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Георгиевская ленточка

The Soviet Union was the ultimate target of the nuclear attack on Japan during WWII

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Atomic Weapons Were Not Needed to End the War or Save Lives

Like all Americans, I was taught that the U.S. dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to end WWII and save both American and Japanese lives.

But most of the top American military officials at the time said otherwise.

The U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of 1946 that concluded (52-56):
Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945 and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated.
General (and later president) Dwight Eisenhower - then Supreme Commander of all Allied Forces, and the officer who created most of America's WWII military plans for Europe and Japan - said:
The Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn't necessary to hit them with that awful thing.

Comment: Many Americans look back with some reverence at the role the United States played in WWII. Like most things, what we've been taught is a brazen lie.


Георгиевская ленточка

872 days of cold, hunger and death: Leningrad siege survivors share their memories


One of the most tragic and harrowing chapters of the WWII was the siege of Leningrad, now St. Petersburg, which lasted for almost 900 days. RT spoke to the survivors who unveiled the horrors of the deadliest siege in the history of warfare.

For 872 days, from September 8, 1941 till January 27, 1944 people in the Russian city of Leningrad were encircled by Nazi forces, cut off from the rest of the country with no food or vital supplies.

Though the total death toll is still unclear, estimates of the victims from the siege vary, with some numbering up to 1.5 million civilians.

Quenelle

Restoration of Historical Truth: Russia Won World War II

"He who controls the past controls the future. He who controls the present controls the past."

- George Orwell
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Soviet soldiers hoist the red hammer and sickle flag over Berlin's Reichstag on May 2, 1945
Today, the deliberate inversion of historical fact by Western media and officials is so widespread that it is subverting the very foundation of historical reasoning. The principal aim of these distortions of public perception is the conquest of our minds, and corruption of our ability to separate truth from lies, all for the purpose of deluding people into accepting servitude and atrocities.

The Western media machine attempts to rewrite the history of WWII by blaming the Soviet Union for starting the war in Europe , or at least for being a major aggressor and partner-in-evil alongside Nazi Germany.

Just as the US promoted the Nazi regime in Germany to target the Soviet Union 70 years ago, the monied interests controlling the US are today using fascism as a tool to weaken Russia and prevent its potentially powerful alliance with Germany and other European countries. As Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov said on April 22nd: "Americans do a lot to prevent Germany from developing closer ties with Russia."

The US played an important role in the initiation of the Second World War and the major events that led to it. (See: Hidden History: The Secret Origins of the First World War for background on the Anglo-American 'Secret Elite' and how they rule the world through war.) Before and during World War II, the U.S. eugenics movement, comprising extremely wealthy individuals, and American corporations like IBM, Ford, General Motors, ITT, Standard Oil of New Jersey, Chase Bank, National City Bank of New York, and others, supported the fascist propaganda and military institutions of the Nazi regime. Hitler called American eugenics leader Madison Grant‟s book The Passing of the Great Race his "bible".

Radar

Vietnam War: The critical role of Russian weapons

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© Wikipedia
North Vietnamese Air Force MiG-17 pilots walk by their aircraft.
Exactly 40 years ago the Vietnamese burst into Saigon, catching the Americans in their underpants. As well as mounting a brave defence of their country, the Vietnamese used one superpower's firepower to defeat another.

To get a sense of how viciously the Vietnam War was fought and - more importantly - the sweeping nature of Vietnamese victory, chew on this: during the conflict the Americans lost more than 2,000 aircraft; the Vietnamese lost just 131 planes.

This astounding record notched up by the Vietnamese against a superpower with virtually unlimited military resources - and which could also count on combat support from allies such as Australia, South Korea and New Zealand - was possible because of the almost superhuman fight put by the Vietnamese military and civilians.

Георгиевская ленточка

"Life is such a simple thing and cruel": The President of Russia talks about his parents in the war, his brother, and all the amazing coincidences

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The President of Russia Vladimir Putin in his column for the magazine Russian Pioneer talks about his parents in the war, about his brother, about all the amazing coincidences of his life.

In nine days all of Russia will celebrate, and further immortalize an historic victory for a homeland, and for the world. Whether or not any foreign leaders attend Victory Day celebrations in Red Square on May 9th, a great people have reason for unshakable pride. So too, it may come to pass that the leader of this dynamic nation will one day be remembered alongside the fallen heroes of Stalingrad and Leningrad.

Here's a view of Vladimir Putin I'll bet not many out there know of or understand.

We were scanning the news today when my partner Mihaela discovered a story about Vladimir Putin, and a column he wrote for the magazine Russian Pioneer (or Русский пионер in Russian). The article's title, translated for feeling reads, "Life Is Such a Simple Thing and Cruel", and it reflects not only Vladimir Putin's personal take on the Great Patriotic War, but interestingly, Russia's as well. In the piece Putin candidly discussed the coincidences that have informed his life. He goes on to confirm all the stories I and other writers have spoken of at times, of his family, his home, and the Nazi siege of Leningrad that took so many hundreds of thousands. Most striking though, is that the now celebrated leader is still confused that his parents never wanted to hate the enemy. In this resides perhaps the best quality of Russians, some miraculous capacity for forgiveness. And Putin speaks of it all reverently, in an almost childlike way, from a position of a "fly on the wall" listening to dark conversations of grownups. The effect is mesmerizing actually. Observing Putin from the standpoint of being his father's son, rather than TIME Magazine's most influential person, is riveting.

Comment:
Our past and our family usually shape or contribute to who we are now. And we can certainly see how various events in Putin's life, including the past of his parents contributed to his perception and view of the world. If you would like to understand Putin more, we recommend reading First Person: An Astonishingly Frank Self-Portrait by Russia's President
First Person is an intimate, candid portrait of the man who holds the future of Russia in his grip. An extraordinary compilation of over 24 hours of in-depth interviews and remarkable photographs, it delves deep into Putin's KGB past and explores his meteoric rise to power. No Russian leader has ever subjected himself to this kind of public examination of his life and views. Both as a spy and as a virtual political unknown until selected by Boris Yeltsin to be Prime Minister, Putin has been regarded as a man of mystery. Now, the curtain lifts to reveal a remarkable life of struggles and successes. Putin's life story is of major importance to the world.
Also, we don't want to go Biblical and all, but the saying "many are called but few are chosen" fits Putin like a glove. As famous Russian journalist, Vladimir Solov'ev, said about Putin recently: "He sees his presidency not as a job, but as a service to others."


Info

Mysterious Nazca line geoglyphs formed ancient pilgrimage route

© adwo/Shutterstock.com
The Nazca Lines, a group of hundreds of mysterious geoglyphs etched into the desert in Peru, have mystified archaeologists and scientists for decades. Now researchers analyzing the style and type of geoglyphs say they were made by two different groups of people taking different pilgrimage routes to an ancient temple. Here, one of the most famous of the geoglyphs, an enigmatic supernatural creature called "The Astronaut".
San Francisco — The Nazca Lines, a series of fantastical geoglyphs etched into the desert in Peru, may have been used by two separate groups of people to make pilgrimage to an ancient temple, new research suggests.

But the purpose of the desert etchings may have changed over time.

The earliest Nazca Lines were created so pilgrims could view the markings along a ritual processional route, the researchers said. But later people may have smashed ceramic pots on the ground where the lines intersected as part of an ancient religious rite, according to a study presented here on April 16 at the 80th annual meeting of the Society for American Archeology.

What's more, the Nazca Lines may have been created by at least two different groups of people who lived in different regions of the desert plateau, researchers said.

Headphones

SOTT Radio Network: Behind the Headlines - Babylon, Ancient Rome and the American Empire

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Corruption, lies, manipulation and murder on a massive scale. These words describe the modern American Empire, what it has done and what it continues to do today. But has the American Empire, like many before it, extended its hubris too far and is its collapse imminent? Russia stands alone as the only major nation attempting to throw off the shackles of a unipolar world, assert its independence from the Empire and bring some balance back to our global society. Can Putin and co. succeed in bringing some long-overdue justice to an unjust world? And if not, is there still hope for some retribution from a 'higher power'?

This week on Behind the Headlines, we explored the nature and fate of the Roman Empire, and its parallels to our modern world, with historian Laura Knight-Jadczyk.


Here's the transcript:

Info

Lapita colonised Tonga within two generations

© Dave Burley
Lapita pottery was decorated with these characteristic dentate stamped patterns.
It only took a generation or two for the first settlers of Polynesia to spread from their original colonisation site in Tonga, a new study has found.

The rapid spread could have been driven by resource depletion and sibling rivalry, says archaeologist Professor Marshall Weisler of the University of Queensland.

"We now have a precise chronology for the settlement of Tonga and the radiating out and occupying the islands of Tonga," says Weisler.

"Within one human generation or so the first settlers explored the rest of the archipelago and put down additional daughter communities."

In 2012, Weisler worked with Professor David Burley of Simon Fraser University to establish that the first humans to colonise the Pacific arrived at Nukuleka, on the Tongan island of Tongatapu, around 2838 years ago.

Their conclusions were based on uranium isotope dating of coral abraders used by the Lapita people to make fish hooks, ornaments and tools.

Now, in a paper published in PLOS ONE, Weisler and colleagues have got a picture of how long it took the Lapita to spread to other islands in Tonga, and how long daughter populations stayed in touch with the founder population.

The researchers dated 65 samples (including coral abraders, animal bones, shell tools and charcoal from ovens) from 20 Lapita sites across the Tongan archipelago.

Book

Researcher discovers oldest surviving non-biblical manuscript from Scotland


Boethius' The Consolation of Philosophy.
A researcher at the University of Glasgow has discovered the oldest surviving non-biblical manuscript from Scotland.

The find was made in the University of Glasgow's Special Collections by Dr Kylie Murray, a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow from the English Faculty and Balliol College, Oxford, currently at Glasgow on a Visiting Fellowship.

The manuscript is a twelfth-century copy of the Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius, a statesman of the late Roman Empire. The Consolation of Philosophy, thought to have been written in 524 AD by Boethius while he was awaiting execution for a crime he did not commit, was Medieval Europe's best known intellectual text, second in influence only to the Bible. It discusses free-will, fate, and the idea of the wheel of fortune in a meditation on how to cope with adversity and injustice.

Although the Boethius manuscript, which dates to c.1130-50, was known and had previously been catalogued, scholars had believed it to be English, with Durham being the most likely place of origin. However, closer inspection has revealed that the manuscript's handwriting and illustrations do not match those of Durham, or other English books, from this period.

Dr. Murray argues that instead the manuscript suggests a connection with the Scottish kingdom. Its unique illustrations more closely resemble the famous Kelso Charter, written at Kelso Abbey in 1159. This charter, which portrays an image of David I (1124-53) and Malcolm IV (1153-65), is the earliest illustrated documentary charter in the history of the British Isles.

Magnify

Large area of 100mn-year-old dinosaur footprints discovered in Canada

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© Reuters / David Mercado
Hundreds of prints from extinct carnivores and herbivores likely to be 100 million years old have been unearthed in northeastern British Columbia, pressed into a surface spanning an area the size of three Canadian football fields, local media reported.

Many of the three-toed prints discovered near Williston Lake about 1,500km northeast of Vancouver reportedly resemble the Toronto Raptors logo.

"We're looking at a few hundred foot prints that were exposed when I visited the site. If it keeps up that density and we are able to peel back a bit of the surface and expand it by another 1,000 square meters we're likely to find there are thousands of foot prints," paleontologist Rich McCrea told CBC News.