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Tue, 26 May 2020
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Category 5 Cyclone Amphan to push massive storm surge toward eastern India and Bangladesh

cyclome amphan india may 2020
© RAMMB/CIRA/CSU
GeoColor image of Cyclone Amphan at 0640Z (2:40 am EDT) Monday, May 18, 2020.
After a spectacular bout of rapid intensification on Sunday, Tropical Cyclone Amphan poses a grave storm-surge threat to the highly vulnerable coastline of the upper Bay of Bengal. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) upgraded Amphan to the equivalent of Category 5 strength at 2 am EDT Monday, with top 1-minute sustained winds estimated at 140 knots (160 mph).

On the scale used by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), Amphan was upgraded at 3 am EDT Monday to the highest possible level: super cyclonic storm. Only a handful of storms — about one per decade — achieve this level, which corresponds to a three-minute-averaged wind speed of 120 knots (140 mph). Hurricane ratings by the National Hurricane Center and JTWC are based on one-minute averaging, which will yield higher wind speeds for a given storm.

Amphan took advantage of very favorable conditions in the southern Bay of Bengal to strengthen incredibly quickly over the weekend. Drawing on very warm sea surface temperatures of 31°C (88°F), high oceanic heat content, and light wind shear, Amphan bolted from minimal tropical storm strength (35 knots or 40 mph) to Category 5 equivalent strength (140 knots or 160 mph) in just 48 hours — and from minimal hurricane strength (65 knots or 75 mph) to Cat 5 equivalent strength in just 24 hours.

Comment: RT had more news on the ground in India and Bangladesh:
More than 1.1 million people in eastern India and Bangladesh are being hurriedly evacuated as the 'extremely severe' cyclonic storm 'Amphan' threatens to make landfall within days.

The Indian state of Odisha alone is planning to evacuate 1.1 million people from low-lying areas which are expected to be flattened, having already been ravaged by multiple cyclones in the last few years, including Cyclone Fani in 2019.

Authorities are predicting widespread destruction, including the loss of key power and communications infrastructure, as well as disruption to rail and road links, and extensive damage to crops and plantations. Port authorities have shut down operations, and fishermen have been advised to suspend their work in Bengal and Odisha until May 20.


"A total of 37 teams have been deployed by NDRF in West Bengal and Odisha, out of which 20 teams are actively deployed and 17 are on standby in the two states," said NDRF Director General S N Pradhan.



Cloud Precipitation

2 dead after heavy rainfall and floods in Sri Lanka - 8 inches of rain in 24 hours

flood
At least 2 people have died in severe weather in Sri Lanka over the last few days

According to the country's Disaster Management Center (DMC), one person died and one is still missing after flooding in Galigamuwa in Kegalle District on 15 May. On the same day heavy rain caused an earth embankment to collapse in Kegalle Division, burying a home. DMC said one person died in the incident.

A total of 1,868 people have been affected by heavy rain and floods in Kegalle District since 14 May. Nine houses have been destroyed and 391 damaged.

Sri Lanka's Department of Meteorology said Galigamuwa recorded 214 mm of rain in 24 hours to 16 May. Sirikandura near Baddegama in Galle District recorded 182.5mm of rain to 15 May.


Snowflake Cold

Rare late night frost in the Netherlands

frost
For the second night in a row, it has frozen in De Bilt in the night from Thursday to Friday.

In the Utrecht city, where the national main measuring station is located, it cooled down to -1.2 degrees C. The night before it was -1.0 degrees C.

Such late night frost in De Bilt is special, according to weather agency Weeronline.

Only in 1909, 1941, 1946 and 1973, just like this year, were there two or more frost nights after May 10 in De Bilt.

Thanks to Harry Zandvliet for this link.

Attention

Sakurajima volcano erupts in Japan

erupts
At 18:55 JST an explosion was registered. Clouds/heavy dew obscured.


Cloud Precipitation

Severe flooding, torrential rains hit Samarinda, Indonesia

floods
INDONESIA - Severe flooding, torrential rains hit Samarinda, Kalimantan province, island of Borneo, May 16


Sun

Cities across Turkey see highest May temperatures ever, breaking 75-year-old records

Turkey heatwave
© AA Photo
A woman cools off with some water from a fountain amid all-time high May temperatures, during a six-hour break from the coronavirus curfew, Muğla, Turkey, May 17, 2020.
Sunday saw all-time high temperatures in provinces throughout western Turkey, including in southern Antalya, southwestern Muğla, Burdur and Isparta, and northwestern Bursa.

The director of the 4th Regional Directorate of Meteorology, Latif Gültekin, said the temperatures Saturday and Sunday set all-time record highs for May in Antalya, Muğla, Burdur and Isparta. The previous record highs for Antalya and Muğla were set in 1945 and 1932, respectively, while Burdur and Isparta last set all-time highs on May 29, 2019.

Thermometers in Antalya on Sunday hit 43.0 degrees Celsius (109.4 degrees Fahrenheit), breaking the previous record of 38.7 C set on May 26, 1945.

In Muğla, the temperature hit 39.3 C, breaking the May 30, 1932 record of 36.0 C.

The 4th Regional Directorate of Meteorology said the air temperature in Muğla was 9 to 15 degrees above the seasonal norms, stating that the average temperature for Muğla in May is 24.7 C.

In northwestern Turkey, Bursa also set an all-time high of 38 C on Sunday, breaking the 75-year-old record high of 37 C on May 26, 1945, according to the 3rd Regional Directorate of Meteorology.

Comment: Earlier this month some residents in Turkey were surprised by 'very rare' snowfalls.


Arrow Up

High-impact eruption to 14 km (46 000 feet) a.s.l. at Semeru volcano, Indonesia

Satellite image of Semeru volcano on 16 May 2020
© Volcano Discovery
Satellite image of Semeru volcano on 16 May 2020
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 46000 ft (14000 m) altitude or flight level 460 .
The full report is as follows:

Solar Flares

Astronomer predicts freezing weather, famine and earthquakes as sun enters solar minimum

clouds sun
© Getty Images
The sun has entered a 'lockdown' period, which could cause freezing weather, famine

Our sun has gone into lockdown, which could cause freezing weather, earthquakes and famine, scientists say.

The sun is currently in a period of "solar minimum," meaning activity on its surface has fallen dramatically.

Experts believe we are about to enter the deepest period of sunshine "recession" ever recorded as sunspots have virtually disappeared.

Astronomer Dr. Tony Phillips said: "Solar Minimum is underway and it's a deep one."

Comment: It would appear that a "super grand" solar minimum is one factor in a confluence of cycles that are upon us: Also check out SOTT radio's:


Boat

Severe floods hit Santa Lucía, El Salvador

floods
Heavy rain caused severe floods in Santa Lucía, Ilopango, El Salvador


Cloud Precipitation

Extreme hailstorm slams Piornal, Spain on May 15

hail
Piornal is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. According to the 2005 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1532.