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Lack of meat in diet of 14th-century monks may have caused digestive issues

Muchelney Abbey
© AlamyArts correspondent
Muchelney Abbey in Somerset, where the English Heritage historian Michael Carter has based his research.
It may sit in an idyllic spot overlooking the Somerset Levels, but as it turns out things weren't always so heavenly at Muchelney Abbey.

That's because new research has revealed that the abbey had a dedicated toilet block, which proved crucial in the 14th century after meat was introduced into monks' diets.

Comment: Note the original title of this article in another publication was 'meat rich diet caused monks digestive troubles', except they ate meat only twice a week. If eating meat twice a week or more caused digestive issues, our species would probably have died out a long time ago. Science has shown that our brains needed animal fat to evolve, and even now we need it to function optimally.

It caused bouts of flatulence, constipation and diarrhoea, experts said, and no doubt plenty of misery among the medieval inhabitants who had to put up with it.

The changes came about following a relaxation in Papal law in 1336, allowing monks to consume meat twice a week as long as it was not eaten in the refectory.

Comment: So we're none the wiser as to what really was going on with their health, maybe years of an intentionally austere diet meant that, when they were finally able, they were simply incapable of digesting proper foods? People report similar issues when transitioning to to paleo, keto and carnivore diets. What is clear is that the monks were living through tumultuous times; times about which there is much we still have yet to learn.

See also: And check out SOTT radio's: The Health & Wellness Show: The Devil's in the Details: Diet Dogma and Fine-Tuning Your Own


Unusual partially mummified body discovered in Pompeii provides 'first clear evidence' Greek language was included in performances

Secundio Pompeii
© Parco Archologico di Pompeii
The tomb of Marcus Venerius Secundio
The Roman city of Pompeii was famously destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in August 79 CE. However, the deadly blanket of ash and pumice that fell on the city preserved its remains, including its inhabitants, allowing archaeological investigations centuries later to continue to reveal details about this incredible city. The latest discovery is a tomb dating from the last decade of Pompeii containing the unusual discovery of the partially mummified remains of a man.

This finding, by the Archaeological Park of Pompeii and the European University of Valencia, is very unusual as it was customary at the time to bury children and cremate adults. The burial chamber includes a marble slab with the name Marcus Venerius Secundio, believed to be the identity of the body found. Analysis of the bones suggests he was over 60 years old.

The mummified remains are in an incredible state of preservation, with hair and an ear still visible.

Comment: It's easy to forget just how many details about the past we don't know and it's discoveries like this that reveal we have still so much to learn: Also check out SOTT radio's:


Archaeologists reveal origins of famous Arthur's Stone monument

Arthur's Table
© The University of Manchester
Archaeologists from the Universities of Manchester and Cardiff have discovered the origins of Arthur's Stone, one of the UK's most famous Stone Age monuments.

Manchester's Professor Julian Thomas, who led the excavation, says the imposing Herefordshire tomb is linked to nearby 'halls of the dead', which were discovered in 2013 by a team led by Professor Thomas.

It is the first time the construction - which inspired the 'stone table' in C.S. Lewis' The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe - has been properly excavated.

Dating to the Neolithic period in 3700BC, Arthur's Stone is located on a lonely hilltop outside of the village of Dorstone, facing the Black Mountains in south Wales.

Archaeologists always assumed that its massive capstone raised on a series of supporting stones and lesser chamber with a right-angled passage had stood within a wedge-shaped stone cairn, similar to those found in the Cotswolds and South Wales. However, Professor Thomas and Cardiff's Prof Keith Ray showed the monument originally extended into a field immediately to the south of the tomb.

Arthur's Stone is a scheduled monument cared for by English Heritage. The excavations took place in an area to the south of the burial chamber, outside of the area of guardianship.

They found that the tomb had first been a long mound composed of stacked turf, retained by a palisade of upright posts set in a narrow palisade surrounding the mound. However, when the posts rotted away and the mound had collapsed, an avenue of larger posts were added, leading toward the mound from the Golden Valley below.


A kingpin, the mob, and a murder: The deeper mystery behind the Arthur Shapiro homicide

Shapiro Wexner
© Unknown
Arthur Shapiro • Leslie Wexner
The still unsolved 1985 murder of lawyer Arthur Shapiro has been revisited with great interest after Jeffrey Epstein's 2019 arrest and death. Yet, Shapiro's demise is merely one of a series of connected deaths that all seem to lead back to one man - Epstein's top enabler, Leslie Wexner.

In the roughly two years since Jeffery Epstein's "suicide" in a Manhattan jail cell, some of his closest associates, friends, and "clients" continue to scramble to salvage their carefully crafted public images from the fallout of having had links to Epstein and/or the network that enabled his sex-trafficking and blackmail activities. Chief among those who have labored to keep their names out of the press is arguably Epstein's closest associate alongside Ghislaine Maxwell, the retail billionaire Leslie Wexner.

Wexner, the richest man in Ohio, has had his well-crafted public persona irrevocably tarnished by the association, but he has used his influence and power to keep his name largely out of the press, despite the clear ties between him and Epstein as well as the many sordid acts that are now synonymous with Epstein's name.


Prehistoric monument, Iron Age settlement, and Anglo-Saxon remains, found on construction site in England

© Albion Archaeology
The Neolithic or early Bronze Age monument has been investigated by archaeologists
An "exciting" discovery of a Neolithic or early Bronze Age monument has been unearthed in an archaeological dig.

Albion Archaeology made the find in a field in Biddenham, just outside Bedford, where homes are to be built.

Project manager Iain Leslie said an Iron Age settlement and Anglo-Saxon remains were also discovered.

"This level of investigation of a particular area is relatively rare and offers a unique opportunity to better understand our ancestors," he said.

Comment: See also:

Gold Bar

The Great Keynesian Coup of August 1971: Fifty years later

Gold Cert./Nixon
© Public Domain/Getty Images/National Archive/KJN
Gold Certificate • Former US President Richard Nixon
On August 15, 1971, the last remains of what had been a magnificent monetary system died a terrible death, and the American academic, political, business, and media elites led the cheers. The Dow Jones Average jumped by more than 32 points the next day. A de facto national default was spun as a great liberation from a tyrannical financial arrangement that had plagued humanity for generations. A half century later the disinformation continues, as intellectual bankruptcy parallels the financial bankruptcy of that event.

I write, of course, of the decision by President Richard Nixon to officially close the "gold window," through which the US government was obligated to sell its gold stores to foreign governments at $35 an ounce, which even then was a bargain. As Nixon's regime encouraged the Federal Reserve System to inflate the dollar to pay for its bloated military and welfare spending, as had the Johnson and Kennedy regimes before him, it became apparent that the US dollar was quickly losing value. The United States was in rapid decline — and the dollar was falling with the nation's prestige.

Blue Planet

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Downfall of civilization triggers

© YouTube/Adapt 2030 (screen capture)
The Histomap of the last 4000 years of world history published in 1931 shows all of the major Grand Solar Minimums with contractions of empires and kingdoms through history. Its simple, inadequate food supplies equal civilization crumbling. There are several unnamed GSM's in the 4000 years as well. 2024 brings the next global contraction in food supplies.

Comment: See also:

Star of David

The dark roots of 'America's Pro-Israel Lobby', AIPAC

netanyahu aipac congress
© REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addresses the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) policy conference in Washington in 2015
Historian Doug Rossinow discusses the creation of AIPAC, which was originally formed to spin positive PR after the 1953 Qibya Massacre (in a now-familiar pattern of non-proportionality, wiping out over 60 Palestinians in revenge for the killing of 3 Israelis). Over the years, the organization has proven that nothing Israel can do can't be spun to deflect the blame or attention elsewhere.

AIPAC, the swaggering and influential American Israel Public Affairs Committee, which brands itself as "America's Pro-Israel Lobby," is holding its annual policy conference. Top politicians from both parties vie for speaking slots at the group's glitzy gala. Everyone pays AIPAC attention. And for good reason. Since the late 1970s, it has informally directed substantial campaign contributions toward chosen candidates for Congress. Its messaging on the Middle East is essential in Washington's foreign-policy conversation.

Some love AIPAC, some hate it, some fear it — but it is a huge factor in U.S. policy, in American politics and in American Jewish life.


Evidence for earthquake 2,800 years ago also mentioned in Bible found in Jerusalem

Jerusalem archaeology
© Eliyahu Yanai/ City of David
Remains of tools discovered in Jerusalem's City of David within a layer of destruction from the 8th century BCE, which coincided with a massive earthquake mentioned in the Bible. The tools were likely shattered during the quake.
Until now, the earliest destruction layer of Jerusalem comes from the Babylonian conquest of 586 BCE. For archaeologists, an earlier historical anchor — if proven through hard, securely dated evidence — serves as an important stratigraphical benchmark for scientific excavations in Jerusalem.

According to Tel Aviv University Prof. Israel Finkelstein, who was not involved in the current research, "destructive earthquakes in Jerusalem are possible, as shown by the well-recorded earthquake of 1927... The early layer of the book of Amos includes materials which relate to the 8th century and hence it is possible that a devastating earthquake left a strong impression and was recorded."

Comment: See also: Also check out SOTT radio's:


Remains of ancient dogs found among early human ancestral remains in Georgia

dog ancient human
© Artwork made by Mauricio Antón with the scientific supervision by the authors of the manuscript. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-92818-4
Image above: Two social species at Dmanisi. (a) altruistic behavior of a group of Homo erectus sharing food with an individual who lived several years without teeth (as evidenced by edentulous skull D3444 and associated mandible D3900). This severe masticatory impairment would limit the diet of the individual to foodstuffs that did not require heavy chewing (e.g., soft plants, animal brain and marrow) or that were orally processed before by others. (b) a pack of hunting dogs chasing a prey (goat Hemitragus albus) by at Venta Micena, a site where a pathological skull (cranium and associated mandible VM-7000) of Canis (Xenocyon) lycaonoides showing marked bilateral asymmetry and agenesia of several teeth was unearthed. The disabled dog, whose absence of an upper canine probably made it useless for hunting, is drawn running far behind the pack. Given that the individual managed to survive until a relatively advanced age, as indicated by tooth wearing, this suggests that the other members of its family group would have allowed it to feed on the prey captured by the hunting pack. Remains of this hypercarnivorous canid species are also preserved in the assemblage of large mammals from Dmanisi, as shown in this paper.
A team of researchers from Italy, Spain and Georgia has found the remains of ancient hunting dogs at a dig site in what is now modern Georgia. In their paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, the group describes the fossils they found, their attempts to classify them and the possibility of the dogs interacting with early human ancestors.

Comment: See also: