Earth ChangesS


Constant volcanic activity at Villarrica volcano in Chile

Mount Villarrica, located in the Araucanía region of Chile, erupted frequently on July 21, 2024.

Known for its persistent volcanic activity, Villarrica is one of the most active volcanoes in South America. The recent eruptions produced significant ash plumes and lava flows, prompting local authorities to issue safety warnings and advisories for nearby communities.

The fertile slopes of Villarrica support extensive agriculture, despite the risks posed by its eruptions. The surrounding area is also a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors to its scenic landscapes and outdoor activities.

Continuous monitoring by volcanologists using advanced technology, such as seismic sensors and satellite imagery, helps track Villarrica's behavior and provide early warnings. The ongoing activity underscores the importance of preparedness and effective risk management in volcanic regions.

Historically, Villarrica has had numerous eruptions, shaping the local geography and impacting the lives of those who live nearby.

Cloud Lightning

22-year-old hiker killed by lightning in the Alps of Austria

According to the police, the Austrian was on his way with his mother and brother from the Sudetendeutsche Hütte in East Tyrol to the Rudolfshütte in Salzburg's Stubach Valley when the family was caught in a violent thunderstorm not far from their destination.

While part of the family sought shelter under a rocky outcrop, the 22-year-old continued on and was struck by lightning at around 2,300 meters above sea level. After the storm had passed, the brother found the lifeless man.

Resuscitation attempts were unsuccessful, and the emergency doctor from a rescue helicopter was also unable to help the 22-year-old. The dead man was rescued by a police helicopter and brought down to the valley.


Cloud Lightning

Man dies after being struck by lightning on Germany's highest peak

the Zugspitze
The Zugspitze
A man died after being struck by lightning near the summit of Germany's highest peak, police said Monday.

The 18-year-old German resident was one of a group of three young men who took the mountain railway up the Zugspitze late Sunday afternoon and then continued to the summit, which is a climb of about 80 meters (260 feet) from a terrace used by many visitors.

Lightning struck repeatedly as the men descended from the summit and the 18-year-old suffered a fatal electric shock, police said. Recovery efforts were complicated by the ongoing storm.

The Zugspitze sits at 2,962 meters (9,718 feet) above sea level and is located in the Alps on Germany's border with Austria.

Several parts of Germany were hit by storms on Sunday. In Delmenhorst, in the north of the country, a family of eight had taken shelter under a tree in a park when lightning struck. All eight were hurt, and a five-year-old boy and a 14-year-old girl were taken to hospitals with life-threatening injuries.



Shallow 6.0 magnitude earthquake off Norsup, Vanuatu

6.0 magnitude earthquake 90 km from Norsup, Malampa, Vanuatu

UTC time: Monday, July 22, 2024 05:04 AM
Your time: Monday, July 22, 2024 at 6:04 AM GMT+1
Magnitude Type: mb
USGS page: M 6.0 - 90 km NE of Norsup, Vanuatu
USGS status: Reviewed by a seismologist
Reports from the public: 1 person

Cloud Precipitation

Torrential rain in northern Slovenia triggers landslides

Since Friday night, more than 230 weather-related incidents have been reported, mostly in northern regions.

After a prolonged spell of hot and dry weather, parts of Slovenia have been battered by storms and torrential rain.

In Kokra, a village in the north, people from three houses were evacuated after heavy rains caused a landslide on Saturday.

A bridge was also swept away in Kokra after the river there burst its banks and some local roads have become impassable.


Sakurajima volcano erupts in southern Japan - No damage reported yet

Sakurajima volcano in Japan's Kagoshima Prefecture has erupted, Volcanic Ash Advisory Center, VAAC, Tokyo reported on July 20. The VAAC warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to an estimated 4900 m altitude or flight level 160 and is moving at 20 kts in E direction. No damage or casualties have been reported so far.

The volcano is located in the southern island of Kyushu. Sakurajima is an active volcano, formerly an island and now a peninsula, in Kagoshima Prefecture. Being one of the most active volcanoes in the country, Sakurajima last erupted in February this year.

Sakurajima, which means Cherry Blossom Island, is located about 1,000 kilometers southwest of Tokyo, and near the city of Kagoshima in the southern prefecture. Sakurajima used to be an island but became a peninsula following an eruption in 1914. In 2019, Sakurajima spewed ash 5.5 km high.


Magnitude of 6.2 earthquake strikes Guatemala: USGS

Further, the seismological institute in El Salvador recorded the quake at a magnitude of 5.9 while that of Nicaragua registered it at 5.2-magnitude.

"A 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck Guatemala on July 20," the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said, with the tremor also felt in El Salvador and Nicaragua. No casualties or damage were reported in the three countries.

"The tremor hit at 8.53 p.m. (02.53 GMT) with its epicentre 8 km (five miles) southeast of Jalapa city, at a depth of 265.5 km," according to the USGS.

The seismological institute in El Salvador recorded the quake at a magnitude of 5.9 while that of Nicaragua registered it at 5.2-magnitude.

Civil protection authorities of the three Central American countries reported no casualties or damage to infrastructure.

Central America is on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, a vast area of intense tectonic activity that runs along the west coast of the Americas and across the Pacific basin.


Bizarro Earth

Earth's water is substantially and rapidly losing oxygen, new study reveals

Gulf Stream
© NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization StudioNASA visualization showing the Gulf Stream
Supplies of dissolved oxygen in bodies of water across the globe are dwindling rapidly, and scientists say it's one of the greatest risks to Earth's life support system.

Just as atmospheric oxygen is vital for animals like ourselves, dissolved oxygen (DO) in water is essential for healthy aquatic ecosystems, whether freshwater or marine. With billions of people relying on marine and freshwater habitats for food and income, it's concerning these ecosystems' oxygen has been substantially and rapidly declining.

A team of scientists is proposing that aquatic deoxygenation be added to the list of 'planetary boundaries', which in its latest form describes nine domains that impose thresholds "within which humanity can continue to develop and thrive for generations to come."

So far, the planetary boundaries are climate change, ocean acidification, stratospheric ozone depletion, interference with the global phosphorus and nitrogen cycles, rate of biodiversity loss, global freshwater use, land-system change, aerosol loading, and chemical pollution.

Comment: What's particularly notable is that Earth's history shows that deoxygenation events, also known as anoxia, have occurred numerous times in the past, and it often seems to coincide with a variety of other phenomena, including climate change - more specifically global cooling - and mass extinction events (none of which occurred as the result of CO2): See also: Volcanoes, Earthquakes And The 3,600 Year Comet Cycle


Flood submerges houses after nine-hour downpour in Makurdi, Nigeria

A nine-hour torrential rainfall has left many houses submerged with flood water, leaving property worth millions of naira destroyed in Makurdi, the Benue State capital on Friday.

Mattress and other personal belongings could be seen floating on flood water following the downpour.

Areas affected are Wadata, Logo 1/ 2 Wurukum market and Garage, Low Level along NKST Church Low Level all in Makurdi.

Many residents could be seen hurriedly packing their belongings and moving to safe areas as the rain intensified.

Cloud Lightning

2 children killed by lightning strike in Telangana, India

Two children died after being struck by lightning in Bhadradri Kothagudem as heavy rains continued to lash several parts of the state.

The flood situation in Kothagudem district remained grim on Friday as several streams were in spate and tanks overflowed.

Borra Siddhu, 15, and Borra Chandu, 11, both brothers, of Jamendar Bazar village in Dammapet mandal were in an agriculture field when it started raining on Thursday evening.

The siblings, who took shelter under a tree, died instantaneously when lightning struck.