Earth ChangesS


7.6 inches of rainfall in 12 hours amid high tide floods Mumbai, India - road and air traffic hit

A yellow alert has been issued for Mumbai for the period from Sunday to Wednesday.
© Amit ChakravartyA yellow alert has been issued for Mumbai for the period from Sunday to Wednesday.
It was a wet Sunday as nearly 152mm of rainfall coupled with a high tide of 4.44m at noon caused waterlogging in many areas and disrupted road and air traffic in the city.

Mumbai airport's runway had to be shut down twice - from 12.12pm to 12.20pm and from 1pm to 1.15pm - and flight operations were delayed by an hour due to poor visibility, said an airport source, adding that 15 arrival flights were diverted.

Agencies reported 36 flights were cancelled.

IMD's Santacruz and Colaba observatories recorded 151.6mm and 42mm rainfall in the 12-hour period ending Sunday 8pm. Other parts of Mumbai Metropolitan Region too witnessed downpour - Thane recorded 96mm rain, Palghar 88mm, and Panvel 85mm.

Several areas in Mumbai saw nearly 200mm rainfall during this 12-hour period, including Trombay 196mm, Ghatkopar 191mm, Chembur 186mm, Mankhurd 178mm, Wadala 174mm, Dadar 163mm, and Sion and Sewri 160mm, as per BMC's automatic weather stations which record localised data.

A day after issuing a 'yellow' alert indicating the likelihood of heavy rainfall at isolated places, IMD on Sunday afternoon upgraded the warning to 'orange' - heavy to very heavy rains very likely. The rain activity is expected to continue on Monday, but with reduced intensity, said IMD.


Typhoon Prapiroon makes landfall in S. China's Hainan, bringing down trees & disrupting transport

Huge waves break on the shore in Sanya Bay, Sanya, south China's Hainan Province, July 22, 2024.
© CFPHuge waves break on the shore in Sanya Bay, Sanya, south China's Hainan Province, July 22, 2024.
Typhoon Prapiroon, the fourth typhoon of the year, made landfall as a severe tropical storm in Liji Township, Wanning City, Hainan Province in Southern China, around 1:30 am local time on July 22, with winds of up to 28 meters per second near the center.

The strong winds and heavy rains caused various degrees of damage and risks in several cities and counties across Hainan, prompting local firefighters to respond urgently.

Before and after the typhoon's landfall, numerous roads around the island were blocked by fallen trees due to strong winds. No casualties have been reported from the fallen trees.


Woman dies after being attacked by bear in Romania - 26 such fatalities for the country in last 20 years

A 19-year-old woman died in the Romanian Carpathian Mountains after being attacked by a bear, Romanian news agency Mediafax reported on Wednesday.

She was dragged away by the wild animal while hiking in the Bucegi massif south of Brașov on Tuesday evening, a witness reported who then made an emergency call.

Less than an hour later, mountain rescuers and police came and recovered the woman's body.

They shot the bear, as it had also tried to attack the rescue workers, the report said.

Comment: Agence France-Presse reported on July 15:
Romania's parliament has approved the culling of almost 500 bears this year in an effort to control the "overpopulation" of the protected species after a deadly attack on a hiker sparked nationwide outcry.

The country is home to 8,000 brown bears, according to the environment ministry, Europe's largest brown bear population outside Russia.

Bears have killed 26 people and severely injured 274 others over the past 20 years in Romania, the ministry said this year.

After a young hiker was mauled to death on a popular trail in Romania's Carpathian mountains last week, the prime minister, Marcel Ciolacu, summoned lawmakers back from their summer recess to attend an emergency session of parliament.

As well as adopting legislation on Monday to control the brown bear population, the parliament held a moment of silence in the 19-year-old hiker's memory.
See also this small selection of similar reports from across the world in recent years indicating perhaps an increasing trend in such aggressive behavior:
Many more such records can be under the Topics-Animal heading located here. Reports of attacks by other species, such as dogs, elephants, sharks, alligators, bison, kangaroos, hyenas, leopards, cougars, tigers, pythons and sundry others (some non-fatal but atypical) have also been also compiled - with the database going back to 2006.


Constant volcanic activity at Villarrica volcano in Chile

Mount Villarrica, located in the Araucanía region of Chile, erupted frequently on July 21, 2024.

Known for its persistent volcanic activity, Villarrica is one of the most active volcanoes in South America. The recent eruptions produced significant ash plumes and lava flows, prompting local authorities to issue safety warnings and advisories for nearby communities.

The fertile slopes of Villarrica support extensive agriculture, despite the risks posed by its eruptions. The surrounding area is also a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors to its scenic landscapes and outdoor activities.

Continuous monitoring by volcanologists using advanced technology, such as seismic sensors and satellite imagery, helps track Villarrica's behavior and provide early warnings. The ongoing activity underscores the importance of preparedness and effective risk management in volcanic regions.

Historically, Villarrica has had numerous eruptions, shaping the local geography and impacting the lives of those who live nearby.

Cloud Lightning

22-year-old hiker killed by lightning in the Alps of Austria

According to the police, the Austrian was on his way with his mother and brother from the Sudetendeutsche Hütte in East Tyrol to the Rudolfshütte in Salzburg's Stubach Valley when the family was caught in a violent thunderstorm not far from their destination.

While part of the family sought shelter under a rocky outcrop, the 22-year-old continued on and was struck by lightning at around 2,300 meters above sea level. After the storm had passed, the brother found the lifeless man.

Resuscitation attempts were unsuccessful, and the emergency doctor from a rescue helicopter was also unable to help the 22-year-old. The dead man was rescued by a police helicopter and brought down to the valley.


Cloud Lightning

Man dies after being struck by lightning on Germany's highest peak

the Zugspitze
The Zugspitze
A man died after being struck by lightning near the summit of Germany's highest peak, police said Monday.

The 18-year-old German resident was one of a group of three young men who took the mountain railway up the Zugspitze late Sunday afternoon and then continued to the summit, which is a climb of about 80 meters (260 feet) from a terrace used by many visitors.

Lightning struck repeatedly as the men descended from the summit and the 18-year-old suffered a fatal electric shock, police said. Recovery efforts were complicated by the ongoing storm.

The Zugspitze sits at 2,962 meters (9,718 feet) above sea level and is located in the Alps on Germany's border with Austria.

Several parts of Germany were hit by storms on Sunday. In Delmenhorst, in the north of the country, a family of eight had taken shelter under a tree in a park when lightning struck. All eight were hurt, and a five-year-old boy and a 14-year-old girl were taken to hospitals with life-threatening injuries.



Shallow 6.0 magnitude earthquake off Norsup, Vanuatu

6.0 magnitude earthquake 90 km from Norsup, Malampa, Vanuatu

UTC time: Monday, July 22, 2024 05:04 AM
Your time: Monday, July 22, 2024 at 6:04 AM GMT+1
Magnitude Type: mb
USGS page: M 6.0 - 90 km NE of Norsup, Vanuatu
USGS status: Reviewed by a seismologist
Reports from the public: 1 person

Cloud Precipitation

Torrential rain in northern Slovenia triggers landslides

Since Friday night, more than 230 weather-related incidents have been reported, mostly in northern regions.

After a prolonged spell of hot and dry weather, parts of Slovenia have been battered by storms and torrential rain.

In Kokra, a village in the north, people from three houses were evacuated after heavy rains caused a landslide on Saturday.

A bridge was also swept away in Kokra after the river there burst its banks and some local roads have become impassable.


Sakurajima volcano erupts in southern Japan - No damage reported yet

Sakurajima volcano in Japan's Kagoshima Prefecture has erupted, Volcanic Ash Advisory Center, VAAC, Tokyo reported on July 20. The VAAC warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to an estimated 4900 m altitude or flight level 160 and is moving at 20 kts in E direction. No damage or casualties have been reported so far.

The volcano is located in the southern island of Kyushu. Sakurajima is an active volcano, formerly an island and now a peninsula, in Kagoshima Prefecture. Being one of the most active volcanoes in the country, Sakurajima last erupted in February this year.

Sakurajima, which means Cherry Blossom Island, is located about 1,000 kilometers southwest of Tokyo, and near the city of Kagoshima in the southern prefecture. Sakurajima used to be an island but became a peninsula following an eruption in 1914. In 2019, Sakurajima spewed ash 5.5 km high.


Magnitude of 6.2 earthquake strikes Guatemala: USGS

Further, the seismological institute in El Salvador recorded the quake at a magnitude of 5.9 while that of Nicaragua registered it at 5.2-magnitude.

"A 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck Guatemala on July 20," the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said, with the tremor also felt in El Salvador and Nicaragua. No casualties or damage were reported in the three countries.

"The tremor hit at 8.53 p.m. (02.53 GMT) with its epicentre 8 km (five miles) southeast of Jalapa city, at a depth of 265.5 km," according to the USGS.

The seismological institute in El Salvador recorded the quake at a magnitude of 5.9 while that of Nicaragua registered it at 5.2-magnitude.

Civil protection authorities of the three Central American countries reported no casualties or damage to infrastructure.

Central America is on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, a vast area of intense tectonic activity that runs along the west coast of the Americas and across the Pacific basin.