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Tue, 19 Jan 2021
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Earth Changes
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Seismograph

M6.0 earthquake strikes Hokkaido, Japan

Japan quake
Magnitude Mw 6.0

Region HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION

Date time 2021-01-12 02:39:41.8 UTC

Location 43.72 N ; 140.08 E

Depth 200 km

Distances 95 km WNW of Otaru, Japan / pop: 143,000 / local time: 11:39:41.8 2021-01-12

80 km NW of Yoichi, Japan / pop: 22,700 / local time: 11:39:41.8 2021-01-12

Nebula

Interplanetary shock wave sparks display of Arctic auroras

Pink auroras
© Markus Varik
Surprising forecasters, an interplanetary shock wave hit Earth's magnetic field on Jan. 11th. The impact just after 08:30 UT did not trigger a geomagnetic storm. However, strong magnetic fields downstream of the shockfront opened a crack in Earth's magnetosphere. Solar wind poured in to fuel a nice display of Arctic auroras.

"I was running around my apartment like a maniac, looking for pants and camera equipment," says photographer Markus Varik of Tromsø, Norway. " I didn't have enough time to go to completely dark location--but I didn't need to. The auroras were so bright."

Seismograph

Shallow 6.7-magnitude earthquake hits Russia-Mongolia border

Mongolia quake map
© Google
The epicenter
A strong 6.7-magnitude earthquake has struck a lake along the Russia-Mongolia border, with shaking felt across the region, seismologists and residents say. There were no immediate reports of injuries.

The earthquake struck at 5:33 a.m. local time on Tuesday and was centered in Lake Khövsgöl in northern Mongolia, about 55 kilometers (34 miles) from the border with Russia, or 288 km (179 miles) southwest of Irkutsk.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) put the earthquake's magnitude at 6.7, down from an earlier estimate of 6.8. It said the quake struck at a depth of just 10 km (6 miles) and was felt across the region on both sides of the border.

The area near the epicenter is not heavily populated but is home to a number of villages near the lake, including Hatgal and Turt, which have a combined population of up to 5,000 people. There were no immediate reports of casualties.

Snowflake

50 cm of snow accumulates on Taiwan's Snow Mountain

snow
Heavy snows force hikers to retreat to mountain hut

Fifty centimeters of snow has accumulated on the cirque just below the summit of Snow Mountain, forcing most hiking teams to retreat to the 369 mountain hut for safety.

The Shei-Pa National Park Headquarters said on Monday (Jan. 11) that according to the reports of patrolling volunteers, Snow Mountain received considerable snowfall during the cold wave last week. After a letup in the daytime on Sunday, snow began to fall on the mountain again around 9 p.m. Sunday night, which continued all of Monday, according to a CNA report.

By Monday evening, there was 50 cm of snow accumulation on the cirque, 30 cm in the Black Forest, and 25 cm at the 369 mountain hut.

Comment: Intense cold wave hits Taiwan, rare snow in mountains that haven't seen any in years


Cloud Lightning

Michigan had over 2 million lightning strikes in 2020, one-third higher than normal

A lightning detector in the National Lightning Detector Network.

A lightning detector in the National Lightning Detector Network.
A lightning study done yearly through recent years shows Michigan had more lightning than usual in 2020. In fact, almost one-quarter of our lightning in Michigan came on one July weekend.

Vaisala owns the National Lightning Detection Network(NLDN), which it developed in 1989. Around 100 lightning sensors evenly distributed across the U.S. can count every lightning bolt, whether from cloud-to-cloud or cloud-to-ground.

Vaisala counted up all of the lightning pulses across the country, and put together this interesting report.

The NLDN counted 2,317,693 in-cloud and cloud-to-ground lightning pulses across Michigan in 2020.

The map below shows the density of lightning pulses. Chris Vagasky, Meteorologist, Lightning Applications Manager at Vaisala, defines pulses as the total of in-cloud strikes and cloud-to-ground strikes.

Snowflake

Snow, heavy rain in Balkans cause floods, disrupt traffic

SNOW

Snow in Belgrade, Serbia
Days of heavy rain and snow across the Balkans left homes and fields flooded Monday, disrupted traffic on highways and at ports and caused power outages.

In Serbia, authorities on Monday started clearing up tons of garbage that was clogging a southwestern lake after it was swept off from landfills by overflowing rivers. Emergency measures were announced in the southern Doljevac and Vlasotince municipalities, where rescue teams helped more than two dozen people evacuate their homes.

The state RTS television reported that numerous homes, barns and fields were flooded and villages were left without drinking water after days of rain and snow around the southern town of Leskovac and nearby areas.

In central and eastern Serbia, thousands of people were left without electricity as heavy snow collapsed distribution lines.
Serbia's state power company EPS said Monday they were working to restore power.


Umbrella

Severe floods hit Gran Canaria, Canary Islands after Storm Filomena

flood

River floods and dams hit Gran Canaria after Borrasca Filomena.


Umbrella

Deadly hailstorm and flash-flooding hits southern Spain after heavy rain from Storm Filomena

The flooding Fuengirola River in Mijas, Spain,
© Mijas Police
The flooding Fuengirola River in Mijas, Spain, after heavy rain from Storm Filomena, 08 January 2021.
Two people died in flash flooding in southern Spain after heavy rainfall brought by Storm Filomena.

While central and northern areas of the country, including the capital Madrid, were brought to a standstill after record snowfall, coastal areas of the southern Andalusia Region recorded heavy rainfall. According to figures from the country's AEMET weather agency, Estepona in Malaga province recorded 208.4mm of rain on 08 January 2021, with snow reported in higher elevations.


Snowflake

Texas sees rare heavy snowfall as winter storm sweeps through region

A mom in the Southwest Austin neighborhood of Belterra on Sunday takes her son on a sled ride down a hill not typically covered in snow
© Tony Cantú/Patch staff
A mom in the Southwest Austin neighborhood of Belterra on Sunday takes her son on a sled ride down a hill not typically covered in snow.
Some parts of Texas experienced a rare heavy snowfall over the weekend as a winter storm swept through the region.

Snow falling across the region forced some school and government office closures and fostered some play time for adults and children cooped up in the pandemic.

As much as 6 inches of snow fell across parts of southern Texas, the National Weather Service in Houston reported Sunday night.

The National Weather Service tweeted on Sunday that "a corridor of locally heavy snow, with up to 1 inch per hour snow rates, will be noted from east Texas into northern Louisiana."

"Up to 6' of snow fell today in our area," tweeted the National Weather Service Austin/San Antonio on Sunday night. "The last time that happened was Christmas day 2004, when our Coastal Plains counties had a very white Christmas."


Snowflake

Vietnamese amazed at snow-capped northern mountains during unusual cold wave

People play with snow in Bat Xat District
© VnExpress/Phu Suy Tho.
People play with snow in Bat Xat District, Lao Cai Province, January 11, 2021.
Many Vietnamese have been drawn to the northern highlands, including Sa Pa, as thick white snow blanketed the region.

Due to drizzles at low temperature, snow has covered O Quy Ho mountain pass in Lai Chau Province and Sa Pa, a popular tourist town in Lao Cai Province, since Sunday night.

At a height of 1,500 meters above sea level, Sa Pa has recorded temperatures dropping to minus one degree Celsius on Monday and in Sin Ho mountainous district of Lai Chau, to minus two degrees Celsius.

Temperatures on Mau Son Mount of Lang Son Province have risen by one to two degrees Celsius against prior days to 0.5 degrees Celsius and in Dong Van Town in Ha Giang, to two degrees Celsius.