countryside where it's falling more heavily. It's damaging the crops. It would be good if the president came to visit us," he said.
© AP/Dolores Ochoa
Volcanologist Patricia Mothes confirmed that eruptions have been substantial. "These accumulations of ash that have been falling are the greatest masses of ash that we've registered in the past five years," she said.

Comment: Check out SOTT's latest Earth Changes Summary video of extreme weather and planetary upheaval.

SOTT Earth Changes Summary - October 2015: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs

Arrow Up

Indonesia's Mount Sinabung erupts again emitting ash 2,000 meters

A photo taken from Tiga Serangkai village in Karo, North Sumatra, shows Mount Sinabung spewing volcanic ash in the distance on September 23, 2015.
Mount Sinabung in Karo regency, North Sumatra, erupted forcefully once again on Wednesday and may threaten the opening of the Lake Toba Festival by Tourism Minister Arief Yahya in Berastagi, also in Karo, slated for Thursday.

No casualties were reported following the eruption, but pyroclastic flows drifting to the southeast affected a number of villages that have long been abandoned by residents. "The current wind direction is directed to the southwest, but if it blows to the east the Lake Toba Festival will be disrupted as the spread of ash would reach Berastagi," Mt. Sinabung Observation Station staff member Deri Hidayat told The Jakarta Post.

Deri said the volcano discharged the clouds at 1:47 a.m. and 9:28 a.m. He added the pyroclastic clouds, which drifted as far as 3.5 kilometers, affected Bekerah and Simacem villages. He said both villages had long been left empty as they were inside a designated danger zone. Deri added that Mt. Sinabung had also emitted volcanic ash to a height of 2,000 meters toward the southwest. He said the spread of ash could disrupt the Lake Toba Festival if the wind changed direction in coming days.

He said volcanic activity could increase within the week, adding that the volcano could discharge a bigger volume of pyroclastic flows and ash. "The biggest eruption took place on Tuesday, when the volcano discharged pyroclastic clouds 13 times, compared to only twice today," said Deri. According to him, the potential for pyroclastic flows remained great due to a lava dome buildup on the southeastern section of the peak. Deri said the lava dome could collapse anytime and trigger huge pyroclastic flows.


Magnitude 3.2 earthquake hits Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland

© AFP/Bernard Meric
Holuhraun in December 2014.
Eyes are back on Iceland's Bárðarbunga volcano following a magnitude 3.2 earthquake that hit the caldera of the volcano yesterday.

Monitoring by the Icelandic Met Office has recently revealed significantly greater seismic activity than any time since the 2014-15 eruption in the adjacent Holuhraun lava field.

Bárðarbunga is one of Iceland's most powerful volcanoes and is located under the country's famous Vatnajökull glacier.

The Met Office's Einar Hjörleifssonhas indicated that the situation is being monitored closely.

Arrow Up

Mexico's Colima volcano erupts again, spewing smoke and ash almost 2 miles in air

Mexico's Colima volcano, also known as the Fire Volcano, erupted on Monday sending a plume of smoke and ash some 9,842 feet into the air.

Located in the southwestern Mexican state of Colima, the volcano has been exhibiting continuous activity since July 9 which has prompted evacuations several times.

It was previously active in January and February of 2015 and is part of the Pacific's Ring of Fire.

Mexico contains over 3,000 volcanos, but only 14 are considered active.

Major eruptions in Mexican history have included the 1953 eruption of the Paricutin Volcano in Michoacan, the 1982 eruption of Tacana Volcano in Chiapas and the 1986 eruption of the Colima Volcano.

Reuters Media

Comment: According to Volcano Discovery, 39 volcanoes around the world have recently erupted, and 32 of them are associated with the Ring of Fire, where seismic activity appears to be dramatically increasing amid a progression of recent disasters.

These reports of activity from Mexico's Colima volcano are from the past month:


Volcano activity at Mount Marapi, Indonesia


Indonesia’s Mount Merapi
Authorities in West Sumatra have raised the alert level of Mount Marapi after the volatile volcano began spewing clouds of hot ash late on Saturday.

Pyroclastic clouds over the volcano's dome were first spotted at 10.33 p.m. on Saturday, officials from the Marapi observation post told local media. The activity continued well into Sunday morning. The same post also reported a series of minor seismic quakes.

The eruption is considered fairly minor but authorities have issued a warning to locals and hikers to stay beyond a three-kilometer radius from Marapi's crater. Authorities also elevated the mountain's status to the second highest alert level.

The volcano registered a similar eruption on April 13.


Researchers: Mount St. Helens may share magma with entire field of volcanoes

© Lyn Topinka/USGS; IMUSH
It took 2,500 seismometers, 23 explosive blasts, and countless earthquakes, but researchers now have a much better idea of what the magma chambers look like deep below Mount Saint Helens. The weird bit? It looks like it shares a magma chamber with a whole field of local volcanoes.

The iconic volcano of the Pacific Northwest is directly fed by a shallow magma chamber, but that wasn't enough to satisfy the researchers behind the interdisciplinary Imaging Magma Under Saint Helens (IMUSH) project. They're using a variety of geophysical techniques to peer deep into the Earth in an attempt to understand the deeper and more complicated plumbing under the volcano. Their first batch of results suggest that like the second chamber lurking deep below Yellowstone, Mount Saint Helens also has a deeper, larger second chamber.
Geophysics works by detecting the differences between different physical characteristics of rocks. How quickly seismic waves travel give indications of rock density, while electrical methods can get a glimpse at the rock's conductivity. By comparing the spacial locations of different properties, geophysicists can interpret solid rock from warm chambers filled with pre-melt magma. These aren't deep lakes of liquid lava; the magma chambers have shockingly little melt and are more ductile than fluid.

The newly-discovered deeper chamber is big, but we don't yet know its full dimensions. Although the researchers have so far only put together a 2D slice of the structure, it's plausible the chamber extends out just as wide. If it does, it could be a single feeder-chamber for the entire realm of inactive and dormant volcanoes in the region like Mount Adams and the rest of the Indian Heaven volcanic field.

Comment: See also:


Orange alert issued in Guatemala following eruption of Fuego volcano

The Fuego volcano, seen from San Juan Alotenango municipality, Sacatepequez departament, about 65 km southwest of Guatemala City, erupts on November 10, 2015.
Emergency service officials in Guatemala on Tuesday issued an orange alert over increasing eruptions from the country's southeastern Fuego volcano and ordered the evacuation of a nearby hotel.

The 12,346-foot high colossus, whose name means "fire" in Spanish , showed heightened activity overnight, sending columns of ash high into the sky, spilling lava down its side and provoking small tremors.

Fine ash was falling on at least six villages and on the town of San Pedro Yepocapa, in the indigenous province of Chimaltenango, a state spokesman for the Disaster Reduction National Coordination Committee, David de Leon, told reporters.

The country's Seismology and Vulcanology Institute urged authorities to consider taking precautionary measures for air traffic.

Thick, airborne ash can clog planes' engines and cause them to fail. In February, the volcano erupted with such force and so much ash that Guatemala was forced to close the airport serving its capital.

Guatemala and neighboring countries lie on what is known as the Central American Volcanic Arc, a chain of hundreds of volcanoes that forms part of the Pacific "Rim of Fire". Most are dormant, but some spectacular, and dangerous, eruptions do happen.

The Fuego volcano lies near Guatemala's colonial-era city of Antigua Guatemala and is about 40 kilometers southwest of the capital Guatemala City.

Comment: Video footage from someone on site in Antigua, Guatemala: