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Archaeologists unearth 5,000-year-old footprints in Denmark

© Lolland-Falster Museum
The Stone Age impressions were remarkably well preserved
The discovery was made during the excavation of the Femern Bælt tunnel

Archaeologists working on the excavations for the Femern Bælt Tunnel have discovered several well-preserved footprints dating back to the Stone Age.

The prints were left by fishermen looking to safeguard their weirs (river barriers used for fishing) in a storm 5,000 years ago, announced Lolland-Falster Museum.

"It is quite surreal to have found human footprints," said archaeologist Terje Stafseth in a press release.

"We normally find historical clues in the form of human waste, but here we have found an entirely different clue and a first in Danish archaeology: a physical print left behind by a human."
Bomb

Different era, same mental instability: 'Best Brit Ever' Winston Churchill wanted to wipe Moscow off the map with atomic bomb, FBI memo reveals

© RIA Novosti
The Yalta (Crimea) Conference of Allied leaders (February 4-11, 1945). First row, sitting: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and U.S.S.R. Marshal Josef Stalin before a meeting.
A secret memo from the FBI's archives has revealed that Britain's Winston Churchill once urged the US to drop an atomic bomb to "wipe out" the Kremlin. He reportedly thought it was the only remedy against the spread of communism to the west.

Churchill, Britain's prime minister during World War II and again during the Cold War 1950s, made his views known to a visiting American politician in 1947, The Daily Mail reported in a preview of a new book, When Lions Roar: The Churchills and The Kennedys by investigative journalist Thomas Maier. The book containing the secret FBI memo is to be published next month.

Britain and the Soviet Union had been allies during WW2. However, according to the memo written by an FBI agent, Churchill asked a Right-wing Republican senator, Styles Bridges, to help persuade then-President Harry Truman to launch a nuclear attack which would make the former USSR easy to deal with.

The FBI memo claims Churchill insisted that the "only salvation for the civilization of the world would be if the President of the United States would declare Russia to be imperiling world peace and attack Russia."

Comment: How little our so called leaders value human life that the consideration of "wiping out" millions of people could be considered an easy solution. The pursuit of maintaining and spreading Western civilization is no more than upholding a dominant psychopathic reality that has kept humanity from true progress.

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Giant armored dinosaurs breathed through "Krazy Straw" airways

© Leonello Calvetti / Shutterstock
Armored ankylosaurs
Carrying around an exoskeleton of bony armor is hard work. But armored ankylosaurs figured out a way to shoulder the load and stay cool. These Cretaceous dinosaurs had "Krazy Straw" nasal passages that helped them air-condition their brains, according to a new study.

"These heads are just covered with bone - they just look like rocks with eyes. And yet, when you look inside, they have these noses that go all over the place," said Jason Bourke, a doctoral student at Ohio University who is presenting his findings on ankylosaurus noses today (Nov. 8) at the annual meeting of the Society for Vertebrate Paleontology in Berlin.

Bourke and his colleagues were intrigued by the "roller-coaster" paths taken by the nasal passages of tank-like ankylosaurs, which become well-preserved fossils because they are so bizarrely bony. The convoluted airways are flanked by small tunnels where blood vessels would have run, suggesting that the setup may have had to do with heat exchange, Bourke told Live Science.

Ankylosaurs and other large dinosaurs had small brains, which were at risk of overheating easily, Bourke said. If cool air from the nose could cool the blood in the head, it might help prevent the brain from sweltering, he added.
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Roman pond discovered in England

© West Sussex County Council
The pond, ditches and Roman artefacts date back to about AD100
An ancient pond and Roman artefacts have been discovered in a West Sussex village by archaeologists.

The objects, dating back to AD100 show there was a Roman settlement in the village of Barnham, West Sussex County Council says.

Over the last six weeks, Roman pottery, ancient rubbish pits and ditches have been found at the site.

It is thought the settlement may have started in the late Iron Age before the Roman conquest in AD43.

The excavation work has been carried out as a condition of planning permission for the development of the county council's land at the former Angels and Hyde Nursery.
Info

European genetic identity may stretch back 36,000 years

Eske Willerslev
© Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography Man
Eske Willerslev found that a man from Kostenki in modern-day Russia had a lot in common with living Europeans.
Europeans carry a motley mix of genes from at least three ancient sources: indigenous hunter-gatherers within Europe, people from the Middle East, and northwest Asians from near the Great Steppe of eastern Europe and central Asia. One high-profile recent study suggested that each genetic component entered Europe by way of a separate migration and that they only came together in most Europeans in the past 5000 years.

Now ancient DNA from the fossilized skeleton of a short, dark-skinned, dark-eyed man who lived at least 36,000 years ago along the Middle Don River in Russia presents a different view: This young man had DNA from all three of those migratory groups and so was already "pure European," says evolutionary biologist Eske Willerslev of the Natural History Museum of Denmark at the University of Copenhagen, who led the analysis.

In challenging the multiple migration model, the new genome data, published online today in Science, suggest that Europeans today are the descendants of a very old, interconnected population of hunter-gatherers that had already spread throughout Europe and much of central and western Asia by 36,000 years ago.

"What is surprising is this guy represents one of the earliest Europeans, but at the same time he basically contains all the genetic components that you find in contemporary Europeans - at 37,000 years ago," Willerslev says.

The origins of Europeans used to seem straightforward: The first modern humans moved into Europe 42,000 to 45,000 years ago, perhaps occasionally meeting the Neandertals whose ancestors had inhabited Europe for at least 400,000 years. Then, starting 10,000 years ago, farmers came from the Middle East and spread rapidly throughout Europe.

As researchers recently sequenced the genomes of more than a dozen ancient members of our species, Homo sapiens, in Europe and Asia in rapid succession, they added a third genetic component: a "ghost" lineage of nomads who blew into northeast Europe from the steppes of western Asia 4000 to 5000 years ago.
Cow Skull

Children from lost civilisation 'helped build' geoglyph some 6,000 years ago

Remarkable new details about giant moose released as archaeologists confirm stone structure is world's oldest.
© Stanislav Grigoryev
The moose was discovered by chance by local researcher Alexander Shestakov.
Children were involved in the construction of a geoglyph in the Urals which was only discovered thanks to images taken from space. It predates Peru's famous Nazca Lines by thousands of years, archaeologists have announced. But they are no nearer answering why ancient man made it, nor can they yet fathom which group built the geoglyph; archeological traces found so far in the area do not show a culture with sufficient refinement.

Was it to impress the gods or did it have some other purpose?

Experts have been examining the giant moose-shaped stone structure since it was discovered in 2011 and have now confirmed it is the world's oldest.

Located near Lake Zyuratkul in the Ural Mountains, it stretches for about 275 metres and depicts an animal with four legs, antlers and a long muzzle.
Roses

Saffron cultivation returns to England after 200 years as farmer revives centuries old tradition

saffron

Expensive: With a gram, 0.035 of an ounce, of the sought-after spice selling for up to £75, saffron is more expensive than gold because harvesting it is so laborious
The cultivation of an exotic spice worth more per ounce than gold has returned to England for the first time in 200 years after a farmer decided to revive the centuries-old tradition of producing saffron.

Farmer David Smale was inspired to start producing the spice after discovering a crocus plant in his Essex garden, and his produce is now being sold in prestigious London grocers Fortnum & Mason and Partridges.

Growing the spice was once a popular practice in Britain, but died out because the painstaking harvesting methods became too expensive to compete with cheap saffron imported from remote Iran and Kashmir.

Comment: Saffron has been traded and used for over four millennia. In addition to its use in dyeing textiles and cooking, it has also been found to have numerous health benefits. Scientists have found the compounds in saffron play key roles in preserving eyesight and boosting immunity by helping white blood cells to mature, and has been shown to be capable of inhibiting tumors.

Saffron Could Save Your Eyesight

What is Saffron Good For?

Document

Documents tell of childhood in Roman Egypt

© Museum of Cultural History
Roman boy with his hair worn in the Egyptian style with a "lock of Horus". First half of the second century CE. Museum of Cultural History, Oslo.
In Roman Egypt, 14-year-old boys were enrolled in a youth organization in order to learn to be good citizens.

So says social historian and historian of ideas Ville Vuolanto, University of Oslo, who has joined forces with Dr April Pudsey of the University of Newcastle to dive deep into a mass of material of around 7,500 ancient documents written on papyrus. The texts comprise literary texts, personal letters and administrative documents. Never before has childhood been researched so systematically in this type of material.

The research is part of the University of Oslo project, "Tiny Voices from the Past: New Perspectives on Childhood in Early Europe".

The documents originate from Oxyrhynchos in Egypt, which in the first five hundred years CE was a large town of more than 25,000 inhabitants. Oxyrhynchos had Egypt's most important weaving industry, and was also the Roman administrative centre for the area. Researchers possess a great deal of documentation precisely from this area because archaeologists digging one hundred years ago discovered thousands of papyri in what had once been the town's rubbish dumps.
Star of David

Remember, remember: The Day Israel attacked America

The Liberty 1967
© Unknown
This film is a must watch, it tells the story of The Liberty, the USA NAVY vessel that was attacked by Israeli forces in June, 1967. The attack was a slaughter by an ally, that murdered and injured 200 American servicemen and led to a massive cover-up.

The film must be watched carefully for its detailed disclosure of the names of Jewish agents working within the American government who secretly reported to Israel on American national security secrets. It clearly suggests treason on the part of these Jewish agents. Perhaps the time for American independence is long overdue.
Attention

Governments lied about the Spanish Flu to prevent panic. It backfired, as it will with Ebola

spanish flu
© unknown
Governments Have Suppressed the Dangers of Epidemics Before, Only Making Things Worse.

The mainstream American press has agreed - at the request of the government - not to report on suspected Ebola cases.

Let's provide some context ...

The U.S. National Academies of Science noted in 2005 (starting on the bottom of p. 64):

In the United States, national and local government and public health authorities badly mishandled the [1918 "Spanish Flu"] epidemic [which killed up to 50 million people worldwide], offering a useful case study.

The context is important. Every country engaged in World War I tried to control public perception. To avoid hurting morale, even in the nonlethal first wave the press in countries fighting in the war did not mention the outbreak. (But Spain was not at war and its press wrote about it, so the pandemic became known as the Spanish flu).

Comment: After witnessing the CDC's track record regarding autism, the flu, and vaccines it becomes glaringly obvious that they cannot be trusted with telling the truth about anything. Throughout history, governments and their representatives have lied and propagandized to sway public opinion and maintain a facade of control. History continues to repeat itself.

Erring on the side of idiocy: CDC contradictions and the US Ebola situation


Changing their tune: CDC admits that Ebola can be spread through droplets in the air

For your protection: The lies and deception of the CDC

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