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Mon, 26 Feb 2018
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Volcanoes

Attention

New eruption at Kadovar Island volcano in Papua New Guinea

Ash plumes rise from the volcano on Kadovar Island in the South Pacific.
© Brenton-James Glover
Ash plumes rise from the volcano on Kadovar Island in the South Pacific.
An island volcano in Papua New Guinea erupted again Sunday, sending plumes of steam and ash into the air.

Thousands of people have been evacuated from islands surrounding Kadovar Island off the South Pacific nation's north coast since the volcano there began erupting on Jan. 5. Flights nearby have been canceled due to the risk posed by ash plumes and ships were warned to stay away from the island.

Experts warned last week that seismic activity beneath the volcano meant that a major eruption could be imminent.

Prime Minister Peter O'Neill has previously said state resources were being made available to support evacuations and he has warned northern coastal communities to be alert for possible tsunamis.

Attention

Mud volcano erupts in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan

mud volcano

Mud volcano
A mud volcano erupted in Gushchu village of Azerbaijan's Shamakhi district.

The volcano began to erupt yesterday at about 1:00am in the village of Gushchu and to this day the process of eruption continues, APA's local bureau reported.

Villager Adam Yusifov told APA that local residents were awakened by the sound of the volcano.

"During the eruption of the volcano, mud lava rose to a height of about 10 meters and spread to a territory of 1.5 hectares. Flow of mud is continuing. A smell of gas is reported across of the area. The last time this volcano erupted in 2005," said the villager.

There are about 15 houses in the distance of 20-30 meters from the eruption site. The houses were not damaged.

Binoculars

Over 30,000 evacuated as Mayon Volcano threatens to erupt in Philippines

Mayon volcano
© AP Photo/Earl Recamunda
Lava cascades down the slopes of Mayon volcano as seen from Legazpi city, Albay province, around 340 kilometers (210 miles) southeast of Manila, Philippines, Monday, Jan. 15, 2018.
More than 30,000 people have been ordered to evacuate their homes as the Philippines' most active volcano spews lava, sparking fears it may be about to erupt.

Glowing lava and ash clouds have begun to emir from Mount Mayon in Albay province, about 340 kilometers (210 miles) southeast of Manila.

Officials ordered at least 34,038 people to evacuate amid fears that it may suddenly explode in a full eruption of deadly molten lava.

Police checkpoints have been set up to turn away curious tourists or residents trying to get into the danger zone reaching around 6 to 7 kilometers (3.7 to 4.3 miles) around Mayon.

"They say it's beauty juxtaposed with danger," Office of Civil Defense regional director Claudio Yucot said.

Residents from at least two cities and six towns were told to leave, with many forced to move into temporary shelters set up in schools.

Lava has already flowed as far as two kilometers (1.2 miles) from Mount Mayon tips, while an ash cloud shrouded the top of the volcano.

Albay officials declared a state of calamity in the province of more than a million people to allow more rapid disbursement of disaster funds.


Comment: Mayon Volcano in Philippines spews ash, threatens major eruption

Today (January 17), that number is approaching 40,000:
Mount Mayon, the most active volcano in the Philippines, continued to erupt on Tuesday forcing nearly 40,000 people to evacuate, according to the Philippine National Risk Reduction and Management Council.

While the recent eruptions have been relatively weak, scientists warn that they could turn explosive at any time, according to the Associated Press.

A thick ash cloud around the volcano has made monitoring its eruptions difficult and also caused ash to settle on nearby villages.



Attention

Thousands flee as Mayon volcano erupts in Philippines

Mayon volcano in the Philippines could explode in the next few days, spraying lava, hot rocks and gases as fast as 60mph on to surrounding towns

Mayon volcano in the Philippines could explode in the next few days, spraying lava, hot rocks and gases as fast as 60mph on to surrounding towns
Thousands fled their homes in terror as lava oozed from a rumbling Philippine volcano today - as experts warned this 'quiet eruption' could lead to a hazardous in the next few days, spewing lava and hot rocks at 60mph.

Lava is slowly flowing out of the Mayon volcano's crater along with a spectacular 1,000 metre (3,280 foot) ash plume rising into the sky, the nation's volcanology institute said.

More than 12,000 people have been ordered to evacuated from a seven kilometre (four mile) danger zone around the crater, as officials warned them of potentially destructive mudflows and toxic clouds.

It is considered the nation's most active volcano


Info

Expedition reports findings from Havre Volcano in south Pacific Ocean, site of major 2012 underwater eruption

Remotely operated vehicle
© Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
A remotely operated vehicle (ROV) lands on the seafloor at Havre submarine volcano to retrieve a heat flow monitor.
The first close quarters investigation of what was possibly the largest underwater volcanic eruption in modern history has uncovered a carpet of pumice rocks, some as big as motor vehicles, and unexpected ocean-bed lava flows.

In a paper published in the journal Science Advances, a research team led by the University of Tasmania in Australia and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in the US report on the use of two autonomous underwater vehicles to explore the aftermath of the eruption of the 2012 Harve volcano, which lies between New Zealand and American Samoa in the southwest Pacific Ocean.

The volcano blew on July 18, 2012, an event noted only when passengers on an airliner flying above the Kermadec Islands (of which Harve is an underwater component) noticed a huge number of pumice rocks floating on the surface of the ocean. The raft of rocks eventually covered almost 400 square kilometres.

Three years later, the joint Australian-US expedition headed to the blast site.

Comment: That right there is the real source of 'ocean acidification', increased CO2 and methane levels, and increased temperatures. The sea floor is literally opening up all over the place.


Binoculars

Mayon Volcano in Philippines spews ash, threatens major eruption

Mayon volcano
© Erik de Castro / Reuters
FILE PHOTO: Clouds partially covers the Mayon volcano
The Mayon volcano in the Philippines has spewed ash several times over the weekend, forcing authorities to evacuate two villages in its vicinity and raise the threat level, warning of potential "hazardous magmatic eruptions."

"The public is strongly advised to be vigilant and desist from entering the six kilometer (3.7 mile) radius Permanent Danger Zone to minimize risks from sudden explosions, rockfall and landslides," the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) announced on Sunday.

The volcano, located in Albay province of central Philippines, first spewed ash on Saturday afternoon and again on Sunday morning. Since the eruptions, a "faint crater glow" has been observed, while the "rockfall events have been intermittently recorded and are continuing," the agency added.


Attention

Very strong explosion seen at Stromboli volcano in Italy

map italy
Reports are coming of an explosion at the Stromboli volcano on the Italian island of Ginostra, below is a report translated from Italian...

A very strong explosion seems to have occurred on the Stromboli volcano last night around 21:00 local time, friends of ours who are currently on the island of Ginostra, Italy reported.

Thomas H. who at the time was in a house near the port (east side of island) wrote: "Last night, around 9pm, a very large detonation occurred at the mountain and the night sky was bright as day, even the window facing the sea towards the east was lit up... my girlfriend believed to hear rumblings from falling rocks, while I suspected this to be rather the sound of strong rain."

Arrow Up

Little-known 2012 volcanic eruption was actually the largest in over a century say scientists

An echosounder image showing the undersea volcano called Havre Seamount
© NIWA/GNS Science.
An echosounder image showing the undersea volcano called Havre Seamount, including a new cone that formed during the July 2012 eruption.
In July 2012, geologists noted the eruption of a previously little-known volcanic area called Havre Seamount, located off the coast of New Zealand. Now, after analyzing the data more thoroughly, they say it was one of the largest eruptions in modern history - we just didn't realize it because it took place underwater.

The eruption of the Havre Seamount was not initially noticed by scientists. Havre Seamount was only discovered in 2002, and researchers weren't even aware that the area was volcanic. But as it erupted, it offered passengers on an airline flight over the Southwest Pacific an unusual display: a raft of porous, floating rock (known as pumice), as big as 150 square miles - that's 50% bigger than the surface of Paris.

Maggie de Grau was a passenger on that flight. Like many others on that plane, she took photos of the strange phenomenon, which she proceeded to email to Dr. Scott Bryan, a senior research fellow at Queensland University of Technology. The raft grew even more, and Bryan contacted some of his colleagues, ultimately discovering that a few military pilots had also witnessed the event days and weeks after the eruption. An officer in the Royal Australian Navy was quoted as saying that it was "the weirdest thing [he had] seen in 18 years at sea." It was at that point that scientists knew they had something much bigger on their hands.

"We knew it was a large-scale eruption, approximately equivalent to the biggest eruption we've seen on land in the 20th Century," said Rebecca Carey, a volcanologist at University of Tasmania and Co-Chief Scientist on the expedition.

Comment: Back in 2015 off the US North West coast, a submarine volcano named 'Axial Seamount' erupted stunning scientists.

With increased volcanic activity on land (connected with a minute slowdown in planetary rotation) a comparable escalation of their underwater counterparts seems logical.


Attention

Ashes from Shiveluch volcano in Russia reached the stratosphere

Shiveluch Volcano

Shiveluch Volcano
The Shiveluch Volcano of Kamchatka has ejected a pylon of ash 11 kilometers above sea level, TASS reportedly referring to Russian vulcanologists. The announcement is made by scientists from the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Group of the Institute of Volcanology and Seismic Activity of the Far Eastern Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Disposal took place on Wednesday morning. The height of the volcano itself is 3283 m. The ash has spread to the northeast at a distance of 32 km.

There are no populated areas, but for aviation in the area is marked with red code. Scientists say eruptions at a height of 10 or more kilometers can happen at any moment.


Attention

Kadovar eruption: Sleeping volcano in Papua New Guinea awakes

Kadovar Island

Kadovar Island
Two dinghies from Kopar village in Angoram district have been sent out to assist in evacuating the more than 500 people on Kadovar Island, East Sepik Province.

This follows the eruption of a sleeping volcano, which erupted at least 16 hours ago.

Kopar councillor Tom Kelly told this newsroom that the boats were sent out as soon as they noticed that something was wrong. However, the boats are yet to return.

Kopar is the nearest island - at least a thirty-minute boat ride to Kadovar.

Kelly said at the moment, thick clouds can be seen from the island, and the clouds are darker and increasing at an alarming rate.

He said they are yet to receive a response from the disaster office or government.


Comment: See also this report update about 7 hours later: Kadovar situation has worsened:
Wewak District Administrator Ricky Wobar says the situation on Kadovar Island has worsened.

He made the statement after flying to assess the situation on the island with the Samaritan Aviation, where they observed lava coming out of the once dormant volcano.

There was no evidence of inhabitants where it was hoped that they have all been moved to the nearby islands.

Wobar said they are planning another gathering around 7pm tonight to come up with strategies to address this catastrophe.

Relevant authorities, including the police and defence force, have also been notified.

According to locals, the volcano on Kadovar Island, believed to be dormant for decades, started billowing smoke yesterday at around midday.

Kadovar Island
© Ricky Wobar
Kadovar Island