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Blue Planet

Rare mud volcano erupts in New Zealand, throws large rocks 50 metres away

mud volcano

Murry Cave: The mud volcano on Monowai Station spewed large rocks 50metres.
A mud volcano that burst to the surface on a farm near Gisborne threw large rocks 50 metres and is continuing to "bubble away", 10 days after it erupted.

Gisborne District Council scientist Murry Cave​ said the mud volcano appeared on Monowai Station in the head of the Waimata Valley, about 25km north of Gisborne, about 7.45pm on December 10.

"It was accompanied by a sound that the landowners initially thought was thunder," Cave said.

He said mud volcanoes were a natural but rare phenomenon in New Zealand, and Gisborne/Tairawhiti had quite a few. This latest one is about 2km from the last mud volcano eruption in the area, which occurred in December 2018.

Comment: Other mud volcanoes in the news in the last few years:


Fire

Indonesia's Semeru Volcano erupts again prompting evacuation

Mount Semeru
Indonesia's Mount Semeru, the highest peak on the island of Java and an active volcano, awoke on 4 December, spewing a plume of smoke high into the air with fast-moving currents of hot gas and ash rolling down the hillside, swallowing nearby villages.

Early Sunday morning, Indonesia's Semeru volcano erupted, spewing a 2 km high column of ash into the sky.

According to Reuters, authorities announced an evacuation of everyone living nearby.


Phoenix

With just weeks to go until 2022, the Ring of Fire is suddenly ROARING to life

Ring of Fire
Why are so many earthquake swarms suddenly happening all along the Ring of Fire? For those that don't know, the Ring of Fire is a series of fault zones that run roughly along the perimeter of the Pacific Ocean. 75 percent of the Earth's active volcanoes are located within the Ring of Fire, and it accounts for more than 80 percent of all global earthquakes. So the fact that the Ring of Fire is starting to become so active should definitely trouble us all.

As I write this, we are less than three weeks away from 2022.

And as I have expressed on numerous occasions, I have such a bad feeling about 2022.

So many pieces of the puzzle are starting to come together, and that includes an alarming rise in seismic activity.

Let me start by discussing what just happened in Oregon. Starting last Tuesday and continuing through Wednesday, we witnessed a very strange swarm of earthquakes along the Blanco Fault Zone...

Fire

Residents flee massive ash cloud from erupting Semeru volcano in Indonesia - At least 39 dead (UPDATES)

Mount Semeru: Indonesia volcano erupts sending ash '40,000ft into sky' as locals flee

Mount Semeru: Indonesia volcano erupts sending ash '40,000ft into sky' as locals flee
A volcano erupted on the Indonesian island of Java on Saturday, reportedly obscuring the sun with a massive cloud of ash, and sending locals into a panic.

A clip on social media has captured people, who live at the foot of Semeru volcano, fleeing in fear ahead of a cloud of black ash descending from the 3,676-meter-tall mountain.

The author of the footage is heard shouting "Allahu Akbar" (God is great) in face of this truly apocalyptic sight.


Comment: Update: TASS reported on December 6:
At least 22 people died and 20 more are reported missing after Mount Semeru, a volcano on Indonesia's Java island, erupted, a spokesman for the local emergencies agencies told the DetikNews portal on Monday.

"Rescuers found more dead bodies, so, the overall death toll has reached 22," he said, adding that five bodies have not yet been identified.


The local authorities said earlier that at least 27 local residents were reported missing after the volcano spewed ash on December 4. More than 50 people were injured.

Semeru, the highest mount on Java, is one of Indonesia's nearly 130 active volcanoes.

Update 2: Devdiscourse.com reported on December 8:
Death toll from Indonesia's Semeru volcano eruption rises to 39

The death toll from the eruption of Semeru volcano in Indonesia's island of Java has risen to 39 and 105 others were injured, the Lumajang District Disaster Management Agency said on Wednesday. "A total of 23 people were seriously injured, and 82 others slightly wounded," the agency's head of the rehabilitation and reconstruction division Joko Sambang said, adding that the injured are receiving medical treatment in nearby health facilities.

In addition, thousands of houses were damaged by the volcanic ash and many people have been evacuated to safer places.Sambang said that the evacuation process was very difficult due to the hot volcanic ash. Semeru volcano erupted on Saturday at 3:20 p.m. local time with the worst hit areas in Pronojiwo sub-district. (ANI/Xinhua)



Attention

Iceland raises alert level for Grímsvötn volcano after deformation, glacial flooding, and rise in earthquakes

Grímsvötn volcano iceland
© Euronews
The Grímsvötn is located in a remote area of central Iceland.
Iceland has raised its eruption alert level for the country's most active volcano, Grímsvötn, after several recent earthquakes.

Authorities said on Monday that one of the nearby quakes was recorded at a magnitude of 3.6.

But although seismic activity had increased, officials say they have not detected any tremors that have caused a surge in underground magma.

The volcano last erupted in 2011, generating a major ash cloud that partially disrupted air traffic across Europe and cancelled 900 flights.

Comment: On the 4th December, Volcano Discovery reported on the glacial flooding at Grimsvötn:
The meltwater rate has been increasing since the last update. The IMO's hydrologists measured 1600 cubic meters per second at 10:15 and 12:20 local time today in Gígjukvísl.

The latest measurements confirm estimated forecasts and if continue to be in line with them, the glacial flood will likely reach its peak on Sunday. Based on the latest data, the maximum discharge rate is expected to be about 4000 m3/s.
Grímsvötn volcano iceland
© IMO
Eastern view from Skeiðarárjökull glacier where meltwater flow runs from Grimsvötn
The ice sheet has continued to drop and reached already about 27 m in total subsidence.

Higher-than-usual gas emissions levels have been detected at the glacier rim of the volcano.

Recent eruptions at the volcano occurred every 5-10 years and based on current measurements and observations, volcanologists agree that an impending eruption is highly expected.
The following tweets, translated by Twitter, show the flooding, deformation, and melt at Grimsvötn volcano:
'The water that was under the glacier that covers the volcano Grímsvötn , began to come out. A Jökulhlaup began to be created that rose more than 4 m, it is a matter of days before we begin to see columns of steam and ash in the main crater.'


1st Tweet: 'The last flyby of the ice cap at Vatnajökull shows that part of the ice sheet covering the volcano's craters Grímsvötn is collapsing. The volcanic danger traffic light has been raised to orange due to the recent earthquakes and collapses.'

2nd post: 'The boiler limits of Grímsvötn also show shear and collapse effects. After the water comes out, the volcanic system is losing pressure which may generate an eruption in the next few days, creating plumes of steam and ash.'


Whilst Grímsvötn volcano may be considered to erupt with some regularity, this comes amidst an uptick of seismic and volcanic activity elsewhere in Iceland, as well as across much of the planet: Also check out SOTT radio's: As well as SOTTs monthly documentary SOTT Earth Changes Summary - October 2021: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs




Info

Scientists racing to Canary Island volcano to study it

Cumbre Vieja volcano
© Emilio Morenatti/ AP
Scientists with the Canary Islands' volcanology institute, Involcan, inspect as the lava flows from a volcano on the Canary island of La Palma, Spain, Saturday, Oct. 30, 2021.
As a volcano continues to spew hot lava on a little island in Spain, scientists from around the world are racing to the area to study and learn about the rare eruption.

The Cumbre Vieja volcano has been erupting since September on La Palma, a small island in the Canary Islands of Spain. So far, nearly 1,150 buildings and surrounding land has been destroyed, according to Reuters.

According to an analysis by The Associated Press, volcanic eruptions to this degree are incredibly rare, occurring once, or at most twice, in a generation in the Canary Islands. Parts of the Canary Islands are actually still growing, as magma accumulates underneath and, as is happening in La Palma, lava peninsulas are forming beyond the coastline.

The Smithsonian Institution estimates there are currently 48 volcanoes currently in "continuing eruption status" worldwide.

In order to help ease the devastation the Cumbre Vieja volcano continues to cause, scientists are flocking to La Palma to study the eruption up close. They're hoping to learn how volcanoes form, develop and how and when they stop erupting.

Attention

'Weak explosion' & unusual seismic signals recorded at Mount Pinatubo - last erupted in 1991, considered 2nd largest eruption of the 20th century

Pinatubo
© INQUIRER
FILE - The crater lake formed after Mt. Pinatubo erupted in 1991, shown in this file photo, has become a major attraction for outdoor enthusiasts, with trails opened in Tarlac and Zambales provinces.
A "weak explosion" was recorded at Mt. Pinatubo on Tuesday, said the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.

In its latest bulletin, Phivolcs said the explosion was recorded between 12:09 p.m. and 12:13 p.m.

"The event produced a plume that was detected by the Himawari-8 Satellite and reported to Phivolcs by the Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center," said Phivolcs.

Info

'Volcanic winter' likely contributed to ecological catastrophe 250 million years ago

Volcanic Winter
© Jagoush - Shutterstock
A team of scientists has identified an additional force that likely contributed to a mass extinction event 250 million years ago.Its analysis of minerals in southern China indicate that volcano eruptions produced a "volcanic winter" that drastically lowered earth's temperatures--a change that added to the environmental effects resulting from other phenomena at the time.

The research, which appears in the journal Science Advances, examined the end-Permian mass extinction (EPME), which was the most severe extinction event in the past 500 million years, wiping out 80 to 90 percent of species on land and in the sea.

"As we look closer at the geologic record at the time of the great extinction, we are finding that the end-Permian global environmental disaster may have had multiple causes among marine and non-marine species," says Michael Rampino, a professor in New York University's Department of Biology and one of the authors of the paper.

For decades, scientists have investigated what could have caused this global ecological catastrophe, with many pointing to the spread of vast floods of lava across what is known as the Siberian Traps--a large region of volcanic rock in the Russian province of Siberia. These eruptions caused environmental stresses, including severe global warming from volcanic releases of carbon dioxide and related reduction in oxygenation of ocean waters--the latter causing the suffocation of marine life.

Attention

Climate doom pantomime at Glasgow

Think of Glasgow as a costume party for the Uber rich and it all makes sense.

Everyone gets to hobnob, dress up in a Superhero prophet-of-doom outfit and pretend to save the world.

When the richest people in the world turn up, with PM's and Presidents, and even the Royals do live photo tweets — you know the dry UN science conference has turned into the unmissable Olympics of Social Events. Just being there is the fashion statement of the year.
Psychopaths
© @KensingtonRoyal
Hobnobbing The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s .

The deals (or spin, such it is) is mostly done. The party is the reward. The World Stage beckons for politicians seeking to look important. While the offer of another glorious junket keeps the minor minions working hard all year.


And any fence-sitting politicians might be awed and swept away in the spur of the moment to offer more than they might have in the cold light of day. (Send them your barbs!)

Bezos & Private Jet
© Unity News Net

Fire

Eruption of Nevado del Ruiz Volcano in Colombia expels ash to 2,500 meters

erupt
Eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano expels ash at 2,500 meters, alert Colombian populations.