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Fri, 18 Jan 2019
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At least another 4 killed by landslides caused by heavy rain in the Philippines

Mud and rock block a highway in Sta. Elena town, Camarines Norte.
© Sta. Elena MDRRMO
Mud and rock block a highway in Sta. Elena town, Camarines Norte.
At least 4 people were killed in 2 landslides in Camarines Norte, the province's governor said on Sunday after the onslaught of tropical depression Usman.

Governor Edgardo Tallado said they are still having difficulties gathering reports from some towns because power lines are still out after the storm brought rains that flooded parts of the province.

Local disaster officials earlier reported landslides in the towns of Sta. Elena and Labo. Authorities said they are still clearing mud and rock scattered on the roads in these areas.

Tallado said key thoroughfares, like the Maharlika Highway, also remain impassable due to floods. He said at least 70 percent of Daet City, the province's capital, has been affected by floodwater.

Comment: Other reports of similar events from the same country in the last 2 days: Landslide during heavy rain leaves 2 dead, 4 missing in Sorsogon City, Philippines

Landslide triggered by heavy rain kills 3 in eastern Philippines

Bizarro Earth

Coastal Peru and Cuba hit with huge freak waves triggering floods, damage and evacuations

unexpected giant sea waves

Giant waves engulf coastal Peru and Cuba triggering flooding and damage.
In two separate but dramatic incidents, huge waves hit coastal Peru and Cuba on December 21-22, 2018, causing damage and triggering evacuations in both countries. The same 'enormous wave' phenomenon was also reported in Ecuador, Panama Colombia and Florida. Weird no?

Huge waves in Peru

Dozens of holiday makers had the fear of their lives as anomalous and enormous waves suddenly engulfed several coastal cities near Mancora, in the region of Piura, Peru, on December 22, 2018.

According to witnesses, the waves reached up to 50 meters in height at around 4pm as explained in the description of the video below. I would say 5 meters is more reality-based:

Comment: Giant destructive waves are showing up without any seismic activity or severe weather as an explanation. The Indonesian tsunami was attributed to a massive landslide on the underwater slope of the Child of Krakatoa volcano as it began erupting with little warning. Are there sinkholes occurring in the ocean beds we have no way of detecting?

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Landslide during heavy rain leaves 2 dead, 4 missing in Sorsogon City, Philippines

© Bulan Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office
Two people died and 4 were declared missing after a landslide occurred in Barangay Osiao, Sorsogon City on Saturday, amid heavy rains caused by a lingering weather disturbance.

The province's disaster-mitigation office identified those killed as Gilbert Desunia and Gerald Despabiladeras.

Those who remain missing at the time this story was posted were Dominador Esquivel, Leonel Diaz, Magno Diaz, and Franklin Olavere.

Meanwhile, four were admitted at the Sorsogon Provincial Hospital — Mark Diolata, John Carlo Lorill, John Robert Marcaida, and Arjay Dulpina.

Comment: A day earlier in the same region another landslide triggered by heavy rain killed 3 people.

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Landslide triggered by heavy rain kills 3 in eastern Philippines

Heavy rains triggered a landslide
© Grace Carrascal
Heavy rains triggered a landslide
At least 3 people died in the Philippines on Friday, as heavy rains caused by tropical storm "Usman" lashed the Bicol region and parts of the Visayas islands, triggerig landslides.

Reports said overnight heavy rains in Albay caused a landslide that killed the three — Mauro, 26, and 3-year-old Marco Allegre as well as 20-year-old Mia Loreto — in the village of San Francisco in the city.

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) reported that eight road sections in the Bicol region and Eastern Visayas have been closed to all types of vehicles as the low pressure area (formerly known as Tropical Depression "Usman") continues to affect parts of the country.

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Japan saw record 3,451 rain- and quake-induced mudslide disasters in 2018, three times higher than annual average

A record 3,451 mudslide disasters occurred in 2018 due to torrential rains and a powerful earthquake in Hokkaido, land ministry data showed Wednesday.

The preliminary figure, covering all prefectures apart from Ibaraki, Tochigi and Tokyo, is the highest since comparable data became available in 1982 and more than three times higher than the annual average of 1,015 through 2017, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism said.

With concerns growing about an increase in downpours and typhoons linked to global warming, the government plans to enhance disaster preparedness for people living in areas prone to natural disasters by raising awareness of the potential hazards they may face.

Arrow Up

Indonesia 'volcano tsunami': Grim search for survivors continues as death toll reaches 430, almost 22,000 displaced after Krakatoa erupts - UPDATE

Carita beach in South Sumatra, Indonesia
© SEMI/AFP/Getty Images
Residents inspect the damage to their homes on Carita beach in South Sumatra, Indonesia, after the area was hit by a tsunami that may have been caused by the Anak Krakatoa volcano.
At least 168 people died and hundreds more injured when a tsunami apparently triggered by an erupting Mount Krakatoa hit beaches around Sunda Strait in Indonesia on Saturday night.

The waves were apparently triggered by a combination of underwater landslides caused by the eruption of Mount Krakatoa and an abnormal tidal surge due to a new moon, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the national disaster agency spokesman, said.

He said dozens of buildings were destroyed by the wave, which hit beaches in South Sumatra and the western tip of Java about 9.30 pm local time on Saturday.

Mr Nugroho later said the death toll had risen to 168, with 745 injured and 30 missing. "This number will continue to rise considering not all places have been checked," he added.

Endan Permana, head of the agency in Pandeglang, told Metro TV police were providing immediate assistance to victims in Tanjung Lesung in Banten province, a popular tourist getaway not far from the capital, Jakarta, as emergency workers had not arrived in the area yet.

"Many are missing," Permana said.


UPDATE: On Dec. 24th the Guardian reports:
The spokesman for Indonesia's natural disaster agency has said the country must develop a new tsunami early warning system, as the death toll from Saturday's tragedy rose to more than 280.

Hundreds of military personnel and volunteers spent Monday scouring debris-strewn beaches in search of survivors as experts warned of more tsunamis following the volcanic eruption that caused the deadly wave in western Java.

On Monday morning, the nation's disaster agency said 281 people had died and at least 1,016 people were injured. More than 600 homes were damaged, as well as 60 shops and 420 vessels.

The tsunami was believed to have been caused by the eruption of the Anak Krakatau volcano, which partially collapsed, creating an underwater landslide.

Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the head spokesman for the agency, said Indonesia had no early warning system for landslides or volcanic eruptions.

indonesia tsunami map
© BBC/google
"The current early warning system is for earthquake activity," he wrote on Twitter. "Indonesia must build an early warning system for tsunamis that are generated by underwater landslides & volcanic eruptions...[Landslides] triggered the 1992 Maumere tsunami and the Palu 2018 tsunami."

He also said Indonesia's tsunami buoy network had "not been operational since 2012".

"Vandalism, a limited budget, and technical damage mean there were no tsunami buoys at this time. They need to be rebuilt to strengthen the Indonesian tsunami early warning system."

The death toll is expected to rise as 57 people were still missing on Monday. Sixteen-hundred people have also been displaced.

Dody Ruswandi, a senior official at the disaster agency, added that the rescue effort was likely to last a week.
Drone footage shows damage caused by Indonesian tsunami:

The BBC reports:
It is not clear at this stage whether part of the flank of the volcano has collapsed with material entering the sea and pushing water ahead of it, or if movement on the flank has triggered a rapid slump in sediment under the water surface.

The latter at this stage appears to be the emerging consensus, but the effect is the same - the water column is disturbed and waves propagate outwards.

Were there danger signs before the tsunami?

Anak Krakatau has seen increased activity in recent months. Indonesia's geological agency says the volcano erupted for two minutes and 12 seconds on Friday, creating an ash cloud that rose 400 metres above the mountain.

It recommended that no-one be allowed within 2km (1.2 miles) of the crater.

After the tsunami struck, there was confusion over what had actually happened, with Indonesian disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho initially reporting it as a tidal surge.

He later apologised for his mistake, saying there had been confusion because there was no earthquake.

High seas as a result of the full moon might have contributed to the strength of the waves, the disaster management agency said.

The proximity of the volcano to the coast gave authorities very little time to act, Professor David Rothery from The Open University told AFP news agency.

"Tsunami warning buoys are positioned to warn of tsunamis originated by earthquakes at underwater tectonic plate boundaries," he said.

"Even if there had been such a buoy right next to Anak Krakatau, this is so close to the affected shorelines that warning time would have been minimal given the high speeds at which tsunami waves travel."

Adding to the anxiety on Sunday, a tsunami warning went off by mistake, causing widespread panic as people scrambled to reach shelters. A technical error is suspected.
Update: Zero Hedge reports death toll has climbed to 373, 1,400 Wounded:
As expected, the death toll from Saturday night's devastating tsunami in the Sunda Strait has nearly doubled over the past day as Indonesia authorities have expanded their efforts to recover the dead and save any injured found alive. According to the latest count, the death toll has climbed to 373 from 222, with 1,400 injured, according to the Washington Times.
Body bags were laid out along the shattered coastline as Indonesian authorities stepped up efforts to collect the dead and save the injured Monday in the aftermath of a tsunami that was apparently triggered by a volcanic eruption. The death toll climbed to 373 and was certain to rise.

More than 1,400 people were injured and at least 128 were missing after the killer waves slammed into western Java and southern Sumatra without warning Saturday night, smashing homes to pieces and sweeping locals and Christmastime tourists into the sea.
Hundreds of military personnel and volunteers brought in by the government and international charities are searching the beaches of Sumatra and Java that were impacted by the wave.
tsunami krakatoa indonesia
tsunami krakatoa indonesia

Rescuers look for survivors
From the Daily Mail:
Dramatic aerial footage has emerged of the moment Mount Anak Krakatoa erupted as a pilot flew overhead to inspect the devastation below.

Footage taken from the cockpit of the plane shows the volcano spewing enormous walls of grey ash and lava into the ocean, sending thick clouds into the air.

Government sources say the tsunami, which has killed at least 281 and injured over 1000, was caused by an underwater landslide triggered by volcanic activity.

The volcano had been erupting spewing ash and lava intermittently since June and has been considered active since 1927.

Mount Anak Krakatoa is one of 76 active volcanoes in Indonesia.

National Disaster Management Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said there was a chance of another tsunami.
tsunami Krakatoa indonesia
© Alex Cox/DailyMail
'Recommendations from [the] Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysical Agency are that people should not carry out activities on the beach and stay away from the coast for a while,' he said.

It has also emerged a large chunk of the volcano's south slope may have fallen into the ocean a matter of minutes before the eruption.

Seismologists say it's currently too dangerous to take sonar imaging of below the water's surface to determine the exact cause of the tsunami.
tsunami krakatoa indonesia
© Reuters
fears are growing that constant eruptions at the mountain - dubbed Anak Krakatau, the Child of Krakatao - could trigger further tsunamis.
Scientists believe the reason why no warning signal was put out for the local population may have been because the tsunami was triggered by a volcano not an earthquake.

The Anak Krakatoa volcano erupted at about 9pm Saturday local time, triggering an underwater landslide and the ensuing tsunami.

Sixty-four hectares of the southwest side of the volcano collapsed in the eruption.

The tsunami hit between the islands of Java and Sumatra at about 9.30pm that night, destroying more than 600 homes, nine hotels, 60 food stalls and more than 400 boats.
UPDATE: On Dec. 26th CNN reports:

Experts warn a second wave could strike the Indonesia coast
© PA
Experts warn a second wave could strike the Indonesia coast, just days after a monster tsunami killed more the 400 people.
The desperate search continues Wednesday for survivors of a tsunami which struck parts of western Indonesia, as the country marks the 14-year anniversary of its 2004 Sumatra tragedy -- one of the most devastating ever recorded.

At least 430 people were killed Saturday when the tsunami -- sparked by landslides from an erupting volcano -- swept through the Sunda Strait, leaving about 1,500 injured and almost 22,000 displaced in villages on the Java and Sumatra coasts, officials said Wednesday.

Dozens of people are still missing. The Indonesia Red Cross said Wednesday that it was sending emergency aid to the affected area, with 400 staff and volunteers supporting search and rescue efforts.

"Most survivors have been huddling in temporary shelters away from the shore, but have started to emerge to search for loved ones and assess damage to their property," said Arifin M. Hadi, head of disaster management at the Indonesian Red Cross.

"Our teams are seeing many broken bones and broken homes, and people who are very shaken. Indonesians have withstood a string of disasters this year and with them, so much loss and misery."

Arrow Down

Landslide kills 5 dead following torrential rain in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Four women and a child died when a landslide flattened their houses after heavy rain in Bukavu in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, local sources said on Saturday.

"Five dead bodies have been found in Kadutu commune after a landslip following torrential rain" overnight, local civil representative Hypocrate Marume told AFP.

He said the victims were four women and a small boy - a tally confirmed by mayor Munyole Kashama - adding searches for further bodies were under way.

Kashama said at least four people had been injured.

A landslide last year killed 40 people in a fishing village in the northeastern region of Ituri.

Source: AFP

Cloud Precipitation

45,000 people hit by flash floods in northern Sri Lanka - 14 inches of rainfall overnight

Over 45,000 people from nearly 14,000 families have been hit by flash floods triggered by heavy rains in Sri Lanka's Northern Province.

No deaths or disappearances have been reported so far, disaster management officials said on Sunday. The five affected districts are Mullaithivu, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vavuniya and Jaffna.

Some areas in the affected districts received more than 350 mm of rainfall last night, causing flash floods.

The officials said over 8,500 people have been sheltered in 52 welfare camps.

The search and rescue teams have been mobilised together with boats.

Cloud Precipitation

Havana hit by severe floods

Huge waves have broken through Havana's sea wall, flooding the streets of the Cuban capital in scenes unknown in living memory.

Lashed by heavy rains and winds in excess of 110 kph, residents of ground floor apartments have been moved upstairs, and many people deemed at risk have been evacuated.

The last comparable weather to hit Cuba was 2017's Hurricane Irma.

The weather has been brought by an extratropical low pushing through parts of the southeastern corner of the United States before ramming into Cuba. Flooding has already extended inland in parts.

Cloud Precipitation

Record rainfall! North Carolina city hits 100 inches of rain for 2018

woman with umbrella
© photos.com
It's a milestone the Port City probably didn't want to reach.

But Saturday morning, Wilmington surpassed 100 inches of rain for 2018.

"As of 9 a.m., Wilmington, NC, has measured 100″ of rain for 2018!" the National Weather Service's Wilmington office posted on its Facebook page Saturday morning.

The city, which measures its official rainfall at the Wilmington International Airport, averages 57.6 inches of rain a year -- a mark that was surpassed in August even before Hurricane Florence slammed into Southeastern North Carolina.

The previous record of 83.65 inches of rain that stood for over 140 years was broken on September 16th during Florence.

"It's a milestone not many cities in our area reach," said Victoria Olivia, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Wilmington. "It's staggering. And it's a record we hope stands for another 140 years."

This is the third time a Southeastern U.S. city has ever broached the 100-inch mark, according to a Weather Channel meteorologist. According to the Weather Channel's Mike Seidel, Tallahassee recorded 104.18 inches in 1964 and New Orleans reached 102.37 inches in 1991.