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Frog

The mysterious case of the frogs' legs

Image
© Brandon Ballengee
In 1995, a group of schoolchildren from Minnesota discovered that half of the frogs they found in a pond were deformed. Some had bent, truncated legs, some had extra legs, while others had none at all. Photos of the frogs caught the attention of journalists, who blamed chemical pollution.

Since then, American artist Brandon Ballengée has found similarly deformed frogs and toads all over the world when working with the biologist Stanley Sessions from Hartwick College in Oneonta, New York state. Ballengée documents their field trips photographically. He also brings back dead specimens, which he uses to create artistic images like this one of an extra-limbed Pacific treefrog from Aptos, California.

Ballengée says he's attracted to the frogs because he finds them uncanny, almost other-worldly. To heighten this effect, he stains the frogs with dyes that turn cartilage blue, bones red and flesh translucent. He then scans them using a high-resolution scanner to produce a detailed, ghostly image. "I wanted to find a way to exhibit what I was finding without being scary or exploitative."

Bizarro Earth

US: Earthquake Magnitude 4.4 - Greater Los Angeles Area

Image
© USGS
Date-Time:
Tuesday, March 16, 2010 at 11:04:00 UTC

Tuesday, March 16, 2010 at 04:04:00 AM at epicenter

Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones

Location:
33.992°N, 118.082°W

Depth:
18.9 km (11.7 miles)

Region:
GREATER LOS ANGELES AREA, CALIFORNIA

Distances:
1 km (0 miles) ENE (62°) from Pico Rivera, CA

4 km (2 miles) SE (129°) from Montebello, CA

5 km (3 miles) SSW (212°) from Whittier Narrows Rec. Area, CA

8 km (5 miles) NE (37°) from Downey, CA

10 km (6 miles) SSW (209°) from El Monte, CA

17 km (10 miles) ESE (115°) from Los Angeles Civic Center, CA

Fish

Support for Bluefin Tuna Ban Not Forthcoming

Everybody in the business knows that the Atlantic population of bluefin tuna is in worse trouble than the Pacific population, but how much worse? Well, here's one measure: Stanford University's Tag-a-Giant program is now paying $1,000 per tag to fishermen in the Atlantic and Mediterranean who return the tags after they have caught the tuna, whereas fishermen in the Pacific get only $500 for a tag. Trust the market to tell you the truth.

Another measure of the bluefin's scarcity is that two months ago, the owners of two sushi restaurants in Japan and one in Hong Kong banded together to pay $175,000 for a 513-pound bluefin tuna at Tokyo's Tsukiji fish market. The primary market for bluefin tuna is sushi, and the demand is so great that the fish are disappearing fast in both oceans.

That's why the first order of business at the CITES conference that opens in Doha, Qatar, on Saturday is a ban on the international trade in bluefin tuna. CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, is the only port of call, because no other international organization can intervene in defense of a fish species. Whales have the International Whaling Commission, but for tuna, CITES is all there is.

Bizarro Earth

Magnitude 6.0 - South Indian Ocean

© USGS
Earthquake location
Date-Time:
Sunday, March 14, 2010 at 20:33:10 UTC

Monday, March 15, 2010 at 02:33:10 AM at epicenter

Location:
2.763°S, 83.678°E

Depth:
10 km (6.2 miles)

Distances:
1155 km (710 miles) SSE of COLOMBO, Sri Lanka

1155 km (720 miles) SSE of Kandy, Sri Lanka

1185 km (730 miles) SSE of Negombo, Sri Lanka

1365 km (850 miles) SE of MALE, Maldives

Cloud Lightning

Unusually heavy precipitation and melting snows have caused the floods: Death toll in Kazakh floods rises to 33

Image
© Alexander Khvostenko
Unusually heavy precipitation and melting snows have caused the floods.
Rescuers have discovered thirty-three bodies in southern Kazakhstan, where heavy rains swept away two dams last week, causing massive flooding, the local emergencies ministry said on Sunday.

Unusually heavy precipitation and melting snows have caused a dam to give way in the village of Zhylbulak, with a population of 820 people. The vast majority of the residents were evacuated. Another dam break has occurred in the village of Kyzyl-Agash.

"On Saturday, bodies of 33 people, including 10 men, 16 women and seven children, were discovered," the ministry said in a statement.

The statement said 44 people, including 16 children, were admitted to hospital following the flood.

Cloud Lightning

Post-snow, US Northeast mops up from wind-driven rain: Six people died in storm-related accidents, and hundreds of thousands were without electricity

Image
© AP Photo/Chris Corradino
A tree lies across a smashed car at a home in Wantagh, N.Y., Sunday, March 14, 2010. Strong winds and heavy rain downed trees and power lines throughout New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Connecticut on Saturday, leaving hundreds of thousands of people without power.
Last month, the Northeast was smothered by blizzards. Now, it's waterlogged by torrential rains.

The region mopped up Sunday following a bout with high wind and heavy rains that uprooted trees, downed power lines and flooded creeks and rivers. Six people died in storm-related accidents, and hundreds of thousands were without electricity.

More than a half-million customers in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York and Connecticut lost electricity at the peak of Saturday's storm, which carried wind gusts of up to 70 mph. The storm came about two weeks after heavy snow and hurricane-force winds left more than a million customers in the Northeast in the dark.

Arrow Down

Peruvian Nazca Civilization Was Destroyed by Deforestation

The collapse of the ancient Nazca civilization, long attributed to the El Nino weather phenomenon, may have actually been caused by deforestation, according to research conducted by scientists from Cambridge University and the French Institute of Andean Studies, and published in the journal Latin American Antiquity.

"The landscape only became exposed to the catastrophic effects of that El Nino flood once people had inadvertently crossed an ecological threshold," researcher David Beresford-Jones said.

The Nazca, who inhabited coastal desert areas in what is today Peru, are best known for constructing massive patterns in the desert sand that can only be seen from the air. Their civilization entered an abrupt decline roughly 1,500 years ago.

Researchers have now discovered that much of the Nazca environment was originally covered by a leguminous hardwood tree known as the huarango.

Ambulance

At least 2 snowmobilers dead in Canadian avalanche

Revelstoke, British Columbia - An avalanche struck an informal snowmobile rally in Canada's Rocky Mountains, killing at least two people and leaving an unknown number missing at an annual gathering best known for its party atmosphere and stunt riding.

Rescuers sent helicopters over remote Boulder Mountain at daybreak Sunday to determine if conditions were safe for a full-scale ground search after operations were halted overnight when darkness fell.

Police also conducted a door-to-door search of hotel rooms Sunday to piece together how many people were missing from the Big Iron Shoot Out rally that drew about 200 people to the mountain.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police Cpl. Dan Moskaluk said the canvass of hotel rooms left police more optimistic that the death toll would not rise significantly. He said that was because many of the snowmobilers were equipped with avalanche recovery equipment and rescued themselves.

Moskaluk said some people could still be buried on the mountain, but he could not confirm yet if anybody has been reported missing.

"Certainly we're in a better position today than we were yesterday," Moskaluk said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press. "This site will not be stood down until they are very confident, 100 percent confident that there's nobody remaining buried."

Better Earth

HDTV reveals brainy octopus has no personality

Image
© Jeff Rotman/Nature Picture Library/Rex Features
I spurn your primitive human technology.
Octopuses make for discerning TV viewers: it seems they prefer high-definition to traditional cathode ray images (CRT). What's more, the first study using video to trick octopuses, finds that they may be the Jekyll and Hydes of the oceans: aggressive one day, shrinking violets the next.

"People have been trying for over a decade to get proper behavioural responses from octopuses and other cephalopods using videos," says Roger Hanlon, an octopus researcher at the Marine Resources Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, who was not involved in the study. "But this is the first time anyone has managed it."

Gloomy octopuses (Octopus tetricus) reacted to films shown on liquid crystal high definition television (HDTV) as if they were seeing the real thing, according to a new study by Renata Pronk at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, and colleagues. "They lunge forwards to attack crabs and back off from other octopuses, much as they do in the wild," says Hanlon.

Surprisingly, an octopus that was bold, aggressive and exploratory on one day was just as likely to be shy, submissive and stationary the next. "This suggests that the gloomy octopus does not have personality," writes Pronk in the new study.

Bizarro Earth

Japan: Earthquake Magnitude 6.6 - Near East Coast of Honshu

Image
© USGS
Date-Time:
Sunday, March 14, 2010 at 08:08:05 UTC

Sunday, March 14, 2010 at 05:08:05 PM at epicenter

Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
Location:
37.780°N, 141.562°E

Depth:
39 km (24.2 miles)

Region:
NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

Distances:
80 km (50 miles) SE of Sendai, Honshu, Japan

95 km (60 miles) E of Fukushima, Honshu, Japan

100 km (60 miles) NE of Iwaki, Honshu, Japan

285 km (175 miles) NE of TOKYO, Japan