Welcome to Sott.net
Sun, 19 Jan 2020
The World for People who Think

Extreme Temperatures

Snowflake Cold

The mercury in Skardu, Pakistan plunges to a record-breaking -21C (-5.8F)

Pakistan is currently in the grip of severe cold wave, with the mercury on Sunday, Dec 29 plunging to record-breaking -21C (-5.8F) in Skardu — a city located the central valley of Gilgit-Baltistan.

According to local reports, the small canals and ponds in Skardu have been frozen due to the severe low temperature, while snowfall has also blocked many main roads and passes.

The city's low of -21C (-5.8F) breaks Pakistan's all-time December low temperature, which was set back in 1994 (approaching solar minimum of cycle 22).

In addition, record or near-record lows were also registered in Gupis and Bagrote with their readings of -12C; in Astore with -11C; in Gilgit with -7C; and in both Kalam and Kalat with their lows of -5C.

Dense fog is prevailing in Islamabad, in Punjab, in the upper Sindh, and also in a few districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) said in its Sunday weather report.

Snowflake Cold

India: Weather Office's "Red" Warning over severe cold wave in Delhi

The IMD this morning said the temperature has risen by 2-3 degree Celsius at many places in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Chandigarh and Delhi
Delhi's low tempartures

A severe cold wave in the national capital has prompted a "red" warning from the weather office after the temperature this morning was recorded at 2.8 degree Celsius at the Lodhi Road observatory. The Safdarjung observatory recorded a low of 2.4 degree Celsius on Saturday - lowest in decades. A "red" warning from the India Meteorological Department (IMD) means "extreme weather conditions".

Flight and train services have been affected as Delhi temperature plummeted. "My train is four hours late. It was supposed to arrive at 4:25 pm but it will come at 8:30 pm. Our checkout time from the hotel was 12 pm. We have to wait for so long," Adrija Mandal, 19, a passenger going to West Bengal, told NDTV.

Snowflake Cold

Moscow experiencing its warmest winter since 1880s

russia warm
© zaryadye.official / Instagram
As a snowless Moscow winter defies the image of the traditional Russian-style holiday season, piles of artificial snow have been brought to a central park in a last-ditch effort to raise local citizens' spirits.

With temperatures of just -1 Celsius (30,2 Fahrenheit) on the streets of the Russian capital on Saturday, artificial snow had to be imported for a Christmas market at the Zaryadye Park, which is adjacent to the iconic Red Square and the Kremlin.

The snow was piled up near spruces that were brought in from Siberia and installed outside the booths, which sell things like traditional Russian fur hats, handmade souvenirs and Christmas decorations. The market will stay open until early January, when Orthodox Christmas is celebrated in Russia.

The unusual stunt sparked jokes about "the sole snow pile in Moscow" on social media.

Comment: Unusually warm temps are also being recorded in Scotland, meanwhile in areas of the US and Mexico there's extreme cold and record snow.

See also: And check out SOTT radio's:

Arrow Up

Giant red blob of hot sea water the size of Texas suddenly appears off the coast of New Zealand

A massive red blob off New Zealand's east coast is a hot patch of water reaching temperatures up to 20C degrees

A massive red blob off New Zealand's east coast is a hot patch of water reaching temperatures up to 20C degrees
A hot patch of water off the eastern coast of New Zealand has created a huge red blob on heat maps as a marine heatwave sweeps the South Pacific Ocean.

The blotch stretches tens of thousands of square kilometres and is one of the warmest sea spots on the planet with temperatures of up to 20C.

The water is 4C degrees above the average temperature of 10 to 15C, nearing temperatures in the Tropics, which range between 20 and 30C.

Professor James Renwick, a weather and climate researcher at Victoria University, said the phenomenon is caused when an area becomes concentrated with sunshine and little wind.

Comment: Perhaps the range of underwater volcanoes east of New Zealand is a factor? Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Sudden volcanic hot spots and safe zone ash layers

undersea volcanoes off new zealand
© YouTube/Adapt 2030 (screen capture)
Earlier this month there was a deadly volcanic eruption on New Zealand's White Island. A comparable escalation in activity of their underwater counterparts seems logical. It is estimated there are up to one million underwater or submarine volcanoes on our planet.

Arrow Up

'Remarkable' high as Scottish temperature record is broken

Suilven mountain in Sutherland, where the Foehn Effect is contributing to warm temperatures
© LatitudeStock/Alamy
Suilven mountain in Sutherland, where the Foehn Effect is contributing to warm temperatures.
Northern Scotland registered a "remarkable" overnight temperature of 16.8C (62.2F) in the early hours of Sunday - a record high for this time of year.

North-eastern England and northern Wales were also unusually warm, with 13.3C recorded in Chillingham Barns, Northumberland, and 11.5C in Rhyl.

The Scottish figure, recorded by the Met Office at 3am on Sunday in Cassley in Sutherland, is the highest on record for 29, 30 or 31 December.

Forecasters have attributed the unseasonably warm weather to a meteorological pattern called the Foehn Effect. It occurs in mountainous areas, creating wet and cold conditions on one side of a mountain and warm and dry conditions on the other.

The phenomenon occurs when humid air is pushed over high ground by strong winds. As the moisture-filled air rises, it cools and condenses, resulting in clouds and rain. This then releases dry air, which moves down the mountain's other side, heating up and raising ground level temperatures as it travels.

The effect coincided with gusts of warm air arriving from the southern Atlantic, which have resulted in Britain being warmer than Athens and Rome.

Comment: Back in May this year spring snow hit parts of Scotland as it braced itself for the coldest May Day Bank Holiday Monday for almost 40 years.


Overnight snowfall smothers California's High Desert in 8 inches of snow

Joshua Tree and Pioneertown become a Winter Wonderland

Joshua Tree and Pioneertown become a Winter Wonderland
Overnight snowfall left California's High Desert coated in snow on Friday, December 27.

This video shows the sun rising over trees in Pioneertown, a community in San Bernardino's High Desert near the Joshua Tree National Park. The National Weather Service (NWS) recorded eight inches of snowfall in Pioneertown as of Thursday morning.

Local media said a winter storm that swept across California forced the closure of multiple roadways, causing traffic jams and delays for travelers on Friday.

Snowflake Cold

Snow continues to batter Mexico's northern regions

The government of Chihuahua issued a weather warning to residents about the arrival of the fourth winter storm of the year due to Cold Front No. 26.

The cold front, which began to enter the region Friday, will bring sleet and additional snow to the elevated areas of the Tarahumara mountain range. El Servicio Meteorológico Nacional also warned of possible snowfall in the mountains of Baja California, Sonora and Durango.


World Snow Wrap, Dec 27: Snowed-in in Southern California, more on the way in British Columbia

Revelstoke was our pick of the week last week and here’s why. Todd Legare making the most of the epic sno win Revvy this week.
© Daniel Ronnback Photography
Revelstoke was our pick of the week last week and here’s why. Todd Legare making the most of the epic sno win Revvy this week.
It was another good week for many northern hemisphere resorts with more big falls in Europe last weekend, a nice mid-week top up in Colorado, good totals in Revelstoke and Lake Louise. Things are also on the way up in japan with heavy snowfalls in Hakuba at times today and 80cms due over the next week.


Thought we'd start with Japan this week as there is finally some good news coming out of the so-called powder paradise. As we all know it has been a very slow start to the season in Japan, with small snowfalls punctuated by short periods of mild temps and rain. It finally looks like the weather cycle is moving into winter mode with two good storms due across Honshu over the next week, the Grasshopper's latest forecast calling for 30-45cms for Honshu resorts in the next 24 hours. It started snowing to the base in Hakuba and Myoko this morning and this storm will be followed by another early next week with 20-40cms expected from next Tuesday through to Thursday. The snow is definitely needed as the cover is average in Hakuba and Shiga Kogen with limited on piste skiing although there was a little 10cm top up last Sunday night.

Snowflake Cold

Delhi faces second-coldest December in 100 years as northern India shivers in record cold spell

Comment: For several years now, northern India has experienced freezing or near-freezing temperatures in December...

cold wave india
© Prakash Singh / AFP
Indian men huddle around a fire to keep warm on a roadside on a cold foggy morning in New Delhi on December 26, 2019.
A wave of unusually cold weather is sweeping across large swathes of India, from remote Kashmir to Delhi, forcing people to seek shelter and light bonfires on the streets.

Delhi has been hit with what local media described as 'bone-chilling days' this week. In the early hours of Friday, the temperature dropped to almost four degrees Celsius (39.2 degrees Fahrenheit). This December is now on course to become the second coldest in terms of daytime temperatures the capital has seen since 1901, with December 1997 holding the top spot.

Snowflake Cold

Prolonged cold spell in northern India blamed on 'unusual Western disturbance weather pattern'

Comment: That's what they also blamed the record cold wave in northern India LAST December on. Which means they don't know what they're talking about. Suffice it to say, it's unusually cold in India again this winter, after it was unusually hot again in India this past summer...

cold spell north india
© K M Sharma/BCCL Patna / File
School children shiver due to cold conditions
An unusual and powerful spell of "Western Disturbances", originating in the Mediterranean sea, has made India shiver for the past fortnight. Unfortunately, the spell, striking once in four to five decades, will continue to freeze people on New Year's Eve too.

"It is a long spell, very unique in nature, and would affect entire northwest India," says Dr Rajendra Jenamani, senior scientist at the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

The thick cover of smog on the Indo-Gangetic plains and the uneven warming of the Indian Ocean has a role to play in this robust spell of Western Disturbances. The extratropical storms originating in the Mediterranean region are causing sudden winter rain in the northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent, which have brought the day temperatures in some Indian cities below 12 degrees Celsius.

Comment: Skymet Weather defines Western Disturbance as "a low pressure area or a trough over surface or the upper-air in the westerly winds regime, north of 20°N, causing changes in pressure, wind pattern and temperature fields. It is accompanied by cloudiness, with or without precipitation."

The term Western Disturbance (WD) was coined by Indian meteorologists for describing the systems moving from the west to east direction.
western disturbance weather pattern india

A Western Disturbance weather pattern from 2015