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Map error hastened Napoleon's Waterloo defeat

A French documentary claims Napoleon was confused on the battlefield by a mistake in the map he used to plan his strategy.

Battle of Waterloo
© Carle Cernet / Bovinet
The Battle of Waterloo
A mistake in the map Napoleon Bonaparte used at Waterloo was a key factor in the 1815 defeat that crushed the French Empire and ended his military and political career.

According to a documentary broadcast on French television Monday, Napoleon was confused about the position of the Duke of Wellington's forces because of a map error of one kilometre (more than half a mile) introduced by the printer.

Consequently, he aimed his artillery at the wrong location and his cannon balls fell woefully short of the British, Prussian and Dutch lines.

The documentary-maker, Franck Ferrand, said: "Napoleon was relying on a false map for his strategy in his last battle. This explains why he mistook the lie of the land and was disoriented on the battlefield. It is certainly one of the factors that led to his defeat, although not the only one."
Sherlock

Skeleton of possible "Witch Girl" found in Italy

Witch Girl
© Stefano Roascio
An archaeological dig in northern Italy has unearthed the remains of a 13-year-old-girl buried facedown -- evidence, archaeologists say, that despite her young age, she was rejected by her community and seen as a danger even when dead.

Dubbed by Italian media as "the witch girl," the skeleton was unearthed at the complex of San Calocero in Albenga on the Ligurian Riviera, by a team of the Pontifical Institute of Christian Archaeology at the Vatican.

The site, a burial ground on which a martyr church dedicated to San Calocero was built around the fifth and sixth centuries A.D., was completely abandoned in 1593.

The prone burial, which has yet to be radiocarbon dated, is thought to date from the late antiquity or the early Middle Ages.
Question

Ancient nanostructures found in Ural mountains are out of place and time

An Oopart (out of place artifact) is a term applied to dozens of prehistoric objects found in various places around the world that, given their level of technology, are completely at odds with their determined age based on physical, chemical, and/or geological evidence. Ooparts often are frustrating to conventional scientists and a delight to adventurous investigators and individuals interested in alternative scientific theories.

In 1991, the appearance of extremely tiny, coil-shaped artifacts found near the banks of Russia's Kozhim, Narada, and Balbanyu rivers brought about a debate that has continued to this day. These mysterious and minuscule structures suggest that there may have been a culture capable of developing nanotechnology 300,000 years ago.

These manufactured coils were initially discovered during geological research associated with the extraction of gold in the Ural mountains. These pieces include coils, spirals, shafts, and other unidentified components.
Eye 1

A look back at the trial that made rape a war crime


Sara Darehshori and Pierre-Richard Prosper photographed in 1997.
The task was almost unimaginable in its magnitude.

After the Rwandan genocide, in which an estimated 800,000 people were slaughtered over a hundred days in 1994, the U.N. created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda with the goal of bringing the organizers of the bloodshed to justice.

The tribunal's inaugural case, led by two young U.S. prosecutors, would set a number of precedents -- but perhaps none more significant than classifying rape as a war crime.

Journalists Michele Mitchell and Nick Louvel have directed a new documentary, "The Uncondemned," that takes a powerful look back at the tribunal and the unique challenges faced by Pierre-Richard Prosper and Sara Darehshori, the lawyers who prosecuted the first genocide trial. They won their case in 1998 and made history as sexual violence was judged part of genocide for the first time.

"When people think about war crimes tribunals today, they have a vision because it's been going on for 20 years. But back then, the last time someone had attempted to do anything like that was Nuremberg," Prosper told HuffPost. "Failure literally was not an option -- too much depended on it. If we lost, what would that mean to the victims and the survivors? Their deaths were not being recognized or valued."


Comment: While we appreciate this public awareness effort, "The Unpunished" would be a more appropriate documentary yet to be made by the Western world:

- Yazidi girl tells of horrific ordeal as sex slave to Western-sponsored ISIL group

- British women run ISIS sex-slave brothels

- Netanyahu presents his 'experts' on Palestine, one of whom advocates rape as a tool of war

- Novorossiyan video testimony: Prisoners tortured in Ukrainian captivity, forced to run through mine fields, branded with swastikas

Psychopathic governments and their supporters don't care about the fact that post-World War II Nuremberg trials condemned rape as a crime against humanity. Governments must be willing to enforce international law and codes of conduct, while also supporting counseling and other services for victims, not the contrary!

For more information, see Global Pathocracy, Authoritarian Followers and the Hope of the World

2 + 2 = 4

Divus Iulius: Discovery in Spain of 4th century glass plate depicting clean-shaven, short-haired, toga-wearing 'Jesus' baffles historians

Artefact depicting clean-shaven Christ pre-dates 5th-century arrival of Visigoths thought to have brought Christianity to Iberia
christ glass plate
© FORVM MMX
Beardless: An engraving of Jesus believed to be from the 4th Century AD has been discovered, and shows him with short curly hair and no beard, contrary to traditional depictions
The plate, which is on display in the archaeology museum in Linares in Andalusia, is one of the earliest representations of Christ.

The history of Christianity in Spain may have to be rewritten after the discovery of a glass plate depicting Christ that dates to the fourth century AD.

Christian Spain is thought to have begun in the fifth century with the arrival of the recently Christianised Visigoths from central Europe and Byzantium.

"We were afraid to say what we believed at first, because it forces us to rethink the history of Christian Spain," said Marcelo Castro, an archaeologist involved in the project that unearthed the plate from the ruins of the ancient city of Cástulo in southern Spain.

Comment: Well, well, well.

Remember folks, you heard it on SOTT.net first...

'As important as the scientific discoveries of Darwin and Galileo': Linguist Francesco Carotta proves real identity of 'Jesus Christ' to be Julius Caesar

The Gospel of Caesar: Documentary reveals true origins of the 'Passion of Christ'

Ancient confession found: 'We invented Jesus Christ'

Was Julius Caesar the REAL "Jesus Christ"?

SOTT Talk Radio: Who was Jesus? Examining the evidence that Christ may in fact have been Caesar!

SOTT Talk Radio: Julius Caesar - Evil Dictator or Messiah for Humanity?

Blackbox

Quinhagak residents hopeful hair samples will unlock more mysteries about ancient Alaska Native ancestors

© Charles Enoch, KYUK – Bethel
The Nunalleq archeological dig near Quinhagak in August, 2014.
The study answers longstanding questions about migrations of the ancient Alaska Native people, on the state's west coast and the local people hope to learn even more about their own ancestors.
"Now our future kids, grandkids, they'll be able to see what our ancestors lived, how they lived, what they used, the tools they made. All the little stories are coming alive."
The project, called Nunalleq, meaning 'old village', is located five miles outside Quinhagak. Dr. Rick Knecht is an ararchaeologist with the University of Aberdeen in Scotland who manages the dig. He says permafrost at the ancient Yup'ik village of Araliq, preserved artifacts up to 700-years-old made of wood and leather that normally would have disintegrated.

Knecht says that most sites in the Lower 48 provide just 'stones and bones', but at the Araliq site they get, "Things like utensils that people used in their daily lives. We get bentwood bowls and scoops. We get ul'us with the handles still on them. We get grass baskets for example, complete grass baskets and woven mats. We're getting things like weapons and kayak parts, masks and artwork, things that you normally just see in museums. And these all date from between about 1400 and 1600 AD."
Sherlock

Mystery of Agatha Christie's lost diamonds is solved

© Bonhams, EPA
Jennifer Grant next to trunk she bought in estate sale at Agatha Christie's home. Diamond jewelry belonging to the crime novelist was discovered inside.
Another Agatha Christie mystery is solved: Now we know what happened to her lost diamonds, and the lucky finder gets to keep the riches.

Fans of the best-selling novelist of all time - 2 billion books sold and counting, according to Guinness Book of World Records - are agog Friday about news that her pricey baubles, discovered in one of her antique trunks, are up for auction in London.

On Oct. 8, Bonhams will sell some $22,000 worth of Christie's jewelry, including a diamond brooch and a three-stone diamond ring dating from the 19th century.

Long thought to be lost, the story of how the jewels were found is as twisty as some of Christie's addictive crime novels.

An Englishwoman and devoted Christie fan, Jennifer Grant, who will be the recipient of at least a portion of the proceeds from the sale, went to Greenway, Christie's beloved home in Devon, for an estate sale in 2006. There, she paid about $170 for an old travelling trunk that had belonged to Christie's mother. When she got it home, she found it contained a locked strongbox bolted to the base of the trunk.
MIB

A history of Washington's secret agendas

dulles brothers book
© Stephen Kinzer
One might think that by now even Americans would have caught on to the constant stream of false alarms that Washington sounds in order to deceive the people into supporting its hidden agendas.

The public fell for the lie that the Taliban in Afghanistan are terrorists allied with al Qaeda. Americans fought a war for 13 years that enriched Dick Cheney's firm, Halliburton, and other private interests only to end in another Washington failure.

The public fell for the lie that Saddam Hussein in Iraq had "weapons of mass destruction" that were a threat to America and that if the US did not invade Iraq Americans risked a "mushroom cloud going up over an American city." With the rise of ISIS, this long war apparently is far from over. Billions of dollars more in profits will pour into the coffers of the US military security complex as Washington fights those who are redrawing the false Middle East boundaries created by the British and French after WW I when the British and French seized territories of the former Ottoman Empire.

The American public fell for the lies told about Gaddafi in Libya. The formerly stable and prosperous country is now in chaos.

The American public fell for the lie that Iran has, or is building, nuclear weapons. Sanctioned and reviled by the West, Iran has shifted toward an Eastern orientation, thereby removing a principal oil producer from Western influence.

The public fell for the lie that Assad of Syria used "chemical weapons against his own people." The jihadists that Washington sent to overthrow Assad have turned out to be, according to Washington's propaganda, a threat to America.

The greatest threat to the world is Washington's insistence on its hegemony. The ideology of a handful of neoconservatives is the basis for this insistence. We face the situation in which a handful of American neoconservative psychopaths claim to determine the fate of countries.

Many still believe Washington's lies, but increasingly the world sees Washington as the greatest threat to peace and life on earth. The claim that America is "exceptional and indispensable" is used to justify Washington's right to dictate to other countries.

The casualties of Washington's bombings are invariably civilians, and the deaths will produce more recruits for ISIS. Already there are calls for Washington to reintroduce "boots on the ground" in Iraq. Otherwise, Western civilization is doomed, and our heads will be cut off. The newly created propaganda of a "Russian threat" requires more NATO spending and more military bases on Russia's borders. A "quick reaction force" is being created to respond to a nonexistent threat of a Russian invasion of the Baltics, Poland, and Europe.

Usually it takes the American public a year, or two, three, or four to realize that it has been deceived by lies and propaganda, but by that time the public has swallowed a new set of lies and propaganda and is all concerned about the latest "threat." The American public seems incapable of understanding that just as the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth, threat was a hoax, so is the sixth threat, and so will be the seventh, eighth, and ninth.
Blackbox

Oregon may be the oldest site of human habitation in the Americas

A network of caves in rural Oregon may be the oldest site of human habitation in the Americas, suggesting an ancient human population reached what is now the United States at the end of the last Ice Age, Oregon officials said on Friday.

Dennis Jenkins points to an area inside one of caves
That realization prompted the U.S. National Park service to add the Paisley Five Mile Point Caves to its list of nationally important archaeological and historical sites, the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department said in a statement.

Only recently have researchers become convinced that humans lived at the Paisley caves a thousand years before the human settlement documented in the so-called "Clovis" sites in New Mexico, Dennis Jenkins, director of the University of Oregon Archaeology Field School, said in the statement.

The "Clovis First" hypothesis holds that distinctive projectile-point artifacts found at multiple sites across the United States are signs of the first human settlements in North America, the statement said.

But Jenkins' team used radiocarbon dating to determine that more than 200 samples of human feces collected from the Paisley caves were deposited in the area 14,300 years ago, nearly 1,000 years before the human settlement evidenced in the Clovis era.
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Columbus' departure point finally confirmed

© Latin American Herald Tribune
The discovery of tell-tale objects during excavations at Palos de la Frontera in southwestern Spain has allowed scholars to determine the exact location from which Christopher Columbus's three ships set off to discover the New World in 1492.

The discovery is of international importance, as it sheds light on one of the most important chapters of history.

For years it had been suspected that the remains of the port's long-vanished infrastructure was located in the area known as "the trough," but until Monday, there was no evidence to confirm it, said Professor Juan Manuel Campos, who led the team that made the discovery.

Historical sources say the port comprised a shipyard, a fresh water fountain called La Fontanilla, a pottery works and a reef, Campos told a press conference.

Traces of the pottery and the reef were discovered in the most recent excavation, confirming Palos as Columbus' point of departure.
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