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Mon, 16 Sep 2019
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Blue Planet

Did Earth 'Steal' Martian Water?

Mars earth plasma discharge
While finalizing the writing of the article titled "Of Flash Frozen Mammoths and Cosmic Catastrophes", I encountered an unexpected anomaly.

The time of the demise of the mammoths is also known as the Younger Dryas, a period of global cooling that lasted from 12,900 to 11,700 years ago (10,900 B.C. to 9,700 B.C.) during which surface temperatures dropped by approximately 7°C.

In theory, such a severe cooling should increase the volume of polar ice and, as a result, reduce sea level. However, during the Younger Dryas, sea levels rose 17 meters over more than a millennium, as illustrated by the graph below.
Sea level VS global temperature (20000BP-Now)

Sea level VS global temperature (20000BP-Now)
If the sea level rose while ice caps were building up, it's possible that the source of the water was external. But where could this water have come from?

Coincidentally or not, most of Mars' Northern hemisphere was once covered with water, and this ocean has mysteriously disappeared. So where did the Martian water go?

Attention

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Wheat scarcity import-export shell game begins

Wheat harvest
© Andrew Holmes
Australia becomes a wheat importer looking to Canada for supply but Canadian wheat output slashed this year as well. Now other countries that used to rely on Australian exports need to find supply elsewhere. Australian government warning people to brace for huge food price rises, which we see unfold as an example of what the planet will experience in a massive economic contraction as food becomes super expensive and buying habits shift.


Comment: Australia to import wheat for first time in over a decade after the "Worst drought in 116 years"


Attention

Extreme weather displaced a record seven million in first half of 2019

Stranded passengers in a railway station in Kolkata, India, in May after trains were canceled because of Cyclone Fani
© Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Stranded passengers in a railway station in Kolkata, India, in May after trains were canceled because of Cyclone Fani.

Up to 22m people are estimated to be displaced by the end of the year


A record seven million people were displaced by disasters in the first half of 2019, suggesting that mass displacement due to extreme weather events is "becoming the norm," according to a new report.

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, which uses data from governments, United Nations humanitarian agencies, and media coverage to create its reports, concluded that nearly twice as many people were displaced in the first half of the year by weather events than by conflict and violence. The report was compiled before Hurricane Dorian struck the Bahamas - the numbers affected by that storm are still unclear.

IDMC estimates that the number of new displacements associated with weather events will reach 22m by the end of the year, more than tripling the current number, and making 2019 one of the worst years for climate displacement since records began.

Comment: Watch SOTT's monthly Earth Changes Summary for extreme weather events that are occurring worldwide these days.




Snowflake

Late spring snowfall on the Matroosberg, South Africa - up to 8 inches deep

snow tent
The chill has set in on the high peaks of the Matroosberg, with up to 20cm of snow having fallen near Ceres!

SnowReportSA predicted that snowfalls would occur in the Western Cape from Thursday.

Although the snowfalls were confined to the higher peaks, some intrepid snow-followers still managed to find some significant snow-covered areas.

According to SnowReportSA, there won't be any further snowfalls over the weekend, but the current snowfall could last up to two days on the ground if the temperatures remain low.


Cloud Lightning

Lightning bolt kills 8 youths in Jharkhand, India

lightning
© MGN
A lightning strike killed eight people in Jharkhand on Thursday. The incident happened in Jharkhand's Garwha. The eight youths, hailing from Pasi Tola under Mjhiyon police station, were playing out in the open when the lightning strike killed six out of them on the spot.

The other two were rushed to a hospital but to no avail.
They breathed their last in Sadar Hospital, Garwha on Thursday.

Garwha SDO Pradip Kumar said that it was raining and the youths tried to hide themselves under a tree. The trees are a good conductor of electricity. When the lightning hit it the tree the current was discharged upon the youths hiding under it.

Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das said, "My heart goes out to the families who lost their loved ones." Raghubar Das also announced a compensation of Rs 4 lakh each to the families of the deceased.

Seismograph

Six earthquakes in five days reported near Cherokee, North Carolina

Earthquakes in Cherokee, NC
© USGS
One area of the North Carolina mountains has had six small earthquakes in five days, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

The quakes have all been within a couple miles of each other near Cherokee, North Carolina, in the Great Smoky Mountains, the USGS earthquake monitoring system shows. None of the earthquakes caused damage or injuries, USGS said.

The biggest quake was a 2.5 magnitude temblor around 11:30 p.m. Wednesday about 2.5 miles southwest of Cherokee, according to the USGS.
  • Sept. 7, 8:14 p.m.: 1.9 magnitude, 5 miles south of Cherokee
  • Sept. 9, 4:21 a.m.: 1.4 magnitude, 3.1 miles south-southwest of Cherokee
  • Sept. 9, 3:08 p.m.: 2.0 magnitude, 3.1 miles south-southwest of Cherokee
  • Sept. 11, 8:13 p.m.: 2.3 magnitude, 3.7 miles south of Cherokee
  • Sept. 11, 11:03 p.m.: 2.5 magnitude, 2.5 miles southwest of Cherokee
  • Sept. 11, 11:14 p.m.: 2.1 magnitude, 3.7 miles south-southwest of Cherokee

Cloud Lightning

Lightning bolt kills 23 cows near Annona, Texas

Disturbing footage shows the aftermath of a lightning storm on a farm in Texas

Disturbing footage shows the aftermath of a lightning storm on a farm in Texas
A lightning bolt has killed 23 cows after it hit one and then traveled along a metal fence the others were standing next to.

Disturbing footage shows the animals, which have scorch marks on their stomachs, lying in a row on a farm in Texas after a thunderstorm.

Rancher Bobby Woody III said it was one of the 'wildest and craziest' things he had ever witnessed.

'When the lightning hit, it had such strong voltage, it basically jolted one cow in the middle of the field,' Woody wrote on Facebook.


Attention

Orange alert as Villarrica volcano rumbles in southern Chile

Villarrica in Chile

Villarrica in Chile
Rumbling at Villarrica, one of South America's most active volcanoes, has been worrying residents and prompted authorities to declare an orange alert this week.

Authorities in the south of Chile are rehearsing evacuation plans amid concern that the volcano could potentially erupt within "days or weeks."

Villarrica, near the popular tourist resort of Pucon around 750km south of the capital Santiago, was upgraded to an orange alert after it began rumbling and hurling lava into the air late on Tuesday.

The orange alert by the National Geology and Mining Service (SERNAGEOMIN) implies a "significant" increase in activity.


Arrow Down

Huge sinkhole swallows two cars after opening up in Shanxi, China

sinkhole
A huge sinkhole opened up on a road in northern China's Lvliang, swallowing two cars. In the video, filmed on September 11, two cars can be seen upside-down inside a 50-metre-long and 10-metre-wide sinkhole as water poured in from the road. According to the witness, people in the two cars have been evacuated and no one was injured. The case is being investigated, reports said.


Comment: Another similar recent incident in the same country: Huge sinkhole swallows taxi after opening up on Chinese road


Attention

Hippo kills fisherman in Lake Naivasha, Kenya - 11th such death for the locality this year

hippo
A colleague managed to escape while the casualty had his body cut in half.

A fisherman was yesterday killed by a hippo in Lake Naivasha, bringing to 11, the number of those killed in similar manner this year.

Fishermen and stakeholders near the lake have expressed concerns over the rising number hippos, noting it was time their population was reduced.

In the latest case, the fisherman was in the company of a colleague in the lake when the lone animal attacked them.

During the incident near Karagita beach, the colleague managed to escape while the casualty had his body cut in half.