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Sun, 03 Dec 2023
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Earth Changes


Underwater volcanic eruption gives birth to new island in the Pacific

A volcanic eruption off Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean on Oct. 30 led to the formation of a 330-foot-wide island just north of the explosion site.
New Land
© The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images
Earth and sand are sent into the air above a new islet that appeared after a volcanic eruption off the coast of Iwo Jima.
An underwater volcanic eruption on Oct. 30 has birthed a new island in the Pacific after the explosion flung huge chunks of rock into a pile off the coast of Japan's Iwo Jima island.

An aircraft belonging to the Japanese newspaper Mainichi Shimbun spotted the first signs of an eruption in the southern part of the Izu-Ogasawara arc, roughly 750 miles (1,200 kilometers) south of Tokyo, around midday local time. Explosions occurred every few minutes as red hot magma hit water below the surface, throwing large blocks of rock more than 160 feet (50 meters) into the air, according to a translated statement.

The eruption breached the ocean surface in at least two locations, researchers at the University of Tokyo said in the statement, with explosions occurring only off the southernmost tip of Iwo Jima. Rocks also piled up north of the explosion site, however, forming a round and rugged island about 330 feet (100 m) across. Waters surrounding this new island were discolored and littered with pumice, a type of extremely porous rock that forms during explosive volcanic eruptions.

"Floating pumice and discolored water occur from the entire periphery of the island, suggesting that magma is erupting from this location," researchers wrote in the statement. Rocks on the island formed a concentric pattern, they noted, but there was no sign of a crater on the surface.

Several underwater eruptions have been recorded in this region in recent years. Known as phreatic eruptions, these events are characterized by explosions of steam and volcanic material at the surface. They are triggered when water comes into contact with sizzling magma, lava, rocks or other scalding deposits.

Snowflake Cold

Heavy snow covers 60 pct of Mongolian territory

Nearly 60 percent of the Mongolian territory has been covered after heavy snow hit the country, said the National Emergency Management Agency on Wednesday.

"Around 60 of the country's territory has so far been covered by snow. Our country is expected to experience a harsh winter," the agency said in a statement.

Over the last weekend, heavy snow and blizzards hit large parts of Mongolia, killing eight herders.

Mongolia's climate is strongly continental with long, frigid winters and short summers. A temperature of minus 25 degrees Celsius is normal during winter in the country.

Comment: Eight women herders killed in Mongolia due to snow storms


'Exceptional' floods hit dozens of towns in northern France

An aerial view shows a flooded area as the La Liane River overflows in Pont-de-Briques, near Boulogne-sur-Mer, after heavy rain caused flooding in northern France on November 7, 2023
© Pascal Rossignol, Reuters
An aerial view shows a flooded area as the La Liane River overflows in Pont-de-Briques, near Boulogne-sur-Mer, after heavy rain caused flooding in northern France on November 7, 2023.
Two rivers -- the Aa and the Liane -- were placed on red alert for flooding in the northern Pas-de-Calais department after heavy showers overnight from Monday to Tuesday.

Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin said on X (formerly Twitter) that seven people were injured but did not provide further details. He said that more than 1,500 firefighters were mobilized in the region.

Coming on the heels of Storm Ciaran which battered Western Europe last week , the floods "impacted" around 60 municipalities, causing "significant" damage, said the prefecture, adding that dozens of schools have been closed.

Vigicrues, the official river flooding watchdog, described Tuesday's floods as "exceptional".


Bear attack claims woman's life in Odisha, India

A woman was killed reportedly after being attacked by a bear in Koksara block of Odisha's Kalahandi district on Tuesday.

The deceased has been identified as Bhabani Thakur, a resident of Patrabasa village under Bara Danga panchayat of the block. According to sources, Bhabani was attacked by the bear while she was going for some work. Later, some local villagers spotted her body this morning and alerted Ampani police and forest officials.

Upon getting the information, police along with forest officials rushed to the spot and seized the body. Subsequently, it was sent for post-mortem. Though the exact reason behind her death is yet to be ascertained, locals asserted that she was killed in a bear attack.

Further investigation into the matter is underway, said the police.


Waterspout filmed near Gold Beach, Oregon

Watch as a waterspout moves along the southern Oregon Coast on the Monday morning of November 6, 2023. This view was shot by Jose Delannoy.


Indonesia's Banda Sea rocked by shallow 7.1 magnitude earthquake

A 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck Indonesia's Banda Sea on Wednesday, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said, with no immediate reports of damage or casualties.

No tsunami warning was issued for the quake - initially reported as a magnitude 6.9 - which hit at 11:53 a.m. local time (4.53 a.m. GMT), according to the USGS.

The tremor was felt moderately in the town of Saumlaki in the archipelago's Tanimbar Islands, according to the Indonesian Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency, or BMKG.

"The earthquake was quite intense. But the people here were not panicking. We are used to having earthquakes," Saumlaki resident Lambert Tatang told Agence France-Presse (AFP).

SOTT Logo Media

SOTT Earth Changes Summary - October 2023: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs

Comment: UPDATE 14 Nov 2023

YouTube appears to have "terminated" the entire SOTT Media channel - which archives 10 years' worth of monthly Earth Changes Summary videos - after some jealous 'extreme weather upstart channels' claimed copyright on several seconds' worth of footage used in several 2023 Earth Changes Summary videos. Fair Use by an all-volunteer staff working for a non-profit organization apparently means nothing to ruthless corporate mercenaries who are only in it for the clicks and notoriety. Unless or until our channel is restored on YouTube, SOTT Summary videos will be posted on our Odysee channel.


In loving memory of our dear friend and Earth Changes expert, Pierre Lescaudron.
As we approach the midpoint of Solar Cycle 25, which has had the lowest solar activity in about 200 years, we are experiencing cooler-than-average temperatures and unseasonable snow across the globe.

The Old Farmer's Almanac predicts a harsh winter for the Northern Hemisphere, with above-normal snowfall in most snow-prone areas of the U.S., with storms, showers, and flurries continuing into early spring. America's first Arctic blast of the season broke hundreds of low-temperature records and resulted in the most extensive late October-early November snowpack in NOAA records.
Heavy snow blanketed the Rocky Mountains, the northern Plains, the Great Lakes and northern New England, resulting in 17.9% of the Lower 48 being covered by snow by the time the calendar flipped to November - a new record in books dating back to 2003.
But the northern hemisphere was not the only one experiencing unseasonable cold temperatures and snow, South Africa got blanketed by snow in Spring!

So far, the signs of a solar minimum-induced ice age are becoming clearer and more present, so prepare accordingly.

October has also been marked by unusually severe storms around the world. In just one week, we've seen eight different tropical cyclones make landfall around the globe, from Yemen to China, Vanuatu, Mexico, and the Leeward Islands.

Some of the most intense storms during this month:

Comment: Minor edit: Between mark 3.17 and 3.28 the heavy flooding shown took place in Scotland, for details see:

Scotland Flood: A month's rain fell in 24 hours, 'danger to life' warnings extended


Meter of early snow hits the Alps

It is looking good in the Alps after the heavy snow of the past few days.

In places 1m of snow fell with the freezing level down to 1,500m in some areas.

There is now a lull in proceedings with more snow forecast for Thursday.

It is looking good at altitude and the snow on the upper slopes will help to form a base for the approaching season.

Many resort are now moving the snow and packing it down.


East Africa - Heavy rains and floods take their toll in Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Burundi and Malawi

Floods negatively impacted IDP (internally displaced person) camps in Jowhar, capital city of Hirshabelle state, Somalia, November 2023.
Floods negatively impacted IDP (internally displaced person) camps in Jowhar, capital city of Hirshabelle state, Somalia, November 2023.
Heavy rainfall over recent weeks has caused widespread flooding in various countries of East Africa. Fatalities, displacements and material damages have all been reported in areas of Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Burundi and Malawi.

Floods in Somalia October to Early November 2023

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) reports that since October, floods have affected more than 706,100 people in Somalia, mostly in South West, Hirshabelle, Jubaland and Galmudug states. At least 14 people have lost their lives.

As of 06 November 2023, more than 113,690 people have been temporarily displaced from their homes and up to 2,400 people are believed to be trapped by flood water in Luuq Godey, Minyara, Gumaro and surrounding villages, in Luuq district, Jubaland State. The authorities and partners are scrambling to evacuate the stranded families, UN OCHA said.

Cloud Precipitation

Floods sweep away vehicle in Taima, Saudi Arabia

Floods sweep away a vehicle in Taima of Saudi Arabia (05.11.2023).