Earth ChangesS


Waterspout swirls just off the coast of Catalonia, Spain

A large waterspout, caused by a column of cloud-filled wind rotating over water, was spotted off Cunit Beach in Catalonia.


Indonesia's Semeru volcano erupts 5 times

The Semeru volcano in Indonesia's East Java province erupted five times on Friday, spewing volcanic ash up to 900 meters over its peak, according to the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation.

"The first eruption was at 6.29 a.m. local time, with a column of white to grey ash as high as 500 meters heading to the southwest," said Semeru Volcano Monitoring Post officer Liswanto, Xinhua news agency reported.

The second eruption occurred at 6.50 a.m. local time, launching ash as high as 600 meters above its peak, while the third eruption occurred at 7.28 a.m. local time, releasing an ash column as high as 700 meters.

Volcanic ash was thrown up to 500 meters in the fourth eruption and 900 meters in the fifth, which happened at 7.57 a.m. and 8.05 a.m. local time, respectively.

Authorities have urged people to stay out of the danger zone within a 5 km radius and 13 km southeast of the crater to prevent harm from hot clouds, lava flows and lahars.

People are advised to avoid rivers that originate from the Semeru crater against possible cold lava flows.



Strong explosions from Concepcion Volcano on Ometepe Island, Nicaragua

Residents report explosions at Concepción Volcano.
Residents report explosions at Concepción Volcano.
Concepción Volcano, the largest on Ometepe Island, launched a huge column of smoke and ash, while residents heard rumbles. Much of the island received volcanic ash from the crater, according to reports on social media.

The explosions from Concepción, which reaches a height of 1610 meters, began shortly after two in the afternoon, according to authorities who activated an alert system on Ometepe Island.

On social media, inhabitants of the paradisiacal island —which is home to the small cities of Altagracia and Moyogalpa— as well as tourists, shared videos and photos showing a large column of smoke rising into the sky, and ash visible in the environment.

"We can see how the Moyogalpa pier is covered in ash. Since I've lived on the island, I've never felt this pure adrenaline here, I had never seen it," a user on TikTok recounted, showing a video at the island's main port.

Cloud Lightning

Lightning strikes kill 12 in West Bengal, India

Twelve persons, including three women and three minors, were killed and five were wounded by lightning during a thunderstorm in Malda and Murshidabad in West Bengal on Thursday. Malda accounted for 11 deaths.

Disaster management personnel were deployed to rescue the wounded.

In Malda, several of the victims were picking mangoes when lightning struck, including Monojit Mondal (21), Samar Mridha (16), Chandan Sahani (35), Asit Saha (19), Atul Mandal (65) and Sabidul Sk (13).

Priyanka Singha (20) and Nyan Roy were struck by lightning when they were in a field. Sumitra Mandal (45) was outside her home when she was struck by lightning. Suitara Biwi was in a field while Pankaj Mandal (24) was on the road when lightning struck. A Budhia woman and a Class 8 boy were wounded.

In Murshidabad, Simanta Ghosh (32) died and three were injured while herding cattle.

"My heart goes out to the families who lost their loved ones in Malda due to the tragic lightning strikes. I extend my deepest condolences to them during this difficult time. My thoughts and prayers are with the injured, and I pray for their swift recovery. Our district administration is working tirelessly to provide all necessary support to the affected. We will do everything in our capacity to assist those in need," West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee posted on X.

Snowflake Cold

Russia had its coldest-ever start to May - data

A woman walks along a street during rare spring snowfall in Moscow, Russia.
© Sputnik / Vladimir AstapkovichA woman walks along a street during rare spring snowfall in Moscow, Russia.
The spring chill was unprecedented in the history of meteorological observations in the country

The first 10 days of May were the coldest the European part of Russia has witnessed in the history of meteorological observations there, the scientific director of Russia's Hydrometeorological Center, Roman Vilfand, has said.

The European part of Russia was a "funnel" attracting cold air masses from the Arctic Ocean during the beginning of the month, Vilfand told TASS on Monday.

"Two centers with different signs - an anticyclone to the west of Moscow and a cyclone to the east of Moscow - created conditions for the retraction and advection of the cold air masses of the Arctic Ocean," he explained.

Comment: Are cold temperatures in Russia how a new cold war appears like?

See also:


Unexpected spring snow blankets high-altitude regions in Türkiye

In a surprising turn of weather events in mid-May, various regions of Türkiye defied the imminent arrival of summer with snowfall.

Snowfall blanketed high-altitude areas, transforming landscapes into wintry wonderlands but also disrupting travel plans for tourists and locals alike.

One such incident unfolded in the Haldizen Valley on the Trabzon-Bayburt border, located in northern Türkiye. Here, the 1900-altitude Demirkapı Plateau, renowned for its lush flora, became enveloped in a white veil as snowfall descended upon the region.

The snowy weather also affected the 2,740-altitude Yedigöller (seven lakes) region, encompassing Dipsiz Lake, İkiz Lake, Kara Lake, Sarıçiçek Lake, Pirömer Lake, Aygır Lake and Balıklı Lake. Roads became impassable due to lingering snowfall from the winter season, prompting efforts by municipality teams to clear blocked roads to restore access.

Comment: A report from 2 days prior: Cyclone from Russia brought snow to Turkey - European Russia has coldest early May on record

Cloud Precipitation

Flooding hits the city of Milan, Italy

The lamination basin of the Seveso river, which has been in operation since 6.30 am, has filled up on the outskirts of Milan due to torrential rain that has caused the city's other river, the Lambro, to break its banks and flood parts of the northern city, local officials said.

The Civil Protection's municipal operations centre has been active since Tuesday to monitor the level of the river and coordinate interventions in the city, where Civil Protection and MM teams are at work, also with water pumps, to guard the basin and subways.

In the meantime, the rain continues and the Lombardy Region's Natural Hazards Monitoring Functional Centre has confirmed the orange (moderate) criticality warning for hydrogeological and hydraulic risk for today as well.


Heavy floods claim at least 7 lives in Iran's second biggest city Mashhad

Several people are believed to have been trapped in the latest downpour
Several people are believed to have been trapped in the latest downpour to hit Khorasan in Iran.
Sudden floods around the Iranian city of Mashhad have taken the lives of at least seven people, with three more missing. Severe flooding warnings are now issued for the entire northern stretch of the country from May 16 to May 20.

Areas close to the northern border with Turkmenistan have seen heavy rainfall and large hail with streets, homes and shops all under more than 90cm of water in some locations.

At the same time, further rain is expected across central Asia, with more predicted close to the Afghan and Tajik border.

City fire brigade divers retrieved the bodies of a man and a woman, both approximately 50 years old, in the northern Iranian city, which has seen several recent days of floods and freak weather events in part due to the wetter regional climate this year.


Rare mid-May snow advisory issued in Gangwon, South Korea as region sees heavy snowfall of 16 inches

Parwangsan in Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon Province, is covered in snow Thursday morning following a heavy snow warning issued Wednesday.
© YonhapParwangsan in Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon Province, is covered in snow Thursday morning following a heavy snow warning issued Wednesday.
Gangwon experienced more than 40 centimeters (16 inches) of snowfall on Thursday, prompting an unprecedented mid-May snow advisory.

Overnight snowfall on Mount Seorak in Gangwon was over 42 centimeters by 6 a.m. on the same day. Hyangro Peak in Goseong County, Gangwon, also received 12.9 centimeters of snowfall by 1 a.m. on Thursday.

The snowfall began on Wednesday evening, leading the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) to issue a heavy snow advisory. This marked the first heavy snow advisory issued in mid-May or later since data collection began in 1996.

This marks only the second time in Korean weather history that such a warning has been issued in May, following the first occurrence in 2021.


Wildfires have led to the evacuation of thousands of Canadians

The view from one of our flight crews as they worked to evacuate patients from Fort Nelson last night.
© BC Emergency Health ServicesThe view from one of our flight crews as they worked to evacuate patients from Fort Nelson last night.
Wildfire season has arrived in full force in Western Canada, prompting evacuation orders and alerts in several towns in British Columbia and neighboring Alberta due to the danger of uncontrolled blazes.

Hundreds of residents in four neighborhoods in the southern end of Canada's oil sand hub of Fort McMurray, Alberta, were ordered to evacuate with a wildfire threatening the community, authorities said.

A large wildfire is slowly approaching the major Canadian oil sands city of Fort McMurray and around 6,000 people in four suburbs have been told to evacuate, local officials said.

With over 100 active wildfires burning in Canada, wildfire smoke has drifted across the border into the United States, prompting Minnesota officials to issue the state's first air quality alert of 2024.