Secret History
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Vader

France narrowly avoided becoming a US protectorate after WW2

© WikiCommons
Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark presenting newly arrived U.S. equipment to the French Ground Forces in a ceremony held at Casablanca, 9 May 1943.
General Auguste Nogués is at the left.
In 1941-42 the United States intended that France, together with soon-to-be defeated Italy, Germany and Japan, was to be part of a protectorate run by the Allied Military Government of the Occupied Territories (Amgot). According to the agreement of November 1942 between Admiral Jean-François Darlan and US General Mark Clark, which secured France's commitment to the Allied cause, Amgot would have abolished its national sovereignty, including its right to issue currency.

Some US historians believe this plan stemmed from President Franklin D Roosevelt's antipathy towards Charles de Gaulle. Roosevelt saw him as a dictator-in-training and sought to prevent him from ruling post-Pétain. (Marshal Henri-Philippe Pétain led the pro-Nazi government of unoccupied France at Vichy,1940-44.) The argument that Roosevelt intended to establish universal democracy is compelling but wrong (1).

The US was concerned that France, although weakened by its 1940 defeat, might reject the plan, especially if its presidency went to De Gaulle, who had vowed to restore French sovereignty. It feared France might use its nuisance capacity as it had when it opposed pro-German US policies after the first world war. France would not have wanted to relinquish its empire, rich in raw materials and strategic bases. The US had long called for an open door policy for goods and investments in all colonial empires(2). The US relied on twin strategies: ignoring De Gaulle, and dealing with Pétain's regime with a combin ation of accommodation and toughness. It realised that Vichy, like the Latin American regimes dear to its heart, was more malleable than a government with broad popular support.

The US plan for a "Vichy-sans-Vichy" took shape. French elites supported the idea: they clung to the Vichy regime, which had restored privileges taken away by the pre-war republican government, and were eager to make a painless transition from German rule to the pax americana.

Comment: Imposing a 'pax americana' by force is not a new idea. US dreams of world hegemony have a long history.


Info

Stalin was less of a criminal than Churchill, Truman, and LBJ

© The Greanville Post
We have long maintained that the truth about the USSR, in general, and particularly the Stalin period, has long been the object of the most cynical, mean-spirited, and comprehensive propaganda effort ever seen in the annals of history.

For reasons of sheer class interest among the plutocrats of the West, the business elites that still rule most of the so-called "capitalist democracies," the demonization of Stalin was a necessity, a campaign only briefly interrupted by World War Two and quickly resumed literally a few hours after its ending.

The Western elites —with the American ruling circles in the lead—correctly saw an enemy in Stalin. They could not bribe him and they could not intimidate him. Nor could they easily topple him, as they had done (and still do) countless times with weaker, "inconvenient leaders." What's more, Stalin was at the helm of a powerful nation and titular leader of an ideology directly opposed to their indispensable economic system.

Occasional diplomacy aside, they hated him. He and his nation stood in the way of their plans for global hegemony. So the the venom had to flow and did—abundantly. And in that sordid enterprise the capitalist elites found countless allies, not to mention the usual battalions of ignorant, useful idiots.

As any propaganda student will attest, when vilifying a nation's policies and social values, it's far easier (and effective) if the propagandist aims the Big Lie machine at its leader. As we have seen in recent times with Gaddafi, Saddam Hussein, Bashar al-Assad, Fidel Castro, Iran and North Korea's leaders, Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, and finally Putin—among many others (the empire is never lacking in "dangerous enemies")—the character assassination of a leader is an old tactic to prepare the perennially benighted home population for an attack on the targeted nation.

From this perspective it's not difficult to see that if the Ministry of Truth could swiftly complete the total demonization of Vladimir Putin—a figure in good standing merely 3 years ago—and not even an avowed socialist, one can only imagine what outrageous fabrications they could have concocted (and did) to cordon off the image of Stalin, an outspoken communist, over several decades. This made eminent sense to the West's doctrinal gatekeepers. Given the identification of Stalin's long rule with the Soviet Union at its most embattled, the blackening of Stalin's name served an important purpose: it provided the Western propagandists an invaluable shorthand—an "irrefutable symbol" of communism's putative evil—to block the very idea of genuine socialism as an option for humanity.

Beaker

John Bryden - Deadly Allies: Canada's Secret War, 1937-1947

© John Bryden, design: K.T. Njo from OPA, Fort Detrick
This is about a book I just read called Deadly Allies : Canada's Secret War, 1937-1947 by John Bryden, and it was written in 1989.
This book is about Canada's secret war from 1937 to 1947, but it also kind of extrapolates (I think that's the right word) up to 1989 a bit.

When I was talking to the librarian about not liking bees, cause I don't like bees and I thought it would be a good idea to reduce bees, she got me this book to read to learn how to reduce the bees.

And this books talks about what Canada was up to like on:
Canada did not have the bomb, but it was a world leader in bacteriological warfare and very knowledgeable in chemical warfare. [1]

They [, Emlyn Llewelyn Davies and Otto Maass,] had built in Canada an impressive chemical and biological warfare establishment, and for the foreseeable future it was there to stay. [2]
And then the author goes into later on, like during his time when he was writing the book:

Fire

Nuclear, chemical and biological weapons: Israel's arsenal is a plague upon the world

This carefully research article by John Steinbach on Israel's nuclear arsenal was first published by Global Research in March 2002

© Unknown
"Should war break out in the Middle East again,... or should any Arab nation fire missiles against Israel, as the Iraqis did, a nuclear escalation, once unthinkable except as a last resort, would now be a strong probability."
Seymour Hersh(1)

"Arabs may have the oil, but we have the matches." Ariel Sharon (2)

With between 200 and 500 thermonuclear weapons and a sophisticated delivery system, Israel has quietly supplanted Britain as the World's 5th Largest nuclear power, and may currently rival France and China in the size and sophistication of its nuclear arsenal. Although dwarfed by the nuclear arsenals of the U.S. and Russia, each possessing over 10,000 nuclear weapons, Israel nonetheless is a major nuclear power, and should be publically recognized as such.

Since the Gulf War in 1991, while much attention has been lavished on the threat posed by Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, the major culprit in the region, Israel, has been largely ignored. Possessing chemical and biological weapons, an extremely sophisticated nuclear arsenal, and an aggressive strategy for their actual use, Israel provides the major regional impetus for the development of weapons of mass destruction and represents an acute threat to peace and stability in the Middle East. The Israeli nuclear program represents a serious impediment to nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation and, with India and Pakistan, is a potential nuclear flashpoint.(prospects of meaningful non-proliferation are a delusion so long as the nuclear weapons states insist on maintaining their arsenals,) Citizens concerned about sanctions against Iraq, peace with justice in the Middle East, and nuclear disarmament have an obligation to speak out forcefully against the Israeli nuclear program.

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Human footprints found on Calvert Island oldest in North America

An amazing archaeological find has been made on British Columbia's Calvert Island. It consists of 12 human footprints from three persons, thought to be the oldest footprints in all of North America.
© Wikimdedia Commons
Footprints found on Calvert Island are believed to have been left there 13,200 years ago.
Prints radiocarbon dated

The cluster of footprints are from two adults, one large, the other small, and one child, likely a family, and they show the three were huddled around a fire on the island; radiocarbon dating indicated they were finding warmth together about 13,200 years ago.

Charcoal from the fire survived in the footprints and made radiocarbon dating possible. The prints were discovered during an archaeological dig on the island by two B.C. institutions, the Hakai Institute and the University of Victoria.

The 12 impressions survived in clay formations and also found in the area were other prints, much younger at just 2,000 years old. Archaeologists Dr. Daryl Fedje and Dr. Duncan McLaren found the prints during excavation work below the high-tide line on a shoreline of Calvert Island.

Boat

Wreck of 2,000 year old Roman ship discovered near Sardinia

© Polizia di Stato

The well-preserved ancient Roman ship was found in the strait that separates Sardinia from Corsica
The wreck of a 2,000-year-old Roman ship has been discovered on the seabed off the coast of Sardinia with its cargo packed just as it was at the moment of departure.

Resting at a depth of 150 feet in the waters off Santa Teresa Gallura, the vessel is 60 feet long and 23 feet wide and dates to the first or second century A.D.

It was found by Italian police divers, working in collaboration with the Superintendent for Archaeological Heritage.

"The ship was loaded with terracotta roofing tiles, possibly produced in or around Rome," the Italian police said in a statement.

The police statement added the find is of "great scientific value," as the intact and well preserved cargo provides clues on how such vessels were loaded before they left ports.

Fire

Holodomor, Ukranian genocide under Stalin, orchestrated by the West

The theory of the Holodomor is reactivated in the media every time Ukraine is about to take a step back to Russia. Just to remind those who are not aware of the tragedy, in 1932-1933 there was a severe famine throughout the USSR that claimed an unprecedented number of lives (up to 7 million victims, according to some debatable estimates).

Paradoxically the famine mostly affected fertile areas in the North Caucasus, the Volga basin, the South Urals, Western Siberia, Ukraine, Belorussia and Kazakhstan. During the last decade several Western historians were recruited to elaborate on the theory that the famine tragedy was a deliberate act of genocide against Ukrainians carried out by Stalin's government. Let's consider the historical facts and try to get closer to the truth regarding the issue of the sources and circumstances of that horrible famine in the USSR.

First of all we have to recall something about the Gold, which surprisingly not always is a mean of payment...

In early 1920s the recently proclaimed Soviet Union was anxious about restoration of its industry totally destroyed after WWI and Civil War in Russia (1918-1921). The Soviets desperately needed modern machinery and industrial equipment. How could they pay it? Soviet government was able to offer to the international market three items: grain, minerals and gold.

Comment: Food as a weapon, sadly no shortage of examples:

Genocide by Other Means [link]
"the disappearance of the bison would be the easiest and quickest way to subdue the nomadic Indians of the Plains"
The Bengal Famine [link], [link]
Winston Churchill, the hallowed British War prime minister who saved Europe from a monster like Hitler was disturbingly callous about the roaring famine that was swallowing Bengal's population.
Irish Potato Famine [link], [link]
one of the earliest examples of food being used as a weapon of ethnic cleansing and genocide
Gaza agriculture decimated by Israeli offensive [link].
food production faces serious obstacles given the damage sustained



Bizarro Earth

The Americans who funded Hitler, Nazis, German economic miracle, and World War II


photo taken by Hugo Jager
Seventy years ago the greatest massacre in history began - with the financing from the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve System of the United States.

A recent resolution by the parliamentary assembly of the OSCE declared that the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany held equal roles in unleashing WWII. Furthermore, the resolution has the purely pragmatic goal of pumping Russian money into a few bankrupt economies while seeking to demonize Russia as the successor to the Soviet Union and prepare the legal groundwork for depriving Moscow from opposing this revisionist view the war. But if we are to debate the culpability for the war's outbreak, then we need to begin by answering this key question: who accommodated the Nazis' rise to power, who directed them towards global catastrophe? Germany's entire prewar history shows that the "necessary" policies were all provided for by guided financial turmoil - the same situation, by the way, that the world finds itself in today.

The key structures of the West's post-war strategy were the central financial institutions of the United States and Great Britain - the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve System - coupled with financial-industrial organizations, who set out to establish absolute control over the financial system in Germany to manage the politics of Central Europe. The implementation of this strategy included the following steps:

1st: 1919-1924 - Preparing the grounds for massive American financial investments in the German economy.
2nd: 1924-1929 - Establishing control over the financial system and funding the National-Socialist movement.
3rd: 1929-1933 - Inciting and unleashing a deep economic crisis ensuring the Nazis would rise to power.
4th: 1933-1939 - Financial cooperation with the Nazi government and support for its expansionist foreign policy, aimed at preparing and unleashing the new world war.

Info

Ancient human with 10 percent Neanderthal genes found

© Wikimedia Commons
A recreation of a Neanderthal.

DNA from a man who lived 40,000 years ago in Romania reveals that up to 11 percent of his genome came from Neanderthals.

Because large segments of the individual's chromosomes are of Neanderthal origin, a Neanderthal was among the man's ancestors as recently as four generations back in his family tree, reports a study published in the latest issue of the journal Nature.

The finding reveals that some of the first members of our species who came to Europe interbred with the local Neanderthals.

To this day, individuals of European and Asian heritage retain Neanderthal DNA in their genomes, but whether or not Neanderthals went extinct or simply were absorbed into the modern human population remains a matter of definition, senior author Svante Pääbo told Discovery News.

"Some Neanderthals clearly became incorporated in modern human societies," said Pääbo, director of the Department of Evolutionary Genetics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. "It is still unclear exactly how much of the complete Neanderthal genome exists today in people, but it seems to approach something like 40 percent."

"But, of course, the Neanderthals are clearly extinct in the sense that they do not exist as an independent, separate group since some 30,000 or 40,000 years."

David Reich from Harvard Medical School coordinated the population genetic analysis of the study, which was an international effort. At the center of the research were the remains of the man, named "Oase 1," unearthed at a cave system called Peștera cu Oase in Romania.

The researchers believe that the man derived from the same expansion out of Africa as other modern people, but was likely to have been part of an early "pioneer foray into Europe," ahead of other migrations that were to come later.

Under what conditions his relatives, and those of other early Neanderthal-human hybrids, interbred is a big question.

Top Secret

WWII: Minority troops used in chemical experiments

© Shutterstock
The Pentagon admitted decades ago to using American troops to conduct experiments with mustard gas, but a recent investigative report revealed the military grouped subjects by race and compared the results against "normal" whites.

The military tested mustard gas and other chemical agents with about 60,000 enlisted men serving as proxies for enemy troops, reported NPR.

Those troops were broken into racial groups, with white soldiers used as scientific control groups to establish what a "normal" reaction would be, and those results were compared to the reactions of other ethnicities.

"They said we were being tested to see what effect these gases would have on black skins," said Rollins Edwards, a 93-year-old black veteran who took part in the experiments.