Science of the SpiritS


Anti-Communist, Russian nationalist, enemy of Hitler: Who was 'Putin's favorite philosopher'?

Ivan Ilyin
© RT/RTIvan Ilyin
How Ivan Ilyin, a thinker falsely accused by some in the West - seeking to promote a certain narrative - of being a 'supporter of fascism', became so influential

He was a staunch supporter of the anti-Bolshevik White Movement during the Russian Civil War and a monarchist who was close to far-right Russian émigré circles. He was also a thinker who was accused of supporting fascism, but was persecuted by Nazi Germany as soon as Hitler came to power. Despite his an (sic) ardent anti-communism, he strongly supported the Soviet state in its confrontation with the Third Reich. All these facts describe one person - the renowned Russian philosopher Ivan Ilyin.

RT explores whether Ilyin really was a fascist, why his socio-political views can give us a better understanding of 21st century Russia, and how he apparently became the Russian president's favorite philosopher.

1) One fairly short article, can only do so much to present the ideas of a thinker. Below are various comments and links for anyone interested in further exploring his ideas and those of others that have influenced current Russian thought.

1) One interesting fact about Ilyin is that:
Ilyin's mother was an ethnic German and German was his second native language - so the philosopher could have easily assimilated into the Western European environment after being expelled from the USSR.
2) Some of works by Ilyin are translated into English, below are excerpts from the blurbs:
On Resistance to Evil by Force
Written in 1925, On Resistance to Evil by Force is one of the most important tracts composed by white émigré philosopher Ivan Alexandrovich Ilyin. Responding to the pacifist pretentions of Count Leo Tolstoy, Ilyin mounts a tenacious defence of the Orthodox tradition of physical opposition to evil. As he explains, in the face of evil which can be contained by no other means, a forceful response is not only permissible, but becomes a knightly duty. Further, heroic courage consists not only in recognising this duty, but in bearing its heavy moral burden without fear. [...]
The Singing Heart: A Book of Quiet Reflections
The Singing Heart: A Book of Quiet Reflections is a collection of reflections on human nature and morality; the beauty of nature and its relationship with man as created being and God as creator; man's duties, responsibilities, and destiny in life; and the interplay of heart, mind, and soul. These reflections from a "singing heart" are beautifully written in a language steeped in love for Russia and the Orthodox faith and provide a glimpse into the soul of a man who refused to be beaten by the cruelty of his time but found beauty in the darkest of days.
Foundations of Christian Culture
"The Gospel teaches not flight from the world, but the Christianization of the world. Thus, the sciences, the arts, politics, and the social order can all be those spiritual hands with which the Christian takes the world. And the calling of a Christian is not to chop off those hands, but to imbue their work and toil with the living spirit of Christ. Christianity has a great calling, which many do not ever realize. This purpose can be defined as the creation of a Christian culture."

This book is Ivan Ilyin's attempt at a spiritual and practical handbook at creating Christian culture in an increasinly post-Christian world.
3) Next are links to books and articles:
Ivan Ilyin
Best of the Web: Reading Putin at Valdai 23 Oct 2021
As Putin ages he appears to be drawn increasingly to themes of history and philosophy, and so he discussed issues related to the history of the Great Patriotic War (World War II), noting his ongoing interest and occasional occupation with historical documents. Regarding philosophy, he repeated his appreciation of early 20th century political philosopher Ivan Ilyin, whose work he keeps on a bookshelf and, he says, he often picks up and reads. Some Western propagandists have done their best to paint Ilyin as a 'fascist' so they can taint Putin to the hilt, as is the wont of much of Western 'thought' about Russia today. Ilyin was opposed to both fascist and communist totalitarianism and supported what he thought of as a Russian - that is, a controlled - form of constitutional republic that would have been more limited than Western models. His first claim to fame was a balanced refutation of Lev Tolstoy's radical pacifism.
For those interested, Ivan Ilyin is mentioned in the text of other SOTT articles. See also this online source for translation of a few of his essays. One example is:
Exploring the paradox of American russophobia
Ivan Ilyin argued that Russophobia underpinned European desires to dismember and exploit Russia.
Which also mentions:
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, one of its initial usages was by John Stuart Mill in 1836. Mill wrote "the real cause" for increasing British military budgets was that "Ministers are smitten with the epidemic disease of Russo-phobia."
4) Another Russian thinker sometimes mentioned along with Ivan Ilyin is Nikolay Berdyaev
See for instance this
What if Vladimir Putin knows a 'third way' for society? 14 Jun 2016 which has several quotes from Ivan Ilyin, including
"Satanic men are recognized by their eyes, by their smile, their voice, their words and deeds. We, Russians, have seen them alive and in the flesh; we know who they are and whence they come. Yet foreigners up to this point have not understood this phenomenon and do not want to understand it, for it brings them judgment and condemnation." Ivan Ilyin (1883-1954)
About Nikolay Berdyaev there is:
Putin also noted his respect for Nikolai Berdyaev (1874-1948), the moderate traditionalist political, historical, and philosophical thinker, who was forced by the Bolsheviks to emigrate in 1922 with thousands of other mostly traditionalist philosophers, clergymen, historians, legal scholars and the like. Berdyaev was indeed, as Putin noted, one of the most profound Russian thinkers of his generation, and his works have undergone a popular revival in post-Soviet Russia. A Russian Orthodox Christian believer and anti-communist, Berdyaev organized a compilation of articles under the title 'Vekhi' or 'Landmarks' and a followup collection of articles written by the flower of the traditionalist wing of the largely communist nihilist, utopian and maximalist Russian intelligentsia while in emigration. He also was the leading figure of the Russian émigré community in Europe, most of all Paris, where he continued to publish works about Russia at the émigré publisher YMCA. The Vekhi group and YMCA authors included other brilliant philosophers and theologians, such as the intuitivist philosopher Semyon Frank and the innovative Orthodox theologian Father Sergei Bulgakov.

Putin's praise for two anti-communist pre-Soviet Russian thinkers reinforces his position as a convinced anti-communist, a position he began to take immediately after the Soviet collapse Bolsheviks. So much for our erstwhile Western propagandists' assertion that Putin is rehabilitating Stalin. The attraction to Ilyin, Berdyaev, and presumably other Vekhi-oriented thinkers is likely part of Putin's effort either to discover, develop, or justify his own traditionalist leanings. These thinkers have much to offer both Russian and Western readers to this day.
"Nikolay Berdyaev" is mentioned in the text of these SOTT articles.

5) A more recent Russian author and thinker mentioned in the above article is Solzhenitsyn, who has many headlines. See these search results title, summary, text. Examples include: 6) MindMatters has a few videos about Russian history and thought:

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SOTT Focus: MindMatters: Transforming Darkness: Shadow Work and Pathocracy with Colin E. Davis

colin davis
So you've been 'red pilled'. You're well versed in false flags, deep states, secret governments, and state-sponsored assassinations. You've watched documentaries about stolen elections, the New World Order, child trafficking, and mind control. And then when you were through with those, you read extensively on the criminal acts of intelligence agencies, psychopathy among the elite, exotic weapons, and more.

And now you simply know, in your bones, that the reality presented to you on CNN (and most other places) is total B.S. - and have the hours and days of sleepless nights, shocked reactions and chills running down your spine to prove it. But, perhaps, no one ever told you how to assimilate such life-changing information. And, perhaps, no one ever guided your expanded insight of how the world really works - with an equally expanded insight into how you really work. (Or, if you have experienced it, you can stand to have a few reminders!)

This week on MindMatters we are joined by writer and researcher Colin E. Davis whose new book, Transforming Darkness: A Shadow Work Toolkit for the Red Pilled Initiate addresses just such issues. Using Jung's idea of the Shadow, or the dark side that exists in all of us, Davis not only provides a survey of works describing how this darkness comes to be and is manifested in the world, but also provides references to some of the best modalities that aid in addressing them. Understanding the world we truly live in is a most worthy pursuit, but the balance required to see ourselves as we truly are, and as we live a 'Red Pilled' life, is no less crucial.

Running Time: 02:06:53

Download: MP3 — 232 MB


This is when it's okay to annihilate somebody

Kill Da Wabbit
I've completely destroyed my abusers a few times.

Stabbed, pummeled and stomped them into the ground. Blew them up in fiery explosions.

I've stood in victorious glee over their corpses, even though those bodies were sometimes members of my own family.

And, believe it or not, this was an act of the greatest compassion. Let me explain...

Comment: Trauma and abuse leaves remnants of the abusive person in the psyche, which manifests itself as the negative introject, the inner-critic, depression, suppressed emotions, etc. Because the initial survival response to either fight back or flee was thwarted during the initial trauma, the survival energy remains stuck, without ever being released. This can wreak havoc on the mind and body, so the energetic response needs a resolution and a sense of agency and freedom needs to be reclaimed in the person. One way is 'annihilating' the unwanted visitor in the psyche that has long outstayed its welcome.

People 2

What an inner monologue can reveal about you

While experts disagree on how common self-talk really is, they wholeheartedly agree that it's a valuable tool for self-discovery.

While writing this, I caught myself talking to... myself. Between clicks on the keyboard, I realized I was having an internal conversation about an encounter I'd had the night before. Why, out of the blue, would I interrupt the work I was doing to chat with myself about something that seemed so inconsequential?

If you ask that question of experts in self-talk — colloquially, "talking to ourselves" or more formally the "inner monologue" — one clinical response might be that I wasn't avoiding the task at hand. Instead, and much more intriguingly, I was possibly experiencing a close encounter with the real "me" through a deeply personal internal dialogue.

Russell Hurlburt, psychologist at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, would say that the words I used in my inner conversation might've represented a "pristine inner experience" which would take me, in that instant, to the "footlights of [my own] consciousness." I was setting the stage for self-discovery, if this had been a professional appointment.



Dark enchantment: A review of 'Pagan America: The Decline of Christianity and the Dark Age to Come'

The Rape of the Sabine Women painting
Rape of the Sabine Women - Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696–1770)
In December 2023, Michael Cassidy, a Navy veteran and devout Christian, encountered an obscene statue of Baphomet erected by the Satanic Temple inside the Iowa Statehouse. He tore it down. For this act of what he described as spontaneous "Christian civil disobedience," he was quickly charged with committing a felony hate crime.

It's notable that he was charged with anything at all. When a wave of mass iconoclasm swept the United States in 2020, with hundreds of monuments honoring civil and religious figures from Thomas Jefferson to St. Junípero Serra destroyed by mobs of "social justice" activists, many of whom filmed themselves in the act, few incidents were investigated, let alone prosecuted. In the rare instances in which someone has since been charged — for instance, the case of Maeve Nota, a trans-identifying man who vandalized a church with anti-Catholic graffiti, attacked a statue of the Virgin Mary, and assaulted a church employee — the Department of Justice has intervened to offer sweetheart plea agreements with no jail time. No such leniency has been granted in Cassidy's case.

This discrepancy should not surprise us; it is a sign of the times. As John Daniel Davidson compellingly argues in Pagan America, the nature of the American state has fundamentally changed. After decades of decline and retreat, Christianity is no longer a dominant force in American society but the faith of an increasingly marginalized minority. The civilizational consequences of crossing this momentous but largely unrecognized tipping point have only just begun to materialize.

Eye 1

How to spot the next mania: Each new panic follows the same playbook

© Ishara S. Kodikara/AFP/Getty Images
In the late Eighties and Nineties, the psychiatric profession became infatuated with "recovered memory", which was conceived in the US but also captivated Europe, including Britain. Practitioners claimed that patients sexually abused as children would naturally repress any recollection of their suffering as too painful, but therapists could employ specialised techniques to retrieve these terrible experiences and so heal the patients' trauma. As a profusion of books, articles and documentaries cultivated a larger cultural fascination, the recovered memory juggernaut resulted in countless adults "remembering" early childhood abuse, usually by parents. Patients would exhume recollections of having been subject to parental rape or oral sex when they were babies. Accusations followed. Families were torn apart.

In hindsight, it's now accepted that the therapists were frequently implanting these "memories" in their suggestible patients. Recovered memory was a social mania — a.k.a. a moral panic, social contagion, mass formation psychosis, or mass hysteria. In the throes of the popular delirium, many people found this exercise in psychic archaeology wholly convincing (and no little titillating). For a few years, recovered memories were even accepted as factual testimony in American courts. Only from a distance does the sordid psychological dowsing look barmy.


Flashback Best of the Web: Israel's Biblical Psychopathy

netanyahu torah israel gaza
© TV7 Israel NewsBenjamin Netanyahu
I am tired of reading that Netanyahu is a psychopath. He most certainly is not. I see no reason to consider him, or any other Israeli leader, as psychopaths in the psychiatric sense. They have a collective psychopathy, which is a very different thing.

The difference is the same as between a personal neurosis and a collective neurosis. According to Freud, religion (and he meant christianity) is a collective neurosis. Freud did not mean that religious people are neurotic. On the contrary, he observed that their collective neurosis tends to immunize religious people from personal neurosis.[1] I do not subscribe to Freud's theory, I just need his backing to introduce my own theory: Zionists, even the most bloodthirsty of them, are not individual psychopaths; many of them are loving and even self-sacrificing persons within their own community. Rather, they are the vectors of a collective psychopathy, which means a special way (we may call it inhuman) by which they collectively see and interact with other human communities.

This is a crucial point, without which we can never understand Israel. Calling their leaders psychopaths is not helpful. What we need is recognize Israel as a collective psychopath, and study the origin of this unique national character. It is a matter of survival for the world, just as it is a matter of survival for any group to recognize the psychopath among them and understand his patterns of thinking and of behavior.

Snakes in Suits

Snakes in the grass

man with battle ax
© CopyrightNever lose a debate again! Get yours here.
Idealism vs. materialism. Free will vs. determinism. Theism vs. atheism. Conspiracy vs. coincidence. LIHOP vs. MIHOP.1 Aliens vs. weather balloons. These are the dichotomous debates of our lives. And they rage on. Dip your toe into any one of them, and chances are you'll be cut by the respective razors of Occam or Hanlon at one point or another. As a kitchen-table veteran of all of the above wars of words, I have an all-purpose weapon I think well suited to the task at hand.

In this case, however, my target is Hanlon, whose razor is etched with the words: "Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity." The razor may be sharp, but it is thin and brittle, and it only cuts in one direction. For lack of a better name, enter Koehli's battle-axe. It cuts both ways. On one blade's edge is etched "both"; on the other, "and." And for this battle it is inscribed with the runes: "Unchecked incompetence inevitably breeds malevolence." Or, simply to rephrase Hanlon: "Some amount of stupidity will always be accompanied by malice."


The new (hard) science of death

near death experience tunnel light
© Gaia Moments/AlamyNew research into the dying brain suggests the line between life and death may be less distinct than previously thought
'There's something happening in the brain that makes no sense'

Patient One was 24 years old and pregnant with her third child when she was taken off life support. It was 2014. A couple of years earlier, she had been diagnosed with a disorder that caused an irregular heartbeat, and during her two previous pregnancies she had suffered seizures and faintings. Four weeks into her third pregnancy, she collapsed on the floor of her home. Her mother, who was with her, called 911. By the time an ambulance arrived, Patient One had been unconscious for more than 10 minutes. Paramedics found that her heart had stopped.

After being driven to a hospital where she couldn't be treated, Patient One was taken to the emergency department at the University of Michigan. There, medical staff had to shock her chest three times with a defibrillator before they could restart her heart. She was placed on an external ventilator and pacemaker, and transferred to the neurointensive care unit, where doctors monitored her brain activity. She was unresponsive to external stimuli, and had a massive swelling in her brain. After she lay in a deep coma for three days, her family decided it was best to take her off life support. It was at that point - after her oxygen was turned off and nurses pulled the breathing tube from her throat - that Patient One became one of the most intriguing scientific subjects in recent history.

Comment: A pity Mr. Blasdel had to spoil an interesting article by injecting his own materialist opinion into it.
Medical scientists take Near Death Experiences seriously now
Text Mining Analysis Study gets up close with near-death experiences
The startling psychological and physiological after-effects of near death experiences
Combat veterans and near death experiences
Life After Death? This is what people experience as the brain shuts down


Memories are made by breaking DNA — and fixing it, study in mice finds

© Bruce Rolff/Stocktrek Images/Getty Images
When a long-term memory forms, some brain cells experience a rush of electrical activity so strong that it snaps their DNA. Then, an inflammatory response kicks in, repairing this damage and helping to cement the memory, a study in mice shows.

The findings, published on 27 March in Nature, are "extremely exciting," says Li-Huei Tsai, a neurobiologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge who was not involved in the work. They contribute to the picture that forming memories is a "risky business," she says. Normally, breaks in both strands of the double helix DNA molecule are associated with diseases including cancer. But in this case, the DNA damage-and-repair cycle offers one explanation for how memories might form and last.

It also suggests a tantalizing possibility: this cycle might be faulty in people with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, causing a build-up of errors in a neuron's DNA, says study co-author Jelena Radulovic, a neuroscientist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City.