Secret History


Skull and Bones: The disgusting initiation ceremonies at the heart of the American Establishment


Yale Skull and Bones initiates of 1918. Prescott Bush, George W Bush's grandfather, who funnelled massive loans from Wall Street to Nazi Germany in the 1930s and even into the Second World War, is standing left of the clock.
It's the primal scene of American power, of Bush family values. For two centuries, the initiation rite of Skull and Bones has shaped the character of the men who have shaped the American character, including two Presidents named Bush.

And last Saturday, April 14 - for the first time ever - that long-secret rite was witnessed by a team of outsiders, including this writer.

Using high-tech night-vision video equipment able to peer through the gloom into the inner courtyard of the Skull and Bones "Tomb" in New Haven, The Observer team witnessed:
  • The George W. effect: intoxicated by renewed proximity to Presidential power, a robed Bonesman posing as George W. harangued initiates in an eerily accurate Texas drawl: "I'm gonna ream you like I reamed Al Gore" and "I'm gonna kill you like I killed Al Gore."
  • Privileged Skull and Bones members mocked the assault on Abner Louima by crying out repeatedly, "Take that plunger out of my ass!"
  • Skull and Bones members hurled obscene sexual insults ("lick my bumhole") at initiates as they were forced to kneel and kiss a skull at the feet of the initiators.
  • Other members acted out the tableau of a throat-cutting ritual murder.
It's important to remember this is not some fraternity initiation. It is an initiation far more secret - and far more significant, in terms of real power in the United States - than that of the Cosa Nostra. If the Bushes are "the WASP Corleones" - as the ever more stingingly waspish Maureen Dowd has suggested - this is how their "made men" (and women) are made. It's an initiation ceremony that has bonded diplomats, media moguls, bankers and spies into a lifelong, multi-generational fellowship far more influential than any fraternity. It was - and still remains - the heart of the heart of the American establishment.

Comment: As we said regarding British PM David Cameron's Oxford University intimacy with a dead pig, the initiation rituals of various 'elites' serve the purpose of 'binding' them to secret societies, clubs and cults that both reward and control their subjects over the course of their future careers. But while such revolting practises may certainly be useful for future blackmail purposes, the salient point is simply that the 'elites' enjoy doing this kind of thing, just as they enjoy causing suffering in 'those other people' (human beings, or 'barbarians', as they see us).


Archaeologists find 7,500-Year-Old cult complex in Bulgaria - 'Europe's largest stone building'

A prehistoric cult* complex which is about 7,500 years old, i.e. dating to the Chalcolithic, as well as what has been described as "possibly Prehistoric Europe's largest stone building", have been discovered by the archaeologists who have resumed the excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the Big Island in the Durankulak Lake in Bulgaria's northeastern-most corner.
© Bulgarian National Television
A prehistoric cult artifact discovered in the newly found 7,500-year-old cult complex on the Big Island in the Durankulak Lake in Northeast Bulgaria.
The excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the Big Island in Bulgaria's Durankulak Lake first started in 1970s, with the discovered Paleolithic finds dating back to around 10,000 BC; and a Neolithic settlement dating back to between 5500-5400 BC and 5100-5000 BC.

The settlement, which created what is said to be Europe's first stone city, belongs to Blatnitsa, the earliest phase of Europe's Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture (whose remains are found in today's Black Sea regions of Bulgaria and Romania).

Some of the finds date back to about 10,000 BC, the Paleolithic Age, and there are also numerous finds from all the later periods in Prehistory, and from the Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

The Big Island in the Durankulak Lake, a 3.4 square km lagoon, is known as the Lake City or the "European Troy".

It features prehistoric remains from what is said to be the first sedentary agricultural culture in Europe, which created Europe's first stone architecture.


'Witchcraft' island reveals evidence of Stone Age rituals

© Kenneth Alexandersson
Archaeologists work on the island off Sweden where they discovered evidence of Stone Age rituals. The island has long been linked with tales of witchcraft, supernatural powers and curses.
A Stone Age site where cave rituals may have been performed some 9,000 years ago has been discovered on Blå Jungfrun, an island off the east coast of Sweden. The island has long been associated with tales of witchcraft, curses and supernatural powers.

Blå Jungfrun's "huge boulders and steep cliffs provide a dramatic landscape, and for centuries the uninhabited island has been associated with supernatural powers," wrote a team of archaeologists in the summary of a presentation given recently at the European Association of Archaeologists annual meeting in Glasgow, Scotland.

According to a centuries-old legend, witches gather every Easter on the island to worship the devil himself. Curses have also been associated with the island. For instance, those who remove a rock from the site are said to endure a lifetime of bad luck. [See Images of the Stone Age Site on this 'Supernatural' Island]

How far back these beliefs and stories go is unknown. "The time depth of these stories is shrouded in mist but could be considerable," the archaeologists say.


Tea Tuesday: Letting women take tea breaks was once considered dangerous

© iStockphoto
Tea a dangerous habit? Women have long made a ritual of drinking the brew, but in 19th century Ireland, moral reformers tried to talk them out of it.
Given tea's rap today as both a popular pick-me-up and a health elixir, it's hard to imagine that sipping tea was once thought of as a reckless, suspicious act, linked to revolutionary feminism.

Huh? Well, the feminist complaints came from 19th century, upper class Irish critics who argued that peasant women shouldn't be wasting their time — and limited resources — on tea. If women had time to sit down and enjoy a tea break, this must mean they were ignoring their domestic duties and instead, perhaps, opening the door to political engagement or even rebellion.


Mysterious stone disks containing tungsten discovered in Russia

© Bloknot-Volgograd
Four-meter stone disc recently discovered in Russia.
A team of investigators in Russia have found more than a dozen stone discs in the Volgograd region of Russia including one measuring four-meters in diameter. The team claims that the discs contain tungsten, a high density metal that has applications in military technology. The nature of the discs remain a mystery.

Russian news site Bloknot Volgograd reports that the finding was made by the Russian UFOlogy and Crytozoology group Kosmopoisk, led by Vadim Chernobrov, during excavations in the Zhirnovsky district of the Volgograd region. The UFO hunters were investigating in the region due its fame for the occurrence of 'mystical phenomena'.

While the team had previously discovered more than a dozen disc-shaped stones, the recent finding of a stone measuring 4-meters in diameter was a first.


Pre-Roman tomb unearthed in Pompeii, Italy which has survived undisturbed for over 2,000 years

© Archeological site of Pompeii press office
A pre-Roman tomb has been unearthed in Pompeii, Italy, containing the remains of an adult woman and numerous clay jars from the fourth century BC. A French archaeological team found the burial chamber by surprise.

"It is an exceptional find for Pompeii because it throws light on the pre-Roman city, about which we know so very little," said Massimo Osanna, the archaeological superintendent of Pompeii, as quoted by the Local.

The tomb dates back to the time of the Samnites, an Italic people living in the southern-central part of the peninsula who fought against the Romans.

It is believed the Romans knew of the tomb's presence and did not disturb the site or build on it. The tomb managed to survive undisturbed for more than 2,000 years.


Ancient group of genetically diverse humans may have inhabited Siberian cave 110,000 years ago

© Alexandr Kryazhev / RIA Novosti
Denisova Cage entrance
Ancient humans found in Siberia in 2010 may have inhabited the site as early as 110,000 years ago and revisited the cave over a time span of 60,000 years, scientists said. The new findings also show that there was significant genetic diversity within this human kind.

The first bones of ancient humans discovered in the Denisova cave, in Russia's Altai Region, were found in 2008. The finger of a girl who lived in the cave some 50,000 years ago genetically differed from Neanderthals, Cro-Magnons and more ancient Homo heidelbergensis.

A team of scientists studied the newly found archaeological remains from the Denisova cave - three human teeth found by Russian professors Anatoly Derevyanko and Mikhail Shunkov - and concluded that they are much more ancient than the finger of the girl.


Ice Cube

'Young' 126,000-year-old steppe mammoth skeleton found in Siberia

© Academy of Sciences Republic of Sakha
Scientists are delighted at the discovery of a virtually full skeleton preserved in permafrost.
A unique, 90-percent intact steppe mammoth skeleton dating back 126,000 years has been discovered in northern Russia. The find could mean the species existed for much longer than previously thought.

It is the first steppe mammoth to be found in Yakutia in Northern Russia. It's in better condition than the five other skeletons discovered in other parts of Russia.

Although scientists estimated the animal's height as a little below average at just over 3 meters, the male specimen had giant tusks - each 2.5 meters long and weighing 75 kilos.

"The skeleton was discovered in an anatomical position and was extracted mostly intact. Even the smaller bones of the feet were complete. It lacked the right hind leg. Evidently it had been torn off during the mammoth's lifetime," says Yevgeny Mashchenko, senior research scientist at the Paleontological Institute in Moscow.


5,000-year-old throne found in Turkey

© Marcella Frangipane
The three-stepped adobe basement and the low adobe platforms.
The remains of a 5,000-year-old adobe basament of a possible "throne" have been unearthed during excavations in Turkey, revealing the origins of the secularization of power and one of the first evidence of the birth of the state system.

Discovered in Aslantepe in the eastern Turkish province of Malatya, the structure consists of an adobe platform, raised by three steps above the floor, on top of which burnt wooden pieces were found.

"The burnt wooden fragments are likely the remains of a chair or throne," excavation director Marcella Frangipane of La Sapienza University in Rome, told Discovery News.

Frangipane, who has long been digging at the site, is working to bring to light a huge complex dating to the fourth millennium B.C. (3350-3100 A.C.)

"It's the world's first evidence of a real palace and it is extremely well preserved, with walls standing two meters high," Frangipane said.


Ancient rock art sensation discovered at Norwegian site for Arctic oil terminal

Little did Fred Flintstone on the coast of the Barents Sea know about his rock carvings potential trouble-making for a multi-billion oil terminal 7,000 years later in history.
© Thomas Nilsen
This 7,000 years old rock art reindeer is unique in an archaeological context and the first to be discovered in the Varanger fjord area.
"For most archaeologist, this is not a once in a life-time discovery, it is a never in life-time discovery," says Anja Roth Niemi when trying to explain the scoop of the rock art on the shores just outside Kirkenes in northern Norway.

Anja Roth Niemi is project manager with the Department of Cultural Sciences at UiT - The Arctic University of Norway. It was her colleague, Erik Kjellman, who first found the Stone Age carvings partly hidden under moss.

"There are both carvings of reindeer and elk. In size between 10 to 40 cm. They are likely made over a period of time, we can see some carvings made over others," Anja explains with enthusiasm.

The discovery is the first prehistoric art rock made in this area where people started to migrate in after the last Ice Age. "The nearest discoveries of Stone Age carvings are in Porsanger to the west and Kanozero on Russia's Kola Peninsula to the southeast," she says.

The team was doing fieldwork at Gamneset, a small headland at a peninsula west of Kirkenes in Finnmark County, where Norterminal is planning for a huge oil-terminal.

By Norwegian law, development plans and construction work cannot start before the site is checked for ancients of the past. If something is found, it is automatically protected until further investigations are made.

The Directorate for Cultural Heritage is responsible for all of Norway's archaeological monuments.

Isa Trøim is head of section for Archaeology. She says all parties will meet on September 10th to discuss how the discoveries should be managed best. "We have a good cooperation with the developer [of the oil terminal] and the municipality of Sør-Varanger and we hope to find a good solution," she writes in an e-mail to BarentsObserver.

Anja Roth Niemi explains that the rock in question is located in the middle of the area to be developed in phase 2 and 3 for the planned oil terminal.

"Now, it is important to find out the extent of the rock art. We don't know how long time that will take," Anja Roth Niemi says. The rock art with flocks of reindeer and some elks covers an area 15 metres wide and three metres high.

"Maybe people met here and transferred their knowledge, or maybe the carvings were symbols in some beliefs and rituals?" We don't know, there are many theories," Roth Niemi elaborates.

The archaeologists have dated the carvings to be between 6,200 and 7,500 years old. The majority of rock art discovered other places are by what at that time was sea level. At Gamnesbukt, the discovery was made on a rock 27 metres above sea level. Geological models made for the Varanger fjord area show a rise of the land over time since the heavy ice melted away placing that rock by sea level some 7,000 years ago.