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Tue, 28 Nov 2023
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Earth Changes


Iceland's 'exceptional' volcanic unrest continues, 800 earthquakes yesterday, 10,500 since swarm began on October 25th

iceland quake swarm
GPS data from the last 24 hours indicate that uplift continues at a similar rate in the area northwest of Mt. Þorbjörn. Earthquake activity has been quite stable, but yesterday around 800 earthquakes were recorded in the area around Þorbjörn, and the largest was M3.7 at 12:56 am. Since midnight today, around 400 earthquakes have been recorded in the area, the largest measuring M2.8 at 9:51 am. More detailed analysis of recent GPS data confirms that a magma intrusion is forming at a depth of 4-5 km under the area northwest of Þorbjörn.

Comment: The largest quake recorded in Iceland so far today, 3rd November, was an M3.4.

It is important to note that seismic activity is will likely continue northwest of Þorbjörn, and earthquakes over M4.0 could be found in populated areas. Triggered seismic activity can also be expected in the coming days because the magma intrusion causes increased tension in the area. Rockfall can occur following strong earthquakes, so it is important to be cautious on steep slopes.

Comment: Oppenheimer Ranch are providing regular reports on the uptick in Iceland, and elsewhere:

See also: Ground uplift continues at Thorbjorn Complex, volcano-tectonic unrest affecting wide area of Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland


Snow cover in the U.S. Lower 48 is at record levels as November starts

Snow depth as of Wednesday. (NOAA NOHRSC)
Snow depth as of Wednesday.
The season's first snows have frosted the Rocky Mountains, the northern Plains, the Great Lakes and northern New England over the past week, resulting in the most extensive early-November snow cover in at least two decades.

On Wednesday morning, snow was on the ground in 17.9 percent of the Lower 48, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Locations from eastern Minnesota to western New York saw snow on Halloween — even enough to shovel in Minneapolis; Milwaukee; Muskegon, Mich.; and Buffalo. Areas downwind of Lakes Erie and Ontario were also blanketed early Wednesday, including Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, while several inches were anticipated along some of the west-facing slopes of the Appalachian Mountains.

This latest batch of wintry weather comes on the heels of two other storm systems that brought snow to the Mountain West, the northern Plains, the Midwest and northern New England over the past week.


Storm Ciarán: 'Major incident' declared as storm batters parts of UK, Channel Islands and France - wind gusts of 110mph

Storm Ciarán has hit the UK and the Channel Islands and forecasters have warned lives could be at risk.

Strong winds and heavy rain are barrelling across southern England, with gusts of more than 110mph (160km/h) recorded in northern France and the Channel Islands.

Major incidents have been declared in parts of England with hundreds of schools shut and train services suspended.


Eruption at Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico



Eruption of Eurasia's tallest active volcano sends ash columns above a Russian peninsula

The Klyuchevskoy volcano, one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, erupts in Russia's northern Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Far Eat, on Wednesday, Nov. 1, 2023.

The Klyuchevskoy volcano, one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, erupts in Russia's northern Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Far Eat, on Wednesday, Nov. 1, 2023.
Huge ash columns erupted from Eurasia's tallest active volcano Wednesday, forcing authorities to close schools in two towns on Russia's sparsely populated Kamchatka Peninsula.

The eruptions from the Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano sent ash as high as 13 kilometers (8 miles) above sea level, officials said.

There were no reports of injuries, but officials ordered schools in Ust-Kamchatsk and Klyuchy closed as a precaution. Each town has a population of about 5,000. Klyuchy is located about 30 kilometers (20 miles) from the volcano and Ust-Kamchatsk 50 kilometers (30 miles) away.


'Some people have lost everything': 200 wildfires blaze across New South Wales and Queensland, Australia

Fire bans are in place for several parts of QLD.
© Gilston/Advancetown Rural Fire Brigade
Fire bans are in place for several parts of QLD.
Blazes across New South Wales and Queensland have driven families from their homes, threatened towns and advanced on an explosive storage facility, prompting residents to evacuate.

Dozens of properties have been damaged as firefighters battle to contain more than 200 blazes across the states amid windy, dry conditions.

Queensland's premier, Annastacia Palaszczuk, told reporters on Tuesday evening she had witnessed "very distressing" scenes on the ground, particularly in the hard-hit community of Tara.

"Some people have lost everything," she said. "I think everybody is feeling absolutely broken with what's been happening out there."


Child killed in dog attack in northeast Spokane, Washington

dog attack
A child was killed in a dog attack Tuesday night in northeast Spokane, according to the Spokane Police Department.

SPD says they responded to reports of an animal attack at a home on East Walton Avenue near North Nevada Street just after 8 p.m. Tuesday night when officers arrived and found that a child was attacked by the family's dog.

SPD says the child died from his injuries despite the efforts of first responders.

SPD says family member's attempts to protect the child led to the dog being severely hurt, and officers ultimately euthanized the dog at the scene.


Surfer mauled to death by massive great white shark in South Australia

Great white shark
A surfer mauled to death by a shark off the South Australian coast has been identified.

Tod Gendle, 55, was killed by a four-metre great white while surfing near Granite Rock, close to Streaky Bay - about 700km from Adelaide - on Tuesday.

Friends watched in horror as he was dragged underwater. His body has still not been found.

On Wednesday afternoon, part of his board and a piece of his wetsuit were recovered.

Mr Gendle's family issued a statement thanking the police for their help.


6.1-magnitude earthquake hits Indonesia's Timor island - USGS

A 6.1-magnitude quake hit the eastern Indonesia island of Timor on Thursday, shaking the provincial capital and forcing residents to run outside, US seismologists said.

The quake struck at a depth of 36.1 kilometers (22.5 miles) on the west of Timor Island near the city of Kupang, according to the US Geological Survey.

Indonesia's geophysics agency, or BMKG, said the quake had a higher magnitude of 6.6.

The tremor was strongly felt in Kupang on the island split between Indonesian territory in the west and the sovereign state of East Timor in the east, according to an AFP journalist, but no casualties were reported.


New fire season starting: Southern California's Highland Fire forces evacuations as it explodes to 1,200 acres

wildire 2023 california
© Associated Press
On November 1, 2023 the California Highlands fire the fire was mapped at 2,200 acres and 0% contained.
The wildfire smoke from the Highland Fire has reduced air quality across Southern California. An Air Quality Alert has been issued for cities including Riverside, San Bernardino, Ontario, San Marcos and Poway.

A large wildfire in Southern California continues to rapidly spread after destroying multiple structures and forcing evacuations in Riverside County.

The Highland Fire broke out Monday afternoon near Highlands and Aguanga Ranchos roads, the Riverside County Fire Department said. As of the latest update, the fire is currently mapped at more than 2,400 acres and is 15% contained.

More than 300 firefighters are working to put out the fire that's destroyed at least seven structures and damaged six others as of Tuesday, Cal Fire officials reported. More than 2,300 structures are threatened by the blaze, according to Cal Fire.