© Greece Ministry of Culture
A stunning mosaic floor uncovered at Amphipolis in northern Greece, shows the Greek god Hermes as a charioteer, leading a bearded man to the Underworld. Hermes wears a petasos on his head, a cloak, winged sandals and holds a caduceus, a winged staff with two snakes wrapped around it.
A large section of a stunning mosaic floor showing a chariot in motion has been unearthed in the burial mound complex at Amphipolis in northern Greece, the Culture Ministry announced on Sunday.
Made from small white, black, gray, blue, red and yellow pebbles, the mosaic emerged as archaeologists led by Katerina Peristeri removed dirt and soil filling the tomb's second chamber behind two colossal female statues known as Caryatids.
The colorful mosaic dates back to the last quarter of the 4th century BC. It covers the whole floor of the chamber - a 14.7-foot wide by 9.8-foot long area - and depicts a chariot in motion famed by a 23-inch-wide border with a double meander, squares and spiral shapes.
"The chariot is pulled by two white horses and driven by a bearded man wearing a laurel wreath on his head," the ministry said in a statement.
In the front of the chariot is the god Hermes, the psychopompos
(literally meaning the "guide of souls"), who leads souls from the bodies of the dead to the banks of the river Styx. He wears a petasos on his head, a cloak, winged sandals and holds a caduceus, a winged staff with two snakes wrapped around it. The movement is from east to west.