Earth Changes


Deep sea prehistoric frilled shark caught by fishermen in Victoria, Australia

© Setfia
The shark has 300 razor sharp teeth and can grow up to 2 metres long
The two-metre long fish - known as a frilled shark - was captured near Lakes Entrance in Victoria

A terrifying prehistoric shark which has 300 razor sharp teeth has been caught by a group of fishermen in Australia.

The bizarre-looking creature was captured by the bemused fishermen near Lakes Entrance in Victoria.

The dark brown two-metre long fish is a frilled shark, which is also known as the 'living fossil'.


Hundreds of dead mackerel found in Bras d'Or Lake, Canada

© TC Media - Cape Breton Post
Dozens of dead mackerel were visible from the home of Annette Coffin, Monday morning. A week ago hundreds could be seen.
The discovery of hundreds of dead mackerel in the Bras d'Or Lake has area residents wondering what caused the fish to die.

Annette Coffin, a resident of Ben Eoin, first discovered dead fish in the water in front of her home a week ago.

"Last Monday morning, there were dead fish everywhere, on the shore and in the water," she said. "They were sort of under the ice - there was a light coating of ice, and there were tons of them on the beach, and when I came out and had a look they were everywhere."


18-month-old boy killed by family dogs in Brooksville, Florida

© Laurie Davison
An 18-month-old boy was killed by the family's two dogs Monday morning, according to Hernando County deputies.
An 18-month-old boy was killed by the family's two dogs Monday morning, according to the Hernando County Sheriff's Office.

Deputies responded to the 16000 block of Cherokee Road in Brooksville at 10:58 a.m. regarding a dog bite to a small child. Hernando County Fire Rescue also responded to the scene.

"It is a terrible, terrible event," said Sheriff Al Nienhuis. "Obviously even those of us who work with death and dying and serious injuries every day, the firefighters on scene I talked to earlier, they were heartbroken and the deputies, as well."

Deputies said Declan Moss was playing on the porch with his grandfather watching him.

For some reason, the dogs attacked him and he died from those injuries.

The dogs are described as medium-sized, mixed breeds.

Neighbors said they always appeared to be friendly.

Comment: Other reports of dog attacks on family members for the past year: Man mauled to death by his own dog in Frederick, Maryland

4-year old boy savaged by family's rottweiler in New Port Richey, Florida

Bizarro Earth

Why are the planet's volcanoes suddenly oozing so much lava? Iceland's lava flow now extends 33 square miles

© Extinction Protocol
The Hawaii Tribune-Herald reports an active breakout of the Kilauea Volcano lava flow that began June 27 advanced about 120 yards toward Highway 130. An update Saturday from the Hawaii County Civil Defense said the original flow front and south margin breakout remain stalled. However, a breakout along the north side of the flow remains active and has advanced down slope below an area near the stalled front. The leading edge of the breakout was 0.4 miles from Highway 130 and west of the Pahoa police and fire stations. The Civil Defense agency says dry weather is likely to keep brush fires a concern.

Source: Fox 8

Tonga underwater volcano creates new island

A Tongan volcano has created a substantial new island since it began erupting last month, spewing out huge volumes of rock and dense ash that has killed nearby vegetation, officials said on Friday. The volcano, about 65 kilometers (40 miles) northwest of the South Pacific nation's capital Nuku'alofa, rumbled to life on December 20 for the first time in five years, the Lands and Natural Resources Ministry said. It said the volcano was erupting from two vents, one on the uninhabited island of Hunga Ha'apai and the other underwater about 100 meters (328 feet) offshore.

The ministry said experts took a boat trip to view the eruption on Thursday and confirmed it had transformed the local landscape. "The new island is more than one kilometer (0.6 mile) wide, two kilometers (1.2 miles) long and about 100 meters (328 feet) high," it said in a statement. "During our observations the volcano was erupting about every five minutes to a height of about 400 meters (1,312 feet), accompanied by some large rocks... as the ash is very wet, most is being deposited close to the vent, building up the new island."

It said ash and acidic rain was deluging an area 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) around the volcano, adding: "Leaves on trees on Hunga Tonga and Hunga Ha'apai have died, probably caused by volcanic ash and gases." A number of international flights were cancelled earlier this week amid concerns about the volcano's ash plume but they resumed on Wednesday, with authorities saying debris from the eruption was not being thrown high into the atmosphere. "Tonga, which is almost 2,000 kilometers (1,243 miles) northeast of New Zealand, lies on the so-called Pacific "Ring of Fire," where continental plates collide causing frequent volcanic and seismic activity.

Source: Discovery News

Comment: Click play below to see a map of the volcanic activity around the world for the past 90 days.

See also:
Volcano eruptions found to have cooled global temperatures since 2000

Blue Planet

SOTT Exclusive: A 'Blue Hole,' a cosmic connection and the demise of the Maya

An aerial view of the coral reef and deep cave that make up the famous diving spot of the Blue Hole in the Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Belize.
"The ancient Mayan civilization collapsed due to a century-long drought. Minerals taken from Belize's famous underwater cave, known as the Blue Hole, as well as lagoons nearby, show that an extreme drought occurred between 800 and 900 A.D., right when the Mayan civilization disintegrated. After the rains returned, the Mayans moved north - but they disappeared again a few centuries later, and that disappearance occurred at the same time as another dry spell. [...] The new results strengthen the case that dry periods were indeed the culprit." [Emphasis - KN]
This is according to a André Droxler, an Earth scientist at Rice University and co-author of this new study. It's inaccurate to say that the Maya "disintegrated;" approximately seven million are alive and living today in Central America. The Maya may have experienced epic drought, but was that the whole picture? Drought. Maya demise. Checkmark. Perhaps not! But let's follow this thinking for a bit...

Blue Planet

Awesome! Largest breakage of ice from a glacier ever filmed

Chasing Ice is a 2012 documentary film about the efforts of nature photographer James Balog and his Extreme Ice Survey to publicize the effects of climate change, directed by Jeff Orlowski. It was released in the United States on November 16, 2012.

The documentary includes scenes from a glacier calving event that took place at Jakobshavn Glacier in Greenland, lasting 75 minutes, the longest such event ever captured on film. Two EIS videographers waited several weeks in a small tent overlooking the glacier, and were finally able to witness 7.4 cubic kilometres (1.8 cu mi) of ice crashing off the glacier. "The calving of a massive glacier believed to have produced the ice that sank the Titanic is like watching a city break apart."

The calving event lasted 75 minutes, and the glacier retreated a full mile across a calving face three miles wide. The height of the ice is about 3,000 feet - 300 to 400 feet above water, with the rest below water.


5.6 magnitude earthquake hits Santa Maria Chiquimula, Guatemala

Event Time
  1. 2015-01-20 06:59:52 UTC
  2. 2015-01-20 00:59:52 UTC-06:00 at epicenter
  3. 2015-01-20 01:59:52 UTC-05:00 system time

15.022°N 91.339°W depth=161.9km (100.6mi)

Nearby Cities
  1. 1km (1mi) SW of Santa Maria Chiquimula, Guatemala
  2. 7km (4mi) ESE of Momostenango, Guatemala
  3. 12km (7mi) NNE of Totonicapan, Guatemala
  4. 14km (9mi) NE of San Francisco El Alto, Guatemala
  5. 98km (61mi) WNW of Guatemala City, Guatemala
Tectonic Summary

Seismotectonics of the Caribbean Region and Vicinity

Extensive diversity and complexity of tectonic regimes characterizes the perimeter of the Caribbean plate, involving no fewer than four major plates (North America, South America, Nazca, and Cocos). Inclined zones of deep earthquakes (Wadati-Benioff zones), ocean trenches, and arcs of volcanoes clearly indicate subduction of oceanic lithosphere along the Central American and Atlantic Ocean margins of the Caribbean plate, while crustal seismicity in Guatemala, northern Venezuela, and the Cayman Ridge and Cayman Trench indicate transform fault and pull-apart basin tectonics.

Comment: Earthquakes worldwide for the past week:


4.4 magnitude earthquake near King City, California

A light earthquake has shaken a Central California region southeast of Monterey Bay.The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude-4.4 tremor struck at 5:21 a.m. Tuesday.

The epicenter was 17 miles northeast of King City. The USGS says the quake occurred at a depth of 6 miles.

The immediate area is largely rural and lightly populated. The USGS public reporting pages show it was felt lightly or weakly around Monterey Bay and to the east in some San Joaquin Valley cities.


Coyotes moving into downtown Chicago

© Chris Walker/Chicago Tribune/TNS
Heidi Garbe, left, Associate Research Scientist at the Max McGraw Wildlife Foundation, checks the health of one of two coyote puppies found Tuesday, May 7, 2013 in a northwest suburban forest preserve near Chicago as Andy Burmesch, right, wildlife research technician, records data.
Coyotes usually try to avoid human contact.

Yet animal experts say an increasing number of coyotes are setting up shop in one of most dense urban labyrinths: downtown Chicago.

The seemingly incongruous marriage between coyotes and a people-packed habitat has occurred naturally, according to Stan Gehrt, an Ohio State University professor who specializes in coyote research in Cook County, which includes Chicago.

Gehrt said he and his team know of no deliberate efforts to release coyotes into the downtown area.

"They're all homegrown coyotes, all born and bred in Chicago," Gehrt said.

Gehrt, who runs the Urban Coyote Research program, said the coyote population swelled tenfold during the 1990s. Coyotes are very territorial and only will tolerate so many living in a certain area.

Black Cat

Vancouver Island man encounters cougar in Ucluelet living room

© Andrew Bailey, Western News
Ted Benson and his cat, Mushka, survived a close encounter with a cougar that followed the eight-year-old cat into Benson’s Ucluelet home.
Ted Benson stares down wild animal that entered his home in pursuit of his pet cat

Ted Benson was getting ready for bed Tuesday night when his cat walked in, followed closely by a cougar.

"It was weird, there was no sound, no nothing, it was eerily quiet and just all of a sudden I see my cat squirt in and, next thing you know, all I hear is claws trotting across concrete," Benson said.

"My cat wasn't sprinting at super-human top-speed and neither was the cougar; it was like slow motion: 'Oh, there's my cat,' and then, 'Oh, there's a big cat trying to eat it."

The 37-year-old had opened the front door of his Norah Street home to air it out after having the wood stove burning all evening.

He went into his bedroom around 10:45 p.m. to plug in his cellphone and was walking back into the living room to close the door when he saw his house cat come in from outside.

"Then, all of a sudden, I heard claws on the cement floor and saw a big head lunging to eat my cat," he said. "I thought it was a dog originally; a cougar would be the last thing I'd expect."

Comment: See also: Odd puma behaviour? Vancouver Island woman slams door on curious cougar