Endocrine disruptor disturbs the endocrine glands that releases hormones into the bloodstream to control various organs of the body. The endocrine glands includes the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, thymus, pancreas, ovaries, and testicles. Developing fetuses and infants are are more vulnerable to endocrine disruptor.
50s and 60s doctor prescribed a synthetic estrogen called diethylstilbestrol (DES)to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages which was later found to contain endocrine disruptors. Over five million women were effected by this drug. Miscarriages,spontaneous abortions, premature births ,birth defects of the the uterus, ovaries, immune system defects, undescended testicles, malformed sperm in boys, chronic depression and other psychiatric disorders were reported. Use of estrogen have caused breast cancer in some women.
Study done in Potomac River in 2000 found 80 percent of the male fish collected had become feminized and their sex organs were not producing sperm. Scientists suspected that pollution in the river must have had something to do with it. Scientist have proved that large pesticide spill in lake Apopka, Florida was responsible for declining alligator population. Investigation relived endocrine disruptor in bodies and eggs of the alligator Similar type of spill also happed in Great Lakes area but this time it was polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) spill. Bird preying on fish in this area have shown similar dysfunctions. People who consumed fish from this lake had thyroid problems. Of spring of fish-eating mother in this area weighed less at birth with smaller head and they scored less in IQ test.
Plastic bottles commonly used to store water and beverages contained substances known as phthalates which is considered to be potent endocrine disruptors. These chemicals can leach into the beverage, particularly when the bottle is subjected to heat, or when the beverage is acidic. Viinclozolin, fungicide used on fruit blocked testosterone signals in males. Animals exposed to bisphenol-A and other phthalates have became hyper and agitated. This endocrine disruptor could irreversibly retard brain development,
With not much of government control over this chemical manufacturer let us follow simple precaution to save our next generation,
- Educate yourself,your family and friends about endocrine disruptors.
- Use organic pesticides and fertilizers.
- Do not give young children soft plastic teether or toys
- Buy organic food Whenever possible
- Do not store fatty foods or water in plastic containers. Use glass article were ever possible.
- It is better to use natural estrogen replacement for men who require hormone replacement therapy.