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"You get America out of Iraq and Israel out of Palestine and you'll stop the terrorism." - Cindy Sheehan

PODCAST October 22, 2005

Signs of the Times

The world as seen from around the kitchen table

Hawaii Uh-Oh

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In our latest podcast, (left to right) editors Henry See, Scott Ogrin, and Joe Quinn begin their world tour with a stop in Hawaii and a tableside chat with Dave and Erica, two longtime residents of the islands.

Be sure to grab your surfboard and swim suit so you can join us on the high seas of this passionate exchange about Hawaiian history and culture, the current growth in the US military presence on the islands, and how an imperialist policy of monoculture has ruined the state's agriculture.

If you have any questions for the Signs Team or would like to suggest a topic for future Podcast discussion, you can write us at:

Alternative Hawaii

Since prehistory, Polynesians have been seafaring people whose origins cannot be completely traced. In anonymity and out of Asia, the ancestors of the Hawaiians began millennia ago to work their way across the vast, trackless Pacific.

Generally believed to be the first inhabitants of the Hawaiian Islands, the Polynesians migrated throughout the Pacific in sailing canoes. The Polynesian migrations most likely began from the islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, spreading east, south and north, covering millions of square miles of ocean.

Archaeological evidence combined with the degree of similarity in languages, cultural practices and transported plants indicate that the order of migration was first to the east to the Cook Islands, then on to Tahiti Nui, the Society Islands, the Marquesas islands, Easter Island, Hawaii, and finally south to New Zealand.

Some historians claim that sometime around the fourth or fifth century A.D., the first planned migrations came from the Marquesas, in extreme eastern Polynesia. For five centuries the Marquesans settled and lived peacefully on the new land - Hawaii. Around 1,200 A.D., the Tahitians arrived and subjugated the settled islanders. Tahitian customs, legends, and language became the Hawaiian way of life.

Traditional Hawaiian society before contact with the outside world was characterized by a complex religious, governmental and cultural system that reflected the harmonious relationship the early Hawaiians had with the natural world. Like all societies, the Hawaiians had a set of rules or laws (kapu) to help guide their people. The Kapu System outlined actions that were appropriate and inappropriate for people of different ranks. For example, in the case of conservation, an alii (chief) could forbid people from eating or using certain plants, animals, or other resources. These restrictions could be for certain people and for certain times of the year. With the aid of kapu, the scarce island resources were protected from over-exploitation.

The Kapu System separated Hawaiian society into four groups of people:

  • the alii, chiefs who ruled specific territories and who held their positions on the basis of family ties and leadership abilities - the chiefs were thought to be descendants of the gods and the highest chiefs, alii kapu, were considered gods;
  • the kahuna, priests or skilled craftspersons that performed important religious ceremonies and served the alii as close advisers;
  • the makaainana, commoners (by far the largest group) who raised, stored, and prepared food, built houses and canoes, and performed other daily tasks; and
  • the kauwa, outcasts forced to lead lives segregated from the rest of Hawaiian society.

The kapu (laws) regulating conservation of natural resources were usually farsighted and just. However, prohibitions upon the commoners were sometimes severe. There were different kapu for different infractions. The most serious were laws of the gods, kapu akua, and laws of the chief, kapu alii. The chief had power over life and death. All he had to do was utter the word and a person would be killed. The chief could also utter a word to spare a life. As formidable as some kapu were there was also a kapu akua (a law of the gods) providing for pardon, clemency, absolution, and mercy. This was known as puuhonua or "refuge" from capital punishment.

No one knows the origins of the kapu system. Some say the Hawaiians remembered the One Supreme God Io and worshipped him in relative peace until Paao, a high priest and famous navigator, came from Tahiti around A.D. 1300. Fornander writes that prior to the arrival of Paao "... the kapus were few and the ceremonials easy; human sacrifices were not practiced; and government was more of a patriarchal than of a regal nature."

Many believe the kapu were established as a result of the Tahitian migrations, bringing to Hawaii a system of laws and rituals protecting the mana (spiritual power or energy) which existed in all living things. In part, this was symbolized by the worship of many gods (akua), the four principal ones being: Kane, the God of Life; Ku, the God of War; Lono, the God of Agriculture; and Kanaloa, the God of the Ocean. These gods took many shapes and forms and presided over families of deities. Hawaiians also had ancestral spirits called aumakua. The aumakua were both "guardian angels" and were spirits that could be called upon in times of need.

In its brochure Yesterday and Beyond: Archaeology and Hawaii's Past, the Society for Hawaiian Archaeology (SHA) notes: "Traditional histories tell of illustrious chiefs who led expeditions between 'Kahiki' (possibly Tahiti or elsewhere in eastern Polynesia) and Hawaii around 1200 A.D. - 1400 A.D. These chiefs founded the later ruling dynasties and brought many major rituals and practices to the islands. The archaeological evidence for the Kahiki Connection is as yet inconclusive. However, the fact that major heiau [temple] construction did not begin until after A.D. 1200 lends support to the idea that new rituals were being introduced."

Because the early Hawaiians depended on nature for everything, the kapu system was intimately connected with reverence and respect for the natural world. This Aloha Aina (love of the land) made the kapu system one of the earliest examples of environmental protectionism. Hawaiian society was turned upside-down with the arrival of the white man in the late 18th century.

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The Hawaiian Kapu System of law was seriously challenged when foreigners began to arrive in Hawaii. Captain Cook's arrival in 1778 opened the islands to the rest of the world and signaled the end of the ancient culture. Even though the white persons who came to the islands did not abide by the rules of the kapu system, they were not punished by the gods.

In 1795, the young chief, Kamehameha I conquered the islands (with the exception of Kauai) to create a unified kingdom. He attempted to rule the kingdom using the ancient system of kapu, but it became very difficult with the influx of foreigners.

The Monarchy years generally span the period of time between the unification of all the islands by Kamehameha the Great in 1810 and the overthrow of the Hawaiian government in 1893. During this relatively short period of time, the people of Hawaii would be transformed from a society based on the Kapu System into an independent constitutional monarchy, recognized by other nations around the world.

n 1819, King Kamehameha II declared an end to the kapu system. In a dramatic and highly symbolic event, Kamehameha II ate and drank with women, thereby breaking the important eating kapu. Soon after, the sacred heiau (temples) were destroyed and the images of gods were burned. As word of these events spread throughout the Islands, the kapu system rapidly unraveled. With the kapu system abolished, the missionaries found the Hawaiians living in a cultural void and receptive to the ideas embodied in Protestant Christianity.

To aid in converting a society with an oral tradition to Christianity, the missionaries developed an alphabet for the Hawaiian language, began translating the Bible, and started printing other important information in large quantities for many Hawaiians to read. In less than 20 years, the missionaries had established a school system that reflected Western society and the Protestant religion.

The concept of land ownership was foreign to ancient Hawaiians. Under their holistic view of the world that incorporated all things from the ocean to the sea, no one owned the land. Instead the land was divided into ahupuaa, land sections that usually extended from the mountain summits down through fertile valleys to the outer edge of the reef in the sea (for example a large valley). The alii (chiefs) were stewards of the land and granted the makaainana (general populace) living in the ahupuaa use of the land's bounty for their livelihood. Headmen (konohiki) facilitated day to day operations with the assistance of specialists (luna). The ahupuaa formed a self-contained economic and social unit that effectively integrated the uses of its resources from dispersed ecological zones. Everyone living throughout the ahupuaa had access to all types of products and everyone was entitled to a share of what they produced from the soil or took from the sea. The system benefited the land because the ahupuaa was managed carefully, and thought of and cared for as a whole. Today, this ancient system is viewed by many as an excellent model of resource management.

When Kamehameha the Great brought all the islands under his control, he had kept the traditional land system in existence. Now, with Cook's introduction of Hawaii to the Western World, a market economy began to emerge. Fur and sandalwood traders, merchants, whalers, and missionaries accustomed to owning land pressured the King, Kamehameha III, to change the ahupuaa system of land tenure and permit private ownership of land.

The Great Mahele (land division) of 1848 instituted a system of private property ownership that ended the old land system. The new law divided Hawaii land among the Crown, the government, the alii (chiefs) and konohiki (headmen). Concern for the commoners' rights resulted in the Kuleana Act of 1850 which permitted land ownership by commoners who occupied and improved any portion of the lands controlled by the alii and konohiki. Additionally, Government Lands were made available for purchase by commoners and foreigners who did not have kuleana rights.

Within decades, title to thousands of acres had fallen into the hands of non-Hawaiians. Even the Crown lands, owned by the King and his successors, were often sold or leased to foreigners in payment of debts or in exchange for foreign goods and supplies. When, in 1893, the Hawaiian Monarchy was overthrown and Queen Liliuokalani was taken prisoner, the remaining Crown Lands were confiscated by the new government and made part of the public domain. Today, the overthrow of the queen and the confiscation of the lands are the foundation of the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement.

There is archaeological evidence to indicate that the first peoples arrived in the Hawaiian Islands around A.D. 400 or before. Estimates of the maximum ancient Hawaiian population vary from 200,000 to as high as a million by the date of the European "discovery" by Captain James Cook. The decline of traditional Hawaiian culture went together with a dramatic decline in the population of native Hawaiians. Thousands died from the many new diseases brought by Westerners; other thousands left to work aboard trading and whaling ships. Unfortunately, Hawaiians, an isolated people, were unusually vulnerable to introduced diseases: smallpox, measles, Hansen's disease, whooping cough, influenza, gonorrhea, took their toll. By 1920, pure Hawaiians numbered only 23,723 and their life expectancy was only 35 years! (Source: Census Data)

The decline in the population of native Hawaiians became a serious labor problem as foreign-introduced sugar and pineapple plantations began to grow and flourish. When the shortage became critical in the mid-1800's the Hawaiian government supported the recruitment and importation of laborers from abroad. This resulted in a flood of more than 250,000 foreign laborers during the three decades following Annexation (1898). The majority were from Japan, China, and Portugal and, after the turn of the century, from Korea and the Philippines. By 1900, because of this immigration and their decline in population, pure Hawaiians constituted only a small part of a larger, multi-ethnic society. Today, some think the number of pure Hawaiians could be as low as 5,000. Pure Hawaiians have become strangers in their own land. However the part Hawaiian population now measures over 230,000 reflecting the diversity of today's multi-ethnic society in Hawaii.

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An annexation time-line

Sometimes its easier to understand the weight of duplicity by seeing the sequence of events unfold and in this way appreciate the larger scheme of history. Here, we present a time-line of the events which swept Hawai`i into annexation by the United States during that crucial period immediately following McKinley’s taking office as U.S. President.

March 1897: Grover Cleveland leaves office having served two terms. William McKinley, having won over William Jennings Bryan, becomes President.

A McKinley campaign plank: “The Hawaiian Islands should be controlled by the United States and no foreign power should be permitted to interfere with them.” Stolen Kingdom, Budnick, at p. 170

June 16, 1897: Treaty of Annexation of Hawai`i to the United States signed and forwarded to U.S. Senate for ratification.

September 9, 1897: Hawaii Senate Ratify treaty

September 14: U.S. Senator John T. Morgan of Alabama, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations, appeared in Hawai`i, leading a contingent of fellow annexationist of the U.S. Congress (Congressmen Joseph G. Cannon of Illinois, James A. Tawney of Minnesota, Henry C. Loudenslager of New Jersey, and Albert S. Berry of Kentucky). Morgan was author of the Morgan report of early 1894 - an attempt to refute the findings of President Cleveland’s Special Commissioner to Hawai`i, James Blount. Special Commissioner Blount had uncovered a multitude of violations of international law and of American foreign policy in the U.S. conduct in Hawai`i during the events of the overthrow. Morgan insisted that the U.S. conduct was appropriate. Now for the first time in Hawai`i, Morgan was trying to boost the annexation attempt on-going in the Congress. Arriving on September 14, he engaged in public speeches and newspaper interviews. He tried persuading native Hawaiians that their status as American citizens would be an improvement in their condition, assuring them that the Americans wanted only to “secure you from aggression from foreign powers.” He promised protection from the Chinese and told the people that a Hawaiian could become President of the United States! (The U.S. Constitution requires, however, that a President must be born an American.) He further promised that Hawai`i would be annexed as a State, that the public lands would go to the people, and that there was no need to submit the question of annexation to a popular vote.

Hawaiian loyalists were just as vocal and were unafraid to go “brain to brain” against Morgan. James Kaulia is a prime example. Kaulia, President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League (Hui Aloha `_ina) declared, “The destiny of Hawaii, situated in the mid-Pacific as she is, should be that of an independent nation and so she would be were it not for the policy of greed which pervades the American Legislators and the spirit of cowardice which is in the breasts of those who first consummated the theft of Hawaiian prestige.”

In the style of Shakespear’s Mark Anthony, Kaulia honors the Senator as an honorable representative of that great Government of the U.S., “a good and faithful servant” with the seeming love for God in his heart, who should be the last man to aid, ever so little, in the consummation of a wrong. He than calls upon Morgan, “let us reason together.” Kaulia points to dispatches from ex-American Minister Stevens to his superiors confessing to conspiring with American citizens to overthrow the Hawaiian Government and asking for “wise and bold action” to accomplish the overthrow.

Kaulia asks, “Can the United States in consistency with past principles annex these islands until she has made herself right before the world by undoing everything that this Minister has done?” He reminds Morgan that the protest of Her Majesty Lili`uokalani to the U.S. had still remained unanswered.

“And why this greed for the Hawaiian Islands?” Kaulia writes. “Is it a naval station that is needed? For that it would seem that American home ports are much in need of such protection. Is it a coaling station that is desired? That is obtainable by treaty. Or is it the islands’ wealth that America desires? If so, then America will desire to annex the earth.”

Kaulia closes in saying, “Ask for the voice of Hawaii on this subject - Mr. Senator, and you will hear it with no uncertain tones ring out from Niihau to Hawaii - ‘Independence now and forever.’”

October 8, 1897: Hawaiian loyalists gathered by the thousands to protest the expected annexation to the United States. The gathering was held at Palace Square, today, the area fronting the U.S. Main Post Office and the old Federal Building, directly opposite the coronation stand on `Iolani Palace grounds. This mass meeting was the largest organized protest by Hawaiians against the activities of the Republic of Hawai`i and the United States in taking Hawai`i.

The mass meeting adopted a Memorial addressed to the President, the congress and the American People. In it, Hawaiian citizens, both aboriginal and foreign born, pointed out they were “held in subjection by the armed forces of the Provisional Government of the Hawaiian Islands, and of its successor, the Republic of Hawaii; and have never yielded,” that neither governments had the allegiance or support of the people. Those governments’ very existence were challenged - the Memorial stating, “the Government of the Republic of Hawaii has no warrant for its existence in the support of the people of these Islands; that it was proclaimed and instituted and has hitherto existed and now exists, without considering the rights and wishes of a great majority of the residents, native and foreign born, of the Hawaiian Islands; and especially that said Government exists and maintains itself solely by force of arms, against the rights and wishes of almost the entire aboriginal population of these Islands.”

Cleveland, in his December 18, 1893 message to the joint houses of Congress pointed out that the established practice of the U.S. was to recognize revolutionary government after it became apparent that they were supported by the people, conceding to people of foreign countries the same freedom and independence in the management of their domestic affairs that the U.S. had always claimed for themselves.

The Memorial continued to detail the contradictions of the Republic of Hawai`i with basic principles of governance. It said, for example, that the Republic was not founded upon a basis of popular government, that its constitution had never been submitted to a vote of the people, and that it was that very government with which the U.S. was engaged in agreeing to extinguish the Hawaiian nation’s sovereignty.

The Memorial continued that Hawai`i’s people had a history of democratic participation in government, accustomed to participate in the Constitutional forms of Government, in the election of Legislatures, in the administration of justice through regularly constituted magistrates, courts and juries, and in the representative administration of public affairs, in which the principle of government by majorities had been acknowledged and firmly established.

Contained within this protest was an “appeal to the President, the Congress and the People of the United States, to refrain from further participating in the wrong” and invoked the spirit of “the Declaration of American Independence; and especially the truth therein expressed, that Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed.”

The Memorial declared that the consent of the people of the Hawaiian Islands to the forms of Government imposed by the so-called Republic of Hawaii, and to said proposed Treaty of Annexation, has never been asked by and is not accorded, either to said Government or to said project of Annexation. Annexation would be “subversive of the personal and political rights of these memorialists, and of the Hawaiian people and Nation, and would be a negation of the rights and principles proclaimed in the Declaration of American Independence, in the Constitution of the United States, and in the schemes of government of all other civilized and representative Governments.” 20 November 1897: Hawaiian loyalists send 4 emissaries to Washington, Colonel John Richardson, representing especially the people of Maui, confidant to Queen Lili`uokalani, former Kuhina nui and member of the House of Nobles and House of Representatives, William Auld, high priest of Hale Naua, the secret society of Kal_kaua, who also officiated at the King’s funeral and led the burial procession to Mauna`ala, James Kaulia, President of Hui Aloha`aina and David Kalauokalani, President of Hui Kalai`aina. They gained entrance to the Senate floor through the good offices of Senator R. F. Pettigrew.

U.S. Senate debated the treaty in secret. The Senate was not open to the public or the press! U.S. House of Representatives also debated the treaty although they had no authority in the matter.

By early December, it was obvious that the treaty was stalled in the Senate.

December 1897, the U.S. Battleship Maine was sent to Havana Harbor to “protect U.S. citizens and property.”

By February, 1898, a head count showed that the Senate was not able to pass the Hawai`i annexation treaty. Discussion now moves to a joint resolution of Congress, which brought Texas into the union as a State, [new tactic] might be a way to bring Hawai`i in!

15 February 1898, the battleship Maine explodes and sinks, killing 260 aboard. Sabotage by the Spanish is suggested. The American public is inflamed by the yellow journalism of the William Randolph Hearst newspaper chain. (In 1969, the U.S. Navy determines that the Maine was sunk by a defective boiler exploding.) The U.S. demands immediate withdrawal of Spain from Cuba. Congress affirms Cuba’s independence and states that the U.S. was not acting to secure an empire.

March 1898: McKinley tells Spain to get out of Cuba or else! Spain agrees to U.S. major demands.

20 April 1898: U.S. goes to war with Spain. Adopts joint resolution declaring the recognition of independence of Cuba.

The resolution states in part:
- the Government of the United States does hereby demand, that the Government of Spain at once relinquish its authority and government in the Island of Cuba, and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters.
- the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, directed and empowered to use the entire land and naval forces of the United States, and to call into the actual service of the United States, the militia of the several States, to such extent as may be necessary to carry these resolutions into effect.
- the United States hereby disclaims any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said Islands except for the pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the Island to its people.

1 May 1898: Captain George Dewey sinks Spanish fleet in manila Harbor, Philippines.

4 May 1898: Representative Frances Newlands introduces joint resolution of annexation in House of Representatives. The resolution s ays in part:
Whereas, the Government of the Republic of Hawaii having, in due form, signified its consent, in the manner provided by its constitution, to cede absolutely and without reserve to the United States of America, all rights of sovereignty of whatsoever kind in and over the Hawaiian Islands and their dependencies, and also to cede and transfer to the United States, the absolute fee and ownership of all public, Government, or Crown lands, public buildings or edifices, ports, harbors, military equipment, and all other public property of every kind and description belonging to the Government of the Hawaiian Islands, together with every right and appurtenance thereunto appertaining: Therefore, Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That said cession is accepted, ratified, and confirmed, and that the said Hawaiian Islands and their dependencies be, and they are hereby, annexed as a part of the territory of the United States and are subject to the sovereign dominion thereof, and that all and singular the property and rights hereinbefore mentioned are vested in the United States of America.

1 June 1898 : U.S. troops to Philippines lands in Hawai`i and provision government welcomes them. It also sides with the U.S. in their war with Spain.

15 June 1898: House passed joint resolution 209-91. Sends to the Senate 6 July 1898: A filibuster is attempted by the opponents to annexation but the country is caught in a fervor of war. The Senate passes the joint resolution by mere majority, 42 for, 21 against, 6 others present but not voting. Even at these numbers, the U.S. Constitution is violated for it calls for two/thirds of the Senators present.

7 July 1898: McKinley signs the joint resolution

12 August 1898: Ceremony to pretend the transfer of Sovereignty of Hawai`i to the United States of America. (Note, there may not have been a reciprocal action on the part of the Republic of Hawai`i for annexation via the joint resolution. Remember, it was a treaty of annexation adopted by the Republic of Hawai`i.)

December 1898: Treaty of Paris signed. Peace between Spain and the United States. U.S. subsequently takes Guam, Puerto Rico, Wake Island and Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. They claim not to have taken all of Cuba, but in reality, they shut out the Cuban rebel forces which had brought the fight against the Spaniards there, and brought in U.S. business interests, thus creating a double occupation of military and commercial interests. The required the new Cuban Constitution to permit the U.S. special rights of intervention and a coaling and naval stations in Cuban territory. (Howard Zinn’s A people’s History of the United States (1990) at p. 302-303

For a nation which declared it was not trying to secure an empire before the Spanish American War, by the end of that short 3 month war, the U.S. emerged a major world power with additional territories making up its empire. In the Pacific, it had Hawai`i, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. In the Caribbean, it had Puerto Rico and for all practical purposes, Cuba.

Cleveland writes: Hawai`i is ours. As I look back upon the first steps in this miserable business, and as I contemplate the means used to complete the outrage, I am ashamed of the whole affair.

Sources: Gavan Daw’s Shoal of Time; Rich Budnick, Stolen Kingdom, William Russ, Jr.: The Hawaiian Republic (1894-98), Congressional Records, Howard Zinn’s A people’s History of the United States (1990), Helena G. Allen, The Betrayal of LILI`UOKALANI, 1982.

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IT is necessary now to briefly review the events which had taken place in our absence of about three months abroad. We arrived in Honolulu on the twenty-sixth day of July, 1887. A conspiracy against the peace of the Hawaiian Kingdom had been taking shape since early spring. By the 15th of June, prior to our return, it had assumed a no less definite shape than the overthrow of the monarchy.

For many years our sovereigns had welcomed the advice of, and given full representations in their government and councils to, American residents who had cast in their lot with our people, and established industries on the Islands. As they became wealthy, and acquired titles to lands through the simplicity of our people and their ignorance of values and of the new land laws, their greed and their love of power proportionately increased; and schemes for aggrandizing themselves still further, or for avoiding the obligations which they had incurred to us, began to occupy their minds. So the mercantile element, as embodied in the Chamber of Commerce, the sugar planters, and the proprietors of the "missionary" stores, formed a distinct political party, called the "down-town" party, whose purpose was to minimize or entirely subvert other interests, and especially the prerogatives of the crown, which, based upon ancient custom and the authority of the island chiefs, were the sole guaranty of our nationality. Although settled among us, and drawing their wealth from our resources, they were alien to us in their customs and ideas respecting government, and desired above all things the extension of their power, and to carry out their own special plans of advancement, and to secure their own personal benefit. It may be true that they really believed us unfit to be trusted to administer the growing wealth of the Islands in a safe and proper way. But if we manifested any incompetency, it was in not foreseeing that they would be bound by no obligations, by honor, or by oath of allegiance, should an opportunity arise for seizing our country, and bringing it under the authority of the United States. [...]

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Hawaii is not legally a state!
What Really Happened

It is easy to find the courage necessary to support a moral position if that position benefits oneself. True moral courage, however, is proven when one chooses to support that which is morally and ethically right even when such a position is to one's one detriment.

The people of the United States find themselves in such a position right now, forced to choose between a moral and ethical position that carries with it the potential for "inconvenience", or supporting the status quo and having to admit to themselves that they are not the champions of justice they imagine themselves to be. By the end of this article, you will know for yourself which one you are.

Most folks have heard that Hawaii is a state, one of the United States of America. Most people, including those who live in Hawaii, accept that statement as a fact.

But the reality is that in a world in which nations are as bound by the rule of laws as are the citizens of nations (if not more so), the truth is quite different!

The truth is that each and every step along Hawaii's path from sovereign and independent nation, to annexed territory, to state, was done in violation of laws and treaties then in effect, without regard to the wishes of the Hawaiian people. Many people, including President Grover Cleveland, opposed the annexation of Hawaii.

But in the end, simple greed and military interest overrode any concerns or moral right and legality. Hawaii's legitimate government was toppled using threat of American military force. Hawaii was stolen from her people for the benefit of wealthy American plantation owners and military interests, and the justifications for the crime were invented after-the-fact.

Hawaii's government was overthrown on Jan. 17, 1893, by a relatively small group of men, most of them American by birth or heritage, who seized control of the Islands with the backing of American troops sent ashore from a warship in Honolulu Harbor. To this "superior force of the United States of America," Queen Lili`uokalani yielded her throne, under protest, in order to avoid bloodshed, trusting that the United States government would right the wrong that had been done to her and the Hawaiian people.

Who were this group of American men and why did they overthrow the government? Sugar! [...]

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Search U.S. Military U.S. Military U.S. Military Major Bases and Installations: Hawaii

Major Installations


Navy & Marine Corps

Air Force

Coast Guard

Comment: There are currently 90,000 military personnel on the Hawaiian Islands including dependents. The state's total population is 1,211,537. That means US military personnel account for approximately 7.4% of the population.

6.6% of the population identify themselves as native Hawaiian.

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NEW! 9/11: The Ultimate Truth is Available for Pre-Order!

On the fourth anniversary of the September 11th attacks, Laura Knight-Jadczyk announces the availability of her latest book:

In the years since the 9/11 attacks, dozens of books have sought to explore the truth behind the official version of events that day - yet to date, none of these publications has provided a satisfactory answer as to WHY the attacks occurred and who was ultimately responsible for carrying them out.

Taking a broad, millennia-long perspective, Laura Knight-Jadczyk's 9/11: The Ultimate Truth uncovers the true nature of the ruling elite on our planet and presents new and ground-breaking insights into just how the 9/11 attacks played out.

9/11: The Ultimate Truth makes a strong case for the idea that September 11, 2001 marked the moment when our planet entered the final phase of a diabolical plan that has been many, many years in the making. It is a plan developed and nurtured by successive generations of ruthless individuals who relentlessly exploit the negative aspects of basic human nature to entrap humanity as a whole in endless wars and suffering in order to keep us confused and distracted to the reality of the man behind the curtain.

Drawing on historical and genealogical sources, Knight-Jadczyk eloquently links the 9/11 event to the modern-day Israeli-Palestinian conflict. She also cites the clear evidence that our planet undergoes periodic natural cataclysms, a cycle that has arguably brought humanity to the brink of destruction in the present day.

For its no nonsense style in cutting to the core of the issue and its sheer audacity in refusing to be swayed or distracted by the morass of disinformation that has been employed by the Powers that Be to cover their tracks, 9/11: The Ultimate Truth can rightly claim to be THE definitive book on 9/11 - and what that fateful day's true implications are for the future of mankind.

Published by Red Pill Press

Scheduled for release in October 2005, readers can pre-order the book today at our bookstore.

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