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Sun, 05 Feb 2023
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Free Will and Cheating; Destined To Cheat? New Research Finds Free Will Can Keep Us Honest

Minneapolis, MN. - With the start of the new year, millions of Americans have resolved to lie less, cheat less, put the holiday hangovers behind them, or otherwise better their lives. Some will moderate their bad habits; others may make significant changes and become shining examples of integrity. But most of those well-intended New Year's resolutions are destined to fail. In an age where cheating scandals plague elite universities and major corporations are brought down by unethical actions, the debate about the origins and nature of our decisions plays into a larger debate about genetic determinism and free will.

Arrow Up

Snoring May Increase Chronic Bronchitis Risk

Snoring may significantly increase susceptibility to chronic bronchitis, investigators here have found.

Regular snoring was associated with a 25% to 68% increased frequency of new-onset chronic bronchitis compared with those who never snored, Chol Shin, M.D., Ph.D., of Korea University Ansan Hospital, and colleagues reported today in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

The combination of smoking and snoring almost tripled the likelihood of chronic bronchitis compared with those who did not smoke or snore.

People

Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior - A Book Review

Christopher Boehm, Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior, Harvard University Press, 1999

All men seek to rule, but if they cannot rule they prefer to be equal.
Harold Schneider, 1979.


All animal societies can be placed on a continuum from despotic to egalitarian and this placement reflects the social rigidity or level of control that dominant individuals can express over subordinates. In societies resting closer to the despotic end of the spectrum, the alpha-animal usually has access to the most resources and is able to bully other societal members. In contrast, societies residing closer to the egalitarian end of the spectrum have societal members that control the resource exploitation of dominant animals through the formation of coalitions. In this way, egalitarian social structures resemble what we can call a reverse hierarchy, as it is a system where coalitions of individuals suppress (i.e. dominate) the domineering tendencies of would-be dominant animals.

Heart

Australian girl's "miracle" immune switch

An Australian teenage girl has become the world's first known transplant patient to change blood groups and take on the immune system of her organ donor, say doctors.

Info

Poor Haitians Resort to Eating Dirt

Port-Au-Prince, Haiti - It was lunchtime in one of Haiti's worst slums, and Charlene Dumas was eating mud. With food prices rising, Haiti's poorest can't afford even a daily plate of rice, and some take desperate measures to fill their bellies. Charlene, 16 with a 1-month-old son, has come to rely on a traditional Haitian remedy for hunger pangs: cookies made of dried yellow dirt from the country's central plateau.

©AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos
The hand of a woman is covered in mud as she makes mud cookies on the roof of Fort Dimanche, once a prison, in Port-au-Prince, Friday, Nov. 30, 2007. Rising prices and food shortages threaten the nation's fragile stability, and the mud cookies, made of dirt, salt and vegetable shortening, are one of very few options the poorest people have to stave off hunger.

Health

Doctors Told to Stop Giving Antibiotics for Colds

Doctors in Britain will soon be told to stop prescribing antibiotics for coughs, colds and sore throats. Overuse of the drugs is fuelling the spread of deadly antibiotic-resistant super bugs. A new government program aims to diminish the use of the drugs.

Most colds, coughs and flu are caused by viruses, which cannot be treated with antibiotics since antibiotics only work on bacteria.

Overuse of antibiotics has been blamed for the rise of drug-resistant tuberculosis. If antibiotic use is not curbed, doctors could run out of effective treatment for some diseases.
Sources:

* The Telegraph January 9, 2008


Health

Scientists discover way to reverse loss of memory

Scientists performing experimental brain surgery on a man aged 50 have stumbled across a mechanism that could unlock how memory works.

The accidental breakthrough came during an experiment originally intended to suppress the obese man's appetite, using the increasingly successful technique of deep-brain stimulation. Electrodes were pushed into the man's brain and stimulated with an electric current. Instead of losing appetite, the patient instead had an intense experience of déjà vu. He recalled, in intricate detail, a scene from 30 years earlier. More tests showed his ability to learn was dramatically improved when the current was switched on and his brain stimulated.

Syringe

Pro-Vaccine Propaganda Continues: "Under the tongue is best place for vaccines"

A needle free way to help lick the forthcoming influenza pandemic has been proposed: "under tongue" vaccination.

We could all be sticking out our tongues at doctors in a few years: as well as helping to appease needle phobic patients, the "sublingual" route could used to protect against a wide range of infections and, as a bonus, generates wider protection in the body.

Joo-Hye Song of the Mucosal Immunology Section, International Vaccine Institute, IVI, Seoul, and colleagues report tests of the method today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

A solution of the vaccine is applied to the floor of the mouth and, thanks to the the high density of blood vessels in the mucous membranes there, immune system cells capture the vaccine and migrate quickly through the body, without the vaccine being degraded, as in the stomach.


Comment: In light of the Signs Supplement: The Flu Vaccine Threat, the reader might not find this such an appealing idea.


©Unknown
Sublingual bio-warfare? No thanks.

Wolf

The Predator's Gaze: Scientists explore the frightening world of psychopaths

Derry Mainwaring-Knight holds a special place in the annals of con artistry. Fresh out of an English prison in 1984 after serving time for a rape conviction, Mainwaring-Knight convinced a church rector to enlist in his battle against the spread of devil worshippers. The articulate, ingratiating ex-convict offered to start an organization that would purchase and destroy artifacts linked to satanism and black magic.

Within a few months, the dazzled rector had emptied his own pockets and obtained money for Mainwaring-Knight's campaign from many devout church members, including prominent politicians and businesspeople. Mainwaring-Knight collected nearly $400,000 as well as a Rolls-Royce automobile. He spent the money on himself and his girlfriends.

Ambulance

H5N1 Flu Spread to additional species in Calcutta Suburbs

In the affected district of Howrah, avian flu spread to Panchla in addition to Sankrail. Reports from the district said a fox and other birds like falcon were found dead there.